Why Can't Women Break Through the Tech Ceiling?

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Technology

Published on March 10, 2014

Author: hannaLDN

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Despite pushes towards greater equality in developed Western nations there still exists a significant gender gap at the highest levels of decision making in business and government. The small number of recognisable female leaders in the field of technology seems to imply that this gender gap is even more pronounced in the technology sector.

Why$can't$women$break$through the$tech$ceiling? March$2014

Introduc)on Despite'pushes'towards'greater'equality'in'developed'Western'na6ons'there's6ll'exists'a'significant'gender'gap'at'the'highest' levels'of'decision'making'in'business'and'government.'The'small'number'of'recognisable'female'leaders'in'the'field'of' technology'seems'to'imply'that'this'gender'gap'is'even'more'pronounced'in'the'technology'sector. This'report'shows'that'gender'inequality'at'the'highest'levels'in'technology'is'not'due'solely'to'a'‘glass'ceiling’'within'the' corporate'technological'sphere'(though'the'crossCsector'data'on'board'composi6on'shows'that'such'a'glass'ceiling'does'exist)' but'is'exacerbated'by'a'persistent'gap'between'the'genders'in'levels'of'par6cipa6on'in'technological'fields'from'early'educa6on' through'the'workforce'to'the'boardroom. The'glass'ceiling'in'technology'is'thicker'and'is'located'not'just'between'the'employee'and'leadership'levels'within'business'but' at'least'as'far'back'as'early'adolescence.

Contents ...................................................................................................................................................................................Methodology 4 ...............................................................................................................................................................Women0in0the0boardroom 5 ................................................................................................................................................................Women0in0the0workforce 8 .........................................................................................................................................................................Women0graduates 11 ...................................................................................................................................................Women0in0secondary0educa>on 13 ...................................................................................................................................................................................In0the0UK 13 ...................................................................................................................................................................................In0France 15 .................................................................................................................................................................................In0Sweden 16 ..........................................................................................................................................................In0the0USA0and0Germany 16 .................................................................................................................................AHtudes0to0science0among014I160year0olds 17 .....................................................................................................................................................................................Conclusion 18 .....................................................................................................................................................................................References 19 .....................................................................................................................................................................................Appendix01 20 .................................................Board0composi>on0of0companies0in0FTSE100,0CAC40,0S&P100,0OMXS30,0DAX0and0TecDAX 20

Methodology The'hypothesis'we'are'tes6ng'applies'to'developed'Western'na6ons'only'since'data'is'more'readily'available'in'this'region.'We' confined'our'analysis'to'the'UK,'USA,'Germany,'France'and'Sweden'as'representa6ves'of'such'countries. The'major'methodological'challenge'was'to'define'the'field'of'‘technology’'in'business'and'educa6on.'Rather'than'limi6ng'the' scope'of'this'report'to'internet'companies'the'decision'was'taken'to'use'the'widely'recognised'STEM'defini6on'for' educa6on:'fields'of'study'in'science,'technology,'engineering,'and'mathema6cs. We'then'projected'this'defini6on'into'the'business'domain'by'choosing'sectors'of'the'economy'and'industries'where'STEM'is' essen6al'to'core'func6ons.'The'categorisa6on'of'companies'for'analysis'of'board'composi6on'then'was'rather'subjec6ve'but' we'have'included'all'the'data'in'Appendix'1'for'scru6ny. To'obtain'data'on'the'composi6on'of'STEM'workforces'by'gender'we'used'data'from'the'Interna6onal'Labour'Organisa6on’s' online'database'and'the'EU'Labour'Force'Sta6s6cs'database. Data'on'graduates'was'taken'from'the'OECD'Educa6on'Database.'Data'on'secondary'educa6on'was'taken'from'the'relevant' country’s'educa6on'authority'or'na6onal'sta6s6cs'databases.

Women4in4the4boardroom An'analysis'of'the'number'of'women'on'boards'of'directors'at'companies'traded'on'the'major'stock'indexes'of'the'UK,'USA,' Germany,'France'and'Sweden'provides'an'insight'into'the'representa6on'of'women'at'the'highest'level'of'technology' companies. While'women'are'generally'underrepresented'on'boards'of'companies'in'all'indexes'(women'occupy'just'19%'of'all'seats)'the' problem'is'more'pronounced'in'STEM'related'companies. Figure'1:'Percentage'of'women'board'members'in'major'stock'indexes'and'in'their'STEM'components,'Appendix'1

Across'all'the'indexes'studied'STEM'related'companies'have,'on'average,'fewer'women'on'the'board'of'directors'than'nonC STEM'companies'(Fig'1). The'differences'are'most'pronounced'in'Sweden,'where'STEM'companies'traded'on'the'OMXS30'have,'on'average,'17%'fewer' women'on'the'board'than'nonCSTEM'companies;'and'in'Germany,'where'STEM'companies'on'the'DAX'or'TecDAX'have,'on' average,'16%'fewer'women'on'the'board'than'nonCSTEM'companies'(Appendix'1). STEM'companies'also'make'up'a'dispropor6onately'large'number'of'the'companies'with'1'or'fewer'women'on'their'boards'and' a'dispropor6onately'small'number'of'the'companies'with'4'or'more'women'on'their'boards'(Fig'2). Figure'2:'STEM'companies'as'a'percentage'of'all,'as'a'percentage'of'those'with'1'or'fewer'women'board'members'and'as'a'percentage'of'those'with'4'or'more' women'board'members,'Appendix'1

