Ydstie

50 %
50 %
Information about Ydstie
Education

Published on January 24, 2008

Author: Tommaso

Source: authorstream.com

B. Erik Ydstie:  B. Erik Ydstie B. Erik Ydstie:  B. Erik Ydstie Norwegian University of Science and Technology B. Erik Ydstie:  B. Erik Ydstie Research in PhotoVoltaics Acknowledgements: Georg Hagen, NTNU Cyrus Zahedi IFE Christian Dethloff ELKEM Gunnar Schussler ELKEM/HiA Bruno Ceccaroli, Scanwafer Paul Sides, Carnegie Mellon Overview: PhotoVoltaics in Norway:  Overview: PhotoVoltaics in Norway PhotoVoltaics - Primer Market Analysis and Application Areas Research and Development in Norway Elkem/Scanwafer/IFE/NTNU/SINTEF/HiA Summary PhotoVoltaics: Primer:  PhotoVoltaics: Primer Clean, Renewable Energy from the SUN Silicon: 14-16% Efficiency 0.1 kWp per m2 100 kWp per ton Silicon Global Energy Consumption filled with 0.1% of desert area covered! Slide9:  ARCO Magazine 1989 - cells produced by NAPS PV Market Development:  PV Market Development 25-30 % Annual Growth last Years Main Markets Residential Telecommunications Off-Grid Mobile On Grid Power Stations PhotoVoltaics: Silicon is Material of Choice:  PhotoVoltaics: Silicon is Material of Choice Silicon Theoretical limit 22% + established technology + availability/stability + known material properties - manufacturing challenges Alternative Materials (Ga/In/Te/As..) + efficiency ( 32% record) + / - toxicity - / + availability - technological challenges 20.1 % Efficiency Amorphous Si /Crystalline Substrate PhotoVoltaics: The Production Path:  PhotoVoltaics: The Production Path Cryst Wafers Etch. TCS Dist CVD SiO2 Red. Silgrain Metallurgical Si - Silgrain 99.5% Electronic Grade Si 1ppb 12,000 tons/year Solar Cells Wafers Remelt/Cryst Solar Grade Si 1 ppm Scrap Silicon - tops/tails/rejects… 1200 tons/year Cost Structure for PV Electricity - 500MWp:  Cost Structure for PV Electricity - 500MWp Installation Module Fabrication Cell Fabrication Wafers Si-Production Crystallization Production Step Cost Euro per Wp Si-Production and Crystallization 0.28 Wafering 0.22 Solar Cell Fabrication 0.11 Module Manufacture 0.30 Connector Convertor/Insatllation 0.78 Total 1.69 KPMG/Greenpeace: 500 MWp , 10 yr Depr. 15% ROI PhotoVoltaics: Feed-Stock Problem !:  PhotoVoltaics: Feed-Stock Problem ! … solar energy will remain a small and specialized industry that will start to shrink,… Bob Hall, AstroPower 12 % Growth 25 % Growth Slide15:  PhotoVoltaics: The Production Path Cryst Wafers Etch. TCS Dist CVD SiO2 Red. Silgrain Metallurgical Si - $ 3 per kg Electronic Si - $40-60 per kg Solar Cells Wafers Remelt/Cryst Missing Link Solar Grade Aim $ 8-12 per kg Scrap Si - $ 15 -25 per kg PV Research and Development - Norway:  PV Research and Development - Norway 4 Million inhabitants 150 k sq mi Constitutional Monarchy (1905) Oil/Fish/Gas/HydroPower Largest producer of Silicon in the world Trondheim Glomfjord Oslo Kristiansand/Grimstad R&D in Norway: Elkem ASA:  R&D in Norway: Elkem ASA 4100 Employees Materials Production ( Si/FeSi/Al/C/SiO2 ) Leading Producer of Silicon for Electronics Solar Grade Research Program Pure Raw Materials Silgrain ++ Crystallization Thin Film Alternative Processes R&D Center in Kristiansand R&D in Norway: ScanWafer:  R&D in Norway: ScanWafer Located in Glomfjord - 67o North ! Employees: 100 @ end 2001 6.3 million Wafers Global Market Share 5% Europe 20 % Integrated Wafers Cells Modules Energy R&D 2 bilder R&D in Norway: IFE - Kjeller:  R&D in Norway: IFE - Kjeller High Purity EG-Si on UMG-Si from ELKEM 12% Efficiency achieved EU Program initiated for LPE/CVD Cyrus Zahedi, Elekem Thin Film: Liquid Phase Epitaxial Growth R&D in Norway: NTNU/SINTEF-Trondheim:  R&D in Norway: NTNU/SINTEF-Trondheim New Production Processes (Plasma/Electrolysis…) Storage and Transportation of Energy (Hydrogen) Characterization/SEM... Clean Room/Crystallization Architectural From Sand to Solar Cells - Industry and NFR R&D in Norway: HiA - Grimstad:  R&D in Norway: HiA - Grimstad Sun Wind and Hydrogen - Industry and NFR Silane Decomposition for Simplified Poly-Silicon ELKEM ScanWafer IFE Power Companies Prof Egeland HiA Summary: The Challenge:  Summary: The Challenge From Small Batch to Integrated Processing Waste Minimization Sustainable Technological Development Systems Engineering and Public Policy Summary: A Bright Future:  Summary: A Bright Future PV Industry with Ambitious Vision for the Future ScanWafer from Silicon to Solar Cells and Modules ELKEM Major Supplier of Feedstock University and Institute R&D NTNU/HiA - Competence Building Basic R&D IFE/SINTEF - Process Development, Applied R&D R&D Networks include USA and EU

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

B. Erik Ydstie-Chemical Engineering - Carnegie Mellon ...

B. Erik Ydstie Professor of Chemical Engineering, Professor of Electrical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon (Courtesy), Professor II of Electrical Engineering ...
Read more

Collected Essential Works - Microsoft Store

Luke Ydstie. 2015 • 10 Musiktitel • Blues / Folk / Country • Folk • Jealous Butcher/Woodphone Records. Album kaufen 7,99 € ...
Read more

John Ydstie | NPR Illinois

John Ydstie has covered the economy, Wall Street and the federal budget for NPR for two decades. In recent years NPR has broadened his responsibilities,
Read more

John Ydstie : NPR - NPR : National Public Radio : News ...

John Ydstie has covered the economy, Wall Street and the federal budget for NPR for two decades. In recent years NPR has broadened his responsibilities ...
Read more

Caroline Ydstie | LinkedIn

View Caroline Ydstie’s professional profile on LinkedIn. LinkedIn is the world's largest business network, helping professionals like Caroline Ydstie ...
Read more

Adam Ydstie | Facebook

Adam Ydstie is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Adam Ydstie and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the...
Read more

Deep As Whales (Olaf Jerzy Edward Ydstie REMIX ...

Deep As Whales (Olaf Jerzy Edward Ydstie Remix) John Heart Jackie. Deep As Whales (Olaf Jerzy Edward Ydstie REMIX) 3:50 0,99 € Zusätzliche ...
Read more

John Ydstie | KCUR

John Ydstie has covered the economy, Wall Street and the federal budget for NPR for two decades. In recent years NPR has broadened his responsibilities,
Read more

Jonathan Ydstie | LinkedIn

View Jonathan Ydstie’s professional profile on LinkedIn. LinkedIn is the world's largest business network, helping professionals like Jonathan Ydstie ...
Read more

New Reflections Photography

Based out of the beguiling and gritty city of Tacoma, we strive to daily add to its beauty through art, poetry, and musings that come from the threads ...
Read more