Why Was The Health Message Given To The SDA Church

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Information about Why Was The Health Message Given To The SDA Church
Spiritual-Inspirational

Published on January 13, 2011

Author: aSGuest82091

Source: authorstream.com

“…Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come…”-Revelation 14:7 : “…Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come…”-Revelation 14:7 1st Angel’s Message-Rev.14:6, 7 The announcement of Judgment-From Daniel 8:14 began Oct. 22, 1844 This message began to sound 1830/1831 In the 1830’s William Miller, in the U.S. and dozens of others from around the world, were studying the 2300 year prophecy of Daniel 8:14 and all came to the conclusion that Jesus would return in about 1844. “…Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come…”-Revelation 14:7 Continued… : “…Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come…”-Revelation 14:7 Continued… The Purpose of the 1st Angel’s Message: “The first angel's message of Revelation 14, announcing the hour of God's judgment and calling upon men to fear and worship Him, was designed to separate the professed people of God from the corrupting influences of the world and to arouse them to see their true condition of worldliness and backsliding. In this message, God has sent to the church a warning, which, had it been accepted, would have corrected the evils that were shutting them away from Him. Had they received the message from heaven, humbling their hearts before the Lord and seeking in sincerity a preparation to stand in His presence, the Spirit and power of God would have been manifested among them.”-GC, pg.379 What Does Health Reform Have To Do With The Third Angel’s Message?: : What Does Health Reform Have To Do With The Third Angel’s Message?: “The great threefold message of Revelation 14, which we designate by the term ‘the third angel’s message’, is declared to be ‘the everlasting gospel.’-Christ Our Righteousness, A.G. Daniells, Pg.65 “The health reform, I was shown, is a part of the third angel's message and is just as closely connected with it as are the arm and hand with the human body. I saw that we as a people must make an advance move in this great work. Ministers and people must act in concert. God's people are not prepared for the loud cry of the third angel. They have a work to do for themselves which they should not leave for God to do for them. He has left this work for them to do.”-1T, pg.486 “Several have written to me, inquiring if the message of justification by faith is the third angel’s message, and I have answered, ‘It is the third angel’s message in verity (For sure).”-R&H, April 1, 1890 What Does Health Reform Have To Do With The Third Angel’s Message? Continued… : What Does Health Reform Have To Do With The Third Angel’s Message? Continued… “The Third angel is leading out and purifying a people…”-1T, pg.207 “God has shown that health reform is as closely connected with the third angel’s message as the hand is with the body…Whoever violates moral obligations in the matter of eating and dressing prepares the way to violate the claims of God in regard to eternal interests.”-3T, pg.62 Why Did Christ Not Come Back In 1844? : Why Did Christ Not Come Back In 1844? “…The people were not yet ready to meet their Lord. There was still a work of preparation to be accomplished for them. Light was to be given, directing their minds to the temple of God in heaven; and as they should by faith follow their High Priest in His ministration there, new duties would be revealed. Another message of warning and instruction was to be given to the church.”-GC, pg.424, 425 The Investigative Judgment: : The Investigative Judgment: “Those who are living upon the earth when the intercession of Christ shall cease in the sanctuary above are to stand in the sight of a holy God without a mediator. Their robes must be spotless, their characters must be purified from sin by the blood of sprinkling. Through the grace of God and their own diligent effort they must be conquerors in the battle with evil. While the investigative judgment is going forward in heaven, while the sins of penitent believers are being removed from the sanctuary, there is to be a special work of purification, of putting away of sin, among God's people upon earth. This work is more clearly presented in the messages of Revelation 14.”-GC, pg.425 Psalm 77:13 : Psalm 77:13 “Thy way, O God, [is] in the sanctuary…” The Plan of Salvation is revealed in the ancient sanctuary service. The Sanctuary Service: : The Sanctuary Service: “In the typical service, when the high priest entered the most holy place all Israel were required to gather about the sanctuary and in the most solemn manner humble their souls before God, that they might receive the pardon of their sins and not be cut off from the congregation. How much more essential in this antitypical Day of Atonement that we understand the work of our High Priest and know what duties are required of us.”-GC, pg.430, 431 God Sends Warnings: : God Sends Warnings: “Men cannot with impunity reject the warning which God in mercy sends them. A message was sent from heaven to the world in Noah's day, and their salvation depended upon the manner in which they treated that message. Because they rejected the warning, the Spirit of God was withdrawn from the sinful race, and they perished in the waters of the Flood. In the time of Abraham, mercy ceased to plead with the guilty inhabitants of Sodom, and all but Lot with his wife and two daughters were consumed by the fire sent down from heaven. So in the days of Christ. The Son of God declared to the unbelieving Jews of that generation: "Your house is left unto you desolate." Matthew 23:38. Looking down to the last days, the same Infinite Power declares, concerning those who "received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved": "For this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: that they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness." 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12. As they reject the teachings of His word, God withdraws His Spirit and leaves them to the deceptions which they love.”-GC, pg.431 The Typical Day of Atonement: : The Typical Day of Atonement: “And [this] shall be a statute for ever unto you: [that] in the seventh month, on the tenth [day] of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, [whether it be] one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you: For on that day shall [the priest] make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, [that] ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.”-Leviticus 16:29, 30 The Day of Atonement, Or The Work In The Second Apartment: : The Day of Atonement, Or The Work In The Second Apartment: “…the day of atonement…was regarded as more sacred than any other day in the yearly round of service….The Israelite who did not afflict his soul upon that day was cut off from among the people.” The word “atonement” means at-one-ment.