Published on January 24, 2014
Jan 23, 2014 - Mar 3, 2014 -15ºC (5ºF) What is really happening in Ukraine
Prerequisites of the Conﬂict Nov 23-29, President Yanukovich refuses 2013 to sign the EU association. Nov 30, 2013 “Berkut” units brutally disperse protesters at night beating women and students. Dec 8, 2013 Government doesn’t react. President behaves like nothing happens. Massive peaceful protests arise all over Ukraine demanding to sign the association. Huge protests in Kyiv. People coming from all over Ukraine. People demand punishment of responsible for brutal actions. “March of million”. About a million protesters in Kyiv, thousands in other cities. People demand dismissal of the government. 2
Prerequisites of the Conﬂict Dec 2013 No charges or dismissals by the Regime. Instead, protesters are arrested, jailed awaiting trial. Protesters occupy Kyiv administration building, organise protests near the homes of key government ofﬁcials. Jan 16, 2014 20 anti-democratic, unconstitutional laws passed against Parliamentary voting procedures. Protesting: 15 years in prison. Wearing a helmet: beating by Police. Protests increase. Radicalized protesters equipped with body protection, sticks and petrol bombs organise to occupy the Grushevs’kogo Street protected by “Berkut” units. tension starts to grow even further 3
Prerequisites of the Conﬂict The regime ignores peaceful protests of Euromaidan, escalates conﬂict to beatings, arrests of peaceful people for wearing helmets, carrying wood, other “crimes”. European association is no longer an issue, as the Regime begins to attack its own people. Violence escalates. 4
The Regime:Violence / Enforcement Domestic Police Riot Troops: Berkut First Team Prison guards, seasoned troops, special forces. Protect government representatives with shields, batons, tear gas, stun grenades, riﬂes. Extremely violent, shoot-to-kill, beat skulls and ribs with batons, shoot-journalists-on-site. 7 activists/journalists dead nearly 100 missing Domestic Police Riot Troops: Berkut Draftees Young, mostly untrained, obligatory-service troops who are placed in the front lines to take the bulk of any violence, while First Team awaits opportunity to attack. High descension and fear of the government. Have limited information about reason of the protests. 5
The Regime:Violence / Enforcement Hired Enforcers: “Titushky” Paid in cash, enlisted and controlled by government initiative through the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Additional muscle when there is a need to keep government activities “out of uniform”. Search-and-destroy teams in the streets against activists and journalists. Crash shops, destroy property. “Titushky” mimic protesters to discredit real activists and intimidate people, preventing them from joining the protests. 1 000 - 1 400 men with hammers, iron balls and narcotics regularly witnessed as organised groups in the centre of Kyiv and other cities. Numerous evidences of close cooperation with Berkut (never arrested when committing illegal actions). 6
The Regime: The Informational War 7 TV / Press (Ukraine and Russia) An informational vacuum exists within Ukraine and in neighbouring Russia. Ukrainian state channels, non-state channels purchased/captured by the “Family”. Russian channels control the most of the airways. Only two major newspapers remain independent. Free internet is vital. Press (International) The western press continues to see the protests in cold war terms: “Euro-centric” or fundamentally based on “ethnic/language” splitting in Ukraine. Lack of good Ukraine-based journalism in English. Heavy lobbying campaigns in Europe and Washington assist in this misunderstanding.
The People: Activist 8 “Euromaidan” + “Radical Maidan” Believe that control of locations and threat of force back are key factors to maintain pressure on the regime. Seek the cancellation of anti-constitutional laws, full dismissal of Yanukovych and his government. Use helmets, pans (to protect heads), wooden sticks, stones, petrol bombs, ﬁreworks. + songs, poetry, speech. “AutoMaidan” Self-organised car owners who can react fast on illegal actions from the government side. Transport medicine, people, food to the protesters. Organise protests outside Kyiv, chase “titushky”, protect people in hospitals from kidnapping by “Berkut”.
The People: Media/Medical Mass Media 9 HromadskeTV, SpilnoTV, 5-th Channel, Chesno, Euromaidan(fb), Automaidan(fb), RadicalMaidan(fb), … Journalists are being chased and shot on purpose, forcing them to remove ID’s so as not to be noticed by Berkut. 1 journalist tortured to death. Field Medicine Volunteers helping hundreds of injured protesters with wounds from riﬂe shots, batons, extreme cold. Are constantly under aimed attacks from “Berkut”. Use donated medicines from regular people. Work mainly in buildings to protect from “Berkut”.
