WIPAC Monthly - November 2016

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Information about WIPAC Monthly - November 2016

Published on November 24, 2016

Author: OliverGrievson1

Source: slideshare.net

1. Page 1 WIPAC MONTHLYThe Monthly Update from Water Industry Process Automation & Control www.wipac.org.uk Issue 11/2016 - November 2016

2. Page 2 In this Issue From the Editor.................................................................................................................... 3 Industry News..................................................................................................................... 4 - 11 Highlights of the news of the month from the global water industry centred around the successes of a few of the companies in the global market. A Sweet Shop of Instrumentation - Tales from WWEM..................................................... 12-13 The Early Career Researcher’s Prize, The Instrumentation Apprentice Competition, a total of eight conferences and a “small” exhibition of most of the instrumentation suppliers sums up WWEM 2016. This article sums up the stories, the winners and those who just enjoyed themselves looking at a proverbial “sweet shop of instrumentation” at this years event How do we make the Smart Water Industry “Business as Usual?”.................................. 14-19 This was the question that was asked at the International Water Association Conference “IT & Water” and in this article by Oliver Grievson, the major views that are tumbling around the industry right now are summarised. The big question though is whether we are in part and where are we going Energy Harvesting to Support Water Networks.................................................................... 20-21 Power has always been the problem with remote metering in the water network, technicians have to change batteries every five years or so and when you have the pipelines that most water companies have then this becomes a permanent job to ensure all instruments are powered. In this article we see work that has been completed by Exeter University and Piezotag to solve the problem of battery power Workshops, Conferences & Seminars................................................................................... 22-23 The highlights of the conferences and workshops in the coming months The photograph on the Front Cover is a collage of what happened at this year’s Water, Wastewater & Environmental Conference & Exhibition WIPAC Monthly is a publication of the Water Industry Process Automation & Control Group. It is produced by the group manager and WIPAC Monthly Editor, Oliver Grievson. This is a free publication for the benefit of the Water Industry and please feel free to distribute to any who you may feel benefit. All enquires about WIPAC Monthly, including those who want to publish news or articles within these pages, should be directed to the publications editor, Oliver Grievson

3. Page 3 From the Editor To say that I have finally recovered from this year’s Water, Wastewater & Environmental Monitoring Conference would be just about right. To say my calendar has recovered would elicit the answer of “not quite yet.” to say whether the consequences of WWEM have calmed down, the quick answer is “they never will.” Every two years it happens and every two years I promise myself afterwards that I won’t take on so much next time. I never learn and within 48 hours I was sending ideas to the organisers at International Labmate saying, we could do this to make it better and better next time. With the International Water Association Conference co-located this time it made things interesting. Doing a twenty minute presentation to a crowd of experts from the Chartered Institute of Water & Environmental Management includ- ing the President & the Executive Director about how Smart the Water Industry could be in 2050 has to be a highlight as was seeing a friend & colleague, Lorenzo Pompa, give his vision of what would practically help in the field. I haven’t told Lorenzo yet but I am already lining him up for more conferences next year as it is through the practical ideas that we can deliver tangible benefits that may well just open people up to some of the more ambitious and challenging projects that will see the water industry, join with other utilities under the banner of the Smart City. The big question is how do we make the “Smart Industry,” a practicality and make it a thing that is, as the industry is so fond of saying, business as usual. This is the million, or if the various research companies would have us believe, billion dollar question. It a subject that was brought up quite alot as there is a degree of frustration in the supply chain that can help people deliver their ideas, there are products waiting to go in by the proverbial “bucket load” that can provide value time and time again. The standard answer is “we can’t see the benefit of that solution,” or simply “it’s good, but, sorry not for us as we already do something similar.” These were the sort of discussions that we were having over a beer before the discussion began and apart from the need for case studies and “proving” the benefits of things there are also potential ways of collaborating with those that deliver projects for the various companies that are out there. From a personal point of view I do have an element of frustration with the Water Industry that I work for and it is that frustration that I harness in putting WIPAC Monthly together each month. I see the potential, I see it in my “colleagues” that I see and talk to all the time in the supply chain but the most touching thing that I have heard recently with the same frustration that I see in myself is in the group of people who have worked in the industry for as long as me if not longer and all their words say is “We just want to make the industry that little bit better, we just want to help.” There are the technical people in the industry and it is with these people that I have been seeing an under-current of frustration for many years now. It was there at the conference in Manchester celebrating 100 Years of Activated Sludge, it was there in a missive that was written by an industry “colleague” as he was being retired off (and promptly hired the next day). There is a future however and at least a part of it will be in the use of instrumentation, process automation & control systems and the light that I see at the end of the tunnel is with a technician that I work with on a day to day basis. He looks after the instrumentation and recently said “I have 30 years to sort out instrumentation,” and has recently asked me to give him some coaching in what the instruments are measuring and what they are actually controlling. He represents the technical person in the future. He is going to be the one driving things forward and making things right. There are elements of the Smart Indus- try that will need big leaps and this will mean big investment. However there are elements of the Smart Water Industry that needs tiny steps, it is what I call “creeping innovation,” its not glamorous, its not saving millions of pounds,dollars or Euros. It is there to make things that little bit easier and taken the steps to providing something that somebody will actually think - “that’s actually quite useful, perhaps we should do it at so and so site” How do we make the Smart Water Industry “Business as Usual?” We keep aware of the big things that have the potential to happen, we have the case studies & business cases available to make the case but we also see if we can sneak it in under the radar and make the creeping innovation a reality and then some point in the future we can say - “we’re there”.....pause.....and then say “what’s next?” Have a good month Oliver

