Year 2 grammar 1

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Information about Year 2 grammar 1

Published on March 15, 2014

Author: CaralynChung

Source: slideshare.net

The Simple Present TenseThe Simple Present Tense The simple present tense is usedThe simple present tense is used 1. To show a habitual action1. To show a habitual action a) They usuallya) They usually gogo for show a show on weekends.for show a show on weekends. 2. To state a general truth2. To state a general truth b) Reptilesb) Reptiles areare cold-blooded animals.cold-blooded animals. 3. To state a fact3. To state a fact c) My familyc) My family consistsconsists of five members.of five members. 4. To show a planned future action4. To show a planned future action d) The planed) The plane takestakes off in fifteen minutes.off in fifteen minutes. 5. To give warning, instruction or orders5. To give warning, instruction or orders e) Pleasee) Please talktalk softly.softly.

Simple Present TenseSimple Present Tense 1.1. HeHe ________________for an examination soon. (sit)for an examination soon. (sit) 2.2. Mrs Jeya _________ English fluently. (speak)Mrs Jeya _________ English fluently. (speak) 3.3. Do you_________ hot in this room? (feel)Do you_________ hot in this room? (feel) 4.4. This clock_________ nearly every day! (stop)This clock_________ nearly every day! (stop) 5.5. I cannot tell why the boy _________so fast. (run)I cannot tell why the boy _________so fast. (run) 6.6. The choir _________ a song afterwards .(sing)The choir _________ a song afterwards .(sing) 7.7. Whales _________ warm-blooded animals. (be)Whales _________ warm-blooded animals. (be) 8.8. Hock Guan _________ with his left hand. (write)Hock Guan _________ with his left hand. (write) 9.9. Muthu is always _________ his younger brothers. (bully)Muthu is always _________ his younger brothers. (bully) 10.10. Be quiet ! I don’t want to_________ up the children. (wake)Be quiet ! I don’t want to_________ up the children. (wake) 11.11. I _________ ten minutes to get to the school every morningI _________ ten minutes to get to the school every morning . (carry). (carry) 12.12. Our dog_________ whenever it sees a stranger. (bark)Our dog_________ whenever it sees a stranger. (bark)

Present continuous tense The present continuous tense is used: 1.To show an action taking place at the moment of speaking a) The prefects are helping the teachers now. 2.To show a future action that has been planned b) Halim is leaving for the state tomorrow. 3.To show an action that is often repeated and has become a habit c) They are forever complaining about the weather.

Present Continuous Tense 1. The patients ________ in the room now. (wait) 2. Is Susan ________ lunch at the moment? (cook) 3. Please keep still. I _________ draw you’re your portrait. (try) 4. We can’t go out now. It _________ now. (work) 5. Ah Seng _________ to school now. (cycle) 6. We_________ for a show tonight. (go) 7. He_________ the car this evening. (wash) 8. Listen! Someone_________ for help. (call) 9. The phone_________ .Go and answer it .(ring) 10. ________ he ________ now? (sleep)

The Future TenseThe Future Tense The simple future tense is used :The simple future tense is used : 1.1. To show a future actionTo show a future action a) Theya) They shall receiveshall receive a handsome reward soon.a handsome reward soon. 2. To express commands or announcements2. To express commands or announcements b) Youb) You will waitwill wait in that room until I call you .in that room until I call you . 3.3. In the main clause of a conditional sentences to show a likelyIn the main clause of a conditional sentences to show a likely eventevent c) Youc) You will passwill pass if you study hard.if you study hard.

The Future TenseThe Future Tense 1.1. HasanHasan _______ the seminar next week. (attend)_______ the seminar next week. (attend) 2.2. MaryMary ______ part in the big work .(take)______ part in the big work .(take) 3.3. The train _______ early today .(arrive)The train _______ early today .(arrive) 4.4. We _______ the fire victims. (help)We _______ the fire victims. (help) 5.5. Samual _______ until 10.00 p.m. (work)Samual _______ until 10.00 p.m. (work) 6.6. The robbers_______ by now. (go)The robbers_______ by now. (go) 7.7. When I reach home ,I _______ Hasim a call. (give)When I reach home ,I _______ Hasim a call. (give) 8.8. Mr. Lai _______ next month. (retire)Mr. Lai _______ next month. (retire) 9.9. You _______ what I say. (do)You _______ what I say. (do) 10.10. If he is there, we_______ him. (invite)If he is there, we_______ him. (invite) 11.11. When he is sick, we _______ him to hospital. (send)When he is sick, we _______ him to hospital. (send)

Present Perfect TensePresent Perfect Tense The present perfect tense is used:The present perfect tense is used: 1.1. To show an action that has just happened orTo show an action that has just happened or was just completed.was just completed. a) The meetinga) The meeting has just been cancelled.has just been cancelled. 2.2. To show which began in the past and is stillTo show which began in the past and is still continuing into the present.continuing into the present. b) Heb) He has livedhas lived in Penang since 2003.in Penang since 2003. 3.3. To show an action which happened at anTo show an action which happened at an indefinite time in the past.indefinite time in the past. c) Ic) I have already takenhave already taken my dinner.my dinner.

