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Published on October 23, 2007

Author: Jancis

Source: authorstream.com

World Fisheries:  By Leonard Lovshin Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures Auburn University, Alabama World Fisheries World Fishery Harvest in 2000:  Capture fishery Aquaculture Total finfish and shellfish = 130.4 million metric tons ( MMT ) 35.6 MMT of fish and shellfish 94.8 MMT of fish and shellfish World Fishery Harvest in 2000 Wild capture harvest has remained stable while aquaculture harvest of finfish and shellfish has increased 260% in 10 years :      Wild capture harvest has remained stable while aquaculture harvest of finfish and shellfish has increased 260% in 10 years World Fishery Harvest in 2000:  Capture fishery = 94.8 MMT Human consumption = 80 % Animal feeds = 20 % 75.8 MMT 19.0 MMT World Fishery Harvest in 2000 World Fishery Harvest in 2000:  Fish and shellfish available for human consumption 32% of fish and shellfish consumed by humans is from aquaculture World Fishery Harvest in 2000 Ten top capture fishing countries in 2000, MMT:  China 16,987,323 Peru 10,658,620 3. Japan 4,989,354 4. USA 4,745,321 5. Chile 4,300,160 6. Indonesia 4,140,045 7. Russian Fed 3,973,535 8. India 3,594,396 9. Thailand 2,923,579 10. Norway 2,703,415 World Fishery Harvest in 2000 Ten top capture fishing countries in 2000, MMT Favorite U.S. Seafoods in 2001, lb/person:  1. Shrimp - 3.4 6. Cod - 0.77 2. Canned tuna – 2.9 7. Crab - 0.54 3. Salmon - 1.70 8. Clams - 0.46 4. Pollock - 1.57 9. Flatfish - 0.39 5. Catfish - 1.16 10. Scallops - 0.20 Favorite U.S. Seafoods in 2001, lb/person per capita consumption of seafood:  World = 15.4 kg/yr U.S. per capita consumption of seafood = 7.0 kg/yr per capita consumption of seafood Value of World Fishery Harvest in 2001:  World value = over 100 billion dollars U. S. wholesale value = $24.9 billion Value of World Fishery Harvest in 2001 World Fishery Trade in 2000:  World export value = $U. S. 52.2 billion 85% of imports are to developed countries: 1. Japan imports 25% of the world total 2. U. S. imports 16% of the world total Seafood trade represents a $16.5 billion dollar profit to developing countries Important seafoods traded by value: 1. Shrimp – 20% 2. Groundfish – 12% 3. Tuna – 9% 4. Salmon – 7% World Fishery Trade in 2000 U. S. Balance of edible seafood trade in 2001:  U. S. edible seafood exports in 2001: value = 3.2 billion dollars U. S. edible seafood imports in 2001: value = 9.9 billion dollars U. S. trade deficit in edible seafood = 6.7 billion dollars U. S. Balance of edible seafood trade in 2001 Aquaculture :  World Fish, Shellfish and Seaweed Culture, by country in 1999 (MT x 1000) 10. Norway Aquaculture What is Aquaculture ?:  Fish feed pellets Young fish Fish harvest from a cage Harvesting fish from a pond What is Aquaculture ? Aquaculture began in China:  70 % of world aquaculture harvest Carp harvest in 2000 was 11,275,400 MT Fish ponds in China Aquaculture began in China Atlantic Salmon:  Atlantic Salmon World Harvest of Farmed Salmon in 2000 is: 883,000 MT :  Leading world producers of farmed salmon are: 1. Norway – 418,758 MT 2. Chile – 179,566 MT 3. United Kingdom – 126,686 MT 4. Canada – 70,000 MT the leading U. S. producer at 35,900 MT World salmon capture in 2000: 813,664 MT World Harvest of Farmed Salmon in 2000 is: 883,000 MT Marine Shrimp:  Marine Shrimp World harvest of farmed marine shrimp in 1999 was 814,250 MT:  Thailand – 200,000 MT China – 110,000 MT Indonesia – 100,000 MT Ecuador – 85,000 MT India – 70,000 MT World harvest of farmed marine shrimp in 1999 was 814,250 MT Tilapia :  Nile Tilapia Red Tilapia Indoors in the U. S. Outdoors in Ecuador and Indonesia Tilapia Over 1,400,000 MT of farmed tilapia are harvest world-wide yearly. :  China = 2/3 of world harvest U. S. tilapia Production 2001: 8,268 MT 95,500 MT equivalent of whole tilapia imported into the U. S. in 2001 Over 1,400,000 MT of farmed tilapia are harvest world-wide yearly. Rainbow trout:  Rainbow trout World Production of Rainbow Trout in 2001: 418,654 metric tons :  Leading Producers in 2001: 1. Norway – 60,000,000 kg 2. France – 47,500,000 kg 3. Italy – 44,000,000 kg 4. Denmark – 37,000,000 kg United States – 25,864,000 kg 70% of U. S. harvest from Idaho World Production of Rainbow Trout in 2001: 418,654 metric tons Oysters:  Rafts used to suspend oysters in baskets Harvesting a rope of oysters Oyster bed on ocean floor Raking oysters from bed Oysters World yield of whole oysters was about 3,944,000 mt in 2000:  World yield of whole oysters was about 3,944,000 mt in 2000 Pearl Oyster :  Japan is the leading producer of pearls Inserting a nucleus Removing a pearl Pearl Oyster Marine Algae:  World farmed harvest in 2001 – 10,130 MMT China harvested 78% of total Algae farm Cultivated kelp Sushi with black algae wrapper Marine Algae Channel Catfish :  Channel Catfish 273,000,000 kg processed in 2001 :  Mississippi accounts for 65 % of farmed catfish Channel catfish harvest 273,000,000 kg processed in 2001 Red Swamp Crawfish:  Crawfish ponds Harvesting traps Rice fields Red Swamp Crawfish 1998 harvest 16,409,000 kg:  Louisiana 90% of crawfish harvest in the U. S. is from: Grading crawfish Transport to market alive Removing tail meat Boiled crawfish 1998 harvest 16,409,000 kg Bait Minnows:  Golden Shiner Fathead minnow Arkansas Nearly 1,600 bait minnow farms are in operation in the United States. The largest bait farm in the U.S. has about 2,500 acres of water and produces about 3 million pounds per year. 7,200,000 kg with a value of 57 million dollars was produced in the U.S. in 1999 Bait Minnows Ornamental fishes:  800 varieties of freshwater fishes worth $43.2 million were harvested in Florida in 1999 goldfish Ornamental fishes The End :  The End

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