WRESTLING

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Information about WRESTLING
Sports

Published on May 2, 2008

Author: Durante

Source: authorstream.com

WRESTLING:  WRESTLING Slide3:  THE ONLY SPORT DEPENDS ON FORCE AND INTELLIGENCE IS WRESTLING M.Kemal Atatürk Slide4:  ABOUT WRESTLING If the Olympic Games are a history of mankind, wrestling is the prologue. When the ancient Games of the Olympiad were born, wrestling already was an ancient game. Widely recognised as the world's oldest competitive sport, wrestling appeared in a series of Egyptian wall paintings as many as 5000 years ago. When the Games began in 776 BC, more than two millenniums later, it included wrestling, and, in the years that followed, wrestling featured as the main event. Slide5:  The sport would return in a similar role when the Olympic Games returned after a 1500-year absence in 1896. Organisers, seeking direct links to ancient times, found a natural in the sport that had enjoyed popularity across much of the ancient world, from Greece, Assyria and Babylon to India, China and Japan. They resurrected Greco-Roman wrestling, a style they believed to be an exact carryover from the Greek and Roman wrestlers of old. Slide6:  In Greco-Roman wrestling, the wrestlers used only their arms and upper bodies to attack. They could hold only those same parts of their opponents. It worked nicely from a historical perspective, but another breezier style was sweeping across Great Britain and the United States by then. Known as "catch as catch can", it had become standard fare - and popular professional entertainment - at fairs and festivals in both countries. Slide7:  In 1904, the Olympic Games added the second wrestling event and called it "freestyle". Now, wrestlers could use their legs for pushing, lifting and tripping, and they could hold opponents above or below the waist. GREKO-ROMAN:  GREKO-ROMAN Slide10:  ABOUT When the modern Olympic Games resumed in Athens in 1896, organisers considered wrestling so historically significant that it became a focus of the Games. They remembered tales of wrestling competition in 708 BC, of oiled bodies fighting on sand in the ancient Games. Greco-Roman wrestling was deemed a pure reincarnation of ancient Greek and Roman wrestling Slide11:  Eight years later, Olympic officials added a second category with far less history and far less grandeur, but great popularity. Commonly known as "catch as catch can", freestyle wrestling had become the staple of 19th-century fairs and festivals in Great Britain and the United States, a form of professional entertainment. Like Greco-Roman wrestling, it became a staple of the Games themselves. Slide12:  In Greco-Roman competition, now dominated by Russia, wrestlers use only their arms and upper bodies to attack. In freestyle, where Olympic medallists in 1996 represented 17 different countries, wrestlers also use their legs and may hold opponents above or below the waist. Slide13:  FREE STYLE Slide16:  Eight years later, Olympic officials added a second category with far less history and far less grandeur, but great popularity. Commonly known as "catch as catch can", freestyle wrestling had become the staple of 19th-century fairs and festivals in Great Britain and the United States, a form of professional entertainment. Like Greco-Roman wrestling, it became a staple of the Games themselves Slide17:  In Greco-Roman competition, now dominated by Russia, wrestlers use only their arms and upper bodies to attack. In freestyle, where Olympic medallists in 1996 represented 17 different countries, wrestlers also use their legs and may hold opponents above or below the waist. Slide18:  COMPETITION At the Olympic Games in Athens 2004 there will be seven events in mens freestyle. For the first time ever, women will participate in four freestyle events. There will be a maximum of 344 athletes participating in the sport. WRESTLING AREA:  WRESTLING AREA Slide21:  TAKEDOWN:  It is a takedown when, from a neutral position, a wrestler gains control over his opponent down on the mat while supporting points of either wrestler are in bounds.  When the majority of the defensive wrestler's weight is on his hand or hands, they are considered supporting parts.  A takedown should be awarded  when one or both knees of the defensive man are touching the mat beyond reaction time or when the defensive man's legs or torso are controlled and his hands support the majority of his weight.  