In'addi6on'to'the'previous • 31%'of'STEM'companies'have'1'or'fewer'women'on'their'board'of'directors'(as'opposed'to'13%'of'nonCSTEM' companies); • Of'21'companies'studied'with'no'women'on'the'board'of'directors,'19'(or'90%)'were'STEM'companies'(Appendix'1); • When'all'companies'are'ranked'by'female'representa6on'at'board'level,'just'2'of'the'top'10'companies'are'STEM' companies'(Table'1). Table&1:&Top&10&companies&by&female&representa5on&on&board&(FTSE&100,&S&P&100,&DAX+TecDAX,&OMXS30,&CAC40),&Appendix&1 The'glass'ceiling'for'women'seems'to'be'even'thicker'in'technology'related'fields'than'in'the'wider'business'world. Company( Sector STEM? Directors( on(Board Female( Directors %(Female( Directors SEB financial&services 13 6 46.15% SECURITAS security&services 11 5 45.45% HENNES&&&MAURITZ apparel&retail 9 4 44.44% TECHNIP oil&equipment&and&services Y 12 5 41.67% PROCTER&&&GAMBLE&CO consumer&defensiveconsumer&defensive 12 5 41.67% SWEDBANK financial&services 12 5 41.67% ACCOR hotels 10 4 40.00% LEGRAND electrical&components&and& equipment Y 10 4 40.00% SOCIÉTÉ&GÉNÉRALE banks 15 6 40.00% THE&WALT&DISNEY&COMPANY consumer&cyclical 10 4 40.00%

Women4in4the4workforce An'analysis'of'employment'data'for'each'of'the'focus'countries'shows'that'women'are'also'underrepresented'in'the'workforce' within'STEMCrelated'sectors'of'the'economy. Figure'3:'Female'representaEon'in'STEM'workforce'as'a'percentage'of'all'STEM'employment'by'country,'ILOSTAT'Database'2012 Across'our'five'focus'countries'women'make'up,'on'average,'just'28%'of'the'workforce'in'science,'technology,'engineering'and' mathema6cs'related'sectors'of'the'economy.'

When'we'look'at'more'specialised'professions'within'these'sectors'we'see'similar'dispari6es. Figure'4:'Percentage'female'ICT'professionals'by'country,'ILOSTAT'Database'2012 Just'15%'of'ICT'professionals'in'France,'Sweden,'the'UK'and'Germany'are'female.

Figure'5:'Percentage'female'scienEsts'and'engineers'by'country,'EU'Labour'Force'StaEsEcs'2012 Women'make'up'just'35%'of'scien6sts'and'engineers'across'Sweden,'the'UK,'France'and'Germany.'(Though'Sweden'bucks'the' trend'with'over'48%'female'scien6sts'and'engineers.)

Women4graduates Given'the'underrepresenta6on'of'women'in'the'STEM'workforce'of'the'focus'countries'we'would'expect'to'find'a'similar' underrepresenta6on'of'women'among'STEM'graduates,'and'indeed'this'is'the'case. Figure'6:'Percentage'female'graduates'in'STEM'subjects'versus'all'subjects'by'country,'OECD'EducaEon'Database'2008 Women'make'up'just'37%'of'graduates'in'STEM'subjects'across'our'five'focus'countries'whereas'they'cons6tute'nearly'57%'of' all'graduates'(Fig'6). Surprisingly'the'largest'disparity'is'found'in'Sweden'–'the'country'with'the'highest'propor6on'of'female'scien6sts'and' engineers'–'where'64%'of'all'graduates'are'female'but'only'38%'of'graduates'in'STEM'subjects'are'female.

Figure'7:'Percentage'female'graduates'in'STEM'subjects'by'country,'OECD'EducaEon'Database'2008 When'we'look'at'individual'subjects'we'find'that'the'poorest'performing'subjects'in'higher'educa6on'in'terms'of'female' representa6on'are'those'related'to'computer'science'and'engineering. Across'our'focus'countries'just'23%'of'engineering'graduates'and'19%'of'compu6ng'graduates'are'female. • In'France'and'Germany'just'16%'of'computer'science'graduates'are'female. • 64%'of'mathema6cs'graduates'in'Germany'are'female'–'much'more'than'the'average'of'47%'across'the'focus'countries. • Sweden'is'the'poorest'performer'on'gender'in'mathema6cs'and'sta6s6cs'where'just'34%'of'graduates'are'female. • Women'make'up'more'than'50%'of'life'sciences'graduates'in'each'of'the'focus'countries.

