Who is SHIA ?

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Information about Who is SHIA ?

Published on October 26, 2007

Author: moralsandethics



Who is Shia ? …The true follower of Ahlul Bayt (a)

Perhaps... one may think that the Shia of Ahlul Bayt (a) is someone who is born in a shia family, or someone who participates in the azadari of Imam Husain (a)… someone who only claims to love Prophet (s) and His Ahlul Bayt (a)... but has nothing to do with obedience to the teachings of Islam…

ِ ‫الما ُ عل ّ عليه السلم : ِيع ِي وا ِ ، الحَما ُ ، العَما ُ ِا‬ ّ ‫ُل ء ُل ء ب‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ّ ‫ش َت‬ ‫مي‬ ، ٍ ‫و ِي ِ ِ ، العا ِلو َ بطاع ِ ِ وأمر ِ ، ال ُه َ ُو َ ِح ّ ِ ، أنضا ُ ِباد‬ ‫ء ع َة‬ ‫ِه م تد ن ب ُبه‬ ‫َته‬ ‫من‬ ‫د نه‬ ‫ِ...أحل ُ َهاد ٍ ، ُف ُ ال ُجو ِ ِن الت َ ّد‬ ‫س ز َة ص ر و ه م ّهج‬ Imam Ali (a): My Shias ! By God ! The forbearers, the knowledgeable of God and His religion, actively following Him and His orders, guided by His love, appear weak because of worship, seekers of seclusion for their piousness, of pale complexion because of their night prayers…

... ِ ‫ُم ُ ال ُيو ِ ِن ال ُكا ِ ، ذ ُ ُ ال ّفا ِ ِن ال ّك ِ ، ُم ُ ال ُطو‬ ‫ع ش ع ن م ب ء ُبل ش ه م ذ ر خ ص ب ن‬ ، ‫ِ َ ال ّوى ، ُع َ ُ الر ّان ّ ُ في ُ ُوه ِم ، وال ّهبان ّ ُ في َمت ِم‬ ‫ر ية س ِه‬ ‫ت رف ّب ية وج ِه‬ ‫من ط‬ ٍ َ ‫... َصابي ُ ُ ّ ُل‬ ‫ح كل ظ مة‬ ‫م‬ …their eyes are weak because of weeping, their lips are dry because of remembrance of God, their stomachs are sunken because of eating in moderation, their faces reveal Godliness, and simplicity is apparent from their appearance, they are guiding lights in every darkness…

... ‫إن ش ِ ُوا َم ُع َ ُوا ، وإن غابوا َم ُف َ َ ُوا ، ُولئ َ ِيع ِي‬ ‫ا ك ش َت‬ ‫ل ي تقد‬ ‫َهد ل ي رف‬ ‫الطي ُو َ وإخواني الكر ُو َ ، أل هاه َوقً إَي ِم‬ ‫ش ا له‬ ‫َم ن‬ ‫َب ن‬ …they are not recognized even when seen, they are not remembered when not present, these are my pure shias and my respected brothers. Ah ! I wish so much to meet them… [al-Amali, Toosi, p. 1189, hadith # 576]

‫الما ُ الباق ُ عليه السلم : ما ِيع ُنا إ ّ َ ِ ا ّقى ا َ وأطا َ ُ ، وما‬ ‫عه‬ ‫ش َت ل من ت ل‬ ّ ‫مر‬ ‫ل‬ ّ ‫نة ك َة ذ ر‬ ِ ‫كانوا ُع َ ُو َ إ ّ بال ّوا ُ ِ وال ّ َ ّ ِ وأدا ِ الما َ ِ و َثر ِ ِك ِ ا‬ ‫ي رف ن ل ت ضع تخشع ء‬ Imam al-Baqir (a): No one is our shia except by the fear of God and His obedience, and they are not recognized except by their humbleness, reverence, trustworthiness, and abundance of remembrance of God. [Tuhaf al-Uqool, hadith # 295]

، ِ ‫الما ُ ال ّادق عليه السلم : ِي َ ُنا أه ُ ال َ َ ِ والج ِها‬ ‫تد‬ ‫ش عت ل ورع‬ ‫مص‬ ‫وأه ُ ال َفا ِ والما َ ِ ، وأه ُ ال ّه ِ وال ِباد ِ ، أصحا ُ إحدى‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ل ز د ع َة‬ ‫نة‬ ‫ل وء‬ ِ َ‫...و َمسي َ َك َ ً في ال َو ِ والّي‬ ‫ي م ل لة‬ ‫خ ن ر عة‬ Imam al-Sadiq (a) : Our shias are those who are pious and men of solid opinion, they are loyal and trustworthy, they are men of piety and worship, they pray fifty one rak’ats prayers during day and night…