In awarding a takedown at the edge of the mat, control must be established while the supporting points of either wrestler are in bounds or while at least the feet of the scoring contestant finish down on the mat in bounds Slide22:  When a takedown is secured, the wrestler shall be awarded two (2) points Slide23:  ESCAPE: It is an escape when the defensive wrestler gains a neutral position and his opponent has lost control, while the supporting points of either wrestler are in bounds. When the defensive wrestler earns an escape, he/she is awarded one (1) point Slide24:  REVERSAL: There is a reversal when the defensive wrestler come from underneath and gains control of his opponent, either on the mat or in a rear standing position, while the supporting points of either wrestler are in bounds. In awarding a reversal at the edge of the mat, control must be established while the supporting points of either wrestler are in bounds or while at least the feet of the contestant finish down on the mat in bounds. The defensive wrestler, who has earned a reversal, is awarded two (2) points Slide25:  NEAR FALL:  Near fall criteria is met when any part of both shoulders or both scapulae of the defensive wrestler are held within four inches of the mat or less, or when one shoulder or scapula of the defensive wrestler is touching the mat and the other shoulder or scapula is held at an angle of forty-five degrees or less with the mat or when the defensive wrestler is held in a high neck bridge or on both elbows.  The wrestler in the advantage position is awarded two (2) points when near fall criteria is met for two seconds or if the defensive wrestler is injured or bleeding occurs just prior to near fall criteria being met.  When the criteria is met for five seconds, or if the defensive wrestler is injured or bleeding occurs after near fall criteria has been met, a three (3) point near fall shall be awarded.  If the defensive wrestler is injured or bleeding occurs after a three point near fall has been earned, a four (4) point near fall shall be awarded Slide26:  FALL (PIN): A fall occurs when any part of both shoulders or both scapulae of either wrestler are in contact with the mat for two seconds. The two seconds (one-thousand-one, one-thousand-two) shall be a silent count by the referee and shall start only after he is in position to observe if a fall is imminent. The shoulders or scapulae must be held in continuous contact with the mat in bounds. A fall ends the match. The offensive wrestler who earns a fall is the automatic winner of the contest Slide27:  TEAM POINTS Slide29:  FAMOUS WRESTLERS IN THE WORLD ALL SNOW:  ALL SNOW BATISTA:  BATISTA BIG SNOW:  BIG SNOW BOOKER T:  BOOKER T CHAVO GUERRERO:  CHAVO GUERRERO CHRIS JERICHO:  CHRIS JERICHO D-VON-DUDLEY:  D-VON-DUDLEY ERIC BISCHOFF:  ERIC BISCHOFF GOLDBERG:  GOLDBERG JOHN CENA:  JOHN CENA KANE:  KANE KURT ANGE:  KURT ANGE LANCE-STORM:  LANCE-STORM MARK HENDRY:  MARK HENDRY MATT HARDY:  MATT HARDY MICK FOLEY:  MICK FOLEY MOLLY HOLLY:  MOLLY HOLLY RANDY ORTON:  RANDY ORTON RENE DIPREE:  RENE DIPREE REY MYSTERIO:  REY MYSTERIO RIC FLAIR:  RIC FLAIR RIKISHI:  RIKISHI ROB VAN DAM:  ROB VAN DAM ROCK:  ROCK SCOTTY 2HOTTY:  SCOTTY 2HOTTY SHAWN MICHAELS:  SHAWN MICHAELS STONE COLD:  STONE COLD TAJIRI:  TAJIRI TAZ:  TAZ TRIPLE H:  TRIPLE H UNDER TAKER:  UNDER TAKER LITA:  LITA 2004 ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES:  2004 ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES Wrestling—Men's Freestyle 55kg—Mavlet Batirov, Russia 60kg—Yandro Miguel Quintana, Cuba 66kg—Elbrus Tedeyev, Ukraine 74kg—Buvaysa Saytiev, Russia 84kg—Cael Sanderson, United States 96kg—Khadjimourat Gatsalov, Russia 120kg—Artur Taymazov, Uzbekistan 2004 ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES:  2004 ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES Wrestling—Women's Freestyle 48kg—Irini Merleni, Ukraine 55kg—Saeori Yoshida, Japan 63kg—Kaori Icho, Japan 72kg—Xu Wang, China 2004 ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES:  2004 ATHENS OLYMPIC GAMES Wrestling—Men's Greco-Roman • 55kg—Istvan Majoros, Hungary • 60kg—Ji Hyun Jung, South Korea • 66kg—Farid Mansurov, Azerbaijan • 74kg—Alexandr Dokturishivili, Uzbekistan • 84kg—Alexei Michine, Russia • 96kg—Karam Ibrahim, Egypt • 120kg—Khasan Baroev, Russia Slide80:  FAMOUS WRESTLERS Slide90:  WRESTLING IN TURKEY YAŞAR DOĞU:                     Yaşar Doğu YAŞAR DOĞU GAZANFER BİLGE:  GAZANFER BİLGE CELAL ATİK:  CELAL ATİK OTHER WRESTLERS:  OTHER WRESTLERS **AKİF PİRİM **MAHMUT ATALAY **AHMET AYIK **İSMAİL OGAN **KAZIM AYVAZ **HASAN GÜNGÖR **MİTHAT BAYRAK **MUZAHİR SİLLE **AHMET BİLEK **HAMİT KAPLAN **BAYRAM ŞİT **HASAN GEMİCİ Slide103:  KIRKPINAR TURKISH OIL WRESTLING Slide107:  What about energy Slide108:  In wrestling, the muscles rely on three major