Women4in4secondary4educa)on In'the'UK'and'France'the'available'data'shows'females'outperforming'males'in'STEM'subjects'in'secondary'educa6on'but'rarely' making'up'50%'or'more'of'candidates'in'these'subjects. In#the#UK Females'accounted'for'50%'or'more'of'the'candidates'in'just'5'of'23'STEM'subjects'at'GCSE'and'ACLevel'in'the'UK'in'2013'(Fig' 8).'Females'outperformed'males'in'all'but'3'STEM'GCSEs'and'in'all'STEM'ACLevels. Figure'8:'GCSE'parEcipaEon'and'performance'by'gender,'JCQ'V'Provisional'GCSE'(Full'Course)'Results'V'June'2013

Figure'9:'STEM'AVLevel'parEcipaEon'and'performance'by'gender,'JCQ'V'Provisional'GCE'A'Level'Results'V'June'2013

In#France In'France'in'2012'females'made'up'50%'or'more'of'the'candidates'in'5'of'15'STEM'streams'of'the'general'and'technological' baccalauréat'(Fig'10).'Females'outperformed'males'in'all'but'6'STEM'streams. Figure'10:'Baccalauréat'général'et'technologique,'parEcipaEon'and'performance'by'gender'across'STEM'streams,'Résultats'définiEfs'de'la'session'2012'du' baccalauréat'V'France'métropolitaine'et'Dom'y'compris'Mayo_e','Ministre'de'l’ÉducaEon'naEonale

In#Sweden The'percentage'of'women'aged'16C24'with'secondary'educa6on'in'the'fields'of'natural'sciences,'mathema6cs'and'compu6ng' or'engineering'and'manufacturing'(Fig'11)'indicate'that'female'par6cipa6on'in'STEM'related'subjects'is'similarly'low'in'Sweden. Figure'11:'Percentage'females'aged'16V24'with'secondary'educaEon'by'subject'area,'StaEsEcs'Sweden'V'PopulaEon'16V74'years'of'age'by'sex,'age,'naEonal' background,'level'of'educaEonal'a_ainment'and'field'of'educaEon'(ISCED97'first'digit) In#the#USA#and#Germany Insufficient'data'is'available'for'secondary'educa6on'in'the'US'and'Germany'(largely'due'to'the'responsibility'for'educa6on' falling'at'state'level).'Data'from'the'OECD'Educa6on'Database'is'not'sufficiently'granular'for'an'analysis'at'this'level.

A4tudes#to#science#among#14<16#year#olds A'2010'survey'conducted'by'the'Department'for'Business,'Innova6on'and'Skills'of'500'secondary'school'students'aged'14C16' found • female'students'were'significantly'less'likely'than'male'students'to'strongly'agree'with'the'statement'‘I'am'amazed'by' the'achievements'of'science’; • females'were'significantly'less'likely'than'males'to'disagree'with'the'statement'‘I'don’t'think'I’m'clever'enough'to' understand'science'and'technology’; • 23%'of'males'listed'science'as'their'favourite'subject'compared'to'just'13%'of'females.

Conclusion At'the'highest'levels'of'business'in'developed'Western'na6ons'there'is'a'more'pronounced'gender'gap'in'technologyCrelated' sectors. This'gender'gap'is'not'solely'due'to'a'glass'ceiling'for'women'in'the'business'world,'though'the'complete'set'of'data'on'board' composi6on'proves'that'this'glass'ceiling'does'exist.'Rather'the'gender'gap'in'STEM'emerges'at'least'as'early'as'during' secondary'educa6on. Female'par6cipa6on'in'STEM'subjects'is'significantly'lower'than'males'in'Western'developed'na6ons.'This'leads'to'lower' female'par6cipa6on'in'the'STEM'workforce'in'these'na6ons'and'produces'a'much'smaller'pool'from'which'female'leaders'can' emerge. Lower'female'par6cipa6on'in'STEM'subjects'is'due'not'to'ability.'Female'students'tend'to'outperform'males'in'almost'all'STEM' subjects'and'make'up'a'larger'propor6on'of'scien6sts'and'engineers'than'their'par6cipa6on'in'the'STEM'workforce'would' imply,'especially'in'Sweden'(Fig'5).'Rather,'as'implied'by'the'survey'conducted'in'the'UK,'aitudes'to'science'and'technology' among'females'in'secondary'educa6on'are'considerably'more'nega6ve'than'those'of'their'male'counterparts. These'nega6ve'aitudes,'unjus6fied'by'academic'achievement,'suggest'that'greater'efforts'are'required'to'encourage'and' promote'female'par6cipa6on'in'STEM'subjects.

References ILOSTAT'Database EU'Labour'Force'Sta6s6cs OECD'Educa6on'Database Provisional'GCSE'(Full'Course)'Results,'Joint'Council'for'Qualifica6ons,'June'2013 Provisional'GCE'A'Level'Results,'Joint'Council'for'Qualifica6ons,'June'2013 Résultats'définiEfs'de'la'session'2012'du'baccalauréat,'Ministre'de'l’Éduca6on'na6onale PopulaEon'16V74'years'of'age'by'sex,'age,'naEonal'background,'level'of'educaEonal'a_ainment'and'field'of'educaEon'(ISCED97' first'digit),'Sta6s6cs'Sweden Abtudes'to'Science:'Survey'of'14V16'Year'Olds,'Department'for'Business,'Innova6on'and'Skills,'January'2010 The'Female'FTSE'Board'Report'2013,'Cranfield'University'School'of'Management 2020'Women'on'Boards'Gender'Diversity'Directory