4. Engineers Design New Lead Detector For Water Mechanical engineer Junhong Chen and a team at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (UWM), have developed what you might think of as a “canary in the coal mine” for lead in water. With support from the National Science Foundation (NSF), they designed a sensor with a graphene-based nanomaterial that can immediately detect lead and other heavy metals. The new platform technology can be used for one-time testing of lead in tap water through a handheld device. The small sensors also can be integrated into water meters and purifiers, with the goal of continuous monitoring to prevent exposure to lead that could be introduced between the water treatment plant and the home. The team is now working with manufacturers, including A.O. Smith Corporation, Badger Meter Inc., Baker Manufacturing Company LLC and NanoAffix Science LLC, to put the sensors into use. In addition to real-time detection and continuous monitoring, this lead sensor system is a low cost way to mitigate lead contamination in water. This research is supported by the NSF Industry-University Cooperative Research Centers (I/UCRC), specifically the Water Equipment and Policy I/UCRC at UWM, as well as the NSF Partnerships for Innovation: Accelerating Innovation Research (PFI:AIR) programs, which help translate discoveries from academic labs into new products and services. The award abstracts are: PFI:AIR - Research Alliance: Enabling Low-cost, Real-time Monitoring of Heavy Metal Ions in Drinking Water, I/UCRC Phase II: Collaborative Research: Water Equipment and Policy Center and Collaborative Research: I/UCRC for Water Equipment and Policy. International Water Association release the first call for abstracts for ICA2017 The ICA Specialist Group organizes quadrennial conferences. The first one dates back to 1973 in London and Paris. The most recent editions were in June 2009 in Cairns, Australia and in September 2013 in Narbonne, France. The 12th IWA Specialized Conference on Instrumentation, Control and Automation (ICA) will provide a forum to exchange methodologies and international experiences on all aspects of sensor technology, instrumentation, control and automation for water and wastewater treatment and transport systems. Advanced control is in high demand for water and wastewater systems. Indeed, ICA, often perceived as a hidden technology, is found in nearly all systems related to water supply and wastewater management. New internet-based developments like IoT and Big Data open up new opportunities for improved performance but at the same time may pose threats in terms of cyber security. With further understanding and better exploitation of current and future capabilities, ICA technologies will continue to contribute to the optimization of water systems’ performances in the years to come. The conference themes are • Sensors and instrumentation • Modelling and simulation for control • Control systems • Detection and early warning systems • Diagnosis systems • Life cycle analysis • Practical experiences with ICA • Internet of things (IoT) • Cyber security • Big Data More details are available from http://www.ica2017.org/ Page 4 Industry News

5. Vega WL61 is first radar level device to achieve MCERTS Product approval VEGA proudly announced this month that their radar-based system has gained MCERTS approval for open channel flow measurement. The MCERTS scheme, overseen by the Environment Agency, ensures high quality, approved equipment is available to maintain reliable, accurate measurements by end users. Rigorous quality, performance and system tests are undertaken to attain this standard. The certification of a radar level device provides an alternative to ultrasonic level based flow measurement. This latest certification adds to a dedicated VEGA product range for the water sector, including level controls and pressure measurement technologies for water, waste water, AD units, sludge processing systems and flood management. Vega received their MCERTS product certification at the recent Water, Wastewater & Environmental Monitoring Conference & Exhibition where they also launched their newest radar level monitoring device The new VEGAPULS WL S 61 contactless radar sensor is an ideal solution for applications in the water and sewage sectors. Its very competitive price combines with globally-proven success and comprehensive features to deliver a compelling radar based level sensor. Radar technology offers numerous advantages when compared with ultrasonic level sensors; radar is independent of weather influence: strong sun, wind, surface turbulence, condensation, fog or rain. In addition, no compensation is needed for signal transmission time due to air temperature fluctuations. Water radar sensors are ideal for level control and flow measurement in water treatment plants. The excellent focusing enables their use in sewage pumping stations, rainwater overflow basins, digesters, sludge tanks, open channel flow measurement and for open water level gauging too. As a compact, loop powered sensor with an accuracy of +/- 5 mm and range up to 8m along with its flexible mounting options, this means that the sensor can easily be installed into new or existing applications and connection to level controllers, telemetry or SCADA systems is straight- forward too. This latest of all of the developments stems from many years of experience of applications worldwide in the water and environmental sectors, providing ease of set up, ultimate performance reliability and protection of the environment. It joins the VEGA radar portfolio with another water radar device: VEGAPULS WL 61, which has been available for several years and now has a very large installed and working base of over 40,000 units world-wide. Previously, cost was perceived as an issue with radar technology, but this new variant VEGAPULS WL S 61 offers a price more favourable than comparable to short range ultrasonic systems. It has a fully featured specification, performance and design optimized for use in the water-supply and sewage sectors. The housings are a robust IP 68 (2 bar), this high degree of protection also makes it suitable for applications where the sensor may be temporarily submerged, the technology is wear and maintenance-free. It complies with the latest Level Probing Radar standard (LPR): approved for open-air use without restrictions or special attachments. Another entirely new feature is Bluetooth wireless operation from a free App via IOS or Android smartphone or tablet and/or PC with free to download PACTware when combined with a VEGA Bluetooth USB adapter; this option makes commissioning and diagnosis even simpler. Vega WL61 has recently achieved MCERTS Product Certification Peter Devine & Ray Treagle of Vega picking up Vega’s Product Certificate for the WL61 Page 5

