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Education

Published on February 24, 2008

Author: Ariane

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CAMPUS CLIMATE NEUTRAL Why Universities & Colleges and Particularly Today’s Students MUST Lead the Way to a Climate Neutral Future:  CAMPUS CLIMATE NEUTRAL Why Universities & Colleges and Particularly Today’s Students MUST Lead the Way to a Climate Neutral Future What is Climate Neutrality:  What is Climate Neutrality Climate Neutral Network 60-70%+ Reductions in GHGs + Offsets Oberlin 2020 Climate Neutral Events 2002 - Olympic Games in Salt Lake City 2004 – Democratic National Convention 2006 - Superbowl Middlebury’s Carbon Neutral Plan Why Climate Neutrality?:  Why Climate Neutrality? To get to 90%+ reduction in GHGs To get institutions, municipalities, and states to think about long-term, whole-systems carbon-constrained plans To get campuses and campus towns to make the explicit link to Global Warming - the largest problem of our generation. Slide4:  THE PROBLEM The Frightening Facts:  The Frightening Facts IPCC predictions include increased # of severe weather events, higher temperatures, and rising sea-levels. A study, published in Nature, predicts up to 1/3 species extinction by the end of the century. Most scientists agree that we need up to a 70% reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2050. Global energy use is predicted to double by 2030 with much of that coming from developing countries. The Recent US Energy Bill Locked in 10/1 ratio of subsidies for fossil fuels over renewables. Climate Change IS NOT Just an Environmental Issue:  Climate Change IS NOT Just an Environmental Issue Unjust Economic & Health Impacts Mirror Class & Race According to a study commissioned by the Congressional Black Caucus: African Americans are already disproportionately burdened by the health effects of climate change including heat wave deaths and worsened air pollution Unemployment and economic hardship associated with climate change will fall most heavily on the African American community. (Rising energy prices) Katrina Civil & Human Rights Ignored Disproportionate Effect on Low Income Southern Communities, Particularly Those of Color Future Health Effects of Exposed Pollutants Around Low-Income Neighborhoods International Human Rights Violations Tuvalu, Marshall Islands, & Maldives at Risk of Total Extinction Coastal Areas Hit by Tsunami Those LEAST responsible will feel the worst effects. This Generation’s Mission Whether or Not You Choose to Accept It:  This Generation’s Mission Whether or Not You Choose to Accept It Reduce GHG Emissions by 70-90% in 45 Years In 45 years, we will be Gus Speth Lead the Next Industrial Revolution Revolutionize the Power Sector Revolutionize the Transportation Sector Change Societal Patterns of Consumption Overcome HUGE Political Differences UNPRECEDENTED PROBLEM REQUIRING UNPRECEDENTED SOLUTIONS Slide22:  THE SOLUTION A MODERN, INDUSTRIAL & CAMPUS REVOLUTION Why Campuses & Campus Towns?:  Why Campuses & Campus Towns? There are over 4,000 colleges and universities in the U.S. and more than 15 million students. In 1999-2000, the expenditures of public degree-granting institutions totaled over $237 billion. In 2001, the top 120 colleges and universities with the largest endowments had endowment funds totaling more than $186 billion. Unlimited Renewable Student Energy Role of the University:  Role of the University “It is only in a crisis of war (read climate change), when the very survival of the nation and of civilization at large are threatened that serious state intervention in production and consumption becomes a political possibility in the United States” Slide25:  “For research that is not directly connected with production…the universities and research institutes under their control are the obvious candidates. They already have investment in infrastructure such as libraries and laboratories; they are the workplace of professional intellectuals devoted to research as a career; they are the institutions that produce the engineers and scientists.” Law School Examples:  Law School Examples Vermont Law School Institute on Energy & the Environment Pace Law School Energy Project Chicago-Kent: Program for Environment & Energy Law UC-Boulder: Environmental & Energy Security Institute ENORMOUS UNTAPPED POTENTIAL HISTORICAL ROLE The President’s Commission on Campus Unrest The Roots of Modern Campus Unrest:  HISTORICAL ROLE The President’s Commission on Campus Unrest The Roots of Modern Campus Unrest 1940-1960: American colleges and universities were uncharacteristically calm…and disruptions were rare. February, 1960: 4 black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College staged an historic sit-in at a segregated lunch counter in Greensboro, NC. 1960: The spread of sit-ins and other civil rights activities aroused the conscious of the nation and encouraged many students