Appendix41 Board#composiAon#of#companies#in#FTSE100,#CAC40,#S&P100,#OMXS30,#DAX#and#TecDAX Explanatory#notes Data'for'the'FTSE100'was'taken'from'the'Cranfield'report. Data'for'the'S&P100'was'taken'from'the'2020'Women'on'Boards'Gender'Diversity'Directory. Data'for'the'CAC40,'OMXS30'and'DAX'companies'was'taken'from'the'corporate'websites'of'the'companies'themselves. In'France'and'Germany'where'companies'have'a'dual'board'structure'both'supervisory'and'execu6ve'boards'were'counted. Only'29'companies'appear'for'OMXS30'since'Atlas'Copco'appears'twice'(both'A'and'B'classes'of'stocks'appear'on'the'index). In'Sweden'deputy'board'members'were'not'counted. Table'2:'Board'composiEon'by'gender'FTSE100,'CAC40,'S&P100,'OMXS30,'DAX'and'TecDAX Index Company( Sector STEM? Directors(on(Board Female(Directors %(Female(Directors FTSE100 ABERDEEN&ASSET&MANAGEMENT&PLC& fund&management 14 4 28.60% FTSE100 ADMIRAL&GROUP&PLC& insurance 12 3 25.00% FTSE100 AGGREKO&PLC& generator&hire 10 2 20.00% FTSE100 AMEC&PLC& consul5ng 8 1 12.50% FTSE100 ANGLO&AMERICAN&PLC& mining Y 11 2 18.20% FTSE100 ANTOFAGASTA&PLC& mining Y 9 0 0.00% FTSE100 ARM&HLDGS&PLC& engineering Y 11 2 18.20% FTSE100 ASSOCIATED&BRITISH&FOODS&PLC& food 8 1 12.50% FTSE100 ASTRAZENECA&PLC& pharmaceu5cals Y 12 3 25.00% FTSE100 AVIVA&PLC& insurance 12 1 8.30% FTSE100 BABCOCK&INTERNATIONAL&GROUP&PLC& consul5ng 11 2 18.20%

FTSE100 BAE&SYSTEMS&PLC& military Y 11 3 27.30% FTSE100 BARCLAYS&PLC& banking 13 2 15.40% FTSE100 BG&GROUP&PLC& oil&and&gas Y 13 2 15.40% FTSE100 BHP&BILLITON&PLC& mining Y 13 2 15.40% FTSE100 BP&PLC& oil&and&gas Y 15 2 13.30% FTSE100 BRITISH&AMERICAN&TOBACCO&PLC& tobacco 13 3 23.10% FTSE100 BRITISH&LAND&CO&PLC& property 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 BRITISH&SKY&BROADCASTING&GROUP&PLC&(BSKYB)&media 14 1 7.10% FTSE100 BT&GROUP&PLC& telecomms Y 10 3 30.00% FTSE100 BUNZL&PLC& industrial&products Y 9 1 11.10% FTSE100 BURBERRY&GROUP&PLC& fashion 8 3 37.50% FTSE100 CAPITA&PLC& support&services 9 3 33.30% FTSE100 CARNIVAL&PLC& leisure 14 2 14.30% FTSE100 CENTRICA&PLC& energy Y 12 3 25.00% FTSE100 COMPASS&GROUP&PLC& food 10 1 10.00% FTSE100 CRH&PLC& building&materials Y 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 CRODA&INTERNATIONAL&PLC& chemicals Y 13 0 0.00% FTSE100 DIAGEO&PLC& beverages Y 11 4 36.40% FTSE100 EURASIAN&NATURAL&RESOURCES&CORP&PLC& mining Y 12 1 8.30% FTSE100 EVRAZ&PLC& mining Y 10 1 10.00% FTSE100 EXPERIAN&PLC& informa5on 12 3 25.00% FTSE100 FRESNILLO&PLC& mining Y 13 1 7.70% FTSE100 G4S&PLC& security 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 GKN&PLC& manufacturing Y 10 1 10.00% FTSE100 GLAXOSMITHKLINE&PLC& pharmaceu5cals Y 15 5 33.30% FTSE100 GLENCORE&INTERNATIONAL&PLC& mining Y 8 0 0.00% FTSE100 HAMMERSON&PLC& property 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 HARGREAVES&LANSDOWN&PLC& finance 8 1 12.50% FTSE100 HSBC&HLDGS&PLC& banking 17 4 23.50% FTSE100 IMI&PLC& engineering Y 11 2 20.00% FTSE100 IMPERIAL&TOBACCO&GROUP&PLC& tobacco 11 2 18.20% FTSE100 INTERCONTINENTAL&HOTELS&GROUP&PLC& hotels 11 3 27.30% FTSE100 INTERNATIONAL&CONSOLIDATED&AIRLINES& GROUP&SA&(IAG)& transport&air Y 14 1 7.10% FTSE100 INTERTEK&GROUP&PLC& product&tes5ng Y 9 2 22.20%