6. HWM to supply Severn Trent with wastewater monitoring systems Multi-utility monitoring and telemetry specialist HWM, in partnership with field services expert Enviromontel, has won a contract to supply, install and maintain fixed-point sewer network monitoring equipment for Severn Trent. Severn Trent is targeting better monitoring of its wastewater networks in order to improve performance and customer service, as well as reduce flooding and pollution incidents. HWM will provide the utility with three separate products over a five-year period, all based on the company’s new Intelligens data logger. These include 700 Intelligens flow monitoring systems, capable of recording parameters such as velocity and depth; 3,000 Intelligens WW and SonicSens ultrasonic sensors, used to record the level of flow; and 1,130 Intelligens Flood Alarm systems, which register that the level in the sewer has risen beyond an acceptable height and transmit an alarm. The Intelligens monitors are housed in a rugged IP68 enclosure and fitted with a GPRS modem for remote monitoring and reprogramming. The unit’s advanced power management allows for over five years’ data collection and transmission under standard operating conditions. An alarm regime can be configured for each channel and threshold conditions set to trigger faster logging and accelerated data transmission during alarm conditions. The benefits of long-term monitoring in wastewater networks include a reduction in both the frequency and impact of pollution events. Permanent installation of remote monitoring equipment helps to alert network operators to immediate problem sites. It also improves understanding of network performance and delivers data to assist with the development and testing of advanced network models. TaKaDu & Kamstrup join forces in the Smart Technology Space Water companies Kamstrup and TaKaDu have joined forces to combine their smart metering and cloud-based software technologies. The joint offering will combine Danish firm Kamstrup’s ultrasonic water meters and sensors collecting real-time data from the distribution network, and Israeli firm TaKaDu’s cloud-based software. The ambition is to enables utilities to manage the full life-cycle of network events, such as faulty assets, leaks, bursts, water pressure issues, water quality and operational faults. TaKaDu’s software works alongside utilities’ existing infrastructure. Information from flow and pressure meters, GIS and SCADA systems is collated and turned into a real-time picture The smart water and technology market is growing, as more utilities are taking data and analysis to address rising operation costs. Recently water technology company Xylem acquired US metering firm Sensus to move into this market. Amir Peleg, TaKaDu’s founder & CEO, TaKaDu, said: “The two data-driven solutions are truly complementary, offering multiple benefits to our joint customers. With Kamstrup’s intelligent water network solutions, TaKaDu’s event management transforms data to knowledge, detecting and managing any significant incident in the network. The utility can identify anomalies early on, send out field teams if needed, and prevent potential incidents causing long-term damage.” Jesper Kjelds, senior VP of heat/cooling/water systems at Kamstrup, said: “There is so much valuable information in the real-time data our meters and sensors collect from the distribution network. We want to ensure that our customers have access to and are trained to use the right tools that will enable them to turn data into valuable and actionable information that in turn assists the utility in reducing costs and providing improved services to their customers.” Page 6

7. Thames Water installs landmark 100,000th smart meter Thames Water has installed its landmark 100,000th smart meter, in the London Borough of Bexley. The water company was the first to announce it would roll out smart meters across its supply area. It plans to meter all customers where possible by 2030. The new technology removes the need for householders to send meter readings to the water company. The usage data reported by the smart meters will also allow Thames Water teams to discover and fix leaks on a customer’s personal pipe. The programme has so far detected around 4,200 leaks on customer pipes, and saved an estimated 930,000 litres of water per day across London. Households will have two years to understand and reduce their usage before they are moved on to a metered bill, unless they choose to switch early and cash in on any savings. Thames Water head of metering Danny Leamon said: “Our metering programme continues to gain momentum and we’re really pleased to have achieved this landmark figure. “Installing water meters is important, not just because they give our customers greater control over their water use, but also for the environment, as climate change and population put ever increasing pressure on our water resources. “We also believe meters are the fairest way to pay because you pay for what you use, value what you pay for, and so tend to use water more efficiently.” Thames is currently installing smart meters in the London Boroughs of Bexley, Greenwich, Enfield, Camden, Islington, Haringey, Lewisham and Waltham Forest. Research explores customer response to universal metering Metering has the potential to encourage households to use water more wisely if they see financial benefits and receive the right level of care and support from their water company, according to jointly-commissioned research by the Consumer Council for Water (CCWater) and Southern Water. The research looked at customers’ experiences of the company’s Universal Metering Programme and how metering subsequently affects people’s water saving attitudes and behaviours. Southern Water was the first company to roll out a large-scale compulsory metering programme, which ran from 2010 to 2015. More than 400,000 water meters were fitted across its water supply area, covering parts of Hampshire, Kent and Sussex, as part of wider efforts to tackle growing pressure on water resources in the South East of England. The research – which was carried out during the summer of 2016 – examined how customers responded to compulsory water metering, from the moment they found out about metering through to their first metered bill and beyond. It found that most had a good experience of the way Southern installed the meter and communicated with them about the process. The overriding concern of most customers was about the financial impact and the predictability of their water bill after metering; those who saw bill increases were less happy, but there was evidence those experiencing genuine financial issues were well supported. The study found that a desire to reduce bills was effective in driving customers to alter their water saving habits. However, for some households where the anticipated financial benefits didn’t materialise, these water saving activities tailed off. The research therefore concluded that more needs to be done to maintain focus on water efficient behaviour over time, and offer customers more innovative approaches to reducing water use. Tony Smith, Chief Executive of CCWater, said: “Metering can get households thinking more about how they use water, especially when it results in lower bills. But this research shows that it’s also vital customers receive the right level of support and their concerns are handled very sensitively by water companies.” “We look forward to using the invaluable insights from this research to help inform the development of future compulsory metering programmes.” The research concluded that for future metering programmes early communication, direct contact on the doorstep or over the phone and responsiveness to individual needs help create a more positive customer experience. Southern Water CEO Matthew Wright said: “Metering in general, and compulsory metering in particular, poses the challenge of balancing fairness and affordability of charges and the long-term need for reliable and sustainable water supplies. Metering is a fundamental change in consumers’ relationship with water, as they move from flat rate charges to paying for the volume of water they use. “As the first company to roll out a large-scale metering programme we were extremely conscious that we put our customers at the heart and it is great to see that customers on the whole had a good experience. I hope that the companies who are following suit learn lessons from our experience.” Page 7