The Regime: Tactics 10 Intimidation. Increase pressure, keep people scared, depress scale of protests: • Violence: Titushky for random/pointed beating of people • Fear: SMS broadcast on Maidan informing people that they are registered as criminal protesters and are being monitored (at least 2 cellular providers sent such messages) • Kidnapping/torturing of injured people from hospitals • Military forces being moved to Kyiv from other regions • Suspected use of foreign forces DEAD Ihor Lutsenko Kidnapped, tortured, thrown out in a ﬁeld Yurij Verbytskyj Kidnapped, tortured, found in the same ﬁeld • Arresting people who buy/transport stuff commonly used by protesters (e.g. tires, wood, large amounts of medicine, clothes)
The Regime: Tactics Liquidate as many protesters as possible: • Field medicine workers being shot on purpose • Police searches for protesters in hospital based on the injury types • Injured protesters must be sent to private clinics to avoid torturing by Berkut • Police attach nails and stones to stun grenades • Police aiming for heads with shotguns and batons, people losing eyes • Captured protesters are stripped, tortured, humiliated and taken to unknown places, afterwards found naked in ﬁelds and forests, sometimes dead Caution! Brutal violence! 11
The Regime: Tactics 12 Limit documentation and distribution of materials about real events in Ukraine • Journalists are being shot on purpose (1+ dead) • Cameras and other equipment destroyed on sight • Users being randomly disconnected from internet and cellular networks • Phones are withdrawn from all local police units for weeks. They don’t know why people are protesting. Are threatened by tribunal for disobedience Deactivate major activists and leaders of protests (15+ activists can’t be found) IHOR YURIY MYHAJLO DMYTRO LUTSENKO VERBYTS’KYJ ZHYZNEVS’KYJ BULATOV Euromaidan activist Tortured. In hospital. Euromaidan activist Tortured. Dead. Euromaidan guard Shot dead by a sniper. Automaidan leader Beaten. Unknown.
The People: Strategy Radical Maidan holds Berkut under pressure on Grushevs’kogo Str. Automaidan activists patrol the city: Deactivating, disarming and documenting “titushky” gangs Blocking buses with police units from entering the city centre Transport injured people to hospitals Maximize effectiveness of donations and volunteers: Legal advocacy for the illegally arrested Trained medical personnel giving ﬁrst aid to victims of police attacks Food, clothing, blankets, fuel and various gear distributed to activists All over Ukraine, blocking municipal buildings, military bases, police buses Young military students beg for blockades, as they are being forced to go to Kyiv and ﬁght) 13
Status (night Jan 23, 2014) 5 out of 25 Local State Administrations occupied by the People Interior troops forces in 4 cities resign (refusing to perform illegal actions) Football fans of three clubs joined up with protesters in Kyiv and Donetsk Result of violent Police actions: • 150+ police units injured (light injuries of head/hands from stones and ﬁre) • 1500+ people injured (crushed skulls, lost eyes, broken limbs, contusion) • 4 people killed (2 shot, 1 thrown from a pillar, 1 tortured to death) • 15+ people detained with no explanations, locations remain unknown • 70+ journalists injured from precise attacks on people with cameras • 30+ medical workers injured Brutal and cynical human rights violations 14
Status (afternoon Jan 25, 2014) 15 Meetings all over the world supporting protests in Ukraine: Germany, France, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland, USA, … Russian Federation and Belarus – the only countries where meetings supporting Euromaidan are dispersed by the police. Meeting in Moscow All major Russian mass media massively spread highly biased information emphasising honourable work of “Berkut” and Nazi orientation of activists. People being beaten and detained by police in public places, trains, shops, when buying wood, medicine and other things used by protesters, wearing symbolic ribbons with Ukrainian and European ﬂags, Euromaidan badges… “Berkut” ofﬁcers receive bonuses for each hour of standing on the Grushevskogo Str.. Rumors of raises abound. Ministry of Internal Affairs reports ~100 of “Berkut” units with frostbitten feet, as they are forced to stand for up to 12 hours in the streets.
Status (afternoon Jan 25, 2014) 16 10 out of 25 Local State Administrations occupied by protesters. Protests arising in eastern regions. 15 activists of Automaidan beaten and imprisoned without hospitalisation despite heavy injuries from Berkut attacks. Hundreds of protesters detained and imprisoned. People Seizure attempts Government Massive protests Ministry of Internal Affairs blames Euromaidan in killing 1 and detaining 2 policemen. Protesters deny. Protests supported by fans of football clubs +1 dead protester: metal bullet in lungs, bullet in shoulder, amputated arm, death. Automaidan offers 10 000 UAH reward for help in ﬁnding the team leader Dmytro Bulatov (Jan 22, 2014 disappeared, no more information). 250+ armed military units detected hidden in the International Convention Center near the Euromaidan peaceful demonstration.
