WWII - Japan

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Information about WWII - Japan

Published on February 19, 2008

Author: matt

Source: slideshare.net

Causes of WWII: JAPAN

Early 20 th century Japan Mix of western and eastern influences Gov’t: Parliament w/a monarchy Only real industrialized, modern, Asian country. The Emperor has no real authority under democratic gov’t.

Mix of western and eastern influences

Gov’t: Parliament w/a monarchy

Only real industrialized, modern, Asian country.

The Emperor has no real authority under democratic gov’t.

Democracy Struggles in Japan 1920s: Gov’t becomes more democratic 1922: Treaty sign to respect Chinese borders 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact

1920s: Gov’t becomes more democratic

1922: Treaty sign to respect Chinese borders

1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact

Problems with Japan’s parliamentary system Constitution: strict limits on Prime Minister & cabinet Civilian Gov’t had no control over the military Military leaders only reported to the Emperor: Hirohito

Constitution: strict limits on Prime Minister & cabinet

Civilian Gov’t had no control over the military

Military leaders only reported to the Emperor: Hirohito

Militarist take control 1930s Great Depression strikes the world. People blame the gov’t Military (under Tojo) gains support and eventual control Traditional view of gov’t restored Hirohito became figurehead -Tojo as General

1930s Great Depression strikes the world.

People blame the gov’t

Military (under Tojo) gains support and eventual control

Traditional view of gov’t restored

Hirohito became figurehead -Tojo as General

Japanese Military and Nationalist Solve countries problems through foreign expansion They planned a Pacific empire rich with raw materials and growing space

Solve countries problems through foreign expansion

They planned a Pacific empire rich with raw materials and growing space

 

Japan declares War 1931 Japan seizes Manchuria Parliament objects but is powerless Army set up puppet gov’t Began to build mines and factories=raw materials

1931 Japan seizes Manchuria

Parliament objects but is powerless

Army set up puppet gov’t

Began to build mines and factories=raw materials

League of Nations Reactions Japan’s attack on Manchuria was 1 st real challenge to LoN Vigorously protested No power to enforce anything Japan withdrew in 1933

Japan’s attack on Manchuria was 1 st real challenge to LoN

Vigorously protested

No power to enforce anything

Japan withdrew in 1933

Japan invades China July 1937 border dispute prompts full scale invasion Japanese army out numbered by one million strong Chinese Army What do you think happened?

July 1937 border dispute prompts full scale invasion

Japanese army out numbered by one million strong Chinese Army

What do you think happened?

Japan Invades China Chinese army was poorly equipped and not fully modern Japan crushed Chinese resistance initially By the end of 1937 Japan had captured Bijing and Nanjing (the capital) Chinese army retreated to the south

Chinese army was poorly equipped and not fully modern

Japan crushed Chinese resistance initially

By the end of 1937 Japan had captured Bijing and Nanjing (the capital)

Chinese army retreated to the south

The Rape of Nanjing Dec 1937 Japanese troops killed thousands of civilians Women raped and killed Children bayoneted Men were rounded up and beheaded. Why?

Japanese troops killed thousands of civilians

Women raped and killed

Children bayoneted

Men were rounded up and beheaded.

Why?

Men being buried alive                                                                                              

Japanese press Glorified the “rape” of the city Two Japanese sub lieutenants, said to be competing with each other to see who could kill one hundred Chinese first. The bold headline said, "Contest to Kill First 100 Chinese with Sword Extended When Both Fighters Exceed Mark — Mukai Scores 106 and Noda 105"

Two Japanese sub lieutenants, said to be competing with each other to see who could kill one hundred Chinese first. The bold headline said, "Contest to Kill First 100 Chinese with Sword Extended When Both Fighters Exceed Mark — Mukai Scores 106 and Noda 105"

Atrocities against humanity: 127,000 - 300,000 murdered

Why did this happen? Bushido code “samurai” Japanese soldier is ruthless, and well trained. Chinese were seen as less than human by the Japanese. Any……

Bushido code “samurai”

Japanese soldier is ruthless, and well trained.

Chinese were seen as less than human by the Japanese. Any……

Japanese expansion continues 1937-1941 Japan controls most of coastal China and Korea Continues to advance throughout the Pacific for land and raw materials to fuel the war machine and the economy.

Japan controls most of coastal China and Korea

Continues to advance throughout the Pacific for land and raw materials to fuel the war machine and the economy.

December 7th 1941 Japan attacks the US at Pearl Harbor (preemptive strike) Japanese knew they would have to deal with the US sooner or later. 2,400 Americans killed US declares war on Japan

Japan attacks the US at Pearl Harbor

(preemptive strike)

Japanese knew they would have to deal with the US sooner or later.

2,400 Americans killed

US declares war on Japan

 

 

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