Present prefect tensePresent prefect tense 1.1. My uncle _______ just_______ from Hong Kong .My uncle _______ just_______ from Hong Kong . (arrive)(arrive) 2.2. They _______ a prize recently . (win)They _______ a prize recently . (win) 3.3. Here is your book. John _______ just ________Here is your book. John _______ just ________ it . (return)it . (return) 4.4. He _______ a word since he came in. (not say)He _______ a word since he came in. (not say) 5.5. I_______ just_______ a new pair of shoes . (buy)I_______ just_______ a new pair of shoes . (buy) 6.6. _______you_______ the film before ?(see)_______you_______ the film before ?(see) 7.7. Muthu _______ there for about five years. (live)Muthu _______ there for about five years. (live) 8.8. She _______in that firm for seven years . (work)She _______in that firm for seven years . (work) 9.9. It _______ for ten days. (not rain)It _______ for ten days. (not rain) 10.10. Abu __________already _______ the floor.Abu __________already _______ the floor. (sweep)(sweep)

The Past TenseThe Past Tense The past tense is used:The past tense is used: 1.1. To show an action that happened at a certain in theTo show an action that happened at a certain in the past:past: a) Ia) I informedinformed the police the accident.the police the accident. 2.2. To show a habitual past action.To show a habitual past action. b) She neverb) She never playedplayed with dolls when shewith dolls when she waswas a child.a child. 3.3. In direct speech to replace the present tense used inIn direct speech to replace the present tense used in direct speech.direct speech. c) My fatherc) My father saidsaid that hethat he understoodunderstood my problem.my problem.

The Past TenseThe Past Tense 1.1. I ______ him last night.I ______ him last night. (visit )(visit ) 2.2. The concert ______ at eight o`clock last night.The concert ______ at eight o`clock last night. (start )(start ) 3.3. My father ______ a new car last year.My father ______ a new car last year. (buy )(buy ) 4.4. Ali ______ with an accident yesterday.Ali ______ with an accident yesterday. (meet)(meet) 5.5. My father ______ home an hour ago.( come )My father ______ home an hour ago.( come ) 6.6. The vase broke when the cat ______ it down just now.The vase broke when the cat ______ it down just now. (knock )(knock ) 7.7. He ______me the book this morning.He ______me the book this morning. (not give )(not give ) 8.8. My mother ______ to the market ten minutes ago.My mother ______ to the market ten minutes ago. (go )(go ) 9.9. Mary ______ me last night.(Mary ______ me last night.( call )call ) 10.10. I ______ the plants this morning.( water)I ______ the plants this morning.( water)

Past Continuous TensePast Continuous Tense The past continuous tense is used:The past continuous tense is used: 1.1. To describe an action which wasTo describe an action which was happening at a certain time in the past:happening at a certain time in the past: a)The womana)The woman was shoppingwas shopping when shewhen she saw the robbery.saw the robbery. 2.2. To describe two actions going on theTo describe two actions going on the same time in the past.same time in the past. b) Alib) Ali was readingwas reading while Abuwhile Abu waswas restingresting..

Past Continuous TensePast Continuous Tense 1.1. He _______in the garden all yesterday evening . (dig)He _______in the garden all yesterday evening . (dig) 2.2. The birds ______all morning . (sing)The birds ______all morning . (sing) 3.3. Mother _______my dress at 10 o’clock last night. (sew)Mother _______my dress at 10 o’clock last night. (sew) 4.4. The boys _______for the sports all last week.The boys _______for the sports all last week. (practise)(practise) 5.5. My uncle _______in the pond the whole afternoon .(fish)My uncle _______in the pond the whole afternoon .(fish) 6.6. We _______dinner at 7o’clock last night. (have)We _______dinner at 7o’clock last night. (have) 7.7. I _______a book at 8o ‘clock last night . (not read)I _______a book at 8o ‘clock last night . (not read) 8.8. They _______at the gate all evening . ( stand)They _______at the gate all evening . ( stand) 9.9. She _______in town all yesterday afternoon. (shop)She _______in town all yesterday afternoon. (shop) 10.10. The rain _______when I woke up . (stop)The rain _______when I woke up . (stop)

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