8. i2O appoints cyber security expert i2O, the smart water network solutions company, has today announced that it has appointed Daniel Bradberry, formerly chief engineer at one of Europe’s leading cybersecurity consultancies, to oversee its cyber security activities. i2O’s first dedicated Software Security Architect, Daniel Bradbury will work with i2O clients, suppliers and employees to undertake security risk assessments and identify emerging threats to improve the resilience of i2O’s products and working practices. Joel Hagan, CEO of i2O, commented: “Smart water networks have to deliver the very highest levels of security as well as dramatic improvements in environmental, financial and service performance. Daniel’s appointment will help ensure that i2O continues to look at security as a holistic issue and that our clients retain confidence in these vital technologies.” Daniel Bradberry added: “Water companies are responsible for critical infrastructure, and with the threat of cyber attacks becoming ever more real it is important that its suppliers are as serious about security as they are. I am delighted to be joining i20 at such an exciting time in its growth and development.” He joins i2O from MWR InfoSecurity where he led development of new technologies for detecting advanced cyber attacks. Echologics Selected By New Jersey American Water For Continuous Leak Detection Monitoring New Jersey American Water has selected Echologics’ continuous leak detection technology, EchoShore®-DX, to reduce water loss, prioritize repairs and help maximize the life of its buried water infrastructure assets. A subsidiary of American Water, New Jersey American Water is the largest investor-owned water utility in the state, serving approximately 2.6 million people. The utility installed more than 1,000 of Echologics’ leak detection nodes in six water systems across the state. In the first six months of operation, Echologics’ DX technology enabled New Jersey American Water to identify and repair more than 50 active leaks, with total recovery of more than 1,000 gpm in water loss. “New Jersey American Water’s mission is to provide our customers with high-quality reliable water service, and we are committed to using technology that allows us to increase our efficiencies and the value of the services we provide,” said Kevin Kirwan, Vice President of Operations for New Jersey American Water. “The large-scale implementation of Echologics’ technology has enabled us to continuously monitor for leaks in a non-invasive manner.” Echologics pioneered the development of a proprietary, acoustic-based system, which can be used in the field to non-invasively locate leaks with exceptional accuracy without breaking ground or inserting tools in the water system. Echologics’ leak detection technology incorporates the latest generation of acoustic sensors. The sensors are built into a standard fire hydrant cap, and are capable of identifying extremely faint acoustical noises emitted by leaks before they become detectable by conventional methods. This early detection capability enables utilities to prioritize repairs based on actual need and the most effective allocation of repair crews. “One of the challenges we face is how to reduce non-revenue water, which is water that has been treated but is lost in the distribution system before reaching its intended destination,” said Don Shields, Vice President and Director of Engineering for New Jersey American Water. “With Echologics’ technology, we have been able to reduce the amount of non-revenue water by detecting active leaks and prioritizing repairs before they became significant issues, ensuring that we are able to meet our commitments to our customers.” “By integrating technology into water infrastructure and monitoring distribution mains on a continuous basis, New Jersey American Water is leveraging technology and data, which can help them better manage their assets more efficiently and improve customer service,” said Marc Bracken, Vice President and General Manager of Echologics. Senet And Trimble Enable Water Monitoring Solutions Throughout North America Senet, the first and only North American provider of public, low-power, wide-area networks (LPWANs) for long range-based (LoRa®-based) Internet of Things (IoT) applications, today announced that Trimble is leveraging its wireless technology to enable water utilities to remotely measure and monitor water, wastewater and groundwater systems including water pressures, flows, levels and rainfall volumes. Senet brings its highly scalable and reliable LoRa LPWAN network to connect the suite of Trimble’s new, LoRa-enabled Telog® 41 Series of water monitoring sensors. The sensors provide a wide range of monitoring capabilities to include water system pressures, level monitoring to measure levels of water in various resources such as aquifers, reservoirs and towers, flow monitoring, pulse and event monitoring and rainfall monitoring. These devices have the ability to communicate with the Senet network from long-range and have very long battery life providing a lower cost of total ownership for Trimble customers, which allow them to deploy sensors across many more applications. “Trimble’s decision to work with Senet highlights how LoRa-enabled LPWAN applications like Trimble’s coupled with a highly scalable and reliable network like Senet’s bring real value to, and open up, new markets for IoT applications globally,” said Will Yapp, Vice President of Business Development for Senet. Marcus McCarthy, GM of Trimble’s Water Division said, “We are excited to be working with a world-class network provider to connect our new Telog 41 Series of water monitoring sensors utilizing LoRa to a broad range of customers we service in North America. Senet brings the scale, reliability and flexibility to move quickly with our customer’s demands.” Page 8

9. Research on optical profiling to detect iron concentrations in sediment pore water was the winning scientific poster by Zoe Goddard from the University of East Anglia, who has the SWIG 2016 Early Career Researcher competition. Zoe was presented with a trophy and cheque for £1,200 during the gala dinner at WWEM 2016, where she had earlier presented her research in the poster exhibition area entitled ‘Optically- Profiling Diffusible Iron Concentrations in Sediment Pore Water’. This technique could also be adapted to detect other environmental pollutants. Zoe is undertaking a PhD at the University of East Anglia. Zoe commented: “The SWIG Early Careers Researcher Poster competition was an amazing experience for me. The water industry is an area with lots of prospects for exciting innovation and I was honoured to win this award with so much amazing research on display. It has greatly increased my confidence in my research and my ability to present it to a wider audience. I look forward to continuing my research and seeing where this idea can go. I would like to thank my supervisor, Dr. Andrew Mayes, for all his support throughout my project.” Congratulations also go to the winner of the 2nd prize of £500, Elena Koutsoumpeli for her cutting edge research into the use of affimers (artificial antibodies) for the detection of environmental contaminants ‘Antibody-mimetics for the detection of environmental contaminants’. Congratulations also to the winner of the 3rd prize of £200, Kevin Martins for his research into a ground breaking use of radar to study ‘Wave propagation in the surf zone’. The quality of posters submitted and the finalists’ presentations this year were excellent and the ten shortlisted posters of the Early Career Researcher Prize on display at WWEM generated a lot of interest from the water sensor industry, who were keen to learn more about the exciting research currently being undertaken into water sensing. SWIG would like to thank WWEM for sponsoring and hosting the poster display and prize ceremony. The aim of the SWIG Early Career Researcher Prize for Sensing the Water Environment is to raise awareness of technological development and novel applications related to water measurements and thereby promote innovation in sensor research and commercial application. The competition is run every two years and is open to all ‘early career researchers’ within the first 4 years of employment within their area of expertise. SWIG is a not for profit knowledge exchange and networking organisation which focuses on the use of sensor and associated technologies for use in water and wastewater treatment processes and infrastructure, as well as in natural environments and waters. For further information: www.swig.org.uk or contact the programme manager: rosa.richards@swig.org.uk Zoe Goddard of the University of East Anglia wins the SWIG Early Career Researcher’s prize ECS Installs One Of The UK’s First Adjustable Stop Logs At Peakirk Pumping Station Water control and fabrication expert ECS Engineering Services has recently completed the installation of one of the country’s first adjustable stop logs at Peakirk Pumping Station. Located on the River Welland, ECS installed the stop log as part of an overhaul of the existing pumping station on behalf of the Environment Agency and Anglian Water. The new stop log will aid work in the area by offering a barrier to water flow while maintenance is carried out on certain facilities. The new coated steel stop log, weighing 5,000 kg, is designed to seal off a water channel to allow maintenance work to be carried out on a number of water control structures in the area. The innovative design allows the overall width to be adjusted between 6,800 mm and 8,000 mm, which ensures an excellent fit in a number of structures across the local sites. By specifying a single stop log for use in multiple applications, the Environment Agency has been supplied with a cost-effective and versatile solution. ECS designed this particular solution in conjunction with H.C. Waterbeheersing. A coated steel stop log was selected by ECS for the facility due to its durability and resistance to corrosion – providing maximum service life with minimal maintenance. ECS typically designs, manufactures and installs stop logs that are designed specifically for a client’s application, enabling a perfectly suited solution to control flow in specific areas. These particular type of stop logs are available in a range of modern lightweight materials and various grades of steel for greater customisation options. Further work carried out by ECS during the project included the addition of a second fixed coated steel stop log system weighing in at 1,200 kg, which is located upstream in the centre channel sluice of the station. Furthermore, refurbishment of the pointing doors was completed including a new mechanical operating system, which was designed and installed by ECS. Updated PLC controlled weedscreen cleaners have also been installed at Peakirk, replacing a previous system that had reached the end of the service life. The new cleaners will clear debris more efficiently from the screens, ensuring the risks of blockages and eventual flooding are significantly reduced, improving the flood safety of the surrounding area. As the entire system is automated, the costs and associated risks with regards to manually maintaining and unblocking the screens will be minimised. Page 9