-The Cross & Its Shadow, Chapter 29 Romans 5:1-“Therefore being justified (pardoned) by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.” Duty Of The Congregation On The Day Of Atonement: : Duty Of The Congregation On The Day Of Atonement: “GOD expected His ancient people to serve Him faithfully every day in the year, and He accepted their services; but when the day of atonement came, there were special requirements enjoined upon them during that day, which, if they failed to observe, they were cut off from the people of Israel…. When the antitypical day of atonement arrived, and the investigative judgment opened in the heavenly sanctuary, God expects the antitypical congregation on earth to fulfill their part of the antitype just as faithfully as Christ, our High Priest, fulfills His part in the heavens…. God requires special service of His people now. They are to live while their cases are being decided in heaven, and Satan brings to bear upon the last generation, which are weaker physically than any previous generation, all the wisdom he has gained in a six thousand years' warfare. Those who, in the investigative judgment, are accounted worthy, will live for a time without a Mediator. Their experience will be different from that of any other company that has ever lived upon the earth. There are many reasons why God in His infinite mercy has enjoined special duties upon the last generation, that they might be more strongly fortified against the attacks of the enemy, and not be overthrown by his devices. “Duty Of The Congregation On The Day Of Atonement Continued…” : “Duty Of The Congregation On The Day Of Atonement Continued…” In the ancient service, if an individual failed to keep the day of atonement as God directed, his sins were not confessed over the scapegoat by the high priest; but he was cut off from among the people of God. The individual who, during the antitypical day of atonement, or the investigative judgment, thinks that Christ will plead his case while he himself ignores the work God has enjoined upon the antitypical congregation, will find at last that his name is blotted out from the book of life.... Four things were required of each individual member of ancient Israel on the day of atonement….”-The Cross & Its Shadow, Chapter 30 What Were The Four Requirements? Leviticus 23:27-32: : What Were The Four Requirements? Leviticus 23:27-32: 1. "The day of atonement . . . shall be a holy convocation unto you." 2. "You shall afflict your souls." 3. "Offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord." 4. "Ye shall do no work in that same day.”-The Cross & Its Shadow, Chapter 30 A Holy Convocation: : A Holy Convocation: “That day was to be a holy convocation. The people were to assemble for religious worship. Paul speaks thus of individuals who, in the days when the High Priest should soon come forth from the heavenly sanctuary, would forsake the religious assembly: ‘Having a High Priest over the house of God; let us draw near with a true heart, in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience. . . . Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more as ye see the day approaching.’ The one that takes no pleasure in meeting with those of like faith to worship God, has an "evil conscience," and has lost faith in the near coming of our High Priest from the heavenly sanctuary. There is a special blessing in worshiping with others. God promises that where even two or three are gathered in His name, He will meet with them.”-The Cross & Its Shadow, Chapter 30 “Ye Shall Afflict Your Souls”: : “Ye Shall Afflict Your Souls”: “Each individual was to "afflict" his soul-search his heart, and put away every sin, spend much time in prayer. With this was connected abstinence from food.... The individual who realizes that the judgment is going on in the heavenly sanctuary, and that his name will surely be presented before that great tribunal, will search his heart and pray earnestly that God will accept him. We need often to meditate upon the work of our High Priest in the heavenly sanctuary, lest by having the mind filled with earthly thoughts, we, like the foolish virgins, will find when too late that the bridegroom has come, the door is shut; that the work is finished, and we have no part in it…. The antitypical day of atonement covers a period of years. In the type there was a fast of twenty-four hours required. During this one day there was to be complete control of the appetite; and it was a type of the self-control to be exercised during the antitypical period of years. God designs that His people shall be masters of their appetites, and keep under the body. [1Cor. 9:27] Satan would give loose rein to the appetite, and let it control the person…. “Ye Shall Afflict Your Souls” Continued… : “Ye Shall Afflict Your Souls” Continued… God calls upon His people to be masters of their appetites instead of slaves to it, that they may have clearer minds to comprehend divine truth and follow the work of their High Priest in the heavenly sanctuary. How few are willing to deny themselves the things their appetite craves, even when they know the claims of God! The prophet Isaiah, looking down through the ages, describes the state of things as follows: "In that day did the Lord God of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth: and behold, joy and gladness, slaying oxen , and killing sheep, eating flesh and drinking wine” [Isaiah 22:12, 13]. What a vivid picture of the present condition of the world! God calls upon His people to afflict their souls, to control their appetite, to partake of food that will give good blood and a clear mind to discern spiritual truths: but instead of obeying, they engage in "eating flesh and drinking wine." The prophet records the final result of this course: "It was revealed in mine ears by the Lord of hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purged from you till ye die” [Isa.22:14]…. “Ye Shall Afflict Your Souls” Continued… : “Ye Shall Afflict Your Souls” Continued… The Saviour gave special warning against the evil of giving loose rein to the appetite during the time when the records of human lives are being examined and individuals are being accounted worthy or unworthy of eternal life: "Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares. . . . Watch ye therefore, and pray that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man” [Luke 21:34-36]. The warning is against "surfeiting"-overeating, and "drunkenness "-eating injurious food. In other words, the Saviour designs that His people, during the antitypical day of atonement, shall take heed to both the quantity and the quality of their food. One can becloud the mind and ruin the health by overeating of the best of food. The glutton and the drunkard are classed together: "Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh; for the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty” [Proverbs 23:20, 21]. Our first parents failed on the test of appetite; but where they failed, Christ triumphed. And it is possible for a Christian, with the indwelling Christ in the heart, to be complete master of his appetite,-to abstain from all food that is injurious, however much the natural appetite may crave it, and not to overeat of good food…. Satan delights in beclouding the brain and destroying the health. All who will fulfil the antitype will be masters of their appetites, that they may prepare to meet the Saviour when He comes to the earth as King of kings and Lord of lords.”-The Cross & Its Shadow, Chapter 30 Ellen White’s Comments On, What Does It Mean To “Afflict Our Souls”? : Ellen White’s Comments On, What Does It Mean To “Afflict Our Souls”? “In the typical day of atonement, every man was required to afflict his soul before God. He was not to afflict the souls of others, but the work was between God and his own soul. The same work of self-examination and humiliation is required of each of us now; and I entreat you to make thorough work for eternity. "Seek ye the Lord while he may be found; call ye upon him while he is near." Precious, golden moments which should be spent in seeking the inward adorning of a meek and quiet spirit, are frittered away in adorning the dress, and in other trifling matters not at all essential to comfort.”-ST, May 29, 1884 “We are now living in the antitypical day of atonement. The great and solemn closing work is going forward in the sanctuary above. Every man is required to afflict his soul before God; every heart is required to be in harmony with the divine will. In this important time the great enemy intercepts himself between man and his Creator. He is continually seeking to separate the people of God from the love of Jesus, to draw them away from his protecting care.”