Status (afternoon Jan 26, 2014) Massive protests arise on the east and south Armed military units leave International Convention Center under pressure by protesters, leave supplies of canned food and vodka. Yanukovych proposed ruling positions in the government to 2 Opposition leaders. People’s Council legitimised People Seizure attempts Government Massive protests People not satisﬁed, Opposition refuses. Euromaidan wants dismissal of the president as the main responsible for deaths, tortures and thousands of victims. Protests supported by fans of football clubs Protests supporting the ruling party “Titushki” under protection of the police found shooting peaceful demonstrators with traumatic weapons in Dnipropetrovsk. Leading businessmen Victor Pinchuk and Rinat Akhmetov break with Yanukovych and publicly call for stopping the use of brutal force. 17
Status (evening Jan 26, 2014) The Ukrainian protests of 2013 and 2014: Were triggered by Yanukovych’s about-face on a European trajectory. Became massive due to the Regime’s brutal crack down on peaceful protesters, and their refusal to hold anyone accountable. Became violent due to the illegal passing of anti-constitutional laws against public protest and the Regime’s tactics of arresting, beating, kidnapping, torturing and murdering of protesters, journalists and medics. Will continue to grow due to the wide recognition of the Regime’s corruption, theft, money laundering, cronyism, censorship, and its singular goal to maintain the extreme wealth that it has gained over the last 3 years. Will stop only with a return of justice, human rights, rule of the law of Ukraine. Will have lasting, serious consequences that Ukrainians will have to overcome. 18
Status (morning Jan 27, 2014) 19 Level of aggressiveness of the riot police rises. Demonstrators in 5 cities are violently beaten and arrested without hospitalisation. “Titushky” provoke protesters for aggression, hide behind the police, then protesters are being beaten and arrested. “Titushky” burn cars of the protesters. Police arrests the owners who try to protect the cars. In Dnipropetrovsk World heavy-weight boxing champion Wladimir Klitschko posts a video asking western countries to help Ukraine. Numerous money-exchange centres reporting about Police threatens the journalist people with a clear Russian accent massively exchanging RUB→UAH (Possible Russian police coming for provocations?) Journalists are asked to watch closely the airports for possible Russian police coming to Ukraine, changing into Ukrainian uniform. W. Klitschko
Status (morning Jan 27, 2014) 20 Ministry of Internal Affairs refuses to start investigations about people shot during the protests on the basis of “ofﬁcial claims to police about the deaths”. People can’t make ofﬁcial claims about killed victims because they are immediately arrested. Hundreds of people remain missing all over Ukraine. Morgues in Kyiv report dozens of unidentiﬁed dead bodies being transported by police without any explanation. Government continues threatening people with calling a state of emergency. Killed people are labeled as “extremists” by the government. The latest fatality, Roman Senyk, was shot from the large height according to the doctors’ examinations (presumably by a sniper). 2 gangs of “Titushky” were ﬁghting each other to make the impression of the protesters beating civilians (according to protesters and witnesses in Donetsk).
Status (evening Jan 27, 2014) 21 +2 dead bodies in Kyiv found in the morning 1 hanged on the Christmas tree near the Euromaidan 1 tortured, with tied hands (in the district where 15 members of Automaidan are being imprisoned) Control over Local States POLICE People’s Council legitimised “TITUSHKO” Police+”titushky” beating unarmed people People Government Massive protests Seizure attempts Control of ruling party restored Ruling party forbidden Protests supporting the ruling party PROTESTER Protection gangs of the ruling party created Party “Swoboda” forbidden Ruling party fraction broken up Clear evidence of the police cooperating with “titushky”?
Status (evening Jan 27, 2014) 22 2004 Eurovision contest winner Ruslana reports numerous threats to kill her. Police department in Rivne city supports protesters and asks for help due to numerous attacks on women by pro-government gangs (“titushky”). THE WORLD DOES CARE! # of times 63 587 210 862 this presentation viewed 6 937 > 500 000 in total 5 7 635 4 084 31 735 105 574 30 457 98 994 11 869 19 496 15 928 637 102 7 415 93 10 297 14 428
Status (evening Jan 28, 2014) Protesters suspend waiting for the results of negotiations between the government and opposition (adopting laws by the parliament). Parliament dismisses 9 laws from Jan 16, 2014. 4 of these are adopted again. While the government calls for compromises: People continue to disappear from hospitals/streets all over Ukraine People participating in demonstrations being arrested for 2 months Other 5 (10 in total) cars belonging to Automaidan activists burnt Commandants of Kyiv houses report about Police looking for people seen with ammunition, helmets, coming home late systematically, distributing Euromaidan agitation brochures noting names, address and telephone numbers of such people noting license plates of cars having Ukraine/EU symbolics on it 23
Status (evening Jan 28, 2014) 24 New prime minister – Arbuzov, former Head of NBU, no substantive change. Austrian bank Hypo Vorarlberg conﬁrms that Kluyev brothers lied in the registration documents not mentioning PEP status (illegal in Austria). Canada restricts entry for key ﬁgures of the Ukrainian government. Majority of journalists and public ﬁgures acknowledge existence of “squadrons of death” which kidnap/torture/kill anti-government activists. Owners of 3 large shopping centres in Dnipropetrovsk leave Ukraine due to threats and persecution by the government after showing 5 Kanal news on the advertisement monitors at night. Activists start gathering information about missing people to initiate investigation since police arrests everybody with claims about disappeared people. Numerous cases of people being arrested when buying wood, gas, tires, etc.
