What do Countries and People are making for save the planet?

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Published on February 19, 2014

Author: carlosfreitas1694

Source: slideshare.net

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Brazilian government announced its voluntary commitment to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), these projected for 2020, between 36.1% and 38.9%, estimated at that time, a reduction of these emissions around a billion tons CO2 equivalent (t CO2 eq.). These commitments were ratified in Article 12 of the Act establishing the National Policy on Climate Change (Law 12,187 of December 29, 2009).
I want to know about government, civil society or people initiatives ongoing in your country for Mitigation or adaptation of Global Climate Change.

Message to MOOC student: What do Countries and People are making for save the planet? What does is happening in your country for Mitigation of Global Climate Change? I would like to know about government, civil society or people initiatives ongoing in your country for Mitigation or adaptation of Global Climate Change. The Brazilian Initiative By Antonio Carlos Reis de Freitas (Agricultural Researcher); e-mail: carlos.freitas@embrapa.br In Copenhagen (COP-15), the Brazilian government announced its voluntary commitment to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), these projected for 2020, between 36.1% and 38.9%, estimated at that time, a reduction of these emissions around a billion tons CO2 equivalent (t CO2 eq.). These commitments were ratified in Article 12 of the Act establishing the National Policy on Climate Change (Law 12,187 of December 29, 2009). The scope of this National Policy was instituted Sectorial Plan for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change for the consolidation of an Economy of Low Carbon Agriculture in through the implementation of Nationality appropriated mitigations actions (NAMAS): - Recovering of 15 million hectares of degraded pasture through proper management and fertilization; - Increase the adoption of systems integration Agriculture-Forest and Agroforestry Systems in 4 million hectares; - Expand the use of no-tillage system on 8 million hectares; - Biological Nitrogen Fixation: expanding the use of biological fixation in 5.5 million hectares; - Promoting reforestation in the country, expanding the area planted forests, currently used to produce fibers, wood pulp and 3.0 million hectares from 6.0 million hectares to 9.0 million hectares. The federal government launched the ABC Plan (Agriculture Low Carbon) to achieve the expected results in the National Policy on Climate Change with economic incentives and funding of the order of $ 1 billion per year for farmers to implement the activities of the Plan. The ABC Plan is the instrument to integrate the actions of governments (federal and state), the productive sector and civil society, for the reduction of GHG emissions from the agricultural and livestock activities. In this sense, the governance structure of the ABC Plan is divided into three levels: 1. National Strategic; 2. National Tactical, 3. Provincial Operational. To evaluate the effectiveness of the actions contained in this Plan, it is necessary for Brazil to develop mechanisms for monitoring the implementation of these actions and emission reductions resulting therefrom. Given the voluntary emission reduction undertaken by the country with the UNFCCC, it is essential that monitoring mechanisms are able to effectively demonstrate compliance with these commitments. Thus, the monitoring strategy should contain a description of how the reductions will be regularly measured and recorded. Furthermore, it is necessary to ensure the quality and control of operational and administrative structure in charge of monitoring, to ensure the integrity and transparency of measurements reductions and the possibility of a future international verification.

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