10. Portable device detects lead in grey water at source Students at United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) have developed a portable device that can detect heavy metal levels in water at source. Part of the UAEU’s Summer Undergraduate Research Experiences (SURE) program, the four students and their supervising professors spent six weeks developing the device which allows concentrations of lead in water to be accurately measured at the source, rather than samples having to be transported to a lab. “It is very important to have methods to measure heavy metals at low concentrations because we do have heavy metals at low concentrations in the water – not necessarily the drinking water but in the grey water,” said Thies Thiemann, Professor of Chemistry at UAEU. “Grey water is usually put back onto the fields so some of the grey water ends up in agricultural produce. From that point of view it is important to monitor heavy metals in that type of water. What ideally you want to have is a small device that you take along with you to sample the water directly and measure it. And this was one of the considerations when the team worked on the device.” Currently, heavy metals in water are measured using instruments such as inductively coupled plasma (ICP). However, they are costly, high maintenance and require scientists and researchers to bring their water samples to the lab for analysing. Prof Thiemann said cost and the need to transport the sample was the other determining factor for the team when developing the device. “Nowadays it is very important to analyse things cheaply. It is a question of cost very often, especially for developing countries where price is definitely a concern. So ideally you want to have a device that you can take out into the countryside, that is cheap to run and low maintenance.” Moreover, the device, which was a joint effort between Prof Thiemann, Dr Saber Abdel Baki and undergraduate students ­Shefaa Abou Namous, Amna Al Neyadi, Zeinab Saeed and Salma Abubaker, was designed with the international market in mind. “We’re not necessarily developing this for the UAE,” said Prof Thiemann. “We’re thinking also of using that sort of device for a region that is less developed.” Dr Abdel Baki said: “The project included the preparation of a new plastic electrode to measure and estimate concentrations of lead ions at ppb level in two ways: the traditional way using an internal aqueous lead solution as ion-to-electron transducer, and a recently developed way using a solid contact (polyaniline) as ion-to-electron transducer to avoid the disadvantages of the more conventional electrode, as a preliminary stage to prepare a modern system of simultaneous estimation of lead.” If the device makes its way to the market, which Prof Thiemann said is possible, it could transform the agricultural industry at home and abroad. “Most water supply companies in the UAE have labs and they are working very well in terms of analysing the drinking water, so we don’t have to worry about our drinking water here. But the point is that here, what we do sometimes have is grey water and the grey water is often put onto the fields or on the road- divides where you have plants growing. You have to be sure that you do not put a lot of heavy metals into the ground again.” Expression of Interest for 2017/18 UKWIR Programme opens 1st December to include FFT monitoring & assessment It is at this time of year that the United Kingdom Water Industry Research (UKWIR) launch their programme and invite expressions of interest from contractors who might want to take part. The start date is 1st December and the close date is 31st December so there is very little time for companies to put what they need to submit what they need. The programme for next year is up on the website right now and there are a few items of interest including a project on monitoring and assessing compliance with flow to full treatment. The FFT monitoring and compliance assessment project is based on the fact that often MCERTS flow kit is not situated at the sewage works inlet. Without a signal indicating that a spill has occurred, compliance assessment is not simple and would require investment at a large number of assets. Companies can be prosecuted for failure to meet this permit condition. In absence of any alternative accepted substitute there may be a drive for MCERTs inlet flow measurement devices to be introduced. The Environment Agency document ‘Water Quality Consenting Standard for Flow Measurement of Discharges’ states – (1) ‘For storm overflows at STWs the Agency needs to be able to confirm that the flow at which the storm overflow begins to operate is as required by the consent.’ This does differentiate between fixed weir systems and overflow settings that can be adjusted in terms of rigour applied to demonstrate compliance. The storm overflow weir setting to the storm tanks dictates what the flows that are given secondary treatment at a conventional STW. The most recent Agency documentation detailing the theoretical calculation for this setting is ‘WaSC specific guidance: intermittents.’ This reflects the basic calculation 3PG + I + 3E, where P – population, G – water consumption, I – infiltration and E – Trade effluent flow. The objectives of the project is to develop a tiered approach to assessing compliance with the Flow to Full Treatment (FFT) storm setting permit limit at wastewater treatment works (WWTWs) using data already available. This will aim to minimise the need to introduce new flow monitoring kit at the inlet to WWTWs which do not have this currently. This compliance method will include a level of confidence that will depend upon the monitoring kit used, whether accredited or not, its location and include allowance for differing levels of flow measurement accuracy. This will aim to lead to a consistent approach to compliance assessment for this permit condition. As this is a new compliance approach it is hoped that the industry can gain agreement with the Environment Agency on an alternative assessment methodology. Should the Environment Agency develop an FFT compliance method in the meantime then this proposal could be adapted accordingly. Details of the projects that will form next year’s programme are available by clicking here Page 10