FTSE100 INTU&PROPERTIES&(FORMERLY&CAPITAL& SHOPPING&CENTRES&GROUP&PLC)& property&services 14 2 14.30% FTSE100 ITV&PLC& media 8 1 12.50% FTSE100 JOHNSON&MATTHEY&PLC& chemicals Y 9 1 11.10% FTSE100 KAZAKHMYS&PLC& mining Y 9 0 0.00% FTSE100 KINGFISHER&PLC& retail&homeware 11 3 27.30% FTSE100 LAND&SECURITIES&GROUP&PLC& property 10 2 20.00% FTSE100 LEGAL&&&GENERAL&GROUP&PLC& insurance 13 2 15.40% FTSE100 LLOYDS&BANKING&GROUP& banking 12 3 25.00% FTSE100 MARKS&&&SPENCER&GROUP&PLC& retailer 14 3 21.40% FTSE100 MEGGITT&PLC& engineering Y 10 1 10.00% FTSE100 MELROSE&INDUSTRIES&PLC& finance 8 0 0.00% FTSE100 MORRISON&(WM.)&SUPERMARKETS&PLC& supermarket 8 2 25.00% FTSE100 NATIONAL&GRID&PLC& energy Y 14 3 21.40% FTSE100 NEXT&PLC& retail&clothing 10 2 20.00% FTSE100 OLD&MUTUAL&PLC& insurance 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 PEARSON&PLC& publishing 11 3 27.30% FTSE100 PETROFAC&LTD& oil&and&gas Y 11 1 9.10% FTSE100 POLYMETAL&INTERNATIONAL&PLC& mining Y 9 1 11.10% FTSE100 PRUDENTIAL&PLC& finance 16 1 6.30% FTSE100 RANDGOLD&RESOURCES&LTD& mining Y 9 1 11.10% FTSE100 RECKITT&BENCKISER&GROUP&PLC& consumer&goods 10 1 10.00% FTSE100 REED&ELSEVIER&PLC& publishing 10 2 20.00% FTSE100 RESOLUTION&LTD& investment 10 1 10.00% FTSE100 REXAM&PLC& packaging 7 1 14.30% FTSE100 RIO&TINTO&PLC& mining Y 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 ROLLShROYCE&HOLDINGS&PLC& manufacturing Y 14 2 13.30% FTSE100 ROYAL&BANK&OF&SCOTLAND&GROUP&PLC& banking 12 3 25.00% FTSE100 ROYAL&DUTCH&SHELL&PLC& oil&and&gas Y 13 2 15.40% FTSE100 RSA&INSURANCE&GROUP&PLC& insurance 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 SABMILLER&PLC& beverages Y 16 3 18.80% FTSE100 SAGE&GROUP&PLC& it Y 7 2 28.60% FTSE100 SAINSBURY(J)&PLC& supermarket 9 2 22.20% FTSE100 SCHRODERS&PLC& fund&management 12 2 16.70% FTSE100 SERCO&GROUP&PLC& outsourced&services 7 1 14.30%

FTSE100 SEVERN&TRENT&PLC& water Y 11 1 9.10% FTSE100 SHIRE&PLC& pharmaceu5cals Y 11 2 18.20% FTSE100 SMITH&&&NEPHEW&PLC& medical Y 10 3 30.00% FTSE100 SMITHS&GROUP&PLC& engineering Y 8 2 25.00% FTSE100 SSE&PLC& energy Y 9 2 22.20% FTSE100 STANDARD&CHARTERED&PLC& banking 21 3 14.30% FTSE100 STANDARD&LIFE&PLC& fund&management 12 4 33.30% FTSE100 TATE&&&LYLE&PLC& food 10 3 30.00% FTSE100 TESCO&PLC& supermarket 9 2 22.20% FTSE100 TUI&TRAVEL&PLC& leisure 15 2 13.30% FTSE100 TULLOW&OIL&PLC& oil&and&gas Y 11 2 18.20% FTSE100 UNILEVER&PLC& consumer&goods 12 3 25.00% FTSE100 UNITED&UTILITIES&GROUP&PLC& water Y 8 2 25.00% FTSE100 VEDANTA& mining Y 10 0 0.00% FTSE100 VODAFONE&GROUP&PLC& telecomms Y 13 2 15.40% FTSE100 WEIR&GROUP&PLC&(THE)& engineering Y 9 1 11.10% FTSE100 WHITBREAD&PLC& retail&hospitality 13 4 30.80% FTSE100 WOLSELEY&PLC& building&materials Y 10 2 20.00% FTSE100 WOOD&GROUP&(JOHN)&PLC& oil&and&gas Y 13 1 7.70% FTSE100 WPP& media 15 2 13.30% FTSE100 XSTRATA&PLC& mining Y 10 0 0.00% CAC40 ACCOR hotels 10 4 40.00% CAC40 AIR&LIQUIDE commodity&chemicals Y 11 3 27.27% CAC40 ALSTOM industrial&machinery Y 14 4 28.57% CAC40 ARCELORMITTAL steel Y 11 2 18.18% CAC40 AXA full&line&insurance 14 5 35.71% CAC40 BNP&PARIBAS banks 14 5 35.71% CAC40 BOUYGUES heavy&construc5on Y 18 6 33.33% CAC40 CAPGEMINI computer&services Y 12 3 25.00% CAC40 CARREFOUR food&retailers&and&wholesalersfood&retailers&and&wholesalers 14 3 21.43% CAC40 CRÉDIT&AGRICOLE banks 21 6 28.57% CAC40 EADS aerospace Y 12 1 8.33% CAC40 EDF electricity Y 18 4 22.22% CAC40 ESSILOR medical&supplies Y 15 4 26.67% CAC40 GDF&SUEZ gas&distribu5on Y 18 6 33.33%