-RH, August 12, 1884 “In this great day of atonement our work is that of heart-searching, of self-abasement, and confession of sin, each humbling his own soul before God, and seeking pardon for himself individually. Anciently every one that did not on the day of atonement afflict his soul, was cut off from the people. God would have us work out our own salvation with fear and trembling. If each will search and see what sins are lurking in his own heart to shut out Jesus, he will find such a work to do that he will be ready to esteem others better than himself. He will no longer seek to pluck the mote out of his brother's eye while a beam is in his own eye.”-Historical Sketches, pg.213 What Does It Mean To “Afflict Our Souls”, Continued…? : What Does It Mean To “Afflict Our Souls”, Continued…? “Will the Israel of God awake [Seventh-Day Adventist]? Will all who profess godliness seek to put away every wrong, to confess to God every secret sin, and afflict the soul before Him? Will they, with great humility, investigate the motives of every action, and know that the eye of God reads all, searches out every hidden thing? Let the work be thorough, the consecration to God entire. He calls for a full surrender of all that we have and are. Ministers and people need a new conversion, a transformation of the mind, without which we are not savors of life unto life, but of death unto death. Great privileges belong to the people of God. Great light has been given them, that they may attain to their high calling in Christ Jesus; yet they are not what God would have them to be and what He designs they shall be.”-2T, pg.124 “Offer An Offering…”: : “Offer An Offering…”: “The third requirement enjoined upon the typical congregation on the day of atonement was to "offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord." The offerings made by fire were consumed upon the altar. In the antitype we do not offer burnt-offerings of bullocks and rams; but God expects us to fulfill the antitype of the offering consumed upon the altar. He desires that the "whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ;" that the entire life of the Christian be laid upon the altar, ready to be used as the Lord directs. None can do this who do not daily accept Christ as their sin-offering, and know what it is to be "accepted in the Beloved.”-The Cross & Its Shadow, Chapter 30 “Ye Shall Do No Work…”: : “Ye Shall Do No Work…”: “The day of atonement was kept as a ceremonial sabbath by the ancient congregation. All work was laid aside, and the entire thought was given to seeking God and serving Him. God's work was given the first thought during the entire day. Such was the type; but it does not follow that on the antitypical day of atonement no one should attend to personal business, for God never intended His people to be "slothful in business.” He promises to bless them in temporal things if they fulfill the antitype by looking after His work and service first, and their temporal interests second [Matthew 6:31-33]. This was taught by the Saviour's words: "Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with...cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares” [Luke 21:34]. Why Was The Health Message Given To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church? It’s Purpose & Origin: : Why Was The Health Message Given To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church? It’s Purpose & Origin: “The record of the experience through which the people of God passed in the early history of our work must be republished. Many of those who have since come into the truth are ignorant of the way in which the Lord wrought. The experience of William Miller and his associates, of Captain Joseph Bates, and of other pioneers in the Advent message should be kept before our people. Elder Loughborough's book should receive attention. Our leading men should see what can be done for the circulation of this book.”-The Publishing Ministry, pg.30 Why Was The Health Message Given To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church? It’s Purpose & Origin Continued… : Why Was The Health Message Given To The Seventh-Day Adventist Church? It’s Purpose & Origin Continued… “Again & Again I have been shown that the past experiences of God’s people are not to be counted as dead facts. We are not to treat the record of these experiences as we would last year’s almanac. The record is to be kept in mind; for history will repeat itself. The darkness of the mysteries of the night is to be illuminated with the light of heaven.”-MR,#346 “We have nothing to fear for the future, except as we shall forget the way the Lord has led us, and his teaching in our past history.”-LS, pg.196 Why the Light on Health Reform: : Why the Light on Health Reform: “The Lord has let His light shine upon us in these last days, that the gloom and darkness which have been gathering in past generations because of sinful indulgence, might in some degree be dispelled, and that the train of evils which have resulted because of intemperate eating and drinking, might be lessened. The Lord in wisdom designed to bring His people into a position where they would be separate from the world in spirit and practice, that their children might not so readily be led into idolatry, and become tainted with the prevailing corruptions of this age. It is God's design that believing parents and their children should stand forth as living representatives of Christ, candidates for everlasting life. All who are partakers of the divine nature will escape the corruption that is in the world through lust. It is impossible for those who indulge the appetite to attain to Christian perfection.”-CD, pg.22 Introduction to the Alpha & Omega of Apostasy, John Harvey Kellogg & the Living Temple: : Introduction to the Alpha & Omega of Apostasy, John Harvey Kellogg & the Living Temple: “Be not deceived; many will depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils. We have now before us the Alpha of this danger. The Omega will be of a most startling nature.”-Testimonies, Series B, No. 2, pg.16, July 24, 1904 What the Apostasy Has/Is Doing: : What the Apostasy Has/Is Doing: “As in the alpha spiritual truths were to be eliminated, so in the omega the health message would be eliminated from the realm of sacred things and become only a tool by which to lead men and women into the realm of sacred things. Thus it would come about that men would not consent that the violation of natural or physical law is sin. Health would be health, and religion would be religion. The two would be divorced the one from the other. This thought has developed more and more until the great majority of the ministry of the denomination hold this view; and so the theology and religion of the denomination has for years been given this mold, and, note, there has been a corresponding decadence of health reform as given by the Spirit of God, until the abandon to appetite, in eating and drinking on the part of our preachers has become a proverbial and byword. Along with this decadence of health reform there has been a corresponding decline in spirituality. That these two must so link together is made plain in the following statement”:-The Alpha & Omega of Apostasy, Julius Gilbert White, pg. 15, 16 “There has been a continual backsliding in health reform, and as a result God is dishonored by a great lack of spirituality.”-R&H, May 27, 1902 The Health Message: : The Health Message: “When rightly understood, the message of health, hope, & healing that God has given to Seventh-Day Adventists is a message of restoration and redemption. It is a message that needs to be lived out in the lives of Seventh-Day Adventists today. And it is a message that needs to be proclaimed boldly to the world. When followed in its completeness, it is a message that restores mankind into the image of God-physically, mentally, and above all, spiritually. It is imperative then that we understand the components of that message.”