َ ‫، القائمو َ بالّي ِ ، الصائمو َ بال ّها ِ ، ُز ّو َ أموال ُم ، و َ ُ ّو‬ ‫يحج ن‬ ‫َه‬ ‫ن ن ر ي َك ن‬ ‫ن لل‬ ‫َ ِب ن كل محرم‬ ٍ ّ َ ُ ّ ُ َ ‫ال َي َ ، ويَجتن ُو‬ ‫بت‬ …they are usually awake in the night, they observe fasts during the day, they purify their property (by paying poor-rate) they perform Hajj of Ka’aba, they abstain from all that which is forbidden. [al-Bihar, v.68, p. 167, hadith # 23]

‫الما ُ الباق ُ عليه السلم : ل َذهبْ ب ُ ُ ال َذا ِ ُ ، ف َا ِ ما‬ ‫ل‬ ّ ‫ت َ ِكم م هب و‬ ‫مر‬ ‫ع ّ عز ل‬ ّ ‫ِيع ُنا إ ّ َن أطا َ ا َ َ ّوج‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ش َت ل م‬ Imam al-Baqir (a): You shouldn’t be mislead by different views (in Islam), for by God nobody is our shia except by obedience to God, the powerful and magnificent. [al-Kafi, v.2, p. 73, hadith # 1]

ُ ُ‫الما ُ الكاظ ُ عليه السلم... : ِي َ ُ عِ ّ َن َ ّ َ َوَ ُ ِع‬ ‫ش عة َلي م صدق ق له ف له‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ Imam al-Kazim (a) : … the Shia of Ali (a) is the one whose action testifies his words. [al-Kafi, v.8, p. 228, hadith # 290]

َ ‫الما ُ عل ّ عليه السلم : شيع ُنا ُ ُ العا ِ ُو َ ِا ِ ، العامُو‬ ‫ِل ن‬ ‫ل‬ ّ ‫َت هم رف ن ب‬ ‫مي‬ ‫طق ن ص ب م ك ُه ق ت‬ ُ ‫ِأم ِ ا ِ ، أه ُ ال َضائ ِ ، النا ِ ُو َ بال ّوا ِ ، َأ ُول ُم ال ُو‬ ‫لف ل‬ ّ ‫بر‬ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫، و َل َس ُ ُ الق ِصا‬ ‫م ب ُهم ت د‬ Imam Ali (a): Our Shia are those who are gnostics of Allah, they act according to the orders of God, they possess excellences, they speak only truth, their food is limited to gaining strength, their dress is simple….

ُ ُ ‫... َح َ ُ ُم َرضى وقد ُوِ ُوا وما ُم بذل َ ،، ومَشي ُ ُ ال ّوا‬ ‫ُهم ت ضع‬ ‫هك‬ ‫خ لط‬ ‫ت سبه م‬ ، ‫َل خا َ َ ُم ِن َ َ َ ِ َ ّهم و ِد ِ ُلطا ِ ِ ما طا َت َ ُ قُوب ُم‬ ‫ش له ُل ُه‬ ‫مره م عظمة رب ش ّة س نه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و َهلتْ ِن ُ ُقول ُم‬ ‫ذ َِ م ه ع ُه‬ ...their behavior is humble, you think that they have lost their senses, but its not like that, instead, the greatness of their Lord has made them oblivion and His power has overwhelmed their hearts and taken over their intellects…

‫، فإذا اشتا ُوا ِن ذل َ با َ ُوا إلى ا ِ تعالى ِالعما ِ الزك ّ ِ ، ل‬ ‫ل ّ ِية‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ل‬ ّ ‫ق م ك در‬ ‫ي ت ثر ن له جز ل‬ َ ‫َر َو َ َ ُ بال َلي ِ ، ول َس َك ِ ُو َ َ ُ ال َ ِي‬ ‫ي ض ن له ق ل‬ …So when they strongly wish of Him, they promptly strive to do pure actions before God, the most High; they are not happy with few good actions, and they never take their abundant good actions to be sufficient. [al-Bihar, v.78, p. 29, hadith # 96]