Status (evening Jan 29, 2014) 25 Delegations from EU and US arrive to Ukraine to spectate the voting procedures by Parliament, help to avoid violence. Parliament adopts a law about amnesty of all imprisoned protesters, again with violation of voting procedures. Most deputies refused to adopt the law until Yanukovych urgently arrived with threats. Only few saw the actual text of the law. Few Local Administrations being released by protesters. Temperature goes down to -20ºC (-4ºF). EU and US delegation members are not satisﬁed by the steps made by the government. Suspect that Yanukovych tries to do as little as possible to gain sympathy of the West to avoid sanctions. People don’t want to “bargain” with Yanukovych and demand satisfaction of their requirements prior to negotiation about compromises.
Status (afternoon Jan 30, 2014) Yanukovych doesn’t sign the law about amnesty of imprisoned protesters. Yanukovych is ofﬁcially on sick leave. Due to respiration disease. Minister of Internal Affairs (Vitaliy Zakharchenko) reports about death of the police captain in the Grushevs’kogo Str. from heart attack. Claims protester’s pressure as a cause. People blame long working hours at low temperature. +20 cars of Euromaidan participants burnt during the night. Volunteer medical workers imprisoned. Incriminating organisation of civil disorders. Several owners of used tires shops arrested without any investigation/testimony. One of the arrested businessmen is from Holland. “Titushky“ break a camera in front of the police. Police + “titushky” in cooperation 26
Status (night Jan 30, 2014) 27 Leader of Automaidan Dmytro Bulatov found (missing since Jan 22, 2014). Thrown out in a village (area where 2 other tortured victims were found). Tortured extremely violently: multiple cuts on face, part of ear cut off was cruciﬁed (holes in hands), broken limbs not fed for last 3 days Same scenario as with 2 previous victims. Tortured to tell who organises protests, who pays to people. No investigation started on any case of kidnapping/torturing (since Jan 20, 2014). Dmytro Bulatov Attackers have Russian accent. Convinced that protests are sponsored by USA.
Status (evening Jan 31, 2014) 28 Police arrives to the private clinic to arrest Dmytro Bulatov (the Automaidan leader) despite critical state of health. Opposition deputies and activists urgently arrive to stop the police from taking him away. Many proofs emerge showing that ﬁrst rows of riot police troops consist of young cadets. Always denied by chiefs of riot police. Dmytro Bulatov in the hospital Mothers of cadets arrive to Kyiv with demonstrations. Asking to disobey illegal orders against the People. Mother of one of the cadets reports about awful working conditions of the cadets. Continuously under pressure of anti-Euromaidan propaganda. Used as human shields. Olga Patlatenko Protests near the Deutsche Bank in the Wall Street (New York) calling for stopping serving the UBD Bank (business of the president’s son)
Status (evening Feb 2, 2014) 29 Former prime minister Azarov leaves Ukraine on a private plane. Joins his son in Viena, Austria. Austrian FORTMAT.AT publishes the complete money laundering scheme used by Yanukovych, Azarov, Kluyev in Austria. Demonstrations arise near the Azarov’s house. Demonstration in Austria Ukraine – one of the main topics at Munich Security Conference. Ukraine’s Foreign Minister Leonid Kozhara mentions “just a scratch” on the cheek of Dmytro Bulatov. Cynically calls the protesters in Ukraine as “extremists”. +4 cars burnt in Kyiv. Activists ask people to park cars Munich Security Conference near buildings with surveillance. Remove license plates at night to prevent identiﬁcation of protesters’ cars and potential damage. Organisation of civil disorders incriminated to Dmytro Bulatov.
