WF Surface Water

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Information about WF Surface Water
Education

Published on April 7, 2008

Author: Waldarrama

Source: authorstream.com

Water Festival Surface Water Quiz Bowl Information:  Water Festival Surface Water Quiz Bowl Information March 2006 Surface water is present in what forms?:  Surface water is present in what forms? What percent of earth’s water is salt water?:  What percent of earth’s water is salt water? What percent is fresh water? What word refers to the “water of the earth?”:  What word refers to the “water of the earth?” What is a river defined as?:  What is a river defined as? What are 4 other examples of flowing surface water?:  What are 4 other examples of flowing surface water? What is the beginning of a river called?:  What is the beginning of a river called? What is the end of a river called?:  What is the end of a river called? Slide9:  A river flows from its headwater (source) in a channel (bed) in between its banks (sides of a river). Describe how a river flows. What is a river bank defined as?:  What is a river bank defined as? Look downstream. On your right = right bank. On your left = left bank. Smaller rivers and streams flowing into a larger river are called what? Give an example.:  Smaller rivers and streams flowing into a larger river are called what? Give an example. Examples: Big Sioux and Vermillion Rivers flow into Missouri River. Missouri River flows into Mississippi. What are curves in a river called?:  What are curves in a river called? What happens when a river cuts off a meander?:  What happens when a river cuts off a meander? An ox-bow lake is created. What happens when a river overflows?:  What happens when a river overflows? Land bordering the river which is often flooded is called what?:  Land bordering the river which is often flooded is called what? What is soil that erodes into the stream called?:  What is soil that erodes into the stream called? What is formed when a river deposits large amounts of soil or sediment?:  What is formed when a river deposits large amounts of soil or sediment? As a river flows, what is it continually doing?:  As a river flows, what is it continually doing? Washing away soil from its banks (erosion) Where does soil that is washed away from its banks go, and what does it form?:  Where does soil that is washed away from its banks go, and what does it form? The sediments are carried to the mouth of the river and it forms a delta. What do nearly all rivers flow into?:  What do nearly all rivers flow into? The longest river in the world?:  The longest river in the world? Nile River in Africa (4,180 miles) The second longest river in the world?:  The second longest river in the world? Amazon River in South America (3,912 miles) If the Nile River is the longest, why is the Amazon River considered to be the largest?:  If the Nile River is the longest, why is the Amazon River considered to be the largest? The Amazon carries more water (6million cubic feet every second) and the Nile empties 56,000 cubic feet per second into the Mediterranean Sea. What is the 3rd longest river in the world?:  What is the 3rd longest river in the world? What is the shortest river in the world?:  What is the shortest river in the world? D River in Oregon (120 ft. long) – connects Devil’s Lake to Pacific Ocean What happens at the mouth of a river?:  What happens at the mouth of a river? The river flows into another body of water What is the area called where a river enters an arm of the ocean?:  What is the area called where a river enters an arm of the ocean? Where would you find waterfalls?:  Where would you find waterfalls? Some fall from hanging valleys (created by glaciers) Most are found where harder rock meets soft soil (erosion is prevented) What is the tallest waterfall in the world?:  What is the tallest waterfall in the world? What is the tallest waterfall in the US? And the 6th tallest in the world?:  What is the tallest waterfall in the US? And the 6th tallest in the world? What is water’s chemical name? And what does it stand for?:  What is water’s chemical name? And what does it stand for? H2O 2 atoms of hydrogen and 1 atom of oxygen What is the percentage of water in a potato?:  What is the percentage of water in a potato? What is the largest lake in the world? :  What is the largest lake in the world? What is the second? What is the third? Name the 5 Great Lakes.:  Name the 5 Great Lakes. How can the sizes of lakes change? Which lake has shrunk in size from 4th to 6th largest because of this?:  How can the sizes of lakes change? Which lake has shrunk in size from 4th to 6th largest because of this? Using river water for agricultural purposes. Aral Sea in Russia What is the deepest lake in the world?:  What is the deepest lake in the world? Lake Baikal in Russia (over 1 mile deep) What is the deepest lake in the US?:  What is the deepest lake in the US? Crater Lake How did Crater Lake form?:  How did Crater Lake form? A collapsed volcano The depth of Crater Lake can be compared to what?:  The depth of Crater Lake can be compared to what? 16 water towers stacked on each other Think: Cra8ter 8 x 2 = 16 What state leads the nation with 3 million lakes?:  What state leads the nation with 3 million lakes? Alaska (A-lake-ska) Describe the special types of lakes?:  Describe the special types of lakes? What did the largest disaster on a lake result from?:  What did the largest disaster on a lake result from? Volcanic cents erupted releasing poisonous gases killing 2,000 people in their sleep (happened in Lake Nois in Cameroon, Africa) What are the 4 major oceans on the earth in order from largest to smallest?:  What are the 4 major oceans on the earth in order from largest to smallest? Pacific Atlantic Indian Arctic What is an oceanographer?:  What is an oceanographer? A scientist who studies oceans What is the difference between an ocean and a sea?:  What is the difference between an ocean and a sea? Seas are smaller and are found closer to continents What percent of the earth do oceans and seas cover? What is the farthest point from the ocean?:  What percent of the earth do oceans and seas cover? What is the farthest point from the ocean? 1,600 miles away in Northern China is the farthest point What are 2 CONSTANT types of water movement found in the oceans?:  What are 2 CONSTANT types of water movement found in the oceans? Currents and Tides What is the difference between a current and a tide?:  What is the difference between a current and a tide? A current is a permanent flow that moves through the ocean like rivers. A tide is the rising and falling of water levels due to the gravitational pull of the sun and the moon. What is sea level?:  What is sea level? The height of the level surface of the sea half way between high tide and low tide. What is another type of water movement?:  What is another type of water movement? Waves = caused by the wind Tsunamis are special waves caused by earthquakes under or near the ocean. Describe the landforms found in or near the ocean.:  Describe the landforms found in or near the ocean. What is the percentage of water in the human body?:  What is the percentage of water in the human body? What is an area of land covered by water for a portion of the year?:  What is an area of land covered by water for a portion of the year? Wetland Describe the types of wetland areas.:  Describe the types of wetland areas. Marsh = soft wet area (cattails) Bog = waterlogged spongy ground (special mosses) Fen = woodland and swamp Muskeg = marsh found over permafrost (layer of permanent frost found in arctic regions) Salt Marsh = coastal marsh flooded for sometime by seawater (cattails)

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