ٌ ‫الما ُ الباق ُ عليه السلم - في ِف ِ ال ّي َ ِ - : إ ّهم ُصو‬ ‫نحن‬ ‫ص ة ش عة‬ ‫مر‬ ، ِ ُ ُ ‫َصي َ ٌ ، في ُدو ٍ أمي َ ٍ ، وأحل ٌ َزي َ ٌ ، َي ُوا ِالمذا ِي ِ ال‬ ‫م ر نة ل س ب ي ع بذر‬ ‫ص ر نة‬ ‫ح نة‬ ِ ‫ول بال ُفا ِ ال ُرائي َ ، ُهبا ٌ بالّي ِ ُسْ ٌ بال ّها‬ ‫ج ة م ن ر ن للا د ن ر‬ Imam al-Baqir (a): (describing the attributes of Shias): They are like strong fortress, their chests are trustworthy, they are men of prudence and self-control, they are not extravagant, they are neither oppressors nor ostentatious, they are devoted worshippers in night and brave like lion in day. [Mishkat al-Anwar, p. 62]

‫الما ُ ال ّادق عليه السلم : َي َ ِن ِيع ِنا َن يكو ُ في‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ل س م ش َت م‬ ‫مص‬ ‫م ر رع م ه‬ ُ ‫ِص ٍ يكو ُ في ِ آل ٌ ويكو ُ في ال ِص ِ أو َ َ ِن‬ ‫ن‬ ‫مر نه ف‬ Imam al-Sadiq (a) : He is not from our shia who lives in a population of several thousand people and someone else is more pious than him among them. [al-Bihar al-Anwar, vol.2, p. 80, hadith # 76]

‫الما ُ ال ّادق عليه السلم : َي َ ِن ِيع ِنا َن قا َ بِسا ِ ِ وخاَ َنا في‬ ‫ل س م ش َت م ل ِل نه لف‬ ‫مص‬ ‫أعماِنا وآثا ِنا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ل‬ Imam al-Sadiq (a): He is not from our Shia who accepts us by only his tongue and is against our actions and our legacy. [al-Bihar al-Anwar, v.68, p. 164, hadith # 13]

ِ ‫الما ُ ال ّادق عليه السلم : ِم َح ُوا ِيع َنا ِن َ َل ٍ : ِن َ َواقي‬ ‫ا ت ِن ش َت ع د ث ث ع د م ت‬ ‫مص‬ ‫الصَوا ِ كي َ ُحا َظت ُم عَيها ، و ِن َ أسرا ِ ِم كي َ ِفظ ُم َها َن‬ ‫ره ف ح ُه ل ع‬ ‫عد‬ ‫ل ت ف م ف َ ُه ل‬ ‫َد ّنا ، وإلى أموال ِم كي َ ُواسات ُم ِخوا ِهم فيها‬ ‫ِه ف م ُه ل ن‬ ‫ع ُو‬ Imam al-Sadiq (a) : Test our shias on three occasions: At the time of prayers as to how they safeguard their prayers, and when they have a secret as to how they keep them from our enemies and by their properties (and wealth) as to how they spend on their brethren. [al-Bihar, v.83, p. 22, hadith # 40]

، ُ ُ ‫المام ال ّادق عليه السلم : إ ّما ِي َ ُ عل ّ َن َ ّ َط ُ ُ و َر‬ ‫ن ش عة ي م عف ب نه ف جه‬ ‫ص‬ َ ‫واش َ ّ ِهاد ُ ، وع ِ َ ِخاِ ِ ِ ، و َجا َوا َ ُ ، وخا َ ِقا َ ُ ، فإذا رأي‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ف ع به‬ ‫َمل ل لقه ر ث به‬ ‫تد ج ُه‬ ٍ ‫ُولئ َ فُولئ َ ِي َ ُ جعف‬ ‫ا ك ا ك ش عة ر‬ Imam al-Sadiq (a): Verily the shia of Ali is the one who is purified of (influence of) stomach and sexual desires, and intense is his struggle...and his action is for his creator, and his hope is for divine reward and he is afraid of his end so if you see someone like that, then that is the shia of Ja’far (Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq). [al-Kafi, v.2, p. 233, hadith # 9]

َ ‫الما ُ ال ّادق عليه السلم : لي َ ِن ِيع ِنا َن أن َ َ أر َع َ أشيا‬ ‫س م ش َت م كر ب ة ء‬ ‫مص‬ َ َ ‫: ال ِعرا َ ، وال ُساءَ َ ِي ال َب ِ ، و َل َ الج ّ ِ والنا ِ ، وال ّفا‬ ‫ش عة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م َلة ف ق ر خ ق َنة‬ ‫مج‬ Imam al-Sadiq (a) : He is not from our shias who denies four things: Mairaj (heavenly ascension of Prophet (s)), and questioning in grave, and creation of heaven and hell and shafa’at (intercession). [al-Bihar al-Anwar, v.69, p. 9, hadith # 11]