-Adventist Heritage of Health, Hope, & Healing, pg.60 Hosea 4:6/Acts 17:30 : Hosea 4:6/Acts 17:30 “My People are destroyed for lack of knowledge…”/“And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent.” There can be no excuse for ignorance. The knowledge necessary for healthful living is readily available. It is for us to make the effort, first to procure the books, secondly to read and study closely, thirdly to apply the instruction. The Two Extremes: : The Two Extremes: “Those who claim that a vegetarian diet and other healthful practices have nothing to do with salvation, as evidenced by them saying that in the day to day scheme of things, such issues are unimportant.” “Those who teach a philosophy called, ‘salvation by diet.’” Health Deform Results from Extremes: “Health reform becomes health deform, a health destroyer, when it is carried to extremes.”-CD, pg.202 Extremists Harm the Cause & Satan Loves Them: “Extremists do more harm in a few months than they can undo in a life-time. They are engaged in a work which Satan loves to see go on.”-Christian Temperance & Bible Hygiene, pg.56 “Narrow ideas, and overstraining of small points, have been a great injury to the cause of hygiene.”-CD, pg.197 Read Chapter eleven (11) in Counsels on Diet & Foods, which deals with “Extremes.” Adventist Caricatures, A Website That Makes Fun of Seventh-Day Adventist: : Adventist Caricatures, A Website That Makes Fun of Seventh-Day Adventist: William Miller, Born in 1782, in Pittsfield, MA, Died in 1849: : William Miller, Born in 1782, in Pittsfield, MA, Died in 1849: “Miller was a farmer, justice of the peace, sheriff, and Baptist preacher, who from 1831-1844, preached the immanent return of Christ. His mother was deeply religious and his father a soldier. Miller was largely self-educated, attending school only for three months each winter between ages 9-14. As a young man, Miller was influenced by reading and association to become a deist, the belief that God made the world then abandoned it to run according to certain natural laws. Miller volunteered for service in the war of 1812, and while in service saw evidences that there was a God. After the war he was converted and began a systematic study of the Bible to find answers to his former questions. In the process he discovered the prophecies of Daniel and Revelation, which seemed to predict that Christ was soon to return to earth in the year 1843. Miller began to spread the news along with the help of Joshua Himes, proclaiming the good news in small towns as well as in large cities. William Miller, Continued…: : William Miller, Continued…: Miller had between 50,000 & 100,000 followers, commonly known as Millerities. The date of October 22, 1844 was eventually picked as the date for Christ return. The Great Disappointment took place, Christ did not return. Miller never accepted advancing understanding of the disappointment. Ellen White wrote: “I saw that William Miller erred as he was soon to enter the heavenly Canaan, in suffering his influence to go against the truth. Others led him to this; others must account for it. But angels watch the precious dust of this servant of God, and he will come forth at the sound of the last trump.”-EW, pg.258. After the disappointment, he wrote: “Although I have been twice disappointed, I am not yet cast down or discouraged….I have fixed my mind upon another time, and here I mean to stand until God gives me more light,-and that is today, today, and today, until He comes, and I see Him for whom my soul yearns.”-The Midnight Cry, Dec. 5, 1844, pg.179, 180 Timeline of the Gospel of Health Within the Seventh-Day Adventists Church 1821-1866: : Timeline of the Gospel of Health Within the Seventh-Day Adventists Church 1821-1866: 1821-Joseph Bates gave up use of distilled liquors. 1824-Joseph Bates gave up also ale, porter, & cider. 1827-Joseph Bates laid the foundation for the Fairhaven Temperance society, one of the first organized in the United states. 1832-Joseph Bates gave up coffee & black tea. 1843-Joseph Bates gave up eating of flesh foods and became a strict vegetarian. 1848-Cautions were given to Ellen White regarding the injurious nature of the use of tobacco, coffee, & tea. 1853-Article written in Review & Herald written against the use of tobacco. 1854-Light was given to Ellen White on the importance of cleanliness and the use of a diet not too refined or of foods that were rich. 1855-At a general meeting in Vermont tobacco use banned for church membership. 1863-Mrs. White given first comprehensive vision concerning health reform, in Ostego, Michigan, June, 6, 1863. 1864-A pamphlet written as “An Appeal to Mothers.” 1865-Mrs. White compiled articles (6-pamphlets) previously written for the Review & Herald into a book entitled, “Health, or How to Live”. 1866-Establishment of first health institution, a large home in Battle Creek Michigan, opened September, 5, 1866. A Time of General Ignorance: : A Time of General Ignorance: “The formative years of the body of Seventh-Day Adventist may be roughly stated to have been from 1844 to 1855.” The Health Message Secondary: “There were other reforms to be adopted before Sabbath keeping Adventist were ready to accept the health reform principles. It is well-known proclivity of human nature to rise up against any interference with self-indulgent habits. Had the health message, with it’s call to self-denial, been introduced prematurely, it might have caused distraction and brought in confusion. It seems to have been in the providence of God, therefore, that the great fundamental spiritual truths should be presented first. By these the body of believers were unified and knit together before it was to be tested by the introduction of the health reform message, which though a matter of great importance, was nevertheless secondary.”-Story of Our Health Message, pg.62 “The Lord also knew how to introduce to His waiting people the great subject of health reform, step by step, as they could bear it, and make a good use of it, without souring the public mind.”-R&H, November 8, 1870 Joseph Bates, Born in Rochester, MA, 1792, Died 1872, buried in Monterey, MI: : Joseph Bates, Born in Rochester, MA, 1792, Died 1872, buried in Monterey, MI: His family moved to Fairhaven, MA, a port city, where he became fascinated with the sea. At the age of 15 he served on a ship as a cabin boy. He was shipwrecked, captured, and forced to serve in the British Navy for 2 ½ years. He was released in 1815. Bates eventually served as captain of his own ship, beginning in 1820. In 1821 he gave up smoking and chewing tobacco, as well as the use of profanity. He later quit using tea and coffee, and in 1843 became a vegetarian. Bates retired from the sea in 1827 with a small fortune of $11,000. During his years at sea he was converted. After his retirement at 35, Bates became associated with several reforms, including temperance and antislavery. Joseph Bates Continued…: : Joseph Bates Continued…: In 1839 he accepted the advent preaching of William Miller, and became an active and successful Millerite preacher. Bates experienced the 1844 disappointment without losing his faith. In 1845 he read a T.M. Preble tract on the Sabbath and was converted. In 1846, Bates wrote a tract on the Bible Sabbath. James and Ellen White read the tract, in August of 1846, around the time of their marriage, and then accepted the Seventh-Day Sabbath as a result of their study. Joseph Bates is one of the co-founders of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church along with James and Ellen White. The