Published on March 2, 2014
Examining the Transfer of Images of Classical Myths to the Visualizations by Disney Dave Natharius, Arizona State University
The original sources for many of Disney’s animated features: • grounded in classical and medieval mythologies and fairy tales • often simplified through their re‐telling and alternate versions This presentation examines Disney’s versions of four of the most well known stories and imagery that preceded the Disney versions. •Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs •Cinderella •Sleeping Beauty •Beauty and the Beast
A very useful source: A book of the exhibition: Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, September 16, 2006 – January 15, 2007. and Pavillon Jean-Noel Desmarais, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts March 8 – June 24, 2007.
SNOW WHITE AND THE SEVEN DWARFS, 19 37.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs •Best known version by the Brothers Grimm in 1812 •A version from Albania with 40 dragons rather than dwarfs, originating in the 11th – 12th centuries. •A Russian poem by Alexander Pushkin with knights replacing dwarfs
John Bauer, THE PRINCESS AND THE TROLLS, 1913 National Museum, Stockholm
The Dwarfs find Snow White asleep, illustration of Franz Juttner, 1905.
Snow White: The Dwarfs’ Cottage
Dr. Rotwang’s house in Fritz Lang’s Metropolis
“Snow White in her Coffin” by Theodor Hosemann, 1852
Schneewittchen by Alexander Zick
Maria, about to be “awakened” by Dr. Rotwang in Metropolis
Snow White in her coffin
•Cinderella and similar stories most common of all fairy tales/myths •exist in numerous languages •may be over a thousand variants around the world •“Cendrillon” by Parrault, 1697 •“Aschenputtel” by the brothers Grimm “Cendrillon” by Gustave Dore, an illustration for the opera by Massenet (1899)
Rhodopis (Rhodope) With Aesop From an 18th Century Painting by Kauffmann
From the Project Gutenburg archives Illustration by Oliver Herford for the Perrault version Aschenputtel with the doves Alexander Zick, 19th Century
CENDRILLON, 1899, by George Melies
The mice and birds sewing Cinderella’s ball gown.
Sewing mice in Beatrix Potter’s The Tailor of Gloucester
SLEEPING BEAUTY, 1959
(The) Sleeping Beauty *A version published in 1528 as the medieval courtly romance: Perceforest. *Published by Charles Perrault in 1697, the most common used version. *Published by the Brothers Grimm as Little Briar Rose. “Sleeping Princess” By Victor Vasnetsov, 1890?
Sleeping Beauty’s Cottage
“Return from the Inn,” Peter Bruegel the Younger, 1620
An image of the sleeping princess: Brunnehilde, surrounded by magical fire rather than roses. 1910 illustration by Arthur Rackham to Richard Wagner’s Die Walkure
Sleeping Beauty by Henry Meynel Rheem, 1899?
Neuschwanstein (New Swanstone) Castle in Bavaria, Germany
“Prince Charming’s arrival at the sleeping castle,” Gustave Dore, 1862
The Prince finds Sleeping Beauty
BEAUTY AND THE BEAST, 1 991
Beauty and the Beast *Theme of a true and loving woman can change a beast into a prince. *Second only to Cinderella in popularity among numerous cultures. *Has its origins in 2nd Century Roman literature: (Cupid and Psyche) *Several medieval versions in Italy and Scandinavia. *The “beast” is sometimes a serpent, white bear. *Best known version written by Madame Jeanne-Marie Le-Prince de Beaumont, 1756. *Other thematic stories: “ Hunchback of Notre Dame,” “Phantom of the Opera,” “King Kong”
Cupid and Psyche, 1st Century wall painting, Pompeii
Psyche Revived by the Kiss of Amor (Love). Marble, Antonio Canova 1793.
18th Century Painting “Titania Adoring the Ass-headed Bottom,” Fuse
“Beauty and the Beast” Illustration by Walter Crane, 1874
Belle declares her love that transforms the beast
Jean Cocteau’s “La Belle et La Bete,” 1946
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