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Business-Finance

Published on April 13, 2008

Author: Denise

Source: authorstream.com

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The 1930s, Events that lead to WWII:  The 1930s, Events that lead to WWII Mr. Hernandez Today’s Big Idea: EVERYTHING IS RELATED IN SOME WAY:  Today’s Big Idea: EVERYTHING IS RELATED IN SOME WAY Remember in elementary school when you learned this: Slide3:  Introduce the Advance Organizer: Global Depression Depression:  Depression Depression was a world wide event. U.S. –Overproduction of farm products and manufacturing products. How does it affect other people besides the U.S.? U.S. Government regulates the production of Farm Products and less raw materials are needed for manufacturing products Latin America’s economy is affected, 1 source of raw materials for U.S. Post WWI Economic Cycle:  Post WWI Economic Cycle U.S. does not have the money to invest in Germany. Germany cannot pay back reparations to allies (France, Britain, U.S.) There is no money to buy products- Global Economic Recession. Depression Cont.:  Depression Cont. Economic Recession means less economic interaction between countries. Countries Raised Tariffs, or taxes on foreign goods, to protect their economies from foreign competition. (Protectionism) Depression hits each country DIFFERENTLY:  Depression hits each country DIFFERENTLY Germany’s economy is out of control, Inflation. U.S. economy is down. France’s economy takes longer to feel the depression. Japan’s economy suffered, and many people in the military saw that it was not good to depend on western economy. Japan expands to China and Manchuria. Russia’s economy was not depended on Western Economy, Russia does not feel the depression as much. Loss Faith in Democracy due to economic problems. :  Loss Faith in Democracy due to economic problems. European countries did not believe in their leaders since the economic depression brought misery and hopelessness. Extremists, or leaders with radical ideas, found a place in the peoples hearts. Please read the following Pages 430-432.:  Please read the following Pages 430-432. How did the war (WWI) and its peace treaty (Treaty of Versailles) affect the international economy? Activity: Visual Representation of the World Wide Depression. :  Activity: Visual Representation of the World Wide Depression. Construct a Visual Representation (drawing) of the Great Depression. And at the bottom or other side of page, address this question, How did the war (WWI) and its peace treaty (Treaty of Versailles) affect the international economy? Remember to use the big idea of “everything relates to something else to construct your visual representation. 20 Min. Textbook’s visual Representation. can you Come up with a better one? Watch Quick Video on the depression.:  Watch Quick Video on the depression. Share Visual Representation: Use the big Idea, Everything relates to something else. :  Share Visual Representation: Use the big Idea, Everything relates to something else. Two extra points for anyone who wants to participate. Explain your visual representation. Share Visual Representation: Use the big Idea, Everything relates to something else. :  Share Visual Representation: Use the big Idea, Everything relates to something else. Two extra points for anyone who wants to participate. Explain your visual representation. TODAY’S BIG IDEA: POWER CAN BE USED OR ABUSED:  TODAY’S BIG IDEA: POWER CAN BE USED OR ABUSED We are going to be looking at how Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler Use and abused their power. Can You Predict How These Leaders are Going to Use or Abuse Their Power?:  Can You Predict How These Leaders are Going to Use or Abuse Their Power? We will write the your prediction in a paper, including your name. Journal Quick write #1: Write a personal experience where you used or abused your power.:  Journal Quick write #1: Write a personal experience where you used or abused your power. I will be collecting and Grading the notebook, or binder with notes, this upcoming Friday. Loss Faith in Democracy due to economic problems. :  Loss Faith in Democracy due to economic problems. European countries did not believe in their leaders since the economic depression brought misery and hopelessness. Extremists, or leaders with radical ideas, found a place in the peoples hearts. ITALY and BENITO MUSSOLINI:  ITALY and BENITO MUSSOLINI Allies had not kept promise to give Italy some Austro-Hungarian territories after WWI. Italians were not happy with the depression, Mussolini promises to bring stability and Glory to Italy. Lots of people like this idea, and follow him Mussolini Gains Control Fascism :  Mussolini Gains Control Fascism Mussolini organized a combat squad called “the Black Shirts” Black Shirts rejected democratic process in favor of violent actions. They emulated a earlier national revolt (reviving Italian Pride) March on Rome- tens of thousands walked to Rome, the Italian King, to prevent civil war, appointed Mussolini as Prime minister, Legally appointed leader. Fascism and Mussolini:  Fascism and Mussolini Mussolini took control of Italy. In his system, loyalty was to the state (Italy) sacrificing