year he died he preached at least 100 times. He died at the age of 80 at the Health Reform Institute in Battle Creek. Joseph Bates, The Health Reformer: : Joseph Bates, The Health Reformer: “It was during his seafaring life, while separated from the saving influences of the parental, Christian home, and exposed to the temptations of sailor life that Joseph Bates became impressed with moral and religious principles…While in Dartmoor Prison, Mr. Bates formed an intimate acquaintance with a Mr. Davis. They spent many hours together, talking over their desperate situation. Observing the ruinous habits of their fellow prisoners, they mutually agreed that, if liberated, they would avoid the dreadful habits of intemperance and seek for a standing among sober, reflecting men. After 6 ½ years of untold suffering and hardship, Joseph Bates returned home…For some time he kept his resolution to be temperate and abstained entirely from the use of ardent spirits, but later he returned to the to the moderate use of liquor…Upon discovery that the desire for that one glass…was stronger than his appetite for food, he…decided that he had committed an egregious error when he lapsed from his rule of strict abstinence. In the Autumn of 1821, he solemnly resolved never to drink another glass or ardent spirits as long as he should live…About 2 years later he took another advanced step in reform.”-The Story of Our Health Message Tobacco-“I was now free from all distilled spirits, wine, & tobacco. Step by step I had gained the victory…”-The Early Life & Later Experience & Labors of Elder Joseph Bates, pg.16 “Let…reform be progressive.”-CD, Chapter 21 Joseph Bates, The Health Reformer Continued… : Joseph Bates, The Health Reformer Continued… “In 1828 Captain Bates, at the age of thirty-five, retired from the sea and settled in New Bedford. Again, after this he took another forward step in health reform, and did it entirely on his own initiative because of experience and personal conviction. Tea & Coffee In 1839 captain Bates heard the advent message, and weighing and accepting the evidence, he threw all his energies and resources into its proclamation. Some of his friends protested, because he seemed to take less interest in the temperance cause, and they urged that a belief in the second coming of Christ ought to make him more ardent in suppressing the growing evils of intemperance. Joseph Bates reply: ‘In embracing the doctrine of the second coming of the Saviour, I found enough to engage my whole time in getting ready for such an event, and aiding others to do the same, and that all who embraced this doctrine would and must necessarily be advocates of temperance,…and those who opposed the doctrine of the second advent could not be very effective laborers in moral reform.”-Story of Our Health Message, pg.57 “In his [Joseph Bates] heart-searching preparation for the expected return of Christ, Captain Bates was impressed to make still further reforms in his diet. In February, 1843, he relates, ‘I resolved to eat no more meat. In a few months after, I ceased using butter, grease, cheese, pies, and rich cakes.’” “Let…reform be progressive.”-CD, Chapter 21 Seventh-Day Adventist History: : Seventh-Day Adventist History: “Again and again I have been shown that the past experiences of God’s people are not to be counted as dead facts. We are not to treat the record of these experiences as we would treat last year’s almanac. The record is to be kept in mind; for history will repeat itself. The darkness of the mysteries of the night is to be illuminated with the light of heaven.”-Ellen White, MS#346, 1903 1 Corinthians 10:11, 12-“Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.” (Written meaning Israelites, Old Testament, Exegetically could apply to present SDA’s reflecting back to the roots of Adventism.) Health Reform Prior to Ellen White’s Vision: : Health Reform Prior to Ellen White’s Vision: “A call to reform personal health habits was urged by many, the best known of whom was Sylvester Graham, (1794-1851) a Presbyterian Minister. The great cholera epidemic of 1832 led Americans to give an attentive ear to Graham’s call for a vegetarian diet which placed a heavy reliance on coarse stone-ground whole wheat and rye grains.”-Light Bearers to the Remnant, pg.20 “Graham in his early years had been afflicted with Tuberculosis, and the state of his health was a factor in arousing his interest in the temperance cause which coming into prominence, in which he made a special study of anatomy and physiology.”-Story of our Health Message, pg.45 Health Reform Prior to Ellen White’s Vision Continued… : Health Reform Prior to Ellen White’s Vision Continued… “Edward Hitchcock (1793-1864), third President of Amherst College, Congregationalist Pastor but then left the ministry to become a Chemistry and Natural History Professor, and Reuben Mussey at Dartmouth (1833-1892), a Union Army General during the Civil War, a distinguished lawyer, and the son of a Doctor, promoted a more complete health regimen, which stressed a moderate vegetarian diet, cleanliness of person, proper sleep and exercise, and abstinence from alcoholic beverages, coffee, tea, tobacco, and foods prepared with large amounts of grease.”-Light Bearers to the Remnant, pg. 20 Diet Reform Prior to Ellen White’s Vision on Health: : Diet Reform Prior to Ellen White’s Vision on Health: William Metcalf (1788-1862), pastor of the Society of Bible Christians of Philadelphia was an enthusiastic vegetarian and, as early as 1821, the author of a booklet entitled “Abstinence From the Flesh of Animals.” After corresponding with Dr. Graham, Dr. Alcott, and others who were leading out in diet reform, he initiated a convention of diet reformers in Clinton Hall, New York, May 15, 1850, where he launched the American Vegetarian Society, with Dr. Alcott as president, William Metcalf, corresponding secretary, and Dr. R.T. Trall, recording secretary. To give the society a voice, The American Vegetarian and Health Journal was issued.”-Story of Our Health Message, pg.46 Pioneers Diet Prior To Light On Health Reform: : Pioneers Diet Prior To Light On Health Reform: J.N. Loughborough-“I was a great lover of animal flesh as food. I wanted fat pork fried for breakfast, boiled meat for dinner, cold slices of ham or beef for supper. One of my sweetest morsels was bread well soaked in pork gravy.”-Gospel of Health, Oct.1899. “Every fall four large, fat hogs and one beef (cow) were slaughtered as winter provisions for the family. Nearly all parts of the hogs were eaten ‘except the bristles and the hoofs.’-The Story of Our Health Message, pg.24 Pioneers Diet Prior To Light On Health Reform: : Pioneers Diet Prior To Light On Health Reform: J.N. Andrews-“In 1863, at the age of thirty-four, Elder Andrews found himself in very poor health with a congested brain, nervous dyspepsia, catarrah, salt rheum, and suffering from periods of utter prostration.”-The Health Reformer, 1869 “Elder Andrews recognized that the foundation of this condition had been laid in his youth.”-Story of Our Health Message, pg.25 Pioneers Diet Prior To Light On Health Reform Continued… : Pioneers Diet Prior To Light On Health Reform Continued… “I was not instructed in the principles of hygiene, for my father and mother had neither of them any just knowledge of these. I was kept from the use of tobacco, and from even tasting strong drink; but I learned almost nothing of the evils of unwholesome food-at least, of such as was common in our own family. I did not know that late suppers, and ‘hearty ones’ at that, were serious evils. I had no idea of any special transgression in eating between meals. …I supposed old cheese was good to aid digestion. …As to mince pie and sausage, I had no thought that these were unwholesome, unless too highly seasoned, or, as it termed, ‘made to rich’. Hot biscuit and butter, doughnuts, pork in every form, pickles, preserves, tea, coffee, etc., were all common use.”