Status (night Feb 3, 2014) President Yanukovych returns from the sick leave right after the EU delegation leaves Ukraine. Plans to visit Sochi Olympic Games in Russian Federation. USA and EU are working on plan of ﬁnancial support for Ukraine. Dmytro Bulatov is transported to Riga - Vilnus for intensive treatment. Chesno.org reports about 136 injured journalists. Military journalists claim: at war it’s even safer. 1739 victims of repression in 3 months of protests. People from Ministry of Internal Affairs unofﬁcially tell about Russian Special Forces in Ukraine from Jan 20, 2014. Numerous metal bullets found on the area of clashes with riot police. Few extracted from dead bodies. Police always claimed only rubber bullets being used. 30
Status (evening Feb 4, 2014) 31 Euromaidan guards detained 2 riot police ofﬁcers + 1 interior troops soldier in civilian clothes spying the area. Returned to the commander. Euromaidan activist (Sissel K. Andersen) from Denmark disappeared. Demonstrations near the Akhmetov’s (Ukrainian richest man) residence in London. Ukrainian customs house blocks humanitarian relief for Euromaidan from Poland. Demonstration in London New evidence of Police using Molotov cocktails. 2 members of Klitschko’s “Udar” party assassinated. Oleg Garyaga: 3 stab wounds from civilians. Vitaliy Serpokrylov: house ransacked by 20 policemen. Russian oppositional TV channel banned by most Russian networks presumably due to showing the real Euromaidan. Molotov & Berkut
Status (evening Feb 6, 2014) 32 Police stops civilian cars approaching Kyiv, conﬁscates wood as potential help to Euromaidan. Similar wood brought to Police and pro-government gangs 3 days later. A gang of teenagers destroyed 2 restaurants in Kyiv mimicking Euromaidan protesters. Wearing sneakers: typical for pro-government gangs. Not used by Euromaidan. Explosive put in a package marked “Medicine” for Euromaidan detonated in headquarters building. Identical package identiﬁed in another building. 2 victims of the explosion: Roman Dzivinskyj, 20 years, amputated left hand; Nazar Derzhylo , 15 years old, burnt eyes; Euromaidan commandant Andriy Parubiy suspects government’s provocation: numerous attempts of police to oust people with ﬁctitious reports about bomb in the building.
Status (night Feb 8, 2014) 33 Protest near the Ukraine embassy in Washington DC on arrival of Ukrainian delegation. Yanukovych is one of the few presidents not shown in the live opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in Sochi. Only Russian TV showed Ukrainian president. Protest in Washington DC 4 Ukrainian Olympic Games sportsmen registered by organisers as born in Russia instead of Ukraine (mistake?) Additional evidences of riot police using forbidden weapons against protesters showing up. Dmytro Bulatov gives a press conference in Vilnus. Euromaidan guards stop the pro-government gang with intention to dismount the barricades. Court of Cherkasy forbids any protests due to infection. Photos of Bulatov’s injuries
Status (evening Feb 10, 2014) Gang of armed activists “For clean Kyiv” with russian symbolic ribbons of Saint George ( ) come to Kyiv centre to disassemble the barricades. Met by hundreds of smiling Euromaidan guards, leave the area. Euromaidan guards ﬁnd an abandoned room near the Maidan with lots of computers and video-records of Euromaidan activists. Have signs of possible explosives preparation. The building belongs to the “Graal” company connected to the Minister of Education Dmytro Tabachnyk. 34 Protection of barricades Support of the “Dozhd” TV Solidarity demonstration in the Maidan to support the Russian TV channel “Dozhd” (Rain) — removed from Russian TV networks for showing the Euromaidan objectively. Parliament continues to ignore People’s demand to adopt the old version of Constitution 2004 limiting the president’s credentials.
Status (evening Feb 12, 2014) 35 Monitors in public transport of Crimea start showing advertisements accusing opposition and Euromaidan leaders of extremism and betrayal. Politicians asking Russian Federation for military support in Crimea. Ukrainian hryvnya devaluated by 20% already. Auto of a Euromaidan activist in Rivne burnt at night. Ruling Party of Regions fraction in Lviv self-dismissed. Surveillance video of burning Journalist investigation proves that police lets rich people inside the prohibited zone to the luxury boutique. Government doesn’t follow the adopted amnesty law, releasing innocent protesters only under house arrest with 15-year imprisonment threat. Luxury boutique investigation Youtube blocks the channel of the Ministry of Internal Affairs due to overwhelming complaints on publication of misleading and abusing information.
