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Workbook Advanced Patent Analysis Using TRIZ and Other Techniques

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Information about Workbook Advanced Patent Analysis Using TRIZ and Other Techniques
Business & Mgmt

Published on March 14, 2009

Author: nabhu

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Crafitti Consulting (http://www.crafitti.com) conducts innovation ignitions workshops using our innovation frameworks based on TRIZ, LEAN, Inventive and Systems Thinking
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CRAFITTI Innovation Ignition Workshops Work Book Advanced Patent Analysis TRIZ and other Techniquescrafting innovation together September 26-27, 2008 Bangalore Delegate’s Name: Organization: Email: © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

What is a Technical System? Anything that performs a function is a Technical System Model of a Function A function is an intended direct (physical) action of the tool on the object Tool Object function Formulation of Functions Correct (If not, Correct it)crafting innovation together Fan cools the Body Lens magnifies the Object Hot air dries hair Incandescent bulb illuminates the room Air Conditioner improves our comfort Lightning Rod attracts lightning Microwave Oven cooks Food © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are a patent engineer – you received an Invention Disclosure as described below – Please write down an abstract (Maximum 30 words) A motorbike with wireless connection to a mobile phone. The mobile phonecrafting innovation together controls the bike. When you buy the bike, mobile phone is given free of cost © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are a patent engineer – you received an Invention Disclosure as described below – Please write down an abstract (Maximum 30 words)crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) Exchange the abstract written by your group with the group next to you A motorbike with wireless connection to a mobile phone. The mobile phonecrafting innovation together controls the bike. When you buy the bike, mobile phone is given free of cost © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are Now a novelty evaluator – you received the abstract of the ID with you – Please make relevant keywords and logical (and, or, not) queries you will use to search for the prior art in the US PTO!crafting innovation together A motorbike with wireless connection to a mobile phone. The mobile phone controls the bike. When you buy the bike, mobile phone is given free of cost © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Exercise 5 minutes (group of 4/5) You are Now a novelty evaluator – you received the abstract of the ID with you – Please make relevant keywords and logical (and, or, not) queries you will use to search for the prior art in the US PTO!crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Analyzing a Patent – The TRIZ Way Whiteboard Marker having arch shaped housingcrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Read the Abstract – Identify the Key Element of Inventioncrafting innovation together Identify the sentence where the key invention is mentioned? Can you also identify the function or effect produced by the invention? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Read the Abstract – Identify the Key Element of Invention Identify the sentence where the key invention is mentioned? Can you also identify the function or effect produced by thecrafting innovation together invention? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What system parameter(s)crafting innovation together have improved in this invention? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in Chalk and Blackboard System?crafting innovation together What system parameter(s) have improved with Whiteboard Markers Over Chalk and Blackboard? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Technical Field and Prior Art Analysiscrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in whiteboardcrafting innovation together marker system? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Technical Field and Prior Art Analysiscrafting innovation together What are the system conflicts in whiteboard marker system? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Technical Field and Prior Art Analysis What are the system conflicts in all existing whiteboard marker system?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Technical Field and Prior Art Analysiscrafting innovation together What are the system conflicts in existing whiteboard marker system? © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Disclosure of Invention – Technical Problem What are the system parameters in existing whiteboard marker system that need improvement?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Disclosure of Invention – Technical Solutioncrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

TRIZ 40 Inventive Principles 1. Segmentation 21. Skipping 2. Extraction 22. ‘Blessing in Disguise’ 3. Local Quality 23. Feedback 4. Asymmetry 24. Intermediary 5. Combination 25. Self-Service 6. Universality 26. Copying 7. ‘Nested Doll’ 27. Cheap/Short Living 8. Counterweight 28. Mechanics Substitution 9. Prior Counter-Action 29. Pneumatics and Hydraulics 10. Prior Action 30. Flexible Shells/Thin Films 11. Prior Cushioning 31. Porous Materialscrafting innovation together 12. Equi-potentiality 32. Colour Changes 13. ‘The Other Way Round’ 33. Homogeneity 14. Spheroidality 34. Discarding and Recovering 15. Dynamics 35. Parameter Changes 16. Partial or Excessive Action 36. Phase Transitions 17. Another Dimension 37. Thermal Expansion 18. Mechanical Vibration 38. Strong Oxidants 19. Periodic Action 39. Inert Atmosphere 20. Continuity of Useful Action 40. Composite Materials © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Summarize the System Conflicts System Improving Undesired Result Inventive Principle Parameter (Parameter) Used Chalk and NA Blackboard White Board Marker (WBM) Refillable WBMs Two Sided WBMscrafting innovation together Arch Shaped WBM (Present Invention) Two Sided Arch Shaped WBM Three sided WBM © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Claims Study Claim 1 Claim 2crafting innovation together Claim 3 © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Claims Study (contd) Claim 4 Claim 5crafting innovation together Claim 6 © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Claims Study (contd) Claim 7 Claim 8crafting innovation together Claim 9 © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Build Claims Hierarchy Claim 1 Claim 2 Claim 3 Claim 4 Claim 5 Claim 6 Claim 7 Claim 8crafting innovation together Claim 9 Identify: Independent Claims and Dependent Claims © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Function and Structure Analysis (FSA) (Identify the Key Elements of the system)crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