-The Health Reformer, 1871 Prior to 1863 Vision: : Prior to 1863 Vision: “Although no united move was made among Sabbath keeping Adventists in behalf of a broad health message before 1863, certain preliminary steps were taken progressively through the formative years. Tobacco, tea, and coffee were involved in the first steps of reform….The principle reason given for putting away the narcotic was that the indulgence hindered spiritual growth. It was argued that ‘religion, for its full development, demands all our mental powers…proportion to their derangement, will be the defect of their action; so that, in this sense, it may be said with truth, that the person that uses tobacco, cannot be as good a Christian as he would be without it.”-Story of Our Health Message/R&H, December 13, 1853 “Christ will have a church without spot or wrinkle or any such thing to present to His Father…We must be perfect Christians, deny ourselves all the way along, tread the narrow thorny pathway that our Jesus trod, and then if we are final overcomers, heaven, sweet heaven, will be cheap enough.”-EGW, Letter 5, 1851 “If you would stand with the Lamb on Mount Zion, you must cleanse yourself from all filthiness of flesh and spirit, and perfect holiness in the fear of God.”-R&H, April 10, 1856, by J.N. Andrews Diet & Health in the 1800’s: : Diet & Health in the 1800’s: Heavy, Greasy Foods-“The diet was heavy, laden with meats (bear’s meat or hog), filled with grease, hot with condiments (native peppers or imported spices)….No one-almost no one-saw any relation between this diet and the ills of the flesh they endured….”-Origin & History of Seventh-Day Adventist, pg.335, 336 J.N. Andrews says, “I had little other idea of headache, dyspepsia, nausea, fevers, etc., than that these were things that for the most part were wholly out of our control, and that like the various phenomena of nature they were ordered by God’s hand, and man had generally no agency therein.”-The Story of Our Health Message “It is only as we picture this background of health conditions as they were a century ago, that we can truly appreciate the great advance in the knowledge of physiology, hygiene, dietetics, and therapeutics that has been made in this generation, and which is the rich heritage of those who live today. Seventh-Day Adventist, were providentially led to accept as a matter of religious principle the sound reforms in health habits-and that at a time when these health principles were not popular-and to throw their energies into the campaign of health education that time has demonstrated to be rational and progressive.”-The Story of Our Health Message Temperance Reforms: : Temperance Reforms: Dr. Benjamin Rush (1746-1813), one of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence in 1776, advocated that the use and sale of “ardent spirits” should be banned. Used Calomel extensively, which “gained notoriety in the U.S. during the 1793 yellow fever epidemic in Philadelphia, which was used in treating victims. So debilitating were its effects that it is likely that more yellow fever victims died at the hands of Dr. Rush than from the disease itself.”-Adventist Heritage of Health, Hope, & Healing, pg.56 Temperance Reform Continued… : Temperance Reform Continued… American Temperance Society, established in 1826, by co-founder, Lyman Beecher (1775-1863), who was an ardent advocate of temperance reform, (formed in hopes that “by light and love to change the habits of the nation, with regard to the use of intoxicating liquors.”) The Importance of Physiology Taught in Schools a Necessity: : The Importance of Physiology Taught in Schools a Necessity: “The introduction of the teaching of physiology in the public school was one of the issues on which a long but finally successful fight was waged. In 1850 some progress was made when the legislature of Massachusetts passed a law providing for the teaching of physiology and hygiene in the public schools. The following year, however, the Committee on Education of that state was divided over the question of the purchase of anatomical diagrams…and doubts whether enough teachers could be found that were qualified to teach physiology. A minority of the committee made a logical statement in protest against the majority in this matter. They made a plea for putting the study of physiology in the very forefront of the educational curriculum. In there unsuccessful attempt to influence public opinion before it was ready for such a progressive move, they declared that the education of children was “commenced wrong, continued wrong, and ended wrong.” The religious training was deemed of prime importance, then the moral, the intellectual, and lastly the physical. They urged the complete reversal of this order of instruction, asserting that the teaching of the mechanism of their bodies would be far more effectual in directing the young minds to the Creator.”-Story of Our Health Message Physiology Continued… : Physiology Continued… “The knowledge of health principles disseminated (circulated) by the printed page, by lectures by the formation of health clubs, and by teaching of children in the public schools was as leaven that, by 1863, (when Ellen white was given her vision on Health Reform) was permeating society. Thus providentially was the way prepared for the great and important instruction on health reform that would become an integral part of the religious movement then arising with its divine commission to herald to the world a message designed to prepare a people “body, and soul, and spirit” for translation to heaven at the second advent of Christ.” Ellen White’s Comment on Physiology: : Ellen White’s Comment on Physiology: “A practical knowledge of the science of human life is necessary in order to glorify God in our bodies. It is therefore of the highest importance that among studies selected for childhood, physiology should occupy the first place.”-Healthful Living, pg. Chapter 2, 1897, 1898 “So closely is health related to our happiness that we cannot have the latter without the former….How few know anything about the structure and functions of their own bodies, and of nature's laws! Many are drifting about without knowledge, like a ship at sea without compass or anchor; and what is more, they are not interested to learn how to keep their bodies in a healthy condition and prevent disease.”-Counsels on Health, pg.38, 1923 Eight (8) Reasons, From the Spirit of Prophecy, the Purpose of the Health Message: : Eight (8) Reasons, From the Spirit of Prophecy, the Purpose of the Health Message: To Secure the Highest Possible Development To Develop a Christ like Character To Prepare or Fit a People For Translation To Restore a People Back to the Image of God To Remove Prejudice To Guard Against Evils The Entering Wedge Escape Many Dangers (1.)To Secure the Highest Possible Development: : (1.)To Secure the Highest Possible Development: “Let it ever be kept before the mind that the great object of hygienic reform is to secure the highest possible development of mind and soul and body. All the laws of nature--which are the laws of God--are designed for our good. Obedience to them will promote our happiness in this life, and will aid us in a preparation for the life to come.”-Counsels on Diet & Foods, pg.23 (2.)To Develop a Christ-Like Character: : (2.)To Develop a Christ-Like Character: Revelation 22:4-“And they [The Redeemed] shall see His [God’s] face; and His name [Character] [shall be] in their foreheads [Frontal Lobe].” “True temperance teaches us to dispense entirely with everything hurtful, and to use judiciously that which is healthful. There are few who realize as they should how much their habits of diet have to do with their health, their character, their usefulness in this world, and their eternal destiny. The appetite should ever be in subjection to the moral and intellectual powers. The body should be servant to the mind, and not the mind to the body.”