to express their support for civil rights through nonviolent direct action. Fall, 1964: precipitated by the civil rights movement, a critical series of events at UC-Berkeley transformed campus activism April 30, 1970: President Nixon announced that American and South Vietnamese forces were moving against enemy sanctuaries in Cambodia. April 30 – May 5: 20 new student strikes began each day, culminating with a strike at Kent State where 4 students were killed May 5 - :Following the Kent State killings, there were 100 or more strikes each day By May 10: 448 campuses were either still affected by some sort of strike or completely closed down. By end of May, nearly one third of the 2,500 colleges and universities in America had experienced some kind of protest activity. Why Students?:  Why Students? Students remain an under-utilized resource in current efforts to reduce GHG emissions. Students can use their time in school to work on for-credit, collaborative efforts to develop and implement new technologies. These opportunities will be extremely educational, interdisciplinary in nature, and will help dramatically reduce campus GHG emissions. This work will prepare 1000’s of tomorrow’s leaders for an increasingly precarious climate future. Technologies developed at universities to improve the climate impacts of nearly every discipline can be exported to urban and rural areas. The Youth & Advocacy Role:  The Youth & Advocacy Role Mobilize Millions of Students 90% Reductions by 2050 Form Teams of Climate Champions GHG Analysis, Plan, & Implementation Historical Role of Grad Students:  Historical Role of Grad Students “By the late sixties graduate students around the country took the initiative in pressing new fields of study and new styles of understanding history upon their departments. Black Studies departments took shape quickly…In the subsequent development of women’s studies and Chicano studies the initiatives of graduate students were even more prominent.” The Role of Research & Graduate Students:  The Role of Research & Graduate Students Why Graduate Students? Future World Leaders (Pre-emptive Lobbying) Access to Resources & Experts Authorities on Campus Best & Brightest Why Law Students? ABA Report & a survey of partners of American law firms places the skill of "problem solving" as the single most attractive aspect of law students. Ability to understand & effect policy Ability to use the legal system for just results Future Members of Congress, Judges, AG’s, CEOs Recent US News & Report: Rethinking Law School: The current three-year, Socratic model was developed at Harvard in the late 19th century. Higher Education Groups:  Higher Education Groups US Partnership for the Decade for Sustainable Development Partnered with 17 professional organizations. Any professional you approach on campus belongs to a professional group that is supporting sustainability initiatives. Network of professors, professionals, and national leaders who focus on reforming higher education top-down. Result of Student Movement of the 60’s-70’s:  Result of Student Movement of the 60’s-70’s PROS Academic Freedom: Flexibility to create your own course of study, major,etc. Student role in University management CONS Split: Silent majority and pissed-off minority History of Violence, Disruption, & Antagonism Result of Student Movement of the 00’s???:  Result of Student Movement of the 00’s??? Merging of Disciplines “Real-World” Projects Increased Use of Independent Studies Collaborative, bipartisan leaders who have already worked together to develop campus success stories! Slide35:  Campus Climate Neutral Campus Climate Neutral is an ambitious and unprecedented grassroots effort to mobilize US graduate students across disciplines to design and implement aggressive, global, climate solutions. Goals of CCN:  Goals of CCN Generate thousand of hours of research towards climate/sustainability solutions Support and catalyze existing climate and sustainability initiatives. Institutionalize and manage ongoing campus GHG reduction projects Educate and train the next generation of world leaders & citizens Putting CCN in Context:  Putting CCN in Context Campus Climate Challenge Campaign (EA) Cities for Climate Protection (ICLEI) Climate Protection Awards (EPA) EFS West, US Partnership for the Decade Clinton Global Initiative (Haveford, U of MI, GW) Governor’s Initiative Mayor’s Initiative Virtual March to Stop Global Warming Components:  Components Climate Neutral Campus Consulting & Research Climate Policy Projects State Climate Summits Student Consulting & Research:  Student Consulting & Research In Rocky Mountain Institute’s guide, the New Business Climate, RMI emphasizes the need for whole systems, mutlidisciplinary solutions. To guarantee optimal efficiency, you need to look at a campus as a complex system and identify the financial, social, and human resource hurdles as well as technological needs. Campus Climate