Status (night Feb 14, 2014) Ofﬁcial report of the court about a sniper working on the Grushevs’kogo Str. NAFTOGAS limits gas supply to 11 regions that have active protests on the west and centre. Largest debts in eastern regions. Strike of the trolleybus drivers in Luhans’k due to no salary for over 4 months. Billboards with anti-Euromaidan propaganda in Crimea. EU representative Jeffrey Luebbe beaten in Simferopol (Crimea) for expressing support of the Euromaidan. Euromaidan and Automaidan activist Serhiy Synenko burnt in his car in Zaporizhghya. Football fans of numerous Ukrainian clubs announce temporary peace to unite for support of Euromaidan. 36
Status (evening Feb 16, 2014) 37 Ministry of Internal Affairs denies participation of Berkut ofﬁcers in brutal destroying of civilian vehicles. Video clearly refutes this statement. Trainers of multiple schools of martial arts support Euromaidan. Organise free trainings for the protesters. Berkut crashing civilian car Demonstration of Automaidan in Chicago. Demonstration supporting Euromaidan in St. Petersburg. Tatars community in Crimea express readiness to resist separatist pro-Russian movements in the region. Pro-government news channel Podrobnosti posts messages in the ofﬁcial Twitter channel: “We are the most deceitful news” and “D.V. Firtash, sorry, you don’t have enough money on the account to continue lying in this blog” Automaidan in Chicago
Summary of the protests 7 people dead 38 1 policeman dead ? ? ? ? ??.??.19?? – 22-25.01.2014 Dozens reported missing + Morgues report unidentiﬁed bodies = Dead? Why do not people stop the protests… What do people call EU and US for… Price of democracy People of Ukraine ask the world for support
Status (afternoon Feb 18, 2014) 39 Ministry of Internal Affairs removes accusation from several activists. Young girls painted military trucks used by security forces as barricades. Painted military trucks Protestors block the building of Parliament demanding satisfaction of the requirements of Euromaidan. Mobilisation of medicine personnel announced in the centre of Kyiv. Blocking of the Parliament Snipers captured in the centre of Kyiv. Witnesses report about snipers shooting in a protester and then shooting in a security force ofﬁcer causing a start of the WAR IN UKRAINE Snipers in Kyiv
Status (evening Feb 18, 2014) 40 Police starts an attack of the protestors using batons, shotguns. Snipers shooting people from the roofs. Security forces burn 1-st and 9-th ﬂoor of the ﬁeld hospital building with doctors and injured people inside. Snipers on the roof People being killed by precise shots in head and neck. Security forces using automatic guns including AK-47. People all over Ukraine assaulting security forces, police buildings. In Kmelnytskyj woman shot from AK-47. Burning ﬁeld hospital People burn the military truck to limit visibility for snipers. Protestors coming to Kyiv to give support. Police blocks all entrances to Kyiv. Underground blocked. Security forces in few cities support protestors. Battle in the Instytutska Str.
Status (evening Feb 19, 2014) 41 20+ people killed. 600+ people injured. Electricity switched off in the centre. Many people trapped in the ﬁeld hospital building due to fallen ﬂoors, that were burnt by security forces. People burned alive. People block buses with security forces/payed thugs on roads all over Ukraine. Ukrainian skier Bohdana Matsyots’ka left Sochi Olympic Games to protest against the Ukrainian government. After meeting with Yanukovych Klitschko claims that the president doesn’t adequately treat the situation demanding that people go home. Battles in the centre of Kyiv suspended while snipers continue shooting people and new forces coming to Kyiv. Yanukovych changes the head of military forces of Ukraine to Yuriy Il’yin who would execute his orders to act against people.
Status (afternoon Feb 20, 2014) 42 30 000+ people in the Independence Square in Kyiv preparing the barricades waiting for the new assault. Dozens of police units become hostages of protestors. Dozens on deaths every hour from sniper attacks on unarmed people with only helmets/shields/sticks. Independence Square People block trains with security forces coming to Kyiv. Underground starts working. Deputies massively leaving Kyiv through the VIP terminal in Zhulyany airport with large bags full of money. Minister of Internal Affairs asks people to leave the area. Announces that security forces are ofﬁcially allowed to use deadly weapons after 70+ shot dead already. Cruel sniper attacks Snipers/automatic guns
Status (evening Feb 20, 2014) 43 People building the wall in the Independence Square using bricks from sidewalks. People bringing tons of food to help those in the battle. Deputies of the Party of Regions start leaving it. Building the wall ~700 of “titushky” arrive to ﬁght against people. USA applies sanctions against some Ukrainian politicians. New majority formed in the Ukrainian Parliament voting for stopping the ﬁre by all security forces, returning them to the places of permanent dislocation. Blocking of trains Security forces started to throw grenades and shoot more intensively after the adoption of the resolutions. “Titusuhki” armed with guns, shooting people, crash shops, ambulances.
Status (evening Feb 21, 2014) 44 Yanukovych signs the peaceful agreement with the opposition. Acknowledged by European delegation. Russia doesn’t sign. Group of police units armed with automatic guns enter the Parliament. Deputies lead them out. Polish delegate claims that Yanukovych was ready to use army for cleaning up the centre of Kyiv. All the security forces urgently leave Kyiv very fast, leaving lots of ammunition. The Minister of Internal Affairs,Vitaliy Zakharchenko left to Belorussia. Many deputies left to eastern Ukraine, Russia. Requiem for the victims held in the Independence Square. Requiem in Kyiv People are suspicious about the opposition leaders. Are absolutely not satisﬁed by the agreement with Yanukovych. Demand dismissal and punishment of Yanukovych, all people responsible for beating and killing people in last 3 months. The governor of Kharkiv plans a meeting of deputies of eastern regions.
