Yangon, Sule Pagoda

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Information about Yangon, Sule Pagoda

Published on March 13, 2014

Author: michaelasanda

Source: authorstream.com

PowerPoint Presentation: Myanmar 72 Yangon Sule Pagoda PowerPoint Presentation: The Sule Pagoda is a Burmese stupa located in the heart of downtown Yangon, occupying the centre of the city and an important space in contemporary Burmese politics, ideology and geography. According to legend, it was built before the Shwedagon Pagoda during the time of the Buddha, making it more than 2,500 years old. Burmese legend states that the site for the Shwedagon Pagoda was asked to be revealed from an old nat who resided at the place where the Sule Pagoda now stands. PowerPoint Presentation: The Sule Pagoda has been the focal point of both Yangon and Burmese politics. It has served as a rallying point in both the 1988 uprisings and 2007 Saffron Revolution. PowerPoint Presentation: The pagoda is listed on the Yangon City Heritage List PowerPoint Presentation: The Sule Pagoda incorporated the original Indian structure of the stupa, which initially was used to replicate the form and function of a relic mound. However, as Burmese culture became more independent of its South Indian influences, local architectural forms began to change the shape of the pagoda. It is believed to enshrine a strand of hair of the Buddha that the Buddha himself is said to have given to the two Burmese merchant brothers, Tapissa and Balika. The dome structure, topped with a golden spire, extends into the skyline, marking the cityscape PowerPoint Presentation: According to Burmese legend the site where the Sule pagoda now stands was once the home of a powerful nat (spirit) named Sularata (the Sule Nat). The king of the Nats, Sakka, wished to help the legendary king Okkalap build a shrine for the Buddha's sacred hair-relic on the same site where three previous Buddhas had buried sacred relics in past ages. Unfortunately, these events had happened so long ago that not even Sakra knew exactly where the relics were buried. PowerPoint Presentation: The Sule nat, however, who was so old that his eyelids had to be propped up with trees in order for him to stay awake, had witnessed the great event. The gods, Nats and humans of the court of Okkalapa therefore gathered around the Sule Ogre and asked him the location, which he eventually remembered. Sularata Nat (Sule Nat) PowerPoint Presentation: The Sule Pagoda was made the center of Yangon by Lt. Alexander Fraser of the Bengal Engineers, who created the present street layout of Yangon soon after the British occupation in the middle of the 19th century. The Sule Pagoda is located in the center of downtown Yangon and is part of the city’s economic and public life. During the 1988 and 2007 protests, the Sule Pagoda was a functional meeting point for anti-government and pro-democracy protesters. PowerPoint Presentation: The peacock has an important role in Burmese culture. It was the emblem of the Kon-baung Dynasty (1845-1941) the last of the Burmese dynasties and it symbolized the belief that the monarchy descended from the sun. The Burmese Peacock Dance relates to droughts caused by the sun, and sacrificing a peacock is a gesture to bring forth rain and the heavenly gift of fertility. roundels encircling a peacock and a rabbit, indicating the sun and the moon PowerPoint Presentation: The peacock also has considerable significance in the Buddhist religion, especially Theravada Buddhism which is practiced in Burma. In the Buddhist Jataka, the peacock is the shape under which the Bodhisattva teaches renunciation of worldly attachments. PowerPoint Presentation: There are eight Day shrines, one for each day of the week (in the Burmese calendar, Wednesday is divided into two parts), dotted around the eight corners of the stupa (the stupa is octagonal), and most Burmese pray at their day shrine when visiting a pagoda. If you can figure out the day of the week when you were born, light a candle, place some flowers, or pour water over the shrine corresponding to that day. PowerPoint Presentation: Each shrine also has a planet and a beast associated with it, the most interesting one being the Gahlon, a mythical half-bird half-beast said to guard Mount Meru (the shrine for Sunday) PowerPoint Presentation: Worshippers make offerings to planetary posts according to the day of the week they were born PowerPoint Presentation: The day that one has born is the most important in daily life in Myanmar. Myanmar strongly believe in astrology and the day you born is playing a major factor to tell your fate, match making, business dealing, house whole building, in worse case to buy a car or to apply a job, Myanmar do consult with astrologer or Buddhist Monks who then refer to your birth day to tell you the do's and don'ts. PowerPoint Presentation: In esoteric Buddhism the peacock is a symbol of wholeness, since it combines all colors when it spreads out its tail in a fan. It exhibits intrinsic identify and the short-lived nature of all things, since its forms appear and vanish as swiftly as the peacock displays and furls its tail. Peacocks and rabbits represented the sun and the moon respectively. peacock / rabbit are the symbols for the moon and the sun and signify eternal brilliance. PowerPoint Presentation: One famous pavilion on the compound of Sule Pagoda is the Pavilion of the Sule Bo Bo Gyi (Grandfather Nat of Sule). According to legends this nat is said to be so old that he had been able to pay homage to all four Buddhas that had appeared in this world. It was said in the Shwedagon Pagoda chronicles that he was the one who directed the Sacred Hairs of Lord Buddha to be buried at Sanguttira Hill where the world famous Shwedagon Pagoda now stands. PowerPoint Presentation: Many Myanmar people believe that he has powers to help them in their actions and commercial enterprises and his pavilion is always crowded. Others says that he is one of the guardians of Buddhism and is entitled to receive homage from the devotees. PowerPoint Presentation: Large temple bells are donated to the temple by lay people and are highly regarded – they are struck three times at the end of personal spiritual practice as an invitation for all to share in the good fortune accumulated and others show their approval by declaring thadu, thadu, thadu, which means well done, well done, well done. PowerPoint Presentation: A tiger statue that is associated with the moon and Monday. Worshippers make offerings to planetary posts according to the day of the week they were born. PowerPoint Presentation: There are also many astrologers on the northern stairways for those interested to foresee their future.   PowerPoint Presentation: Long planetary post PowerPoint Presentation: The Chinthe is a leogryph (lion-like creature) that is often seen at the entrances of pagodas and temples in Burma and other Southeast Asian countries PowerPoint Presentation: Text: Internet Pictures: Sanda Foişoreanu & Internet Copyright: All the images belong to their authors Presentation: Sanda Foişoreanu www.slideshare.net/michaelasanda Sound Hlaing Win Maung - Pleasing melody (xylophone)

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