11. Dutch King Willem-Alexander launches ‘water control room’ in Brisbane, Australia Dutch King Willem Alexander and Queen Maxima have officially launched an ICT portal for urban water managers, in Brisbane, Australia, on 4 November. The portal has been designed as a ‘water control room’ by Dutch consultancy firm HydroLogic and research institute Deltares. It provides a 3D visualisation of the effects of cloud bursts or floods, with easy access to real-time weather reports, climate and water data and rapid automated analysis. The launch of the portal was part of the Dutch trade mission to Australia and the state visit by the Dutch king to Australia. Australian-Dutch cooperation After several years of cooperation with Australian water managers, HydroLogic and Deltares have collaborated to launch this platform, titled Smart Scanner for Water Resilient Cities. The smart scanner allows urban water managers to analyse, monitor and forecast historical and current flood events and allows them to analyse the economic and hydrologic impact of measures to make their city more water and climate resilient. Big data The platform uses HydroLogic’s web-based support system HydroNet RainWatch that has been adapted specially for Australian cities. It uses data from open street maps that are freely available on the net. Linking these data to Deltares’ Delft3D Flexible Mesh models allows computations to be made in 3D simulations for any city or district. Anticipation on extreme weather Many communities within Australia are impacted by flooding. An estimated 7 percent of all Austral- ian households regularly have problems with flooding and flash floods. As a result, a high priority on the Australian agenda is to raise public awareness so that people know how to respond. The need for timely and location specific water management solutions has increased significantly. VTScada Reaches 1,000 Water Wastewater Customers Trihedral announces that it has achieved a milestone for its VTScada Software for Monitoring and Control, by reaching 1,000 water/wastewater utilities. Their most recent customer, University of Central Florida (UCF), will be using VTScada to rehabilitate their on-campus water treatment plant, with the help of VTScada Certified Solution Provider, Barney’s Pumps in Lakeland, Florida. UCF has an enrollment of 62,000 students and 8,000 employees. In phase one of a water plant rehabilitation project, VTScada will be integrated as part of a complete control system being supplied by Barney’s Pumps. In future phases, the university will integrate seven lift stations and one booster station into the VTScada software application. With a glass of champagne in hand, Trihedral President, Glenn Wadden, described this milestone to the assembled VTScada team. “This is a very neat milestone to reach just as we are closing out our 30th year in business (October 31st). It’s also neat that there are almost another 500 non-water customers as well. Each customer typically has multiple software licenses. Congratulations and thanks to all of you who made this happen by creating, selling, and supporting VTScada. The pace of sales is still accelerating.” Page 11

12. Article: A “sweet shop” of Instrumentation - What did you miss at WWEM this year Every other year those in the Water Industry in the UK gather in one place to talk, present and keep in touch with all things instrumentation in the UK. The place is Telford and the event is WWEM, the Water, Wastewater & Environmental Monitoring Conference & Exhibition. Of course things have grown over the years and on top of the large variety of instrumentation suppliers who were there to talk about their newest releases and the technology that has been designed to help the water industry there was a very strong programme of conferences and workshops. If fact there were eight of them in total plus a wide variety of technical presentations to. Now not everyone was able to come (where were you?) but in the following few lines I hope to give you a snippet of what you missed. The Competitions A long standing competition that has been present at WWEM is the Early Ca- reer Researcher Prize that comes from the Sensors for Water Interest Group. The competition starts a few months earlier with a call for posters and this year there were 17 submissions from around the globe. The SWIG Board of Directors select their top three and the competitors are invited to come to WWEM to present their posters and find out who has won and the gala dinner on the evening of the first day as well as picking up a check for £1,200 for the winner. This year’s winner was Zoe Goddard of the University of East Anglia who presented the poster on “ Optically-Profiling Diffusible Iron Concentrations in Sediment Pore Water” with Kevin Martins of the University of Bath and Elena Koutsoumpeli of the University of York runners up. This of course isn’t it for the competition side of things as there was also the Instrumentation Apprentice Competition as well. The competition which was originally started in 2014 by the Water Industry Process Automation & Control Group (WIPAC) and was run this year by the world famous consultancy the WRC and the SWIG Group. The competition that was kindly sponsored by ABB, ATI, Partech, SEFS & Siemens see Instrumentation Apprentices from the Water Companies battle it out in three rounds with a round investigating instrumentation amongst the shows suppliers, a practical competition run by the sponsors and a quick fire quiz round hosted by Andy Godley of the WRC, Each of the Apprentices are invited to the gala dinner where the winner is announced. The five teams this year that competed were from Anglian Water, Severn Trent & United Utilities (two from both Anglian & Severn Trent) and Anglian Water successfully defended their title from 2014 with Fred Riseborough and Dale Reece winning the day The Conferences This year’s WWEM featured a staggering amount of conferences and I certainly had my fill of them as I ran from room to room either hosting a conference or presenting at one. This is of course in addition to the workshops that WWEM runs in the hall (featuring over 80 presentations). I think my quick head count of conferences had over 200 presentations. Quite something for something that is considered a “trade show” by some. This year was of course something special with the International Water Association hosting their 3rd Conference in the “New Developments in IT & Water” series. This is something of a misnomer as really it was about bringing the Smart Water Industry into a “business of usual” phase in the Water Industry. This was neatly highlighted when the first of the keynote speakers said “this is what the key highly successful service industries in the world are doing to provide customer service....how about you. Bas Boorsma of Cisco Systems sent the scene for what promised to be a fascinating first day with the two sessions being chaired by Elliot Gill of CH2M Hill and Jim Southworth. The sessions covered The Value of Smart Water, modelling and control in both Potable & Wastewater as well as data analytics, decision support systems and the Internet of Things. The second day, which was hosted by Richard Crowder of CH2M Hill and Oliver Grievson of Water Industry Process Automation & Control covered event more when we heard about the risks and perils that the industry faces from Cyber Security (and the ease of which it is possible to hack a SCADA System) and the Shining Stars programme along with the educational work that is being done with companies such as Anglian Water to educate the work force. The talks then went on to talk about communications protocols where what promised to be a contentious session actually ended up with all of the speakers discussing the newest of releases from the Water Industry Telemetry Standards Association (WITS) which is WITS-IOT. In the other room presentations were given about the management of data within the Water Industry and Sensing & Analysis in Wastewater. Zoe Goddard of the University of East Anglia won the SWIG Early Career Researcher Prize Fred Riseborough & Dale Recce of Anglian Water won the Apprentice Competition Page 12

