Writing greetings in arabic (mar7aban)

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Information about Writing greetings in arabic (mar7aban)

Published on February 23, 2014

Author: kuludrose

Source: slideshare.net


Detailed description of how to write "hi" in Arabic. The letters, how they connect and some writing rules.

Writing Greetings in Arabic • Mar7aban, Arabic for “hi,” is written this way ‫مرحبا‬ • It consists of five letters ‫ ,ب ,ح ,ر ,م‬and ‫ .ا‬That is meem, ra, 7a, ba, and alif. • Because the Arabic script is cursive, the letters change depending on their position in the word. The following table portrays the letters used in Arabic to write mar7aban and highlights the forms used to write the word.

Mar7aban ‫مرحبا‬ • Remember we read from right to left Final Position Middle Position Initial position Letter ‫ــم‬ ‫ــر‬ ‫ــح‬ ‫ــب‬ ‫ا / ــا‬ ‫ــمــ‬ ‫ــر‬ ‫ــحــ‬ ‫ــبــ‬ ‫ا / ــا‬ ‫مـ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫حــ‬ ‫بــ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬

• So, to write mar7aban ‫ ,مرحبا‬we need ‫م‬ (meem) in the initial position; ‫( ر‬ra), ‫7( ح‬a), and ‫( ب‬ba) in the middle position; and ‫( ا‬alif) in the final position. Final Position Middle Position Initial position Letter ‫ــم‬ ‫ــمــ‬ ‫مـ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ــر‬ ‫ر / ــر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ــح‬ ‫حــ /ــحــ‬ ‫حــ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ــب‬ ‫بــ /ــبــ‬ ‫بــ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا / ــا‬ ‫ا / ــا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ At the end, you have ‫مـ ــر حـ ـبـ ــا‬ ‫مـــر حــبـــا‬

Good to know that … • All Arabic letters connect on both sides except for six of them ‫ ,ا ,ذ ,د ,ز ,ر‬and ‫( و‬respectively from left to right, ra, zey, dell, thell, alif, and waw). These letters connect on the right but not on the left side. • Because mar7aban contains ‫( ر‬ra) which is one of the letters that doesn’t connect on the left, then the ‫7( ح‬a) should be written as if it were in the initial position. It’s impossible to connect ‫ ح‬to the letter that comes before it ‫ ,ر‬always speaking from right to left). • This is also why all the letters in the middle position can be written in two ways.

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