Status (afternoon Feb 22, 2014) 45 The guards of the Maidan with journalists arrive to the president’s residence left empty without any security. Looks like people were escaping quickly. Neighbours saw dozens of buses being stacked with stuff and leaving the residence in a hurry. Leftovers in the residence The house is empty. Many luxury leftovers (icons, gold coins, old paintings, antique vases) in the garage. Look like it didn’t ﬁt in the bus. Multiple heaps of burned papers, documents. Some thrown out in the lake. Saved documents show the receipts of hundred million dollar cash transfers. Lots of guns, automatic guns, riﬂes, bullets found on the bottom of the lake. Documents in the residence Weapons in the residence
Status (evening Feb 22, 2014) 46 Julia Tymoshenko released from the prison. Urgently transported to the Euromaidan stage in Kyiv. Tymoshenko delivered a prepared speech in front of protestors. Reported about the plan to immediately return to politics and “to protect” the whole Ukraine. Tymoshenko released Majority of people are offended, do not believe her, considering all the lies and crimes she committed while being in politics. People don’t want to see Tymoshenko in politics. Express great complaints about actions of the new government. In particular – giving priority to release of Tymoshenko instead of actual releasing all the illegally arrested activists, investigation of all the deaths, punishment of people responsible for ~100 deaths. Russian politicians express suspicious willingness to work with Tymoshenko, unlike they were before, when opposition was represented by other people.
Status (evening Feb 23, 2014) 47 Yanukovych makes an announcement denying to resign, calling protestors extremists, calling for stopping the separatist actions. Nobody can ﬁnd the president. Documents with detailed descriptions of plans of the attacks, including special forces, snipers made public. Autopark of Yanukovych People ﬁnd wide animals on the territory of the president’s residence used for hunting, garage full of luxury cars. Heads of the Kharkiv, who threatened protestors with cruel reprisal, return to the city after escaping the day before. Look very conﬁdent. Demonstration in Kerch Politicians and pro-Russian public organisation in Crimea initiate separatist meetings with Russian ﬂags. Meetings against separation of Crimea form as well. Pro-Russian demonstrants destroy Ukrainian ﬂags in several cities.
Status (evening Feb 24, 2014) 48 Video appears demonstrating police units armed with automatic guns, sniper riﬂes, shooting people. The new Minister of Internal Affairs, Avakov reports that Yanukovych can’t be found. Part of his guards left him. Was trying to leave Ukraine on the airplane but the military plane was ﬂying around and not letting him. Armed security forces According to the TV channel ATR,Yanukovych is hiding in the Russian military base in Sevastopol, Crimea. The residence of the attorney general’s house visited by activists shows the same level of crazy luxury. 4 deputies of the Russian Parliament arrive to Simpferopol. Witnesses report about Russian military cars in Crimea. People not satisﬁed by cheating of the new government. Residence of the attorney Russian deputies
Status (evening Feb 25, 2014) 49 Journalists captured many military cars with Russian license plates entering the Russian sanatorium in Yalta. Euromaidan guards found 2 “titushky”. They told that: • were paid 400 hryvnias (~50 USD) • had to participate in pro-government demonstrations • asked to take photos of people supporting Euromaidan • one cried, told that he was cheated and used Russian army in Yalta Action of solidarity People from Lviv (western Ukraine) announce an action: will speak Russian to support people from the eastern Ukraine People from Donetsk (eastern Ukraine) announce that they will speak Ukrainian to show solidarity with people from western and central Ukraine. People are very disappointed by the new government working on the election campaigns, residence of Yanukovych and adopting laws that support separatism.
