Wrong-Way Driving Fatal Crashes in the United States

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Information about Wrong-Way Driving Fatal Crashes in the United States

Published on September 27, 2015

Author: fbg83

Source: slideshare.net

1. • North Texas Tollway Authority , Keeping NTTA Roadways Safe: Wrong-Way Driver Task Force Staff Analysis. NTTA Board of Directors, 2009. • Kaminski Leduc.J.L. Wrong Way Driving Countermeasures, <http://www.cga.ct.gov> 2008. • U.S. DOT, NHTSA, and NCSA. Agency Procedures for Release and Security of Research Data Collected Under The Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), Washington, DC 20590, 2004. • Federal Highway Administration. Performance and Accountability Report, 2003. • U.S. DOT, NHTSA, and NCSA. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). Washington, D.C. 20590. 2012. Wrong way driving has been a matter of concern since divided roadways have existed. According to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) the problem has not been solved despite several decades of highway striping and sign improvements. Little document can be found on the wrong-way fatal crashes and their characteristics in the U.S. One previous analysis of wrong-way crashes on highways based on the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database in 2008, in the U.S revealed that about 350 fatalities and thousands injuries were reported in crashes caused by wrong-way drivers. According to the 8-year crash data (2004-2011) from the FARS database, an average of 269 fatal crashes have occurred and 358 people have been killed each year due to wrong-way driving in the U.S. To measure the severity of this type of crash, the number of lost lives per WWD fatal crash was calculated. Analyses showed that four persons die in every three WWD fatal crashes on average in US. In this study, wrong-way driving crash data, including crashes and fatalities on divided highways, one-way traffic ways, and entrance/exit ramps, were collected and identified using the Fatality Analysis Reporting System database (FARS). The objective of this study is to give an overview of wrong-way crashes in the U.S, and identify trend of wrong-way fatal crash frequency and the distribution of wrong-way fatal crashes among different states. This study aims to give an overview of general trend of wrong-way fatal crashes and temporal and spatial distribution based on the eight-year crash data (2004- 2011) in FARS. FARS is a nationwide census of fatal traffic crashes provided by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Crashes which involve motor vehicles traveling on a public traffic way and causes the death of driver, occupant or a non-occupant (such as pedestrians) within 30 days are brought into FARS. Each state gathers data from various sources, converts them into a common format and transmits them to NHTSA to complete FARS database. Overview of Wrong-way Driving Crashes in the U.S Fatemeh Baratian Ghorghi baratian@auburn.edu Ph.D. Students, Department of Civil Engineering Introduction Distribution of WWD Fatalities WWD Crash Trend Abstract The number of fatal crashes in U.S decreased by approximately 4% per year, however, the number of WWD fatal crashes had a slightly increase by 0.2%. 