CAC40 GEMALTO cyber&security Y 11 3 27.27% CAC40 GROUPE&DANONE food&products 13 3 23.08% CAC40 L'ORÉAL personal&products 14 4 28.57% CAC40 LAFARGE building&materials&and&fixtures Y 15 3 20.00% CAC40 LEGRAND electrical&components&and& equipment Y 10 4 40.00% CAC40 LVMH clothing&and&accessoriesclothing&and&accessories 17 3 17.65% CAC40 MICHELIN 5res 19 4 21.05% CAC40 ORANGE telecommunica5ons Y 15 4 26.67% CAC40 PERNOD&RICARD dis5llers&and&vintnersdis5llers&and&vintners 14 4 28.57% CAC40 PPR broadline&retailers 11 4 36.36% CAC40 PUBLICIS* media&agencies 18 7 38.89% CAC40 RENAULT automobiles Y 19 4 21.05% CAC40 SAFRAN aerospace&and&defence Y 15 5 33.33% CAC40 SAINThGOBAIN building&materials&and&fixtures Y 16 6 37.50% CAC40 SANOFI pharmaceu5cals Y 16 4 25.00% CAC40 SCHNEIDER&ELECTRIC electrical&components&and& equipment Y 13 3 23.08% CAC40 SOCIÉTÉ&GÉNÉRALE banks 15 6 40.00% CAC40 SOLVAY chemicals Y 15 3 20.00% CAC40 STMICROELECTRONICS semiconductors Y 9 2 22.22% CAC40 TECHNIP oil&equipment&and&services Y 12 5 41.67% CAC40 TOTAL integrated&oil&and&gas Y 15 5 33.33% CAC40 UNIBAILhRODAMCO real&estate&investment&trustsreal&estate&investment&trusts 16 3 18.75% CAC40 VALLOUREC industrial&machinery Y 14 4 28.57% CAC40 VEOLIA&ENVIRONNEMENT water Y 17 3 17.65% CAC40 VINCI heavy&construc5on Y 12 4 33.33% CAC40 VIVENDI broadcas5ng&and&entertainmentbroadcas5ng&and&entertainment 17 5 29.41% S&P&100 3M&COMPANY industrials Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 ABBOTT&LABORATORIES healthcare Y 11 4 36.36% S&P&100 ABBVIE&INC. healthcare Y 9 1 11.11% S&P&100 ACCENTURE&PLC technology Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 ALLSTATE&CORP. financial&services 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 ALTRIA&GROUP consumer&defensive 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 AMAZON.COM consumer&cyclical 9 2 22.22%

S&P&100 AMERICAN&ELECTRIC&POWER&CO. u5li5es Y 14 3 21.43% S&P&100 AMERICAN&EXPRESS&INC. financial&services 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 AMERICAN&INTERNATIONAL&GROUP&INC. financial&services 13 2 15.38% S&P&100 AMGEN&INC. healthcare Y 13 2 15.38% S&P&100 ANADARKO&PETROLEUM&CORPORATION energy Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 APACHE&CORP. energy Y 11 0 0.00% S&P&100 APPLE&INC. technology Y 8 1 12.50% S&P&100 AT&T&INC communica5on&services Y 14 4 28.57% S&P&100 BANK&OF&AMERICA&CORP financial&services 15 4 26.67% S&P&100 BANK&OF&NEW&YORK financial&services 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 BAXTER&INTERNATIONAL&INC healthcare Y 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 BERKSHIRE&HATHAWAY financial&services 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 BOEING&CO. industrials Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 BRISTOLhMYERS&SQUIBB healthcare Y 10 2 20.00% S&P&100 CAPITAL&ONE&FINANCIAL&CORP. financial&services 10 2 20.00% S&P&100 CATERPILLAR&INC industrials Y 15 1 6.67% S&P&100 CHEVRON energy Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 CISCO&SYSTEMS technology Y 14 3 21.43% S&P&100 CITIGROUP&INC financial&services 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 COLGATEhPALMOLIVE&CO. consumer&defensive 10 2 20.00% S&P&100 COMCAST&CORPORATION communica5on&services Y 11 1 9.09% S&P&100 CONOCOPHILLIPS energy Y 9 2 22.22% S&P&100 COSTCO consumer&defensive 14 2 14.29% S&P&100 CVS&CAREMARK consumer&defensive 9 2 22.22% S&P&100 DEVON&ENERGY energy Y 8 1 12.50% S&P&100 DOW&CHEMICAL basic&materials Y 10 2 20.00% S&P&100 DUPONT real&estate 8 0 0.00% S&P&100 EBAY&INC. technology Y 11 1 9.09% S&P&100 ELI&LILLY&AND&COMPANY healthcare Y 14 4 28.57% S&P&100 EMC&CORPORATION technology Y 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 EMERSON&ELECTRIC&CO. technology Y 12 1 8.33% S&P&100 EXELON u5li5es Y 16 2 12.50% S&P&100 EXXON&MOBIL&CORP energy Y 13 2 15.38% S&P&100 FACEBOOK technology Y 8 2 25.00% S&P&100 FEDEX industrials Y 12 2 16.67%