individuality. Nationalism- Pride in one’s nation. Mussolini created the first Totalitarian State- One-party dictatorship that controlled every aspect of of the lives of its citizens. People who do not agree with Mussolini are imprisoned or executed. Propaganda:  Propaganda Definition: Official government communications to the public that are designed to influence opinion. The information may be true or false, but it is always carefully selected for its political effect. Mussolini used propaganda to appeal to most Italians. Other totalitarian states: Germany, Spain, Japan, also used propaganda to appeal to their people. Slide22:  PROPAGANDA Italy and Mussolini Main Points Review:  Italy and Mussolini Main Points Review 1925 Mussolini and his Fascist system rule Italy. Italians like the plan- They want to better their economy and bring pride to Italy. Propaganda: Spreads Fascism- Believe! Obey! Fight! Fascism- Totalitarian State- 1 party dictatorship where the state (Italy) is the most important thing. Mussolini plans to expand Italy’s territory. Big Idea: Power is used or abused:  Big Idea: Power is used or abused Now that we have read and talked about Italy, let us come up with ways in which Mussolini used or abused his power. Make sure you provide evidence. Write this on the big paper. ACTIVITY Read Pages 440:  Read Pages 440 Write a quick write stating how this person used or abused his power. To be collected for a grade. HOMEWORK Soviet Union Under Stalin:  Soviet Union Under Stalin Soviet Union is Communist. Lenin dies in 1924, and Joseph Stalin takes his place. Stalin wants to bring Nationalistic pride to Soviet Union (Soviet Union is seen as a weak entity) Stalin Takes control:  Stalin Takes control Stalin creates a totalitarian state, one party dictatorship. Creates a 5 year plan to build heavy industry, improving transportation, and increasing farm output. Because Stalin is focusing on the 5 year plan, the economic depression is not greatly felt in the Soviet Union. Five year Plan:  Five year Plan Creates- large factories, hydroelectric power stations, and large industrial complexes were built. Jobs were created. (This will be important in WWII) Agriculture production also increased. But… not everything was good. Use of Propaganda:  Use of Propaganda Stalin, like Mussolini, uses propaganda to spread support of communism. Cominterm- communist support around the world. Communism in the Soviet Union:  Communism in the Soviet Union Women were encouraged to go to school and become integral part of soviet economy. Free communist schooling for all children. Censorship of arts- only communist art was allowed. No religion- Atheist, Stalin would become a god-like figure. Crimes Against Humanity:  Crimes Against Humanity In order to support industrialization- Stalin/Soviet Union depends on agriculture. Collectives: the state takes land from farmers. Now, Farmers must meet agriculture quotas set by the communist party. Kulaks, or wealthy farmers suffered the most; they are blamed for farmer resistance to collectives. Crimes Against Humanity Cont.:  Crimes Against Humanity Cont. Kulaks were forced to plant for the communist party without leaving any grain for their own survival. Man Made Famine of 1932 in the Ukraine- 5-8 million people died from starvation. Crimes Against Humanity Cont.:  Crimes Against Humanity Cont. Anyone who opposed the soviet union- sent to Gulag, or brutal labor camps, or were killed. Stalin and Soviet Union Review:  Stalin and Soviet Union Review Joseph Stalin comes into power in 1924 after Lenin dies. Stalin develops a communist totalitarian state, one party dictatorship. Stalin creates a 5 year plan to industrialize the soviet union and increase agriculture. Farmers, Kulaks, suffer; Land is taken away, and they are forced to meet production quotas. Grain is to be only used to feed the state. Man made starvation of 1932. 5-8 million died of starvation. Stalin and Soviet Union Review:  Stalin and Soviet Union Review People that oppose Stalin are sent to labor camps and/or are killed. Industrialization works, but many lives are lost. Propaganda is used to spread communist mentality. Cominterm- communist supporters around the world. Spread of Soviet Culture. Journal Topic 6: :  Journal Topic 6: How did the different characters in the movie Schindler’s list used or abused their power? Stalin-Crimes Against Humanity:  Stalin-Crimes Against Humanity In order to support industrialization- Stalin/Soviet Union depends on agriculture. Collectives: the state takes land from farmers. Now, Farmers must meet agriculture quotas set by the communist party. Kulaks, or wealthy farmers suffered the most; they are blamed for farmer resistance to collectives. Crimes Against Humanity Cont.:  Crimes Against Humanity Cont. Kulaks were forced to plant for the communist party without leaving any grain for their own survival. Man Made Famine of 1932 in the Ukraine- 5-8 million people died from starvation. Crimes Against Humanity Cont.:  Crimes Against Humanity Cont. Anyone who opposed the soviet union- sent to Gulag, or brutal labor camps, or were killed. Stalin and Soviet Union Review:  Stalin and Soviet Union Review Joseph Stalin comes into power in 1924 after Lenin dies. Stalin develops a communist totalitarian state, one party dictatorship. Stalin creates a 5 year plan to industrialize the soviet union and increase agriculture. Farmers, Kulaks, suffer; Land is taken away, and they are forced to meet production quotas. Grain is to be only used to feed the state. Man made starvation of 1932. 