Published on March 6, 2014
Event hashtag: #tbc Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK Presentation by Brian Kelly, UKOLN on 25 October 2012 for an Open by Brian Kelly, Cetis on at the University of Exeter Talk Access Week event 24 March 2014 at the 1 Wikimedia Serbia Eduwiki conference
Event hashtag: #tbc Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK Brian Kelly Contact Details Innovation Advocate Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Email: email@example.com Twitter: @briankelly Cetis Web site: http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Blog: http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/eduwiki-serbia-2014/
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Introduction Contents About Me • Involvement with the Web • Open approaches • Involvement with Wikipedia Wikipedia and higher education: activities in the UK • Eduwiki 2013 • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador Looking To The Future • Wikimania 2014 4
Introduction About Me Brian Kelly: • Innovation Advocate at Cetis, University of Bolton • Formerly UK Web Focus at UKOLN, University of Bath • Prolific blogger (1,250+ posts since Nov 2006) • User of various devices to support professional (and social) activities Involvement in Wikipedia and Wikimedia UK: • Created first article in 2004 • Involved in Wikipedia training and Edit-a-thons since 2013 • Combing interests e.g. blog posts about Wikipedia; 5 use of Twitter to support Wikipedia activities
Openness Slow Acceptance of Value of WP Growing acceptance of value of WP in HE in UK: 2004 Created Wikipedia article (hobby). Realised value of (a) simple content creation & (b) crowd-sourcing content 2006-~11 Wikipedia not regarded as relevant in higher education [lack of citations = evidence ] 2012Wikipedia slowly becomes more accepted as relevant in teaching & learning / research: • EduWiki 2012 • Various edit-a-thons WP editing sessions at: • SpotOn 2013 (was Science Online) • LILAC 2014 (information literacy) But still a niche area, with events highlighted because of rarity value 6
Evidence of Slow Take-up LILAC (Librarians‟ Information Literacy Annual Conference): • LILAC 2014 hosts Wikipedia sessions (for 1st time?) • Paper in strand on “innovative approaches to Information Literacy” “Wikipedia: it’s not the evil elephant in the library reading room”, Andrew Gray and Nancy Graham “support and use of Wikipedia amongst educators and librarians has been a source of controversy partly due to the ever changing content and apparent lack of editorial control.” • Hands-on session on “Improving the Information Literacy entry on Wikipedia: LILAC’s first edit-a-thon!” 7
Eduwiki (UK) 2013 Eduwiki conference: • Held in Cardiff on 1-2 Dec 2013 • Second EduWiki UK conference Covered: • Welsh language issues • Case studies from higher education and schools • Research perspectives • Workshop sessions • Broader considerations “I wanted to thank wikimedia UK for organizing EduWiki 2013. .. they did a fantastic job with the conference, managed to get the right people there, opened doors to make things happen and left me motivated to continue to do educational outreach for Wikinews. … I cannot wait for next year's conference.” Laura Hale 8
EduWiki 2013 Two Case Studies Summary of two case studies presented at EduWiki 2013: • Safe Use of Wikipedia in the Transition from School to University, Lisa Anderson and Nancy Graham, University of Birmingham • Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages, Humphrey Southall, University of Portsmouth 9
Outreach work by University of Birmingham Library • Demonstrate information literacy approaches to school pupils • Students surprised that Wikipedia was shown 10
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Humphrey Southall at EduWiki conference This was the assignment (see “Telling the stories of rural England with Wikipedia” ) 11
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Notice how Neutral Point of View principle was addressed 12
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Note activities for (a) Wikipedia familiarisation & (b) research and learning about (c) community aspects; (d) citation; (e) creation of article for submission 13
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Students verify NPOV; relevance of article; it is able to be edited and it is not currently being edited 14
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Example of article chosen for updating by student 15
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Article after updating 16
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Students learn about researching and citations 17
EduWiki 2013 Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Student work is publicly visible (and often easily found) 18
After the Presentations “Partly as a result of the Cardiff meeting we now have a course page within Wikipedia” 19
Education notice board now available (but does it scale?) 20
Tensions highlighted between student use of Wikipedia and administrators who delete new content 21
Outreach work by Uni of Birmingham Library • Demonstrate information literacy approaches to school pupils • Surprise that Wikipedia was shown Discussion: “Live edit a Wikipedia entry – highlight how quickly edits are corrected” But should pages be „vandalised‟ in order to demonstrate how the community fixes such vandalism? Highlighted need to address best practices 22 for those who teach use of Wikipedia.