Neutral GHG Reduction:  Campus Climate Neutral GHG Reduction Campus Climate Neutral research projects are annually renewing, for-credit, student projects to reduce campus GHG emissions. Campus Climate Neutral 1:Conduct an initial, whole-system assessment of the social, technological, and financial systems on a campus. Make policy recommendations based on findings. Campus Climate Neutral 2: Working from CCN 1, expand the project to the other disciplines on campus. Business students research financing, engineering and design students research, law student research policies that impede progress, etc. Campus Climate Neutral 3: Expand CCN process into surrounding city & county. Slide41:  CASE STUDY Campus Climate Neutral Project The Bren School, UCSB Betty Seto, David Felix, Fahmida Ahmed, Jeff Brown, Todd Haurin Project Significance :  Project Significance UC Santa Barbara – A snapshot Part of larger University of California system 60,000,000 kWh of electricity annually 1,900,000 therms of natural gas 133,600 vehicle miles travelled daily* Need for accelerated U.S. action on Climate Change * Source: 2001 Greening UCSB Group Project, estimated from # of parking permits issued and average commuting distance Fall 2005: Actions to Reduce GHG Emissions :  Fall 2005: Actions to Reduce GHG Emissions Researching UCSB Institutional policy Incentives for behavioral change Funding and budget mechanisms Staff allocation Engaging UCSB decision-makers Chancellor’s Office Facilities Management Budget Office UCSB Office of Sustainability Environmental Affairs Board Education for Sustainable Living Program Academic Senate UC Office of the President Project Deliverables: Spring 2006:  Project Deliverables: Spring 2006 “UCSB Campus Climate Neutral Action Plan” Report containing UCSB emissions inventory and existing energy efficiency technology Strategic recommendation for UCSB Facilities Management (LRDP, building typologies, etc) Integration plan with campus sustainability initiatives Framework for campus energy efficiency projects Implementation plans for specific emission reduction ideas Mechanisms for long term monitoring process and reassessment Education plan to incorporate climate change, energy efficiency & sustainability in academic curriculum Lessons Learned from the Project Best practices and implementation steps Suggestions for obtaining green funding UCSB Campus Climate Neutral Network Create a durable student and staff structure for short and long term GHG emissions reductions initiatives Real Progress at UCSB:  Real Progress at UCSB Convinced UCSB to join the California Climate Action Registry to register emissions. Spearheaded efforts to get a $50,000 Green Initiative Fund from student fees on the upcoming ballot which will be voted on this Spring. Developed an elaborate policy matrix, rating the cost and likely impact of different approaches to GHG emissions reductions. Engaged an amazing cross-section of university leaders including: Chancellor Henry Yang who has praised the project and seems receptive to committing to Governor Schwarzennager’s goal of 90% GHG cuts by 2050; Former Dean and Interim Dean of the Bren School, Dennis Aigner and John Melack who are in strong support of CCN 2; Energy manager Jim Dewey, Sustainability Specialist Perrin Perregrin, and Facilities manager Marc Fisher; and The undergraduate Environmental Affairs Board Motivated Mayor Marty Blum of Santa Barbara to join Mayor Nichols’ Climate Change Initiative. Mayor Blum is now looking into conducting an analysis of GHGs for the city of Santa Barbara with the assistance of students on the CCN team. Worked with Matt St. Claire, head of sustainability efforts for the UC Office of the President, to replicate CCN at other UC’s. GHG Emissions Inventory :  GHG Emissions Inventory Preliminary results (2004) using Clean Air Cool Planet Inventory Worksheet UCSB developing own GHG inventory for CCAR Electricity Natural Gas Fuel consumption from fleet and on-campus equipment (Refrigerants) Nation-wide campus GHG inventories generally include commuting and solid waste Inventory GHG Emissions - CCAR :  Inventory GHG Emissions - CCAR Inventory GHG Emissions – CCAR + Commuting Air Travel - Refrigerants :  Inventory GHG Emissions – CCAR + Commuting Air Travel - Refrigerants Commuter - Air Travel - Refrigerants Policy Mechanism Examples:  Policy Mechanism Examples Electricity & Natural Gas Energy Efficiency: HVAC & lighting upgrades Energy Conservation: Computer management Transportation Purchase efficient vehicles, use alternative fuels Indirect Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) Evaluation Criteria Capital Cost, Payback (years), $/MTCO2e, GHG Potential (MT) Importance of Emissions Target:  Importance of Emissions Target Demonstrates commitment Creates motivation for specific steps to reduce emissions Establishes goals and a timeframe to achieve them Kyoto and California Targets for UCSB :  Kyoto and