Published on March 5, 2014
Avoiding Plagiarism Workshop The UA Libraries & CATS Academics Nicole Pagowsky Marisa Sandoval Niamh Wallace
Agenda 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The process of research The purpose of citations and citation styles Paraphrasing, quoting, and in-text citations Hands-on practice in groups Study skills and tips The Citation Olympics! Compete in your teams to win a prize 7. Exit survey
Process of Research
Research is a process
Research as conversation From Burke’s Parlor Tricks
Plagiarism definition pla·gia·rism noun: the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own. e.g., copying, infringement of copyright, piracy, theft, stealing Find UA policies on the Dean of Students website
Plagiarism harms the conversation This means you shouldn’t… • Use others’ ideas or words without giving credit • Forget to cite when quoting and paraphrasing • Copy/paste without using quotations and an in-text citation • Re-use previous papers for current or future classes without permission from your instructor (self-plagiarism)
Why might students plagiarize? • • • • • • • • • Lack of time Procrastination Laziness Hate the class Hate the instructor Cultural issues Difficulty writing Difficulty researching Problems with note-taking • • • • • Not planning ahead Expectations unclear Problems with citations Pressure to succeed Not understanding what plagiarism is • Not understanding how to paraphrase correctly *From previous Dean of Students Office academic integrity surveys
The Assignment Scheduler http://www.library.arizona.edu/help/tutorials/scheduler/
Citation styles APA (Social Sciences, Business, Sciences) Wildcat, W. (2012). Psychological motivations of mascots. Cat Journal, 5, 343-355. In text: (Wildcat, 2012, p. 349) MLA (English, Humanities) Wildcat, Wilma. “Psychological Motivations of Mascots.“ Cat Journal 5.3 (2012): 343-55. In text: (Wildcat 2012) Chicago (History) Wildcat, Wilma. “Psychological Motivations of Mascots." Cat Journal 5, no. 3 (2012): 343-55. In text: (Wildcat 2012, 349)
Citations improve the conversation
Paraphrasing & Quoting
P&Q “” Paraphrase when . . . Quote when . . . • You want to show the main idea expressed, and not the specific language used to express it • You can use fewer words to express the main idea of a source • You want to highlight the specific language of a passage • You want to distance yourself from the original by quoting it to show that the words are not your own
In-text citation Works cited
Citation practice – 5 min tinyurl.com/f13catspractice
Original passage Paraphrase Nobody called him Abe--at least not to his face--because he When we think of Abraham Lincoln, the image of loathed the nickname. It did not befit a respected professional a wealthy lawyer is not the first that comes to who'd struggled hard to overcome the limitations of his frontier background. Frankly Lincoln enjoyed his status as a lawyer and politician, and he liked money, too, and used it to mind. A man, who worked hard, struggled and came from a less than ideal background is often the picture we invoke. However, it is an incomplete portrait. Mr. Lincoln was successful measure his worth. By the 1850's, thanks to a combination of both professionally and financially even by talent and sheer hard work, Lincoln was a man of substantial today's standards. wealth. He had an annual income of around $5,000--the equivalent of many times that today--and large financial and real-estate investments. From: Oates, Stephen B. Our Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln, John Brown, and the Civil War Era. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1979. p. 65
Writing practice – 5 min tinyurl.com/f13catswrite
Let the games begin! tinyurl.com/f13cats http://www.online-stopwatch.com/countdown/
When you finish, complete the exit survey: www.surveymonkey.com/s/ f13cats
And the winners are . . .
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