Other Discussions See http://twubs.com/eduwiki At EduWiki 2013: • Delegates encouraged to use #eduwiki Twitter hashtag • Tweets archived using Twubs archiving tool Tools such as Twubs can help: • Identify the community • Archive content of interest Wikipedia = content+ community 23
Curating Discussions Storify used to curate tweets: • Inappropriate tweets removed • Can provide collective memory about event • Ensures links shared are accessible after event Tweeting at Wikipedia events: • Aligned with WP approaches in openness and crowd-sourcing content • Engage with new audiences • Archives can be useful resource (e.g. evaluation) 24
Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador Funding support by funding body: • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador post • July 2013 - March 2014 Deliverables: • Blog (shown) • Workshops • Edit-a-thons • Monthly reports • “Infokit” 25
Jisc Wikimdia Ambassador Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador post Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador post 26
Jisc Inform “Ten ways educators can use Wikipedia” article published in Jisc Inform (March 2014): 1. Discuss and review 2. Question the policies 3. Look beyond the English language 4. Look under the bonnet 5. Look beyond Wikipedia 6. … Simple, brief summaries of ways in which Wikipedia can be used. May be read by policy makers. 27
The Future Looking Into The Future Wikimania 2014 28
The Future Wikimania 2014 Key themes: • Overcoming friction: “librarians and educators are starting to teach students how they can use Wikipedia effectively. Like any other encyclopaedia, students are being shown how to use the site to find the helpful links to primary and secondary sources that are precisely the material students should be citing in their research” • Knowledge is produced, not consumed: “Instead of being passive receivers of information, students become the creators and curators of knowledge. Wikipedia becomes an opportunity, not a threat, to formal education, and the educators' role becomes facilitating a shift from simply teaching answers, to teaching how to ask questions” 29
The Future Responding to the Themes How might we respond to these themes? • Encouraging use of advanced Wikimedia projects And/or supporting crowd-sourcing: • Promoting better understanding of relevance of Wikipedia in education • Promoting Wikipedia editing by ensuring there are well-trained trainers • Maximising the pool of potential contributors 30
PastPlace xx 31
Crowd-sourcing Crowd-sourcing on Wikipedia 32
Challenges Challenges facing Wikipedia Wikipedia‟s community built a system and resource unique in the history of civilization. It proved a worthy, perhaps fatal, match for conventional ways of building encyclopedias. But that community also constructed barriers that deter the newcomers needed to finish the job. Perhaps it was too much to expect that a crowd of Internet strangers would truly democratize knowledge. Today’s Wikipedia, even with its middling quality and poor representation of the world’s diversity, could be the best encyclopedia we will get. 33
Jisc Infokit The Jisc „Infokit‟: “draws out some lessons from the most visibly successful crowdsourcing projects that support education and research, including Wikipedia” “suggests ways in which those institutions and projects can benefit from working with Wikipedia and the wider Wikimedia community.” http://www.jiscinfonet.ac.uk/infokits/crowdsourcing/ 34
Training the Trainer WMUK Training the Trainer course 35
Training the Trainer WMUK Training the Trainer course 36
Missing Females Context: • “It is thought that only around one in 10 of its editors are female” • “Many female scientists are either not there at all on Wikipedia or just [have] stubs” Dame Athene Donald, fellow of the Royal Society & Experimental Physics Professor at Cambridge University Addressing the imbalance: • Women in Science Wikipedia Edit-a-thon, 4 March 2014 • Women's Art Practices editing event, 8 March 2014 • Women Archaeologists editing event, 8 March 2014 • Scottish Women in Contemporary Art Edit-a-thon, 13 March 2014 • Scottish Women in Computing 37 Edit-a-thon, 21 March 2014
Accessibility Challenges (1) https://wikimedia.org.uk/wiki/Accessibility_of_the_Wikimedia_UK_website Accessibility challenges include need to improve: • Mediawiki as an authoring tool • Wikipedia apps as viewing tools And to improve Wikipedia content: • Images have meaningful alt text; content is linearisable; etc. • Content meaningful to people with disabilities (e.g. learning disabilities) See proposed Accessibility of the Wikimedia websites project 38
Accessibility Challenges (2) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Disability Accessibility challenges include need for more: • Content about disabilities This will be helped by: • Edit-a-thons will participants who have disabilities which needs: • Accessible tools • Trainers who can support the contributors • Understanding of diversity of options held by disability researchers See WikiProject Disability project 39
WMUK Education Strategy WMUK Education Strategy 40
WMUK Education Strategy WMUK Education Strategy 41
Conclusions To summarise: • Eduwiki (UK) 2013: examples of emerging practices for consuming & creating WP content • Jisc Wikimedia Ambassador: example of recognition of value of WP from funding body Need to go beyond early mainstream adopters: • Promote examples of use of WM beyond WP • Provide training the trainers • Development of educational strategy and 5 year plan 42
ANY QUESTIONS? Cartoon 43
Questions? Any questions, comments, …? Continue the discussion: blog post about this presentation linked in from http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/eduwiki-serbia-2014/ 44
Licence and Additional Resources This presentation, “Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence Note the licence covers most of the text in this presentation. Quotations may have other licence conditions. Images may have other licence conditions. Where possible links are provided to the source of images so that licence conditions can be found. Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/eduwiki-serbia-2014/ 45
English: Slides for a talk on "Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK" given by Brian Kelly, Cetis at the Eduwiki 2014 ...
Higher education in the United Kingdom; ... What's The Good Of Education? The Economics Of Education In The UK. Princeton University Press. ISBN ...
Category:Wikipedia presentations. From Wikimedia Commons, ... Wikimedia UK and Higher Education - Developments in the UK.pdf 2.74 MB.
Higher education, also called tertiary, third stage, or postsecondary education, ... Education at Wikipedia's sister projects. Definitions from Wiktionary:
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Education/Newsletter/July 2014/Single. From Outreach Wiki ... Hana Yariv explaining Wikipedia at the inaugural conference, ... (Wikimedia Israel and Haifa ...
... especially in higher education. However, Wikipedia remains ... Education in 2010. Nationally in the UK there’s ... of these developments.
Imperial College London; Motto: ... With 525,233 square metres, it has the largest working estate of any higher education institution in the UK.
Wikimedia Foundation Report, September 2011. ... 7.4.1 Research on Portuguese Wikipedia; ... (comScore data for all Wikimedia Foundation projects; ...