What constitutes a theoretical contribution

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Information about What constitutes a theoretical contribution

Published on January 2, 2017

Author: anujbhatia09

Source: slideshare.net

1. THEORY IN MANAGEMENT Anuj Vijay Bhatia F1401

2. THEORY • Simplified representation of limited part of reality. • Human Effort • Orderly depiction of phenomenon • Only Part of Reality • Role of Science and Theory: ▫ Description ▫ Explanation

3. Theory represents relation between concepts and constructs which explains part of reality. • Concepts: ▫ An Abstract Idea ▫ Represents Fundamental Characteristics • Construct: ▫ Proposed Attribute ▫ Can only be inferred ▫ Cannot be measured directly ▫ Assessed by using indicators or variables ▫ Example: Intelligence, Satisfaction, Ethics • Variables: ▫ Quantity or Quality that varies ▫ It is what will be measured

4. • Science aims at generating knowledge. • Research is a form of generating knowledge.

5. What Constitutes a Theoretical Contribution? - David A. Whetton

6. What are the building blocks of theory development? Constituent Elements of Theory Development: ▫ What? ▫ How ? ▫ Why? ▫ Who, Where and When?

7. What? • Factors: ▫ Variables ▫ Constructs ▫ Concepts • Are they giving Explanation? • Comprehensiveness • Parsimony

8. How? • How are factors connected? • Conceptualization & delineating patterns • What and How: Domain of a Theory • Complex? ▫ Depict it Graphically • Comprehensiveness vs. Parsimony

9. Why? • Justification of Factors ▫ Psychological, Economic & Social Dynamics ▫ Causal relationships • Theory’s Assumptions ▫ Glue that weld’s model together. • Judging reasonableness of conceptualization • Empirically verified theory – Teach • Don’t rewrite – Challenge ▫ What are the reconstituted Whats and Hows? • What and How Describes, Why Explains.

10. Who, Where and When? • Limitations on propositions • Temporal and Contextual Factors • Boundaries of Genralizability • Range of theory

11. What is a Legitimate, Value-Added Contribution to Theory-Development • What and How? ▫ Not variables, but relationships ▫ Collection of stones is not a home ▫ How new variables alter understanding? ▫ Inconsistency between data and Conventional Wisdom- Challenge Theory • Why? ▫ Borrow perspective from other fields. ▫ Alter Metaphors ▫ Challenge Underlying Rationale

12. • Who, When and Where? ▫ Pointing out the limitations – not Enough ▫ Understand Why this Anomaly Exists. ▫ Revise the What and How of Model. ▫ Theory Feedback Loop ▫ Learn new from theory itself.

13. What Factors Are Considered in Judging Conceptual Papers? • What’s New? • So What? • Why So? • Well Done? • Done Well? • Why Now? • Who Cares?

14. Thank You…

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