Published on January 22, 2008
Potential Participation of China in Galileo Infrastructure Development: Potential Participation of China in Galileo Infrastructure Development Beijing, 16-17 February 2004 Potential areas of participation: Satellite Ground Segment EEE Parts procurement Potential areas of participation SATELLITE: SATELLITE Slide4: Overall Spacecraft: 680 Kg / 1.6 kW class Launcher Options: Ariane, Proton, Soyuz, Zenit Lifetime: 12 years Navigation payload: 115 Kg / 780 W SAR transponder: 20 kg / 100 W Dimensions: 2.7 x 1.2 x 1.1 m3 13 m length with Solar Arrays Slide5: GALILEO Satellite characteristics Slide6: GALILEO Navigation Payload Slide7: Search and Rescue Transponder Slide8: Solar Array Deployment Mechanism Laser Retro-Reflector Ring Laser Gyro Assembly S&R Transponder Preliminary Data sheets available Potential areas for Chinese participation in satellite GROUND SEGMENT: GROUND SEGMENT Slide10: GALILEO Ground Segment Architecture Galileo Ground Segment Architecture Slide11: 5 TTC/ULS sites + 4 ULS only sites (preliminary - for illustration only) Potential TT&C & ULS Station Sites Potential TTC and ULS network C-Band Up-Link Station: C-Band Up-Link Station Development and hosting of a C-Band Mission Up-Link Station for the Global Component of Galileo including 2 to 4 C-Band antennas and RF front-end with: IF Matrix Up Converters HPA RF switches Antennas (3-4 m) Tracking Unit Monitoring & Control Telecommunications Equipment Mission Support Planning Facility in the GCC: Mission Support Planning Facility in the GCC This facility will combine the off-line planning functions from the GMS and GCS. The main functions are: TTC and ULS Station Coverage Station Outages & Availability Maintenance Service Requests External Regional Integrity System ERIS Operational System: External Regional Integrity System ERIS Operational System Based on architecture study done for China in support of Joint Undertaking. Assumed operational architecture (with direct regional uplinks): 15 Regional Sensor Stations, 2 Regional Uplink Stations 2 Regional Processing Centres, Networks & Interface for Scheduling of uplink to GCC Service Centre Interface Facility: Service Centre Interface Facility Such interface would be implemented at the Service Product Facility in the Galileo Control Centre. It allows connection of a dedicated Galileo Service Centre, e.g. for implementation of commercial regional services to the Galileo Control Centre. Galileo Sensor Station Receivers: Galileo Sensor Station Receivers The development of a Galileo Sensor Station Receivers for Open and Safety of Life Signals would mitigate the risks of the Programme in terms of schedule, availability and technical performance. Diversified design solutions for such receivers would improve the safety design. Variation of such receivers as timing receivers are required in the Precision Timing Facility and at Time Laboratories. Contribution in Satellite Laser Ranging: Chinese involvement in the Ground Segment of Galileo China could build and operate a new Satellite Laser Ranging Facility, dedicated to Galileo, maybe on an existing site. Builds on China’s expertise and international cooperation with Laser Ranging stations in ChangChun, Shanghai, and other sites. Allows China’s active participation in the verification and calibration of the Galileo Ground Mission and Control Segment. Enables China’s involvement in the Scientific User Community of Galileo. Contribution in Satellite Laser Ranging Contribution in Satellite Laser Ranging: Improve temporal and spatial coverage for laser ranging of Galileo and provides autonomous means. Support could start already with GSTB V2 S/C as from end 2005. costs for the Satellite Ranging Ground Station and site preparation and operations costs to be estimated China’s potential involvement in the Space Segment of Galileo: China could produce Satellite Laser Retro Reflectors for the Galileo satellites and provide the relevant Optical Ground Support Equipment (OGSE). As such China would provide an end-to end system. Contribution in Satellite Laser Ranging EEE PARTS PROCUREMENT: EEE PARTS PROCUREMENT INTRODUCTION: Today Europe procures from third countries a number of Electrical, Electronic and Electromechanical (EEE) parts China could provide alternative suppliers to those identified so far Improve current designs (performance, power consumption, reliability) Reduce parts procurement time and risks Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China INTRODUCTION Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China: PART TYPES PROMs, relays, fuses, phase lock loops, channel amps FPGAs, micropocessors, optocouplers, Power MOSFETs A/D - D/A converters, diodes, transistors, linear ICs, ... Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China: Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China PROPOSED ACTIVITIES (1/2) Further Candidate Part Type Identification Chinese Capabilities to be explored Galileo Equipment Declared Components Lists are being finalised by ESA Project Office Satellite Payload Design very mature, Preferred Parts List mature Satellite Platform Design not yet finalised, as a consequence further Candidate Part Types will be identified Development Activities Development, evaluation and qualification at selected Chinese Manufacturers of equivalents Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China PROPOSED ACTIVITIES (2/2) : PROPOSED ACTIVITIES (2/2) Procurement by Galileo Parts Procurement Agent as new types become available Design Changes Equivalents not identical in form, fit and function will result in design changes to Galileo equipments, to be evaluated Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China: Information Pack Provided as Starting Point: ECSS-Q-60A ESA (EEE Components Requirements) Gives the ESA EEE Parts Procurement Policy for Spaceflight Hardware and general requirements. ESA-APPNG-REQ/00318 (Galileosat EEE Component PA Requirements) Procurement of Galileo EEE Parts in China
Study on Environmental Art Design Education and Cultivation of Innovative Talents in Colleges and Universities in China Lichun Zhou Faculty of Arts
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