1 Texas 38 (14%) 18 North Carolina 5 (2%) 35 Oregon 3 (1%) 2 California 26 (10%) 19 Kansas 5 (2%) 36 Indiana 2 (1%) 3 Florida 16 (6%) 20 New York 5 (2%) 37 Wisconsin 2 (1%) 4 Pennsylvania 11 (4%) 21 Ohio 4 (2%) 38 Idaho 2 (1%) 5 Georgia 11 (4%) 22 South Carolina 4 (2%) 39 Delaware 2 (1%) 6 Missouri 10 (4%) 23 Nevada 4 (1%) 40 Montana 2 (1%) 7 Mississippi 9 (3%) 24 Maryland 4 (1%) 41 Rhode Island 1 (0%) 8 Tennessee 8 (3%) 25 Arkansas 4 (1%) 42 New Mexico 1 (0%) 9 Illinois 8 (3%) 26 Minnesota 4 (1%) 43 Wyoming 1 (0%) 10 Arizona 8 (3%) 27 West Virginia 4 (1%) 44 New Hampshire 1 (0%) 11 Alabama 7 (2%) 28 Colorado 4 (1%) 45 South Dakota 1 (0%) 12 Michigan 6 (2%) 29 Connecticut 4 (1%) 46 Maine 1 (0%) 13 New Jersey 6 (2%) 30 Utah 4 (1%) 47 Vermont 1 (0%) 14 Oklahoma 6 (2%) 31 Iowa 3 (1%) 48 District of Columbia 0 (0%) 15 Washington 6 (2%) 32 Kentucky 3 (1%) 49 North Dakota 0 (0%) 16 Virginia 5 (2%) 33 Massachusetts 3 (1%) 50 Alaska 0 (0%) 17 Louisiana 5 (2%) 34 Hawaii 3 (1%) 51 Nebraska 0 (0%) Percent of WWD Fatalities Out of Total No. of Fatalities for Each StatePercent of WWD Fatalities Out of Total No. of Fatalities for Each State WWD Fatalities per Year (2004-2011)WWD Fatalities per Year (2004-2011) 1 Texas 52 (14%) 18 New York 7 (2%) 35 Indiana 3 (1%) 2 California 35 (10%) 19 Virginia 7 (2%) 36 Wisconsin 3 (1%) 3 Florida 24 (7%) 20 Kansas 6 (2%) 37 New Mexico 3 (1%) 4 Georgia 14 (4%) 21 Ohio 6 (2%) 38 Idaho 3 (1%) 5 Pennsylvania 14 (4%) 22 West Virginia 5 (2%) 39 Delaware 2 (1%) 6 Missouri 13 (4%) 23 Arkansas 5 (1%) 40 Montana 2 (0%) 7 Illinois 12 (3%) 24 Colorado 5 (1%) 41 Rhode Island 1 (0%) 8 Tennessee 11 (3%) 25 Nevada 5 (1%) 42 Hawaii 1 (0%) 9 Mississippi 11 (3%) 26 Minnesota 5 (1%) 43 Wyoming 1 (0%) 10 Arizona 11 (3%) 27 South Carolina 5 (1%) 44 Maine 1 (0%) 11 Alabama 9 (2%) 28 Maryland 5 (1%) 45 New Hampshire 1 (0%) 12 Michigan 8 (2%) 29 Massachusetts 5 (1%) 46 South Dakota 1 (0%) 13 Oklahoma 8 (2%) 30 Utah 5 (1%) 47 Vermont 1 (0%) 14 Louisiana 7 (2%) 31 Connecticut 4 (1%) 48 North Dakota 0 (0%) 15 New Jersey 7 (2%) 32 Iowa 4 (1%) 49 Alaska 0 (0%) 16 North Carolina 7 (2%) 33 Kentucky 4 (1%) 50 Nebraska 0 (0%) 17 Washington 7 (2%) 34 Oregon 4 (1%) 51 District of Columbia 0 (0%) 1 Delaware 1.9 19 Tennessee 1.0 36 New Mexico 0.7 2 Rhode Island 1.8 20 Colorado 1.0 37 New Hampshire 0.7 3 Utah 1.7 21 Pennsylvania 1.0 38 Wyoming 0.6 4 Connecticut 1.6 22 California 1.0 39 South Dakota 0.6 5 Nevada 1.6 23 Georgia 0.9 40 Maine 0.5 6 Texas 1.5 - U.S 0.9 41 New York 0.5 7 West Virginia 1.4 24 Iowa 0.9 42 North Carolina 0.5 8 Kansas 1.4 25 Hawaii 0.9 43 South Carolina 0.5 9 Mississippi 1.4 26 Oregon 0.9 44 Ohio 0.5 10 Washington 1.4 27 Alabama 0.8 45 Wisconsin 0.5 11 Missouri 1.3 28 Arkansas 0.8 46 Kentucky 0.4 12 Idaho 1.2 29 Louisiana 0.8 47 Indiana 0.4 13 Massachusetts 1.1 30 Vermont 0.8 48 North Dakota 0.2 14 New Jersey 1.1 31 Michigan 0.8 49 Alaska 0.2 15 Oklahoma 1.1 32 Florida 0.8 50 Nebraska 0.1 16 Illinois 1.1 33 Maryland 0.8 17 Arizona 1.0 34 Virginia 0.8 18 Minnesota 1.0 35 Montana 0.7 Wrong-way Fatal Crashes per Year in Each State (2004-2011)Wrong-way Fatal Crashes per Year in Each State (2004-2011) The number of traffic fatalities in US decreased by over 4%, however, the number of yearly WWD fatalities over the 8 year study period decreased by only 1.4% especially during the recent years. This may be caused by the improved vehicle safety features and more effective and quicker emergency responses. The analysis results suggest: (1)The total number of wrong-way driving fatal crash has not decline over the last eight years while the total number of fatal crashes has a significant decrease at the same period; (2) Three largest states (California, Texas and Florida) have reported the highest number of wrong-way fatal crashes and fatalities. However, California and Florida had approximately the same wrong-way fatality rate as the national average (0.9% traffic fatality caused by wrong-way driving); and (3) The average number of deaths reported per WWD crash is 1.3. Data Collection Data Analysis Conclusion References Distribution of WWD Fatal Crashes Almost 30 percent of nationwide WWD crashes and WWD fatalities occur in California, Texas and Florida. A crash fatality is more likely to be the result of wrong-way driving in Delaware, Rhoda Island, and Utah as compared with those in other states.

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