California Targets for UCSB Kyoto – 7% reduction by 2010 CA1 – 2000 level by 2010 CA2 – 1990 level by 2020 Policy to Reach California Targets - Schedule:  Policy to Reach California Targets - Schedule Policy to Reach California Targets:  Policy to Reach California Targets A B C D Policy to Reach California Targets – Cash Flow:  Zero cost policies implemented immediately Energy Star Ethanol HVAC Upgrade – Air Handlers (1) HVAC Commissioning HVAC Upgrade – Filters EE – Fume Hoods Building baseline awards HVAC Upgrade – Fans Lighting Upgrades HVAC Upgrade – Air Handlers (2) Reduce fleet driving – bikes Begin purchasing offsets Offset Remaining Emissions $2.6 Million Net Present Value by 2020 Policy to Reach California Targets – Cash Flow Funding the Vision: Ideas for Future Progress:  Funding the Vision: Ideas for Future Progress Campus-wide cap-and-trade Creative Financing Mechanisms Colorado Harvard Day of Climate Neutrality or Energy Strike “Hike for Change” to Raise $ “Sour Grapes” Wine Tasting Fundraiser Student Fees & Matching Gifts Policy Projects:  Policy Projects Chicago Kent Model: Analyze & Develop Model Climate Legislation for Illinois ELPC & PIRG ICC Industry Group ABA-SEER, Vote Solar, PIRGs, etc. Other Law & Policy Research Other Disciplines – Sky is the Limit State Climate Summits:  State Climate Summits Annual Climate Summit in Each State Bring together leaders and experts from around the state to discuss the urgent need for action by universities in cooperation with their local communities to address climate change. Educate participants about the causes and effects of climate change and about initiatives at the global, national, state, local, and university levels to reduce GHG emissions. Engage participants and encourage the contribution of ideas about what students, faculty, managers, administrators, and citizens at California universities and in surrounding campus towns can do to confront the greatest environmental challenge of this generation. Launch Campus GHG Reduction Projects and State Law and Policy Projects. Slide58:  BRIDGING THE POLITICAL DIVIDE AND MAKING CLIMATE SOLUTIONS “COOL” Appealing to 51% (or 49%) of America: The Brother In Law Test:  Appealing to 51% (or 49%) of America: The Brother In Law Test How Would You Convince Your Conservative Brother-In-Law to Change His Opinion & Behavior Based on Climate Concerns? Public Attitude on GW:  Public Attitude on GW 77 % believe global warming is happening. More than twice as many think it is caused by human behavior (46%) than by normal climate patterns (17%). 60 percent describe the situation as either a crisis (16 %) or a major problem (44%) BUT Less than ½ of Americans (45%) think they can do anything about it Who is Responsible for Fixing It? 20% - Citizens 19% - Government 8% - Manufacturers 50%+ - ALL Public Attitudes on Bush:  Public Attitudes on Bush Bush Loses to Every Pres Since Carter Clinton: 46% - 44% Reagan: 59%- 20% Carter: 50% - 42% BUT Bush Beats Kerry: 48% - 47% September, 2005 Zogby Poll Rhetoric:  Rhetoric The art or study of using language effectively and persuasively. VS Language that is elaborate, pretentious, insincere, or intellectually vacuous. Rhetoric on the Right:  Rhetoric on the Right Dishonest Information Brokers:  Dishonest Information Brokers “In 1995, public utility hearings in Minnesota found that the coal industry had paid more than $1 million to four scientists who were public dissenters on global warming. And ExxonMobil has spent more than $13 million since 1998 on an anti-global warming public relations and lobbying campaign.” - Ross Gelbspan Right Wing Rhetoric:  Right Wing Rhetoric Senator Inhofe (R) from Oklahoma Called the EPA a “Gestapo Bureaucracy” Said an international global warming treaty “would deal a powerful blow on the whole humanity similar to the one humanity experienced when Nazism and communism flourished.” October 11, 2004 Conservative Global Warming Fiction:  Conservative Global Warming Fiction “Now we are engaged in a great new theory that once again has drawn the support of politicians, scientists, and celebrities around the world. Once again, critics are few and harshly dealt with…Once again, claims of moral superiority are used to justify extreme actions. Once again, the fact that some people are hurt is shrugged off because an abstract cause is said to be greater than any human consequences. Once again, vague terms like sustainability --- terms that have no agreed definition --- are employed in the service of a new crisis.” Michael Chriton – State of Fear Rhetoric on the Left:  Rhetoric on the Left The Hurricane that struck Louisiana yesterday was nicknamed Katrina by the National Weather Service. Its real name is global warming. – Ross Gelbspan A crash program for sustainable energy independence would create three million good jobs, free the nation from imported oil, and promote a healthier environment. – Apollo Alliance Website Liberal Global