Published on March 14, 2014
Presented at AGR-722 (Practical)Presented at AGR-722 (Practical) Agronomy-definitionAgronomy-definition and Scope. Principles ofand Scope. Principles of Crop ProductionCrop Production March 14, 2014March 14, 2014 ByBy Hafiz Muhammad Zakriya AlviHafiz Muhammad Zakriya Alvi 2003-ag-16462003-ag-1646
An Introduction to AgronomyAn Introduction to Agronomy Two Greek wordsTwo Greek words agros “field” and nomos “to manage”agros “field” and nomos “to manage” ““Art of managing field”Art of managing field” Technically it is “science and economics ofTechnically it is “science and economics of crop production by management of farmcrop production by management of farm land”land” Branch of agriculture science which dealsBranch of agriculture science which deals with principles and practices of field cropwith principles and practices of field crop production and management of soil forproduction and management of soil for higher productivity.higher productivity.
Importance of AgronomyImportance of Agronomy Among all the branches of agriculture, agronomy occupies a pivotal positionAmong all the branches of agriculture, agronomy occupies a pivotal position and is regarded as the mother branch or primary branch.and is regarded as the mother branch or primary branch. Agronomy has three clear branches namely,Agronomy has three clear branches namely, (i)(i) Crop Science,Crop Science, ((ii)ii) Soil Science,Soil Science, ((iii) Environmental Science (iii) Environmental Science (deals only with applied aspects.deals only with applied aspects. ((i.e.,) Soil-Crop-Environmental relationship.)i.e.,) Soil-Crop-Environmental relationship.) Agronomy is a synthesis of several disciplines like cropAgronomy is a synthesis of several disciplines like crop science, which includesscience, which includes plant breeding,plant breeding, crop physiology and biochemistry etccrop physiology and biochemistry etc soil science, which includes soil fertilizers, manures etc., andsoil science, which includes soil fertilizers, manures etc., and environmental science which includes meteorology and crop ecology.environmental science which includes meteorology and crop ecology.
Scope of agronomyScope of agronomy 1-Research1-Research • test new varieties by Agronomisttest new varieties by Agronomist • related water management researchrelated water management research • soil conservation and reclamationsoil conservation and reclamation • seed productionseed production Opportunities of this type of work lie with,Opportunities of this type of work lie with, • Agricultural colleges and universitiesAgricultural colleges and universities • Research organizations like PARC, AARI.Research organizations like PARC, AARI. • Soil conservation,Soil conservation, • Water management Deptt.Water management Deptt. • private sectorprivate sector
Scope of AgronomyScope of Agronomy 2-Teaching2-Teaching 3-Agricultural Extension3-Agricultural Extension technology transfertechnology transfer to carry messages of modern agriculture toto carry messages of modern agriculture to farmer communityfarmer community sugar mills,sugar mills, fertilizer and pesticide firms and banks employfertilizer and pesticide firms and banks employ agronomist in their service departmentsagronomist in their service departments 4-Management4-Management Managers of Govt and private farmsManagers of Govt and private farms At management posts of sugar millsAt management posts of sugar mills Fertilizers and pesticidesFertilizers and pesticides
Scope of AgronomyScope of Agronomy o SalesSales sales and distribution of fertilizerssales and distribution of fertilizers insecticides and herbicidesinsecticides and herbicides seeds.seeds. o Law EnforcementLaw Enforcement enforcement of stateenforcement of state federal seeds lawsfederal seeds laws seed certification officersseed certification officers cotton inspectors in agri extensioncotton inspectors in agri extension departmentdepartment
Principles of crop productionPrinciples of crop production Timely and well preparation of land.Timely and well preparation of land. Good quality seed of high yielding varieties.Good quality seed of high yielding varieties. Proper time of sowing seed in proper wattar to have optimumProper time of sowing seed in proper wattar to have optimum plant density.plant density. Timely application of proper fertilizer in right amount and properTimely application of proper fertilizer in right amount and proper proportion keeping in view soil and climatic conditions.proportion keeping in view soil and climatic conditions. Timely application of irrigation water in right amount.Timely application of irrigation water in right amount. Insects, diseases and weed control.Insects, diseases and weed control. Post harvest technology.Post harvest technology.