-CG, pg.398 “Christ is seeking to reproduce Himself in the hearts of men…The object of the Christian life is fruit bearing--the reproduction of Christ's character in the believer, that it may be reproduced in others…The Christian is in the world as a representative of Christ, for the salvation of other souls…Christ is waiting with longing desire for the manifestation of Himself in His church. When the character of Christ shall be perfectly reproduced in His people, then He will come to claim them as His own.”-COL, pg.67-69 “True sanctification is a Bible doctrine…The followers of Christ are to become like Him--by the grace of God to form characters in harmony with the principles of His holy law. This is Bible sanctification.”-GC, pg.469 (3.)To Prepare A People For Translation: : (3.)To Prepare A People For Translation: “Among those who are waiting for the coming of the Lord, meat eating will eventually be done away; flesh will cease to form a part of their diet. We should ever keep this end in view, and endeavor to work steadily toward it. I cannot think that in the practice of flesh eating we are in harmony with the light which God has been pleased to give us. All who are connected with our health institutions especially should be educating themselves to subsist on fruits, grains, and vegetables. If we move from principle in these things, if we as Christian reformers educate our own taste, and bring our diet to God's plan, then we may exert an influence upon others in this matter, which will be pleasing to God.”-CD, pg.380 Continued… : Continued… “Those who have received instruction regarding the evils of the use of flesh foods, tea, and coffee, and rich and unhealthful food preparations, and who are determined to make a covenant with God by sacrifice, will not continue to indulge their appetite for food that they know to be unhealthful. God demands that the appetite be cleansed, and that self-denial be practiced in regard to those things which are not good. This is a work that will have to be done before His people can stand before Him a perfected people.”-CD, pg.381 “The health reform is one branch of the great work which is to fit a people for the coming of the Lord. It is as closely connected with the third angel's message as the hand is with the body.”-Counsels on Health, pg.20, 21 Why Was Meat Eating Permitted After the Flood?: : Why Was Meat Eating Permitted After the Flood?: “After the flood the people ate largely of animal food. God saw that the ways of man were corrupt, and that he was disposed to exalt himself proudly against his Creator and to follow the inclinations of his own heart. And He permitted that long-lived race to eat animal food to shorten their sinful lives. Soon after the flood the race began to rapidly decrease in size, and in length of years.”-CD, pg.373 “After the curse was pronounced upon the human family, God permitted man to eat flesh-meat. This He did that life might be shortened. The punishment of death has been pronounced upon the race, and the permission to eat flesh-meat was one of the means used by God to inflict this punishment.”-{PC 1.3}---Mrs.White, MS., July 15, 1901 Life Expectancy Before & After Flesh Diet: : Life Expectancy Before & After Flesh Diet: Before: Adam-930 years Seth-912 years Enos-905 years Jared-962 years Enoch-365 years on earth, then translated Methuselah-969 years Lamech-777 years After: Selah-433 years Serug-230 years Nahor-148 years Terah-205 years Abraham-Genesis 15:15-“…Buried in a good old age.” (175 yrs.) Normal Life Expectancy: Psalm 90:10-“The length of your years is seventy or eighty if we have the strength.” (4.)To Restore A People Back To The Image Of God: : (4.)To Restore A People Back To The Image Of God: “There are conditions to be observed by all who would preserve health. All should learn what these conditions are. The Lord is not pleased with ignorance in regard to His laws, either natural or spiritual. We are to be workers together with God for the restoration of health to the body as well as to the soul. And we should teach others how to preserve and to recover health. For the sick we should use the remedies which God has provided in nature, and we should point them to Him who alone can restore. It is our work to present the sick and suffering to Christ in the arms of our faith. We should teach them to believe in the Great Healer. We should lay hold on His promise, and pray for the manifestation of His power. The very essence of the gospel is restoration…”-DA, pg.824 Before Sin: Genesis 1:26-“And God (Elohim) said, Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness…” : Before Sin: Genesis 1:26-“And God (Elohim) said, Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness…” Physical, Mental, Spiritual Likeness: “When Adam came from the Creator's hand, he bore, in his physical, mental, and spiritual nature, a likeness to his Maker. "God created man in His own image", and it was His purpose that the longer man lived the more fully he should reveal this image--the more fully reflect the glory of the Creator. All his faculties were capable of development; their capacity and vigor were continually to increase.”-Education, pg.15 Reflected Creator’s Glory: “Created to be "the image and glory of God", Adam and Eve had received endowments not unworthy of their high destiny. Graceful and symmetrical in form, regular and beautiful in feature, their countenances glowing with the tint of health and the light of joy and hope, they bore in outward resemblance the likeness of their Maker. Nor was this likeness manifest in the physical nature only. Every faculty of mind and soul reflected the Creator's glory. Endowed with high mental and spiritual gifts, Adam and Eve were made but "little lower than the angels", that they might not only discern the wonders of the visible universe, but comprehend moral responsibilities and obligations.”-ED, pg.20 Before Sin Continued… : Before Sin Continued… In Outward Resemblance and Character: “Man was to bear God's image, both in outward resemblance and in character. Christ alone is "the express image" of the Father; but man was formed in the likeness of God. His nature was in harmony with the will of God. His mind was capable of comprehending divine things. His affections were pure; his appetites and passions were under the control of reason. He was holy and happy in bearing the image of God and in perfect obedience to His will.”-Patriarchs & prophets, pg.45 After Sin: Genesis 5:3-“And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image…” : After Sin: Genesis 5:3-“And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image…” Divine Likeness Marred: “Through sin the divine likeness was marred, and well-nigh obliterated. Man's physical powers were weakened, his mental capacity was lessened, his spiritual vision dimmed.”-Education, pg.15 The Deterioration of Man: “The days of man would be shortened by his own course of sin; he would deteriorate in physical stature and endurance and in moral and intellectual power, until the world would be filled with misery of every type.”-PP, pg.68 God’s Plan For Man’s Restoration: : God’s Plan For Man’s Restoration: Genesis 3:15-Immedietly following man’s disobedience, God made known to him a plan for his restoration. The Divine Purpose: “To restore in man the image of his Maker, to bring him back to the perfection in which he was created, to promote the development of body, mind, and soul, that the divine purpose in his creation might be realized--this was to be the work of redemption. This is the object of education, the great object of life.”