13. The IWA Conference finished with two workshops. The first hosted by the IWA concentrating on the Smart Wastewater Industry and was hosted by Oliver Grievson and the second by the SWAN Forum and was hosted by Jim Southworth. In the IWA session a panel of experts and those gathered how to make the Smart Wastewater Industry a thing that is quite simply “Business of Usual.” Normal discussions of what Smart means to the water industry ensued and the atmosphere was very much an open discussion. The lack of understanding of what Smart is and what it can do for the water industry was seen as a major factor of the lack of adoption along with the lack of engagement and saying what the benefits are. This was fed from a presentation given in the CIWEM conference the day before. The subject of the conference was “The Water & Environment Industries of 2050” where Oliver Grievson gave his view of what the Water Industry would look like. The vision was very much using the technology of today to deliver what we want today but of course in reality, things such as zero pollutions, low leakage, low per capita consumption and using technology to deliver this. The adage of “You can’t manage what you don’t measure comes to mind. This was an adage that was also used in the Water Industry Process Automation & Control (WIPAC) Flow Forum which was kindly sponsored by RS Hydro this year. The conference was being chaired by Oliver Grievson and covered three key areas of flow within the Water Industry including • Installation, Operation & Management of Flow Measurement Installations • The Value of Flow Measurement • Area Velocity Flow Measurement in Wastewater Presentations by Simon Richardson of SEFS & John Curtis of Morrison Utility Services highlighted the care that needs to be taken in not just installing but operating flow measurement structures and a fantastic presentation by Tony Wood of CSA Group highlighted the systems that need to be in place to manage flow measurement to stop things from going wrong. The second session of the Flow Forum saw Alan Hunt, Lorenzo Pompa and Danny Ronson of ABB, Anglian Water & Siemens respectively present on the use that we can put flow measurement to. Lorenzo in particular, having had experience in the field gave an operational point of view in to the difficulties of managing wastewater networks and the benefits that flow measurement can give. The last session featured presentations and an open discussion on the use of area velocity flow measurement and in particular the presentations by Laurent Soliec (Nivus), Mark Davis (Flowline) & Rob Stevens (RS Hydro) showing the reliability of the technique and what can be done to verify that it is as accurate as other flow measurement techniques. On top of all of these conferences were others including: Sensors for Water Interest Group Conference on the resilence of sensor networks and the use of sensors in challenging applications. SCI Laboratory Conference BMSS Conference British Water Conference Pump Centre Conference The Exhibition When I first arrived at WWEM this year I was privileged to have a quick look around when it was empty. It was going to stay that way for long and it didn’t. The suppliers who are the “heart & soul” of the conference soon moved in and populated the stands turning them into gems of information for visitors to glean what is happening in the industry The exhibition itself is a chance for people to catch up with the latest innovations and increasingly the suppliers are using WWEM to launch the newest of products or announcing the newest certification for products. For example Vega Controls this year launched their WL S 61 which is a light version of their WL61 radar level that received MCERTS Product certification at WWEM this year, They were not the only company to present new and/or innovative products, ABB had their newest Laser Level meter on show, the LLT 100, Pulsar Process Measurement had both their Microflow Flow meter and their Ultimate Controller on display, Nivus had their newest of area velocity flow measurement technology and Envitech had the newest version of their ammonia monitor the PBS 3 which has significantly developed from what I was used to using when commissioning ammonia instruments. There was of course many many measurement technologies there this year and at the end of it the possibilities of applications was whizzing around in my mind as to the possibilities of what needs to be measured and where for the Global Water Industry to build upon so that we can work to what most people would deem to an intelligent way of working or of course “Smart”. Mark Davis of FlowLine discussing AV Flow Meters at the WIPAC Flow Forum Page 13