S&P&100 FORD&MOTOR consumer&cyclical 15 2 13.33% S&P&100 FREEPORThMCMORAN basic&materials Y 16 2 12.50% S&P&100 GENERAL&DYNAMICS industrials Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 GENERAL&ELECTRIC&CO. industrials Y 17 5 29.41% S&P&100 GENERAL&MOTORS consumer&cyclical 14 4 28.57% S&P&100 GILEAD&SCIENCES healthcare Y 10 2 20.00% S&P&100 GOLDMAN&SACHS financial&services 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 GOOGLE&INC. technology Y 10 3 30.00% S&P&100 HALLIBURTON energy Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 HEWLETT&PACKARD&CO technology Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 HOME&DEPOT consumer&cyclical 11 3 27.27% S&P&100 HONEYWELL industrials Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 INTEL&CORPORATION technology Y 10 2 20.00% S&P&100 INTERNATIONAL&BUSINESS&MACHINES technology Y 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 JOHNSON&&&JOHNSON&INC healthcare Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 JP&MORGAN&CHASE&&&CO financial&services 10 2 20.00% S&P&100 LOCKHEEDhMARTIN industrials Y 12 4 33.33% S&P&100 LOWE'S consumer&cyclical 11 1 9.09% S&P&100 MASTERCARD&INC financial&services 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 MCDONALD'S&CORP consumer&cyclical 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 MEDTRONIC&INC. healthcare Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 MERCK&&&CO. healthcare Y 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 METLIFE&INC. financial&services 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 MICROSOFT technology Y 9 2 22.22% S&P&100 MONDELĒZ&INTERNATIONAL consumer&defensive 11 3 27.27% S&P&100 MONSANTO basic&materials Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 MORGAN&STANLEY financial&services 15 2 13.33% S&P&100 NATIONAL&OILWELL&VARCO energy Y 8 0 0.00% S&P&100 NIKE consumer&cyclical 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 NORFOLK&SOUTHERN&CORP industrials Y 12 1 8.33% S&P&100 OCCIDENTAL&PETROLEUM&CORP. energy Y 8 1 12.50% S&P&100 ORACLE&CORPORATION technology Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 PEPSICO&INC. consumer&defensive 13 4 30.77% S&P&100 PFIZER&INC healthcare Y 12 4 33.33% S&P&100 PHILLIP&MORRIS&INTERNATIONAL consumer&defensive 13 2 15.38%

S&P&100 PROCTER&&&GAMBLE&CO consumer&defensive 12 5 41.67% S&P&100 QUALCOMM&INC. technology Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 RAYTHEON&CO industrials Y 8 1 12.50% S&P&100 SCHLUMBERGER energy Y 11 1 9.09% S&P&100 SIMON&PROPERTY&GROUP,&INC. real&estate 10 1 10.00% S&P&100 SOUTHERN&COMPANY u5li5es Y 13 2 15.38% S&P&100 STARBUCKS&CORPORATION consumer&cyclical 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 TARGET&CORP. consumer&defensive 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 TEXAS&INSTRUMENTS technology Y 11 4 36.36% S&P&100 THE&COCAhCOLA&COMPANY consumer&defensive 17 4 23.53% S&P&100 THE&WALT&DISNEY&COMPANY consumer&cyclical 10 4 40.00% S&P&100 TIME&WARNER&INC. consumer&cyclical 12 2 16.67% S&P&100 TWENTYhFIRST&CENTURY&FOX,&INC consumer&cyclical 13 1 7.69% S&P&100 UNION&PACIFIC&CORP. industrials Y 13 1 7.69% S&P&100 UNITED&PARCEL&SERVICE&INC industrials Y 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 UNITED&TECHNOLOGIES&CORP industrials Y 12 3 25.00% S&P&100 UNITEDHEALTH&GROUP&INC. healthcare Y 11 2 18.18% S&P&100 US&BANCORP financial&services 14 3 21.43% S&P&100 VERIZON&COMMUNICATIONS&INC communica5on&services Y 13 4 30.77% S&P&100 VISA&INC. financial&services 10 3 30.00% S&P&100 WALGREENS consumer&defensive 13 3 23.08% S&P&100 WALhMART consumer&defensive 16 4 25.00% S&P&100 WELLS&FARGO financial&services 14 5 35.71% OMXS30 ABB industrial&machinery Y 8 1 12.50% OMXS30 ALFA&LAVAL industrial&machinery Y 12 3 25.00% OMXS30 ASSA&ABLOY building&products Y 10 2 20.00% OMXS30 ASTRAZENECA pharmaceu5cals Y 12 3 25.00% OMXS30 ATLAS&COPCO industrial&machinery Y 13 3 23.08% OMXS30 BOLIDEN mining Y 11 3 27.27%