-ED, pg.15, 16 Matthew 9:35-Christ gave complete ministry of restoration: mental, spiritual, & physical. God’s Plan Continued… : God’s Plan Continued… Christ’s Mission: “It was His mission to bring to men complete restoration; He came to give them health and peace and perfection of character.”-MH, pg.17 “The Saviour made each work of healing an occasion for implanting divine principles in the mind and soul. This was the purpose of His work. He imparted earthly blessings, that He might incline the hearts of men to receive the gospel of His grace.”-MH, pg.20 Matthew 9:2-7: The man sick of palsy-an example of complete restoration. Complete Restoration: “The paralytic found in Christ healing for both the soul and the body. He needed health of soul before he could appreciate health of body. Before the physical malady could be healed, Christ must bring relief to the mind, and cleanse the soul from sin.”-MH, pg.77 “Many of those who came to Christ for help had brought disease upon themselves, yet He did not refuse to heal them. And when virtue from Him entered into these souls, they were convicted of sin, and many were healed of their spiritual disease as well as of their physical maladies.”-MH, pg.73 Image of People at the Time of Christ: : Image of People at the Time of Christ: “The deception of sin had reached its height. All the agencies for depraving the souls of men had been put in operation. The Son of God, looking upon the world, beheld suffering and misery. With pity He saw how men had become victims of satanic cruelty. He looked with compassion upon those who were being corrupted, murdered, and lost. They had chosen a ruler who chained them to his car as captives. Bewildered and deceived, they were moving on in gloomy procession toward eternal ruin,--to death in which is no hope of life, toward night to which comes no morning. Satanic agencies were incorporated with men. The bodies of human beings, made for the dwelling place of God, had become the habitation of demons. The senses, the nerves, the passions, the organs of men, were worked by supernatural agencies in the indulgence of the vilest lust. The very stamp of demons was impressed upon the countenances of men. Human faces reflected the expression of the legions of evil with which they were possessed. Such was the prospect upon which the world's Redeemer looked. What a spectacle for Infinite Purity to behold!”-Desire of Ages, pg.36 (5.)To Remove Prejudice: : (5.)To Remove Prejudice: “Much of the prejudice that prevents the truth of the third angel's message from reaching the hearts of the people, might be removed if more attention were given to health reform. When people become interested in this subject, the way is often prepared for the entrance of other truths. If they see that we are intelligent with regard to health, they will be more ready to believe that we are sound in Bible doctrines.”-Counsels on Diet & Foods, pg.76 (6.)To Guard Against Evils: : (6.)To Guard Against Evils: “It was in love that our heavenly Father sent the light of health reform to guard against the evils that result from unrestrained indulgence of appetite.”-Counsels on Diet & Foods, pg.243 “Our heavenly Father sent the light of health reform to guard against the evils resulting from a debased appetite, that those who love purity and holiness may know how to use with discretion the good things He has provided for them, and that by exercising temperance in daily life, they may be sanctified through the truth.”-Counsels on Health, pg.120 (7.)The Entering Wedge: : (7.)The Entering Wedge: “Wherever an interest is awakened, the people are to be taught the principles of health reform. If this line of work is brought in, it will be the entering wedge for the work of presenting truth.”-Counsels on Health, pg.495 (8.)Escape Many Dangers: : (8.)Escape Many Dangers: “God has permitted the light of health reform to shine upon us in these last days, that by walking in the light we may escape many dangers to which we will be exposed.”-3T, pg.561 Methods Of Healing Prior To God’s Method Recognized by Seventh-Day Adventist: : Methods Of Healing Prior To God’s Method Recognized by Seventh-Day Adventist: Bleeding (President George Washington) Purging Poisoning (Calomel, Blue Mass, & sundry other poisons) When a person had a fever back in the 1850’s, the doctors thought he had too much vitality, so, by these three methods they would attempt to lesson the person’s life (vitality). In the mid-1800’s, early death was the rule rather than the exception. Health & Medicine in the 1800’s: : Health & Medicine in the 1800’s: “At the time the Adventist Church was going through it’s birthing pains, life expectancy in the United States was less than forty years. Sickness and premature death were a standard part of life. Mary Kellogg, the first wife of John Preston Kellogg,…died from consumption at an early age. Her death occurred shortly after the birth of her fifth child. J.N. Loughborough, an early Adventist minister, recalled how at the age of eight he witnessed his father, afflicted with typhoid fever, being denied any fresh air or cool water while being lovingly poisoned to death with drugs. Nor where James and Ellen White spared. In 1860, their youngest son, Herbert, died just short of being three-months-old. Three years later, their eldest son Henry,, passed away at the tender age of sixteen.”-Adventist Heritage of Health, Hope, & Healing, pg.46 Health & Medicine in the 1800’s Continued…: : Health & Medicine in the 1800’s Continued…: “…Some knowledge of the difficulties and limitations faced by medical practitioners of those days, and the general ignorance of basic health principles, is necessary, in order to appreciate the value of the specific instruction on health given to Mrs. White in 1863.”-A call to Personal Ministry, pg.111 “The days of our fathers were days of many afflictions. They were smitten with sore diseases, described as lung fever, consumption, fever, and ague, scrofula, salt rheum, diphtheria, typhoid, cholera, rheumatism, indigestion, catarrh, and so forth. For relief their physicians gave them calomel, strychnin, mercury, ipecac, nux vomica, opium, Peruvian bark, alcohol, and tobacco. They forbade them water internally or externally, bled them, and on occasion sawed them asunder. Baths were accounted hazardous; children were sometimes ‘sewed up’ for the season in their winter clothing; and except for the old swimming hole or, with the extremely fastidious, the weekly wash-off in the old wooden tub by the kitchen stove, ablutions were reckoned a part of the unnecessary sorrows.”-Origin & History of Seventh-Day Adventists, Vol.1, pg.335 Health Conditions in the United States in the 1800’s: : Health Conditions in the United States in the 1800’s: Polluted water supplies. Unsanitary means of sewage disposal. Unhygienic methods of food preparation and transport. No control over mosquitoes, flies, and other insect vectors. Rooms were shuttered tight at night because of a fear of night air. Sunlight was shunned. Women’s dresses dragged in the filth of city streets. Babies clung to the filth laden hems of their mother’s garments or crawled on grimy germ-laden floors. Women of high fashion wore the wasp-waist dress, effectively constricting their abdominal organs. Men chewed and spit tobacco everywhere. The work of Pasteur and Robert Koch that formed the foundation for the germ-theory of disease lay 30 years in the future. Diseases that Effected America in the 1800’s: : Diseases that Effected America in the 1800’s: Malaria-the most common and significant endemic disease in the early 19th century. Diarrheal diseases, especially dysentary-characterized by fever, cramps, and a bloody, mucous diarrhea. Respiratory diseases, namely pneumonia, influenza, & tuberculosis-one quarter of the adult

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