FSA- Build a Design Structure Matrix (DSM) SE1 SE2 SE3 SE4 SE5 SE6 SE1 SE2 SE3 SE4 SE5 SE6crafting innovation together SE: System Element © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

FSA- Function Analysiscrafting innovation together Adequate Useful Action Absent Useful Action Inadequate Useful Action Harmful Action X © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

1. Law of Increasing Degree of Ideality - Increasing Ratio -> Benefits/Harm (cost) Law of Increasing Degree of Ideality (Cardinal Law) Fully Functional System No Resources No Harm How close to Ideality is How can you make it the current Invention? closer to ideality?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

2. Law of Non-uniform evolution of subsystems -> Leads to System Conflicts Law of Non-uniform evolution of sub-systems More Complex System means more non- uniformity Which sub-systems are What are the conflicts if any sub- closer to ideality? systems function is intensified?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

3. Law of Transition to a higher Level system -> from simple to more complex Law of Transition to a Higher level system Multi-functional system What are the Useful What more functions can be functions provided? combined?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

4. Law of Increasing dynamism (flexibility) -> More adaptable to change Law of Increasing Flexibility Adaptable System What parts can be made Based on different environments, more flexible? what changes can be done to make system functional?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

5. Law of Transition to micro-level -> Increasing fragmentation Law of Transition to Micro Level Micro level structures What parts of the What micro materials are system can be replaced available? by micro structures?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

6. Law of Completeness -> Gradual Elimination of Human Component Law of Completeness No Human Involvement What parts of the How to eliminate human system has human components? involvement?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

7. Law of Shortening of Energy Flow Path -> Reduction in Energy/Info transformation stages Law of shortening of Energy Flow Path Energy Flow in the system is close to zero What parts of the Can one shorten energy flow? system have energy flow?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

8. Law of Increasing controllability -> Evolution of controlled interactions of system elements Law of increasing controllability Completely controlled field What parts of the How can one control the field – system non-controllable for example changing gravity to fields? electric field?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

9. Law of Harmonization of rhythms -> Synchronization of natural frequencies of elements Law of harmonization of rhythms Perfect resonance of parts What parts of the How to make these activities in system have various perfect harmony? time based activities?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Applications of Patent Analysis Patents as a trigger for Brainstorming Technological Alternatives or Design Around a Patent White Space Identification Opportunity Findingcrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Patent as a Trigger for Brainstorming Map the conflicts identified for the whiteboard marker patent to the Contradiction Matrix and identify the relevant Inventive Principles. Generate ideas for each of those principles to solve the problems or generally think about a new whiteboard marker. Inventive Principles (#) Possible Ideascrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Ideas Mind Mapcrafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Trimming and Design Around a Patent Designing around the patent means changing the Function and Structure Analysis Picture in some way so that it is different from the one in the original patent, but that delivers the Same (or better) useful functions to the user. Look at the Function and Structure Analysis picture for the whiteboard marker patent. How can it be altered – can some element be eliminated from the system completely?crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Trimming and Design Around a Patent (Contd.)crafting innovation together © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

Alternative Ranking – Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Relative Alternative Ranking Non Infringing Technical Criticality Economic Alternative Feasibility Feasibility • Enhancement in current • Distance from • Capability to capability • R&D Cost Current Patent Implement • Long Term • Productioncrafting innovation together • Novelty • R&D Effort Benefits Cost ALTERNATIVE I ALTERNATIVE II ALTERNA ALTERNATIVE V ALTERNATIVE VI ALTERNATIVE TIVE III IV © CREAX Information Technologies Ltd.

Thank Youcrafting innovation together Crafitti Consulting Pvt Ltd |www.crafitti.com (info@crafitti.com) © Crafitti Consulting Private Limited

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