: ‫الما ُ ال ّادق عليه السلم : إ ّما ِي َ ُنا ُع َ ُو َ ب ِصا ٍ ش ّى‬ ‫ن ش عت ي رف ن خ ل َت‬ ‫مص‬ ‫ا‬ ً‫بال ّخا ِ وال َذ ِ ِلخوا ِ ، وبأن ُصّوا ال َمسي َ َي ً ونهار‬ ‫ي َل خ ن ل ل‬ ‫ن‬ ‫س ء بلل‬ Imam al-Sadiq (a): Verily our shias are known for their following attributes: By their generosity towards their brethren and by their praying of fifty one rak’ats of prayers during night and day. [Tuhaf al-Uqool, hadith #303]

ُ ُ ‫الما ُ الكاظ ُ عليه السلم : لي َ ِن شيع ِنا َن َل ُ ّ َم َ ُعْ قل‬ ‫َت م خ ثم ل ير به‬ ‫سم‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ Imam al-Kazim (a) said : He is not from our shia whose heart is not afraid of God in his loneliness. [Basaer al-Darajat, p. 247, hadith # 10]

، ‫الما ُ عل ّ عليه السلم : ِي َ ُنا ال ُتَبا ُِو َ في َ َي ِنا‬ ‫ش عت م ذل ن ول ت‬ ‫مي‬ …‫ال ُتَحا ّو َ في مَو ّ ِنا ال ُ َزا ِ ُو َ في إحيا ِ أمرِنا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫َدت مت ور ن‬ ‫م بن‬ Imam Ali (a) : Our Shias…they spend on each other for the sake of our wilayah, they love each other for the sake of our love, they visit each other for the sake of keeping alive our affair…

ٌ َ ‫…الذي َ إن َض ُوا َم َظل ُوا ، وإن َ ُوا َم ُس ِ ُوا ، َر‬ ‫ب َكة‬ ‫رض ل ي رف‬ ‫ن غ ِب ل ي ِم‬ ‫على َن جا َ ُوا ، ِل ٌ ل َن خاَ ُوا‬ ‫لط‬ ‫س م ِم‬ ‫ور‬ ‫م‬ …they never oppress if they become angry with someone and they never become extravagant in their happiness, they are mercy for their neighbors, and a source of peace and security for those who live with them. [al-Kafi, v.2, p. 236, hadith # 24]

So…it is not easy to claim for a Muslim to be a shia of Ahlul Bayt (a)… It demands a lot of continuous struggle and hardship in the way of God to become a true follower of Ahlul Bayt (a)... That is why the Prophet of God (s) has said…

ُ ‫رسو ُ ا ِ صلى ال عليه وآله :يا عل ّ ، ... هذا َبيبي َب َئي‬ ‫جر ل‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫ل‬ ‫م ِبك ش َ َك س ع‬ َ ‫ُخ ِ ُني ع ِ ا ِ َ ّ جلُ ُ أ ّه قد أعطى ُح ّ َ و ِيعت َ َب‬ ‫ن ّ جل له ن‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ي بر‬ ٍ ‫... ِصا‬ ‫خل‬ Prophet of God (s): O Ali…my friend here Gabriel has informed me from God, the magnificent that certainly He has blessed your lovers and your shia with seven attributes…

... ، ِ َ ‫ال ّف َ عن َ ال َو ِ ، وا ُن َ عن َ الوَح َ ِ ، والنو َ عن َ ال ّل‬ ‫ر د ظ مة‬ ‫شة‬ ‫لس د‬ ‫رق د م ت‬ ، ِ ‫والم َ عن َ ال َ َ ِ ، والقِس َ عن َ ال ِيزا ِ ، وال َوا َ على ال ّرا‬ ‫صط‬ ‫جز‬ ‫ط دم ن‬ ‫ن د ف زع‬ …ease at the time of death… and familiarity in the loneliness…and light in the darkness (of grave)… and peace in the fear (of the day of judgment) … and justice when the deeds will be judged… and crossing of the (bridge) sirat…

‫د ل َنة ق ل ر س م ُمم ث ن ا‬ ً‫و ُخو َ الج ّ ِ َب َ سائ ِ النا ِ ِن ال َ ِ ب َماني َ عام‬ …And entry in the paradise eighty years before all other human beings. [al-Bihar al-Anwar, v. 68, p. 4, hadith # 9]

ِ َ ‫عنه صلى ال عليه وآله : ِي َ ُ عِ ّ ُ ُ الفائ ُو َ َو َ ال ِيا‬ ‫ش عة َلي هم ز ن ي م ق مة‬ The Prophet of God (s): The Shia of Ali, they will be successful on the day of Judgment. [al-Amali, Toosi, p. 104, hadith # 72]

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