Principles of crop productionPrinciples of crop production 1-1-Timely and well preparation of land.Timely and well preparation of land. pre- requisite to get high yieldpre- requisite to get high yield must know sowing timemust know sowing time rice –wheatrice –wheat soil should be prepared accordingsoil should be prepared according to crop requirementto crop requirement wheat and oilseed crop needwheat and oilseed crop need shallow depthshallow depth cotton, maize need greater depthcotton, maize need greater depth
Principles of crop productionPrinciples of crop production deep ploughing help waterdeep ploughing help water conservationconservation land should be well levelled inland should be well levelled in saline areassaline areas proper drainage in water loggedproper drainage in water logged areasareas
2-Good quality seed of high yielding2-Good quality seed of high yielding varieties.varieties. approved variety seedapproved variety seed seed with more genetic potentialseed with more genetic potential seed treatmentsseed treatments use adequate seed rates to obtainuse adequate seed rates to obtain proper plant populationproper plant population germination and purity %agegermination and purity %age moisture content in soil beforemoisture content in soil before sowingsowing
Principles of cropPrinciples of crop productionproduction 3-Proper time of sowing seed in proper3-Proper time of sowing seed in proper wattar to have optimum plant densitywattar to have optimum plant density.. timely sowing- high yieldtimely sowing- high yield soil should be neither too drysoil should be neither too dry neither too wet at time of sowingneither too wet at time of sowing oilseed crops should be sown inoilseed crops should be sown in more wattar than other crops.more wattar than other crops. adequate plant population-highadequate plant population-high yieldyield
4-Timely application of proper4-Timely application of proper fertilizer in right amount and properfertilizer in right amount and proper proportion keeping in view soil andproportion keeping in view soil and climatic conditionclimatic condition a big gap exist between potentiala big gap exist between potential yield and yield at farm levelyield and yield at farm level Application at right timeApplication at right time Use of fertilizer according toUse of fertilizer according to prevailing conditionprevailing condition
5- Timely application of irrigation water5- Timely application of irrigation water in right amountin right amount irrigate when irrigation is neededirrigate when irrigation is needed 6- Insects, diseases and weed control6- Insects, diseases and weed control recommended dose ofrecommended dose of insecticidesinsecticides should use disease resistantshould use disease resistant varietiesvarieties
7-Post harvest technology7-Post harvest technology 20% yield loss due to improper20% yield loss due to improper handlinghandling to avoid grain shattering, properto avoid grain shattering, proper time of harvest is important fortime of harvest is important for wheat, sorghum and bajrawheat, sorghum and bajra in maize delayed harvesting,in maize delayed harvesting, grains in the cobs startgrains in the cobs start germinating if rain can occurgerminating if rain can occur
The salt tolerance of two cultivars of mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek), AuMg 588 and Mg 6601, was assessed at germination and at the seedling stage.
705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 ... ABDUL RAZZAQ Muhammad Rafiq Akhtar MAHMOOD Muhammad Zakriya Abdul ...
zakriya manzil madras choolaimedu ... a-1 sarvodaya enclave kun kun singh lane east of kailash p o kothari address 3 mumbai 721 anuradha rajaram lote 722 ...
Mumbai Database (1) - Free ebook download as Excel Spreadsheet (.xls), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read book online for free.
722 428029 12/30/2003 1000. 723 293935 1/28/2003 1546.65. 724 327362 6/17/2003 627. 725 304555 1/22/2003 3207. 726 317868 7/2/2003 250. 727 369642 11/7 ...
agr eng br code 70 al rashid br code 937 trade mkt br code 1529 hafiz ... advice no 722 advice no 94 advice no 154 advice no 308 advice no 896 po 59397 po ...
Full text of "Life Of Banda Singh Bahadur Based On Contemporary And Original Records Dr. Ganda Singh" See other formats ...
Muhammad Zakriya Rashid Ali ali muhammad Rashid Hussain RASHID HUSSAIN Rashid Karim Abdul Karim RASHID MAHMOOD Muhammad Khalid Bsc hons 5thsmster Rashid ...