Zooniverse - Through the Observatory

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Information about Zooniverse - Through the Observatory
Technology

Published on March 11, 2014

Author: MLuczakRoesch

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Zooniverse is a multi-project platform for online citizen science projects, a well-regarded way of solving tasks by support of a large group of human participants, which are too complex for today's purely computational systems. But citizen science is not a game. A number of serendipitous citizen-led discoveries led to scientific insight the projects never planned to achieve. Source for these discoveries were discussion forums, which were used by the participants in an autonomous fashion to discuss 'interesting things' beyond the pure crowdsourcing workflow. This presentation is about the results of a broad study of the community and content dynamics on the Zooniverse platform, the first study of that kind, focusing multiple projects and the emergent cross-project effects.

www.sociam.org Zooniverse: Through the Observatory Markus Luczak-Roesch, Ramine Tinati, Elena Simperl University of Southampton

www.sociam.org General motivation & goal !   Understanding socio-technical systems at the interface of !   their intended problem solving capabilities and !   the social interaction they support. !   Derive indicators for the success of Social Machines and their underpinning in system components.

www.sociam.org Talk in Zooniverse

www.sociam.org Talk in Zooniverse

www.sociam.org Talk in Zooniverse !   Science !   Help !   Chat ! Microposts

www.sociam.org Are citizen scientists just a resource for crowdsourcing or do they do science?

www.sociam.org Research data Time  period   Classifica0ons   Talk  posts   PH   12/10  -­‐  07/13   19,179,696   427,917   CC   09/12  -­‐  06/13   218,317   1,615   GZ   09/12  -­‐  07/13   7,751,825   89,956   SF   09/12  -­‐  07/13   1,682,511   33,367   SG   12/12  -­‐  07/13   7,800,896   39,250   AP   12/12  -­‐  07/13     1,091,406   10,198   PF   01/13  -­‐  07/13     3,900,785   32,097   NN   04/13  -­‐  07/13     209,169   4,208   SW   05/13  -­‐  07/13     7,037,472   20,978   WS   07/13  -­‐  07/13   90,350   855   Sum:   48,962,427   660,441  

www.sociam.org A multi-project platform analysis Time  period   Classifica0ons   Talk  posts   PH   12/10  -­‐  07/13   19,179,696   427,917   CC   09/12  -­‐  06/13   218,317   1,615   GZ   09/12  -­‐  07/13   7,751,825   89,956   SF   09/12  -­‐  07/13   1,682,511   33,367   SG   12/12  -­‐  07/13   7,800,896   39,250   AP   12/12  -­‐  07/13     1,091,406   10,198   PF   01/13  -­‐  07/13     3,900,785   32,097   NN   04/13  -­‐  07/13     209,169   4,208   SW   05/13  -­‐  07/13     7,037,472   20,978   WS   07/13  -­‐  07/13   90,350   855   Sum:   48,962,427   660,441   Sta2s2cal  analysis  of   the  sociality  dimension  

www.sociam.org Research questions !   What is the role of Talk? !   What are participation patterns? !   Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change?

www.sociam.org Talk and Task participation Talk  contribu2ons   Classifica2ons  

www.sociam.org Talk and Task participation 40.5%   Talk  contribu2ons   Classifica2ons  

www.sociam.org Talk and Task participation 14   600   Talk  contribu2ons   Classifica2ons  

www.sociam.org ~1% of the participants contribute... 72%   of  Talk   29%   of  Task  

www.sociam.org Participation patterns Project  A   Project  B   Project  C   Par2cipant  X   Part.  Y  

www.sociam.org 0   2   4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18   20   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   Ac0ve  users  in  %   Month  since  registra0on   Activity beyond the “monthly active user”

www.sociam.org How do participants cross over? PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  

www.sociam.org Homebase projects PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  

www.sociam.org Domain-specific cross-over PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  

www.sociam.org Attraction through workflow design PH   GZ   SF   NN   CC   SG   SW   PF   AP  

www.sociam.org Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change? Project   ini0al  10%   most  recent  10%   PH   transit,  star,  day,  aph,  look,   one,  planet,  like,  possibl,   dip   day,  transit,  hUparchive.  .  .  ,   possibl,  star,  kid,  dip,  look,   planet,  like     SF   like,  look,  fish,  sea,  scallop,   thing,  imag,  right,  star,  leX     corallinealga,  anemon,  object,   hermitcrab,  bryozoan,   stalkedtun,  shrimp,  leX,   cerianthid,  sanddollar   NN   field,  record,  one,  use,   enter,  get,  work,  can,   specimen,  buQon     like,  field,  record,  date,  name,   can,  click,  look,  get,  label  

www.sociam.org Community-level linguistic change Project   ini0al  10%   most  recent  10%   PH   transit,  star,  day,  aph,  look,   one,  planet,  like,  possibl,   dip   day,  transit,  hUparchive.  .  .  ,   possibl,  star,  kid,  dip,  look,   planet,  like     SF   like,  look,  fish,  sea,  scallop,   thing,  imag,  right,  star,  leX     corallinealga,  anemon,  object,   hermitcrab,  bryozoan,   stalkedtun,  shrimp,  leX,   cerianthid,  sanddollar   NN   field,  record,  one,  use,   enter,  get,  work,  can,   specimen,  buQon     like,  field,  record,  date,  name,   can,  click,  look,  get,  label   Stable  domain  specific   vocabulary   Emerging  domain   specific  vocabulary   Stable  problem/error   repor2ng  

www.sociam.org Community-level linguistic change PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX   Microposts   Science   Help   Chat  

www.sociam.org PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   People have general questions and comments 9%   24%   8%   6%   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX   Microposts   Science   Help   Chat  

www.sociam.org People do science PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   18%   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX   Microposts   Science   Help   Chat   11%  

www.sociam.org Dominance of microposts Microposts   Science   Help   Chat   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   PH   SG   SW   NN   GZ   CC   PF   SF   AP   WS   91%   2   0   6   4   10   8   2   0   6   4   10   8   Vocabulary  shiX  Vocabulary  shiX  

www.sociam.org What is the role of Talk? !   40.5% of the participants are active on Talk !   ~1% of the participants contribute 72% of Talk and 29% of Task !   dominated by 91% microposts !   Future directions: !   What is the effect of different interaction patterns on Talk?

www.sociam.org What are participation patterns? !   People come back after months of inactivity ! Homebase projects !   Domain-specific cross-over !   Attraction through workflow design !   Future directions: !   Develop a model of the active participant

www.sociam.org Does the Zooniverse feature linguistic change? !   Stable domain-specific vocabulary !   Emerging domain-specific vocabulary !   Coordination through microposts !   Future directions: !   Develop a coordination model (roles and interactions)

www.sociam.org !   Need for models beyond the monthly active user !   Dominance and success of microposts !   There is an emergent coordination phenomenon (majorly driven by a small group) Thank you Markus  Luczak-­‐Roesch   mail@markus-­‐luczak.de   www.markus-­‐luczak.de  

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