systems to supply the energy needs -- the intermediate, glycolytic, and oxygen energy systems. The intermediate energy systems are nonoxidative -- they do not use oxygen. Instead, these systems generate energy through the use of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and creatine phosphate (CP). CP is produced in the body and stored in the muscle fibers. It is broken down by enzymes to regenerate ATP, which is also stored in the muscle fibers. When ATP and is in turn broken down, the result is a spark of energy that triggers a muscle contrac Slide109:  For medium -- term energy for repeated near -- maximum exertion, the muscles turned to the glycolytic energy systems. In these systems, which are also nonoxidative, glycogen used produced energy. Glycogen it is a storage form of glucose. It is stored in the liver and muscles, and is readily converted back to glucose when he is needed for energy. Slide110:  For a long -- term energy for endurance activities, the muscles use the oxidation energy systems. In these systems, oxygen is used to oxidized long -- chain fatty acids, protein, and glucose, which generate energy. For athletes, getting enough oxygen can mean a winning performance rather than a second -- placed showing Slide111:  What about DOPING Slide113:  Article 12 - DOPING In applying the provisions of the FILA federal statutes, and in order to combat the possibility of drug use, which is formally prohibited, FILA reserves the right to require that wrestlers undergo examinations or tests in all competitions it supervises.   This provision must be applied at Continental and World Championships, according to FILA Regulations, and at the Olympic and Continental Games, according to IOC Rules. In no case may competitors or officers oppose this verification without incurring immediate elimination and the penalties imposed for doping. The FILA Medical Commission will decide the time, the number or frequency of these examinations, which will be carried out by any means it deems useful. Suitable samples will be taken by a doctor certified by FILA, in the presence of an officer for the wrestler to be tested. Where sampling is not carried out under the conditions set out above, the results obtained shall be considered void. (see Doping Regulations) The setting up and financial implications of the anti-doping controls are paid for by the host country and the National Federations. The FILA, being subject to the convention fighting drug use signed with the IOC and applied by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), all its Regulations, procedures and sanctions are applicable by the FILA. The appeal body in the event of a doping sanction made by the FILA Bureau against a wrestler is the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) in Lausanne (Switzerland). Wrestlers who have the international licence are forbidden to use civil courts, barring the CAS. FORBIDDEN SUBSTANCES:  FORBIDDEN SUBSTANCES 1)Situmulants 2)Narkotic analjezics 3)Cannabinoids 4)Anabolic agents 5)Peptid hormons 6)beta-2 agonists 7)anti-östrogenic activity agents 8)Masker agents 9)Glukokorticoids 10)Alcohol 11)Beta blockers FORBIDDEN METHODS:  FORBIDDEN METHODS 1)Methods make carriying oxigen easier a)blood doping b)modification hemoglobin substances 2)Farmakologic,chemical and physical operations 3)Gene doping WRESTLİNG TALENT:  WRESTLİNG TALENT How can we find talent?:  How can we find talent? With special competitions Gene testing Wresting ability Strongness and intelligence %80 of work WHAT ABOUT TRAINING:  WHAT ABOUT TRAINING Slide119:  *In wrestling, the energy output is primarily anaerobic (without oxygen). This does not mean that training for or competing in wrestling is easy, * You must push, pull, grapple, throw, and perform other lightning-quick reflexive movements over and over again, repeatedly testing your tolerance to pain and fatigue, caused by lactic-acid buildup in your muscles. * The training for wrestling is extremely intensive and grueling. At the highest levels, it forces you to operate at your anaerobic threshold (the point at which you must receive oxygen). Muscles grow when they are stressed. * In wrestling, the aim is to make the muscles grow as strong and as quick as possible. This calls for specialized training. * Furthermore, the incredible force output of wrestling requires the support of a carefully constructed nutrition program. Slide120:  TRAINING IS %20 OF WORK BUT IT BRINGS SUCCESS TO YOU Slide121:  MORE TRAINING = MORE SUCCESS *** As all part of life Slide122:  THANK YOU For listen listen to me

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