Warming Fiction:  Liberal Global Warming Fiction Bridge the Gap:  Bridge the Gap Commit to Civility In Discussions – Even With Those Who Don’t Care About GW Check Preconceptions at the Door – Lawyers at Firms Can Be Great Allies & So Can Conservatives. Sell & Educate Solutions, Don’t Preach Problems Making Climate Solutions Cool:  Making Climate Solutions Cool Virtual March to Stop Global Warming Earth to America ELLE Vogue Al Gore Film Oprah The Young & the Restless HBO Special Cool Solutions:  Cool Solutions Indy 500 Cars Switch Off of Gasoline 2006 Superbowl Goes Climate Neutral – Trees Planted in Detroit Clif Bar Offsets Emissions from Events Philadelphia Eagles Join Virtual March Campus Suggestions March Madness GHG Reduction Climate Neutral NCAA Football Games Fraternity & Sorority Competitions THE TIPPING POINT by Malcolm Gladwell:  THE TIPPING POINT by Malcolm Gladwell How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference The Law of the Few:  The Law of the Few Mavericks – Love knowledge. Think the Cliff Clavin of Climate Change Connectors – Folks that know everyone and act as the social glue which hold groups together. Think Laurie David Salesman – Those whose enthusiasm and excitement - Think Lee Iaccoca. Stickiness:  Stickiness What Gets People’s Attention and Sticks? Examples Sesame Street Blue’s Clues Sports Bars Jobs The Law of Context:  The Law of Context People are much more controlled by their environment than they think. Example: A conservative U of Michigan classmate has more in common with their liberal classmate (especially on game day) than we realize. Tipping Point: ALessons Learned:  Tipping Point: ALessons Learned Don’t Need Enormous Resources! Need to Do Research to Find Pressure Points! Need to Treat This As An Idea We Are Selling! Again: This Generation’s Mission:  Again: This Generation’s Mission Reduce GHG Emissions by 70-90% in 45 Years Lead the Next Industrial Revolution Revolutionize the Power Sector Revolutionize the Transportation Sector Change Societal Patterns of Consumption Overcome HUGE Political Differences Slide78:  Edison's major innovation was the Menlo Park research lab, which was built in New Jersey. It was the first institution set up with the specific purpose of producing constant technological innovation and improvement. Edison invented most of the inventions produced there, though he primarily supervised the operation and work of his employees. Most of Edison's patents were utility patents, with only about a dozen being design patents. Many of his inventions were not completely original, but improvements which allowed for mass production. For example, contrary to public perception, Edison did not invent the electric light bulb. Several designs had already been developed by earlier inventors By 1879, he had produced a new concept: a high resistance lamp in a very high vacuum, which would burn for hundreds of hours. While the earlier inventors had produced electric lighting in laboratory conditions, Edison concentrated on commercial application and was able to sell the concept to homes and businesses by mass-producing relatively long-lasting light bulbs and creating a system for the generation and distribution of electricity. THOMAS EDISON Industrial Revolutionists:  Industrial Revolutionists HENRY FORD TIME MAGAZINE, 1935 (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) Henry Ford was the founder of the Ford Motor Company. He was one of the first to apply assembly line manufacturing to the production of affordable automobiles. He not only revolutionized industrial production in the United States and Europe, but also had such influence over the 20th century economy and society that his combination of mass production, high wages and low prices to consumers is called "Fordism." He became one of the two or three most famous and richest men in the world; he left nearly all of his wealth to the Ford Foundation, but arranged for his family to permanently control the company. Wikipedia Sun King, Forbes:  Sun King, Forbes “Photovoltaics vendor Zhengrong Shi is worth only $2.2 billion. If he could just make solar power cost-effective, he could be really rich.” Forbes, March 27, 2006 Young People Can Do Revolutionary Things:  Young People Can Do Revolutionary Things At 22, Bill Gates left college to found Microsoft At 27, Henry Ford II took over the reins of Ford and hired the Whiz Kids to redo the company’s In the 30’s & 40’s, a group of young physicists made a series of groundbreaking discoveries about the inner-workings of the atom. In the 1970’s, fresh out of Yale Law School, Gus Speth and classmates founded the Natural Resource Defense Council (NRDC). Campus Climate Neutral www.naels.org/projects/ccn/index.htm:  Campus Climate Neutral www.naels.org/projects/ccn/index.htm National Association of Environmental Law Societies www.naels.org Dan Worth: dworth_99@yahoo.com

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