What is Thyroid

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Information about What is Thyroid
Science-Technology

Published on March 30, 2014

Author: diabetologistindia

Source: authorstream.com

PowerPoint Presentation: What is Thyroid and who are likely to suffer? MagnaCODE Health Care Pvt. Ltd Hyderabad www.magnacode.co.in PowerPoint Presentation: Hyperthyroidism Symptoms Enlarged thyroid Rapidly weight loss, eating more and not gaining weight Anxiety, irritability and panic attacks Difficulty concentrating Palpitations, rapid pulse and high blood pressure Sweating more than usual Tremors in your hands Diarrhoea Heat intolerance Periods have stopped, or are lighter Trouble getting pregnant Eye problems, such as double vision, scratchy eyes, bulging www.magnacode.co.in PowerPoint Presentation: Your thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland, located in your neck, below your Adam’s Apple area. The thyroid produces a hormone called thyroxine which is critical to your body’s ability to produce and use energy. Experts estimate that there may be as many as 20% of population suffering from thyroid diseases in India and most of them are undiagnosed. The majority of people with thyroid conditions have Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune condition that causes hypothyroidism – an underactive thyroid. Women are seven times more likely than men to develop thyroid problems, with a one in five lifetime chances of developing a thyroid problem. For both men and women, the risk of thyroid disease increases with age. www.magnacode.co.in PowerPoint Presentation: What are the main diseases of the thyroid? Hypothyroidism – When your thyroid is underactive and isn’t producing sufficient thyroid hormone Hyperthyroidism – When your thyroid is overactive and is producing too much thyroid hormone Goitre – When your thyroid becomes enlarged due to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism Nodules – When lumps, usually benign grow in your thyroid sometimes causing it to become hypothyroid or hyperthyroid Thyroid Cancer – When lumps or nodules in your thyroid are malignant Post-partum Thyroiditis – Temporary inflammation of your thyroid along with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism triggered after pregnancy www.magnacode.co.in PowerPoint Presentation: What are the symptoms of Hypothyroid? Extremely exhausted and fatigued Inappropriate weight gain or having difficulty losing weight despite changes in diet and exercise Depressed mood Cold intolerance Hair loss, brittle nails Muscle and joint pains and aches Puffy face, eyes, arms or legs Unexplained infertility, or recurrent miscarriages Heavier, longer or more frequent periods Constipation Hoarse voice Shortness of breath www.magnacode.co.in PowerPoint Presentation: Other Thyroid Symptoms Neck looks or feels swollen, tender to touch Tight feeling in the throat Difficulty swallowing Difficulty breathing Thyroid nodules Cervical lymph node enlargement How to diagnose Thyroid problems? Thyroid disease is typically diagnosed by your endocrinologist using blood tests, most commonly the Thyroid Function test. If required, ultrasound and FNAC is also done in some patients. Treatment Hypothyroidism is treated with thyroid hormone replacement drugs. Hyperthyroidism is typically treated with drugs, radioactive iodine treatment to disable the thyroid, or surgery. Nodules and goitre are usually treated with drugs, or occasionally surgery. Thyroid cancer is usually treated with surgery, following by radioactive iodine treatment. Source: http://www.magnacode.co.in/what-is-thyroid-and-who-are-likely-to-suffer/

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