5-8 million died of starvation. Stalin and Soviet Union Review:  Stalin and Soviet Union Review People that oppose Stalin are sent to labor camps and/or are killed. Industrialization works, but many lives are lost. Propaganda is used to spread communist mentality. Cominterm- communist supporters around the world. Spread of Soviet Culture. Germany and Hitler :  Germany and Hitler Germany is in deep economic depression. Germany has poor economy since WWI, Reparations payments Hitler:  Hitler Like Mussolini (Italy) and Stalin (Soviet Union), Hitler wants to bring Nationalistic Pride and stability to Germany. Many People like this idea-hope. In Germany there was a lost of faith in the current Weimar Republic (Democracy) There was political instability in Germany 10 Min video on Hitler and Nazis:  10 Min video on Hitler and Nazis Carefully watch and listen. Mein Kampf:  Mein Kampf Book written by Hitler while he is in jail. Mein Kampf (My Struggle) describes Hitler’s Master Plan Becomes a sort of “bible” for the Nazis. Hitler’s Master Plan:  Hitler’s Master Plan To help the “German” People (non-Jew), and to expand German territory. Blame Jews Target Jews Enslave Jews Eliminate the Jews HITLER’S MASTER PLAN Hitler’s Master Race :  Hitler’s Master Race “The Aryan Nation” later adds “Yellow (Japanese) Aryans” Hitler, Women and Children:  Hitler, Women and Children Hitler wants women to bare as many children. Women’s roles are limited, win the war at home with their Children. Free schooling for Children (like Stalin) that reflects extreme loyalty towards Hitler. Propaganda:  Propaganda Just like Mussolini, and Stalin, Hitler uses propaganda to appeal to many people. Hitler bans all other propaganda that is not Nazi Related. Nuremberg Laws: Jews Banned from Public Office Denied Citizenship Forced into Ghettos Enslaved Exterminated:  Nuremberg Laws: Jews Banned from Public Office Denied Citizenship Forced into Ghettos Enslaved Exterminated Kristallnacht “Night of Broken Glass” November 1938 To avenge killing of German Officer Germans destroy Jewish Homes/Business and Kill 100 Start of the end for 6 Million Jews:  Kristallnacht “Night of Broken Glass” November 1938 To avenge killing of German Officer Germans destroy Jewish Homes/Business and Kill 100 Start of the end for 6 Million Jews Forced Migration:  Forced Migration Jews try to leave U.S. Limits numbers (Einstein) Palestine Turns Away Many die at sea In which ways did Benito Mussolini (Italy), Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union) and Adolph Hitler (Germany) Used or Abused their Power?:  In which ways did Benito Mussolini (Italy), Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union) and Adolph Hitler (Germany) Used or Abused their Power? Let’s go back to the big paper and prove or disprove our assumptions. I need a volunteer to write. Schindler’s List essay: Due on Friday MARCH 16.:  Schindler’s List essay: Due on Friday MARCH 16. You will be allowed some time to work at it during class. Essay to be written in pen (2 pages Max) or typed, two pages max. Incorporate the Big Idea “power can be used or abused.” Essay format:  Essay format Essay Topic: Describe how the characters in the movie used and or abused their power. 1st Paragraph: introduce what you are going to be writing about. Essay Format:  Essay Format Second Paragraph: Explain what power means to you. Include personal examples. Third Paragraph: Examples of how people used their power. Ex. Schindler, Jews, Nazis. Is this good or bad? Fourth Paragraph: Examples of how people abused their power. Ex. Schindler, Jews, and Nazis. Fifth Paragraph: What is the difference between obedience and blind obedience. Relate to “use and abuse the power.” Sixth Paragraph: Conclusion: What have you written in this essay, a summary? Relate to today’s world. Schindler’s List Characters:  Schindler’s List Characters Oskar Schindler - Played by Liam Neeson The protagonist and eventual savior of approximately 1,100 Jews. Itzhak Stern - Played by Ben Kingsley. bbSchindler’s Jewish accountant and conscience Amon Goeth - Played by Ralph Fiennes A Nazi soldier in charge of building of Plaszów work camp. Goeth is a cruel, sadistic man deeply entrenched in Nazi philosophy Emilie Schindler - Played by Caroline GoodallOskar Schindler’s wife. Helen Hirsch - Played by Embeth Davidtz Amon Goeth’s Jewish maid, who lives a tortured life as the object of Goeth’s desire and disgust. Essay Question For the Test: What are some similarities and differences between All 3 Post-WWI leaders. :  Essay Question For the Test: What are some similarities and differences between All 3 Post-WWI leaders. Think about how each got to power. Think about their government. Think about usage of Propaganda. Think of Women roles Think of Crimes against humanity. Think of Use and Abuse of Power. Think of anything else??

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