OMXS30 ELECTROLUX household&appliances Y 13 4 30.77% OMXS30 ERICSSON communica5ons&equipment Y 15 5 33.33% OMXS30 GETINGE medical&technology Y 9 2 22.22% OMXS30 HENNES&&&MAURITZ apparel&retail 9 4 44.44% OMXS30 INVESTOR mul5hsector&holdings 14 3 21.43% OMXS30 LUNDIN&PETROLEUM oil&and&gas Y 8 2 25.00% OMXS30 MODERN&TIMES&GROUP broadcas5ng 7 2 28.57% OMXS30 NOKIA communica5ons&equipment Y 9 2 22.22% OMXS30 NORDEA financial&services 9 3 33.33% OMXS30 SANDVIK industrial&machinery Y 10 1 10.00% OMXS30 SCA paper&products 12 2 16.67% OMXS30 SCANIA construc5on&and&farm& machinery Y 12 1 8.33% OMXS30 SEB financial&services 13 6 46.15% OMXS30 SECURITAS security&services 11 5 45.45% OMXS30 SKANSKA construc5on&and&engineering Y 13 2 15.38% OMXS30 SKF industrial&machinery Y 11 2 18.18% OMXS30 SSAB steel Y 12 1 8.33% OMXS30 SVENSKA&HANDELSBANKEN financial&services 11 3 27.27%

OMXS30 SWEDBANK financial&services 12 5 41.67% OMXS30 SWEDISH&MATCH tobacco 10 4 40.00% OMXS30 TELE2 telecoms Y 8 2 25.00% OMXS30 TELIASONERA telecoms Y 11 4 36.36% OMXS30 VOLVO&GROUP construc5on&and&farm& machinery Y 14 2 14.29% TecDAX ADVA&OPTICAL&NETWORKING telecoms&equipment Y 6 1 16.67% TecDAX AIXTRON semiconductors Y 9 1 11.11% TecDAX BB&BIOTECH biotech Y 3 0 0.00% TecDAX BECHTLE it Y 15 3 20.00% TecDAX CANCOM&AG it Y 7 1 14.29% TecDAX CARL&ZEISS&MEDITEC medical&technology Y 9 1 11.11% TecDAX COMPUGROUP&MEDICAL somware Y 9 0 0.00% TecDAX DIALOG&SEMICONDUCTOR semiconductors Y 9 0 0.00% TecDAX DRÄGERWERK medical&technology Y 16 1 6.25% TecDAX DRILLISCH telecoms Y 8 1 12.50% TecDAX EVOTEC biotech Y 10 1 10.00% TecDAX FREENET telecoms Y 15 3 20.00% TecDAX JENOPTIK electronics Y 13 2 15.38% TecDAX KONTRON electronics Y 10 0 0.00% TecDAX LPKF&LASER&&&ELECTRONICS electronics Y 7 0 0.00% TecDAX MORPHOSYS biotech Y 10 2 20.00% TecDAX NEMETSCHEK&AG somware Y 6 0 0.00% TecDAX NORDEX renewables Y 9 1 11.11% TecDAX PFEIFFER&VACUUM manufacturing Y 9 1 11.11% TecDAX PSI&AG somware Y 8 1 12.50% TecDAX QIAGEN biotech Y 15 2 13.33% TecDAX QSC telecoms Y 10 4 40.00% TecDAX SARTORIUS biotech Y 15 3 20.00% TecDAX SMA&SOLAR&TECHNOLOGY electronics Y 15 1 6.67% TecDAX SOFTWARE&AG somware Y 19 3 15.79% TecDAX STRATEC&BIOMEDICAL&SYSTEMS biotech Y 7 0 0.00%

TecDAX TELEFÓNICA&GERMANY telecoms Y 19 6 31.58% TecDAX UNITED&INTERNET telecoms Y 6 0 0.00% TecDAX WIRECARD financial&tech Y 6 0 0.00% TecDAX XING somware Y 10 1 10.00% DAX ADIDAS clothing 17 2 11.76% DAX ALLIANZ insurance 23 5 21.74% DAX BASF chemicals Y 19 3 15.79% DAX BAYER pharmaceu5cals Y 25 3 12.00% DAX BEIERSDORF consumer&goods 15 4 26.67% DAX BMW manufacturing Y 28 5 17.86% DAX COMMERZBANK banking 28 6 21.43% DAX CONTINENTAL manufacturing Y 29 2 6.90% DAX DAIMLER manufacturing Y 27 5 18.52% DAX DEUTSCHE&BANK banking 27 7 25.93% DAX DEUTSCHE&BÖRSE securi5es 23 5 21.74% DAX DEUTSCHE&LUFTHANSA transport&avia5on Y 27 8 29.63% DAX DEUTSCHE&POST communica5ons Y 27 7 25.93% DAX DEUTSCHE&TELEKOM communica5ons Y 27 7 25.93% DAX E.ON energy Y 18 2 11.11% DAX FRESENIUS medical Y 25 0 0.00% DAX FRESENIUS&MEDICAL&CARE medical Y 14 0 0.00% DAX HEIDELBERGCEMENT building Y 18 1 5.56% DAX HENKEL consumer&goods 22 8 36.36% DAX INFINEON&TECHNOLOGIES semiconductors Y 15 2 13.33% DAX K+S chemicals Y 22 2 9.09% DAX LANXESS chemicals Y 16 2 12.50% DAX LINDE industrial&gases Y 17 2 11.76% DAX MERCK pharmaceu5cals Y 21 3 14.29% DAX MUNICH&RE insurance 29 5 17.24% DAX RWE energy Y 24 3 12.50% DAX SAP it Y 21 4 19.05% DAX SIEMENS electronics Y 27 5 18.52% DAX THYSSENKRUPP manufacturing Y 24 3 12.50% DAX VOLKSWAGEN&GROUP manufacturing Y 29 3 10.34%

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