Published on July 19, 2013
2013 Volunteer Leadership Academy Author’s Workshop July 19, 2013
Disclosure information AORN’s policy is that the subject matter experts for this product must disclose any financial relationship in a company providing grant funds and/or a company whose product(s) may be discussed or used during the educational activity. Financial disclosure will include the name of the company and/or product and the type of financial relationship, and includes relationships that are in place at the time of the activity or were in place in the 12 months preceding the activity. Disclosures for this activity are indicated according to the following numeric categories: 1. Consultant/Speaker’s Bureau 5. Grant/Research Support 2. Employee 6. Other relationship (specify) 3. Stockholder 7. Has no financial interest 4. Product Designer AORN is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation. AORN is provider-approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13019.
Author’s workshop Helping Patients Through Authorship AORN Journal Richard L. Wohl, MBA, MFA, Director of Publications Kimberly Retzlaff, BS, Managing Editor Helen Pashley, MA, RN, CNOR, Clinical Editor, Manuscript Development Editor
Objectives • Transform great nurses into great authors – Identify the article types that fit in AORN Journal – Show how to transform what you do every day into a Journal article – Understand the benefits of authorship, to you, your colleagues, and your patients • Announce chapter contest for journal authors
Objectives (continued) • Explain the general guidelines for writing for AORN Journal: ̵ The parts of an article ̵ Grammar tips ̵ Referencing ̵ Publishing issues • Provide strategies for overcoming barriers to authorship • Share manuscript writing/submission help • Review what happens after a manuscript is accepted for publication
Why become an author? • Improve yourself ̵ Get a promotion ̵ Professional growth ̵ Open doors to new opportunities
Why become an author? • Improve patient care ̵ Share information ̵ Educate colleagues ̵ Articulate a belief
What articles are in AORN Journal • Articles we publish: ̵ Clinical articles (procedures, patient care, new techniques) ̵ Education articles (how you provide education to staff) ̵ Management ̵ Research/Quality Improvement/Literature Review
What do you do every day? • What’s exciting? • What’s new? • What’s difficult or challenging? • What is presenting problems? • What is something you’re doing that’s working well?
Parts of an article • Abstract • Introduction • Rationale • Significance to nursing • Preop/intraop/postop care • Illustrations, tables, photos
Group Exercise: Putting your ideas on paper • Draft introduction • Discuss rationale or significance of idea • Identify main points and supporting information • Summarize and conclude • Finalize introduction • Create abstract
Poster to Article
Writing for AORN Journal • Tone/style – more formal • Know your audience • Difference between − QI (no statistics) − Research (statistics) • Prior IRB approval is a MUST
Boring grammar stuff • Person – 1st, 2nd or 3rd • Voice – active vs passive
Person First person • I • We Second person • You • You understood (aka second person imperative) For AORN Journal, the preferred style is first or third person Third person • He, she, they • The surgeon • The perioperative nurse
First person – Good to use! • Personal and less formal, but specific • Research use: We identified three themes and eight thematic subcategories based on the experiences that the nurse participants discussed during their interviews.
Second person – Avoid! • Least used and informal • Directs the reader: ̵ The nature of your topic often will dictate the type of article you choose to write. ̵ Second person imperative: Write lots of manuscripts! (You write lots of manuscripts!)
Third person – Good to use! Tells who does what: Outpatient nurses are responsible for determining when a patient is ready to be discharged to home.
Active (preferred) vs passive voice Use active voice to tell who does what: The circulating nurse places the electrosurgical unit dispersive pad on the patient. Passive voice is less clear: The electrosurgical unit dispersive pad was placed on the patient by the circulating nurse. *Note: The “by” statement can be left out without being grammatically incorrect in terms of sentence structure – but it’s less clear to readers if you’re writing for print.
Language and use
Why reference? It’s fair • Gives credit where credit is due • Demonstrates professionalism Adds credibility and authority • Differentiates facts and data from opinion Provides additional resources • Help readers find information It’s the law • Comply with legal and ethical requirements
Appropriate references • Primary sources • Scholarly journals and books • Experts • Reputable online resources − Government / regulatory agencies − Wiki isn’t ―reputable‖ in the strictest sense • Recent references: ≤ 5 years
What should I cite? • Direct quotes • Paraphrased material ̵ Factual material ̵ Opinions not your own ̵ Statistics
Direct quotes (don’t overuse!) ―Actual hours worked during the call period are unpredictable and can range from 30 minutes to the entire length of the call period. Covering call may strain existing resources, create stress for perioperative staff members, affect safe patient care, and increase the potential for occupational injury due to prolonged work hours.‖1(p685) 1. AORN guidance statement: safe on-call practices in perioperative practice settings. In: Perioperative Standards and Recommended Practices. Denver, CO: AORN, Inc; 2012:685-687.
Paraphrased factual material Occupational exposure to methyl methacrylate can affect the eyes, skin, and respiratory system.1 1. Chemical sampling information: methyl methacrylate. US Department of Labor, Occupational Safety & Health Administration. http://osha.gov/dts/chemicalsampling/data/CH_254400.html. Accessed July 10, 2012.
Paraphrased opinion statements Changing patterns in education, such as the implementation of distance learning modalities, lead to anxiety, uncertainty, and confusion for nursing school faculty members.1 1. Gruendemann BJ. Distance learning and perioperative nursing. AORN J. 85(3);2007:574-586.
Paraphrased statistics Depending on the type of hepatitis, the percentage of case reports that included any risk factor information ranged from 48% to 50%.1 1. Surveillance for Acute Viral Hepatitis—United States, 2007. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2009;58(3):1-27.
Publishing considerations • Copyright transfer – Authorship – Conflict of interest • Permissions http://ees.elsevier.com/aorn/img/aornauthorres.pdf
Author guidelines http://www.aornjournal.org/authorinfo
EIC Peer Review Reject Revise Accept Reject Dev. Dev. EIC Staff Editor MS Author Publish Revise After submission
Overcoming barriers • Not sure if I have the skills “I could never write an article like the ones in the Journal” The editors are your partners and here to help • Believe in your idea and talents
Manuscript writing help • firstname.lastname@example.org • Other authors • Other readers • Elsevier website: http://www.aornjournal.org/authorinfo • EES author information: http://ees.elsevier.com/aorn/default.asp • Book: Anatomy of Writing for Publication for Nurses (Saver) • This presentation: http://www.aorn.org/writeforthejournal
Submit your article online Elsevier Editorial System http://ees.elsevier.com/aorn For help, contact us! (800) 755-2676 email@example.com
Wrap up • Nurses help patients • Nurse leaders help nurses help patients • Nurse leaders help more nurses, and therefore more patients, through authorship in the AORN Journal • AORN editors help nurse leaders be nurse authors Contest for Journal authors: The chapter that has the most manuscripts accepted to AORN Journal between now and Dec. 31, 2014 will win: A free, individual registration to the 2015 AORN Congress
Share this information! • Please feel free to … ̵ Share this information with your staff ̵ Present to your chapter ̵ Ask your colleagues to write for AORN Journal ̵ Give out our contact information to anyone who wants to write or peer review
Author’s Workshop Questions?
Contact information • Joy Don Baker: firstname.lastname@example.org • AORN Headquarters/Editorial Office: 800-755-2676, email@example.com • Helen Pashley: firstname.lastname@example.org, x234 • Kimberly Retzlaff: email@example.com, x227 • Rich Wohl: firstname.lastname@example.org, x364 Access this presentation on www.slideshare.net/aornsocialmedia or www.aorn.org/writeforthejournal
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