Workshop K3 - The End Of Tourism

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Information about Workshop K3 - The End Of Tourism

Published on February 11, 2008

Author: NHTVBreda

Source: slideshare.net

Description

By Onno Reichwein

Future of Tourism Onno Reichwein Cohen, Contemporary tourism. Diversity and change (june 2004) Ning Wang, Tourism and modernity: sociological analysis , (2000)

Ambivalence of Modernity Logos - Modernity Work Enlightenment Rationalism Daily world Structure Present-ness Apollonian (order) Centre-in-here Active life Gesellschaft (manmade) Eros- Modernity Leisure and Tourism Romanticism Emotionalism Other world Contra structure Escape in past, future Dionysian Centre-out-there Contemplative life Gemeinschaft (nature)

Logos - Modernity

Work

Enlightenment

Rationalism

Daily world

Structure

Present-ness

Apollonian (order)

Centre-in-here

Active life

Gesellschaft (manmade)

Eros- Modernity

Leisure and Tourism

Romanticism

Emotionalism

Other world

Contra structure

Escape in past, future

Dionysian

Centre-out-there

Contemplative life

Gemeinschaft (nature)

Bright & Dark side of Logos-modernity Logos – Modernity evokes 1. need for & 2. possibility of Tourism (as form of Eros Modernity): Technical dimension Causes alienation and need for Nature tourism Enables tourism by transport & communication Institutional dimension Causes inauthenticity and need for authenticity Enables tourism by tourist-industry

Logos – Modernity evokes 1. need for & 2. possibility of Tourism (as form of Eros Modernity):

Technical dimension

Causes alienation and need for Nature tourism

Enables tourism by transport & communication

Institutional dimension

Causes inauthenticity and need for authenticity

Enables tourism by tourist-industry

The End of Tourism ? Paradox: ‘The more people travel, the less incentive there is to travel’

Paradox: ‘The more people travel, the less incentive there is to travel’

The End of Tourism ? MacCannell: ‘ Tourism = quest for authenticity ’ Tourists try to experience in another world what they’ve lost at home ‘ Why leave home, if the other side of the world increasingly looks like home’?

MacCannell:

‘ Tourism = quest for authenticity ’

Tourists try to experience in another world what they’ve lost at home

‘ Why leave home, if the other side of the world increasingly looks like home’?

The End of Tourism ? Ning Wang: Tourism is also Existential authenticity . S elf-referential, so not connected to place So, why travel if you can reach existential authenticity at home?

Ning Wang:

Tourism is also Existential authenticity . S elf-referential, so not connected to place

So, why travel if you can reach existential authenticity at home?

Cohen: Tourism is not ending, it’s just beginning 3 post-modern trends: pm1. Subtle differences pm2. G-local-isation pm3. Tourism-Leisure-shop mix 3 modern trends: m1. Conservationists m2. Tourist / explorer mix m3. Space tourism

3 post-modern trends:

pm1. Subtle differences

pm2. G-local-isation

pm3. Tourism-Leisure-shop mix

3 modern trends:

m1. Conservationists

m2. Tourist / explorer mix

m3. Space tourism

pm1. Subtleties make a difference Post tourists search familiarity (Lisker) Cohen ‘not to be confused with sameness’ ‘ Tourists look for distinction (status & identity) by small differences within the familiar. Example: ‘Guggenheim’ Barcelona

Post tourists search familiarity (Lisker)

Cohen ‘not to be confused with sameness’

‘ Tourists look for distinction (status & identity) by small differences within the familiar.

Example: ‘Guggenheim’ Barcelona

pm2. Not Globalisation: G-local-isation Paradox : Different parts of the world look increasingly the same , but there is an increasing differentiation on local level. Tourist attraction: Fusion New form of otherness of the unexpected new (instead of the otherness of disappearing traces from the past)

Paradox : Different parts of the world look increasingly the same , but there is an increasing differentiation on local level.

Tourist attraction: Fusion

New form of otherness of the unexpected new (instead of the otherness of disappearing traces from the past)

pm3. Theme parks on consumerism & fantasy Traditional boundary between tourism, leisure & consumerism is disappearing. Example : Las Vegas, Disneylands, Edmonton Mall, serving continents

Traditional boundary between tourism, leisure & consumerism is disappearing.

Example : Las Vegas, Disneylands, Edmonton Mall, serving continents

m1. Conservation movement Still believes in natural / cultural authenticity (in contrast to post-modern resignation in the disappearance of the original) Paradox: ecotourism consumes nature

Still believes in natural / cultural authenticity

(in contrast to post-modern resignation in the disappearance of the original)

Paradox: ecotourism consumes nature

m2. Tourism / exploration mix. Increasing sameness of the world incites desire to explore the last not yet explored. E.g.: Impenetrable areas like north pole, deserts and high mountains. Cohen: Existential authenticity is here enforced by objective authenticity

Increasing sameness of the world incites desire to explore the last not yet explored.

E.g.: Impenetrable areas like north pole, deserts and high mountains.

Cohen: Existential authenticity is here enforced by objective authenticity

m3. Space travel = promising 1. All elite tourism becomes mass tourism 2. endless opportunities after planet earth is ‘consumed’ through exploration Space tourist is ensconced & condemned to passivity! ‘Environmental bubble’ suitable for mass-, not for adventure tourism.

1. All elite tourism becomes mass tourism

2. endless opportunities after planet earth is ‘consumed’ through exploration

Space tourist is ensconced & condemned to passivity! ‘Environmental bubble’ suitable for mass-, not for adventure tourism.

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