Whitney eVLBI

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Published on October 9, 2007

Author: BeatRoot

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Slide1:  e-VLBI Development at Haystack Observatory Alan Whitney Chet Ruszczyk Kevin Dudevoir Jason SooHoo MIT Haystack Observatory 24 March 2006 EVN TOG meeting JIVE e-VLBI Developments at Haystacks:  e-VLBI Developments at Haystacks August 2004: Haystack link upgraded to 2.5 Gbps Real-time fringes at 128 Mbps, Westford and GGAO antennas, Haystack Correlator February 2005 Real-time fringes Westford-Onsala at 256 Mbps Used optically-switched light paths over part of route Starting April 2005 Start routine e-VLBI transfers from Tsukuba and Kashima (~240Mbps) Starting ~June 2005 Semi-automated regular e-VLBI UT1 Intensive data transfers from Wettzell to ISI-E (disks hand-carried to USNO for correlation) A few start-up problems, but now operating fairly smoothly September 2005 All CONT05 data from Tsukuba transferred to Haystack via e-VLBI (many TB!) Fall 2005 Major effort in progress to connect NyAlesund to Haystack through NASA/GSFC at up to 100Mbps for e-VLBI November 2005 Global real-time e-VLBI demos at 512 Mbps at iGRID/SC2005 conferences; used optically-switched dedicated light paths Challenges:  Challenges Network bottlenecks well below advertised rates Performance of transport protocols untuned TCP stacks, fundamental limits of regular TCP Throughput limitations of COTS hardware Disk-I/O - Network Complexity of e-VLBI experiments e-VLBI experiments currently require significant network expertise to conduct Time-varying nature of network Standard formats for transfer of data and control information between different VLBI systems ‘Last-mile’ connectivity to telescopes Most telescopes are deliberately placed in remote areas Extensive initiatives in Europe and Japan to connect; U.S. is lagging Current Projects at Haystack Observatory:  Current Projects at Haystack Observatory Network interfacing equipment for e-VLBI Mark 5 VLBI data system Standardization (VSI-E) Intelligent Applications Automation of e-VLBI transfers an ongoing process Development of optimization-based algorithms for intelligent applications ongoing (EGAE) Intelligent optically-switched networks (DRAGON) e-VLBI test experiments Production e-VLBI Put e-VLBI into routine use – progressing well in limited venues VSI-E:  VSI-E Goals: Efficient transport mechanism Standard protocols Internet-friendly transport Scalable Implementation Ability to transport individual data-channel streams as individual packet streams Ability to make use of multicasting to transport data and/or control information in an efficient manner could be used in the future for support of distributed correlation VSI Model:  VSI Model RTP Architecture:  RTP Architecture Slide8:  VSI-E Status Beta version of VSI-E is ready for evaluation for transfers from Kashima to Haystack (has been delayed by network problems); expect result soon Plan to submit VSI-E protocol for approval by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) as international standard after agreement within e-VLBI community and successful demonstrations New Application-Layer Protocols for e-VLBI:  New Application-Layer Protocols for e-VLBI Based on observed usage statistics of networks such as Abilene, it is clear there is much unused capacity New protocols are being developed which are tailored to e-VLBI characteristics; for example: Can tolerate some loss of data (perhaps 1% or so) in many cases Can tolerate delay in transmission of data in many cases EGAE allows user to specify a profile of experiment requirements, which are then translated into network requirements and strategies ‘Experiment-Guided Adaptive Endpoint’ (EGAE) strategy developed at Haystack Observatory under NSF grant Now used in some routine e-VLBI transfers EGAE Progress:  EGAE Progress ‘Production’ e-VLBI facility has been established at Haystack to support routine e-VLBI transfers EGAE is now supporting routine non-real-time e-VLBI data transfers from Tsukuba EGAE will soon be used for routine e-VLBI transfers from Wettzell and NyAlesund Real-time e-VLBI SC05 Demo Nov 2005:  Real-time e-VLBI SC05 Demo Nov 2005 Real-time transmission and processing of data from antennas in Westford, MA, Greenbelt, MD, and Onsala, Sweden at 512 Mbps/antenna All except Kashima equipped with Mark 5 data systems; Kashima uses Japanese K5, included via VSI-E Correlation results displayed in real-time at SC05 meeting Antenna/Correlator Connectivity:  Antenna/Correlator Connectivity JIVE Correlator (6 x 1 Gbps) Haystack (2.5 Gbps) Westford, MA (10 Gbps to Haystack; 1 Gbps to outside world) Kashima, Japan (1 Gbps) Usuda, Japan (1 Gbps?) Nobeyama, Japan (2.5 Gbps?) Koganei, Japan (2.5 Gbps?) Tsukuba, Japan (1 Gbps) GGAO, MD (1 Gbps) Onsala, Sweden (1 Gbps) Torun, Poland (1 Gbps) Westerbork, The Netherlands (1 Gbps) Medicina, Italy (1 Gbps) Jodrell Bank (1 Gbps) Arecibo, PR (155 Mbps) Wettzell, Germany (~30 Mbps) Kokee Park, HA (nominally ~30 Mbps, but currently disconnected) TIGO (~2 Mbps) In progress Hobart – agreement reached to install high-speed fiber NyAlesund – work in progress to provide 100Mbps link for e-VLBI data to Haystack Observatory Forteleza – funds secured for fiber connection at 2.5Gbps; early 2006 Metsahovi – 1Gbps in 2006 Slide14:  International e-VLBI workshops Held every year since 2002, rotating between U.S., Europe, Japan and Australia Successful e-VLBI workshop held in Sydney, Australia in July 2005 Hosted by CSIRO/ATNF 60 attendees from 9 countries Many up-to-date developments in e-VLBI and network research e-VLBI Technical Working Group re-formed Many thanks to all for a fine workshop Next e-VLBI workshop will be held at Haystack, 17-20 Sept 2006 YOU ARE INVITED! History of e-VLBI:  History of e-VLBI 1977 – Canada/U.S.: Algonquin-NRAO, 20 Mb/sec real-time satellite link 1979 – U.S.: OVRO-Haystack, 1 Mb/station using 2400-baud modems 1995 – Japan: Keystone project; 4-telescope real-time at 256 Mbps 1999 – Europe: 1 Mb/station over Internet using ftp 2001 – Japan: 2-station 1 Gbps real-time over dedicated fiber links 2002 – U.S.: Westford-GGAO direct data transfer at 768 Mbps (Bossnet) 2004 – Europe: 4-telescope real-time at 64 Mbps, including Arecibo, PR 2004 – U.S.: 2-telescope real-time at 512 Mbps; 700km baseline 2005 – Europe: 2-telescope real-time at 256 Mbps within Europe 2005 – Europe: 5-station real-time at 64 Mbps, including Arecibo, PR 2005 – U.S.: 3-telescope real-time at 512 Mbps; transoceanic

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