Status (evening Feb 26, 2014) One of the protestors gives an interview. Tells that his friend personally saw “titushky” cutting off heads of 2 protestors, scalping 1 protestor. Video appears with a man without head. People and journalists come to the house of Tsaryov, deputy of the Party of Regions. Do not dare to enter because of snipers on the roofs. Set of signets found in of the ofﬁces of the Party of Regions. Could be used for falsiﬁcation in the regional precincts during the president election campaigns. 50 Man without head Tsaryov’s residence Activists dismantled the fence around the building of the Parliament in Kyiv. Journalists claim that people have shot Andriy Kluyev. Signets in the ofﬁce
Status (evening Feb 28, 2014) 51 Military armed with lots of weapon occupied buildings of the Parliament and government in Crimea. Raised the Russian ﬂag over it. Do not listen to local police. Evidences of Russian army units movements through the territory of Crimea. Russia calls it the planned trainings. Should notify 72 hours in advance according to agreement. Yanukovych gives a press-conference in Rostov-na-Donu (Russia), doesn’t accept the new government in Ukraine. Asks Vladimir Putin to restore order in Ukraine. Situation in Crimea Yanukovych press-conference Militaries without identiﬁcation signs occupy international airport Bel’bek in Crimea. Military helicopters coming. Russian army blocks numerous military units of Ukraine all over Crimea. Military helicopters
Status (evening Mar 1, 2014) 52 Leader of the pro Russian party, Aksyonov – illegally assigned as the minister of Crimea. After assigning the citizen of Russia as a mayor of Sevastopol. People are threatened by myths about extremists coming from centre/west to kill people. Russian passports issued. Russian militaries hide faces Militaries forbid journalists to record them, threat to shoot. Take the memory cards away. Pro Russian activist occupy the building of the regional administration in Kharkiv, occupied by Euromaidan activist before. Two activists killed. Ukrainian writer beaten. The State Council of Russian Federation ofﬁcially gives permission to Vladimir Putin to garrison Russian military forces in Ukraine. Russian army in Crimea Occupation of administration
Status (evening Mar 2, 2014) 53 Ukraine asks NATO, USA and EU for support in resolving the conﬂict with Russia. All they ofﬁcially agree that the actions of Russia are unacceptable and should be stopped. Photos show that the man who had put Russian ﬂag over the Administration building in Kharkiv is a citizen of Moscow, Russia who disappeared afterwards. Russian militaries block military airport Belbeck and other military units. Trying to disarm Ukrainian army. Numerous protests in Russia against military intrusion into Ukraine. Police arrests 300+ antiwar protestors. Russian citizen with ﬂag Blockade by Russian soldiers Protest all over Ukraine, including eastern regions and Crimea against intrusion of Russian army. Same people noticed in distant pro-Russian meetings. Arrests of Russian protestors
Status (evening Mar 3, 2014) 54 Russia strengthens the informational war against Ukraine. Explains the military intrusion in Ukraine by numerous false statements about danger to lives of Russian citizens. Numerous journalists compare V.Putin to Stalin and Hitler due to his aggression against peaceful Ukraine. Largest Crimean TV channel went off the air because of threats to lives of the journalists. About actions of Putin Russian jet ﬁghters illegally crossed Ukrainian aerial borders twice. Intercepted by Ukrainian jets. V.Yanukovych appealed to Russian president V.Putin to use Russian army on the territory of Ukraine. Few Russian military trucks crossed the border with Ukraine. Soldiers seized Ukrainian border post. Russia vs Ukraine (Crimea)
Summary of the battle In 3 days (Feb. 18-20, 2014): 55 100+ people dead 1000+ people injured Regime of Yanukovych overturn. Most of people responsible for killing people have escaped. New opposition government doesn’t act in the interests of the people. New voting in Parliament is not transparent. Important issues not covered at all. Video covering 3 days of war in Ukraine Three Days Of War Clip devoted to those who have died Heaven hundred
Notable Politically Exposed Persons of Ukraine 56 Viktor Yanukovych President, the only person in history of Ukraine to ignite protests of 1 million people (2004, 2013, ?) Oleksandr Yanukovych Son of the President Parliamentarian, Billionaire, (Dentist) Mykola Azarov Former Prime Minister (Resigned) Andriy Kluyev Parliamentarian, Billionaire Serhiy Kluyev Secretary of the National Defence and Security Council, Billionaire Serhiy Arbuzov Current Prime Minister, former Head of the National Bank of Ukraine Oleksandr Yefremov Parliamentarian, Head of the Party of the Regions Oleksandr Klymenko Head of the Tax Administration Rinat Akhmetov Former Parliamentarian, Billionaire (Ukraine’s richest man)
YOU CAN HELP 57 1. Get informed, stay informed. Don’t take our word for it, do your research. How to Explain What’s Happening in Ukraine Revolution in Kiev, Ukraine What’s Happening in Ukraine and Why It Matters spilno.tv Live streaming from Ukraine Why 1 Million Ukrainians Are Protesting 2. Get connected: EUROMAYDAN EnglishMaidan GRMaidan 3. Share with friends. Tell your government. 4. Support independent media in Ukraine and around the world. Ukrainians need international support to overcome the violations of basic human rights, the rule of law and the Ukrainian Constitution
Appendix: Why “titushky”? 58 Name originates from the last name of Vadym Titushko - martial art ﬁghter: Captured while beating journalists of 5 Kanal on May 18, 2013 Was one of dozens of ﬁghters paid by government to intimidate protesters Since then, every massive protest in Ukraine is accompanied by gangs of such thugs who beat people, provoke ﬁghts and arrests. Titushki are never arrested by police. Complaints about them are ignored. Often unemployed, some with criminal history. Usually are of age 17-30 years old. Payed with USD 15-80 per completed task. Unlike real protesters always hide faces from cameras. Vadym Titushko & others Have been used as pro-government demonstrators in December of 2013.
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