what is a solar charge controller

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Information about what is a solar charge controller
Science-Technology

Published on October 17, 2018

Author: Loomsolar

Source: authorstream.com

slide 1: www.loomsolar.com www.loomsolar.com What is a Solar Charge Controller A solar charge controller manages the power going into the battery bank from the solar array. It ensures that the deep cycle batteries are not overcharged during the day and that the power doesn’t run backwards to the solar panels overnight and drain the batteries. Some charge controllers are available with additional capabilities like lighting and load control but managing the power is its primary job. A solar charge controller is available in two different technologies PWM and MPPT. How they perform in a system is very different from each other. An MPPT charge controller is more expensive than a PWM charge controller and it is often worth it to pay the extra money. Pwm solar charge controller:- A PWM solar charge controller stands for “Pulse Width Modulation”. These operate by making a connection directly from the solar array to the battery bank. During bulk charging when there is a continuous connection from the array to the battery bank the array output voltage is ‘pulled down’ to the battery voltage. As the battery charges the voltage of the battery rises so the voltage output of the solar panel rises as well using more of the solar power as it charges. As a result you need to make sure you match the nominal voltage of the solar array with the voltage of the battery bank. Mppt solar charge controller:- An MPPT solar charge controller stands for “Maximum Power Point Tracking”. It will measure the Vmp voltage of the panel and down-converts the PV voltage to the battery voltage. Because power into the charge controller equals power out of the charge controller when the voltage is dropped to match the battery bank the current is raised so you are using more of the available power from the panel. You can use a higher voltage solar array than battery like the 60 cell nominal 20V grid-tie solar panels that are more readily available. Loom Solar Private Limited

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