14. Feature Article: How does the Water Industry make “Smart” Business as Usual? Introduction At the most recent IWA New Developments in IT & Water Conference I organised for one of the workshops at the end of the conference so that the subject of how does the Water Industry adopt “Smart” ways of working. It is a question that is in desperate need of being answered as there are a plethora of “Smart” solutions that are ready for adoption but in all honesty they aren’t being adopted as much as the potential that they have to be disruptive and change the way the industry works to adopt a way of working that is much more informed than it currently is. Does the industry need to change and what is this “Smart” Industry all about? To me this is the crux of the issue. My origins were as a Process Engineer and as all process engineers know there is no right answers in the water industry only shades of grey where one answer may work better than another but know answer is no definitive answer. It makes things interesting and difficult but represents what the water industry is all about. The water industry, especially after the customer is inherently unstable – it is not a steady state process but is an unsteady one. There are some rules but things are continuously changing depending what comes in the proverbial “door,” and as such things change all of the time. To operate these processes with the best possible efficiency it is necessary to monitor the state and adopt the process operations to suit. By doing this it is possible to at least minimise the changes so that are at least within a state which can be relatively easily managed. However, the tighter the consents and the closer the works is operated to that consent it is necessary to have an amount of instruments collecting data on the state of operation and to, in the very least, report on the current state in order to make changes. So, what is smart about this? This is what operators in the Water Industry have been doing for the past 100-150 years, that’s the day job. In truth, the “Smart Water Industry” is both a relatively new concept and in fact a concept that has been going on for the past 50 years (almost). The development of instrumentation for the Water Industry has been going on for many years but its origins are mainly from the 1970s with digital instrumentation and the development of control systems. Most of these were limited by the accuracy of the instrumentation and the processing power that was available in the computers of the age. This was the main limitation. In the past 50 years, the ability of both instrumentation and the development of computers and their computing power has developed a huge amount. The average person now has a mobile phone in their pocket that has sufficient processing power that could hold a relatively large treatment works and with remote access to most corporate computing systems being available for many years it is actually possible to control a treatment works (if the right systems are in place) from anywhere in the world that has a decent internet connection and if the user has the right answer to the right security protocols. If we go back 50 years this would seem “Smart” to those engineers and process operators who have come before us. So, what does “Smart” mean now? Being the process engineer that I am the answer can be quite literally “What do you want it to be?” Smart will depend on the person and their individual needs but actually at the heart of things it is about this, to me at least: “The Smart Water Industry is about having the ability to control what we want to or need to control and have sufficient information available to manage the rest.” What the individual person needs depends upon who that person is. If it is the Chief Executive Officer of the company, then the informational needs are likely to be along the lines of what is the next big problem that has to be dealt with and how the company is financially performing. Stepping down a director of the company they will be more concerned about their individual element of the company and how that is performing in terms of both compliance and efficiency; whereas the manager will want to know how an individual plant or distribution system is performing and what has to be done to keep things going. The operator will want to know as much information in the finest possible detail about the next plant on his or her list to make a decision as to how it is running and what needs to be done. So in reality “Smart” is different to all of these different stakeholders but also the data & informational needs will be common between the different stakeholders but the resolution of what is happening very different. So, what is Smart then? It is having enough data and information to, borrow from the Pernille Ingildsen, to Measure, to Analyse and to make a Decision as to what to do next or as she wonderfully described it – Smart is M.A.D. Page 14

15. What does Smart look like then? If we accept the way that we want to be in the Smart Industry – i.e. M.A.D then what does this look like in actual practicality. To understand it we have to go back to the SWAN layers’ diagram of the Smart Water Industry. In this the SWAN Forum set up the structure of the Smart Water Industry in a relatively easy to understand and simple diagram. Their original diagram was set up around the concept of Smart Water Networks but in reality, it refers to any operational based system within the Water Industry. To take SWAN’s description of a Smart Water Network an understanding of what “Smart” is can be seen A Smart Water Network is the collection of data-driven components helping to operate the data-less physical layer of pipes, pumps, reservoirs and valves. Water utilities are gradually deploying more data- enabled components. It’s up to us to make the most out of them, by turning the discrete elements into a cohesive ‘overlay network’. Collecting and using comprehensive data about water network operations offers the promise of better operations through better knowledge and tighter control of the network’s extensive and complex assets. The water industry is not traditionally a fast-moving early adopter of such solutions, but it is rapidly adjusting to this new necessity. Data technologies for water networks span water sources and production, transmission and distribution, consumer end-points and internal piping. Smart Water Networks are layered, as any data ecosystem is, starting from sensors, remote control, and enterprise data sources, through data collection and communications, data management and display, and up to data fusion and analysis. The latter covers many categories, from decision support, automation to analytic solutions. Smart Water Network solutions improve the efficiency, longevity, and reliability of the underlying physical water network by better measuring, collecting, analysing, and acting upon a wide range of network events. This can take shape in different phases of the utility process, such as real-time monitoring and automation, operational readiness, or network planning. The availability of cheap, easy-to-use data technologies, as well as external pressures on the water industry, means that water networks will see much greater sensor and controller density, and inevitably a more central role for all the data systems built on top of them. The Smart Water Network concept should have a significant contribution in the efforts towards affordable, sustainable and pure water for all. (SWAN Forum Website - https://www.swan-forum.com/about/) Smart at Layer 1 – The Physical Layer The physical layer in Smart Water system is the actual physical pipe or piece of plant. In the Smart Water Network this is actually not counted as part of the “Smart Water Infrastructure” it is the physical asset. As there is no data or control as part of the “asset” then it is not Smart. However, there is information about each individual asset that is actually needed. As it is an asset the information about it, where it is, what it is, what it does and what its function is fundamental to the operation of the Water Industry. This sort of information is the “Asset Information and in terms of Asset Management is very important. Operationally if an asset does not exist on the system it simply does not exist and if it doesn’t exist it can’t be maintained, it can’t be serviced and can’t be accounted for when it has reached the end of its operational life. This sounds ridiculous but in a large water company that has hundreds of thousands of assets then the organisational structure of the asset base and the corresponding information about the asset base is fundamental. This asset information and the assets themselves are an essential part of the operation of any industry, not specifically the water industry and if the asset information isn’t correct then problems will ensue. Smart comes into this as it is information about the assets, it is basic but it is necessary and “Smart” to have a record of everything that you have and if you don’t how can you operate efficiently and “Smartly” Smart at Layer 2 – Instrumentation – Is it Smart, Dumb or both? This is where the “Smart Water Industry,” typically begins, in the collection of data at the proverbial “ coal face,” and represents anything from operational measurement data of what is happening at a treatment works, to data in and around the network (be it distribution or collection to in fact customer consumption data as to what is actually be consumed at the customer’s premises. The problem is that the industry collects a plethora of data. In my estimation, it is around 300 million pieces of data in the UK alone for operational data and if the European Union’s water customers were universally metered then it would produce around 7 billion pieces of hourly consumption data every day. There have been huge developments in instrumentation in the Water Industry and the meter or sensor of today can be incredibly intelligent or actually very simple and dumb. Let me put together some terms. Page 15

16. Monitor – An instrument that gives an actual reading or value Sensor – A device that gives a state, for an example a switch or float that senses whether it is on or off Intelligent Monitor – An instrument that knows not only what it is recording but also records other thing such as its own status and the quality of the data that it is recording Dumb Monitor – An instrument or sensor that gives one value. i.e. most domestic water meters or a float switch There are of course applications for all sorts of monitors and sensors across the water industry and it doesn’t make sense for all of them to be “Smart,” in fact dumb is absolutely fine where th

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