Published on March 5, 2014
Designing for Wellbeing Seminar 4th March 2014, Ecobuild 2014 Part of the BRE Trust
Designing for Wellbeing AGENDA Introduction and findings of survey on ‘perceptions of indoor environment’ - Dr Deborah Pullen MBE, Group Director – Research, BRE ‘A Case Study of BIT--‐ Kit: A Method Uncovering the Impact Buildings have on People’ –, Dr Lesley McIntyre, University of Dundee, ’Creating strong communities – measuring social sustainability in new housing development’ - Professor Tim Dixon, University of Reading, ‘The Development of a Wellbeing Index for Cities’ - Ian Barnett, BRE ‘Health, wellbeing and productivity in offices: measuring impact and sharing best practice’ -John Alker, UKGBC General discussion – key areas for future research
Designing for Wellbeing – Joint programme between BRE and UBM Built Environment launched November 2013 – Online survey of occupier views completed • How would you describe the environment around you, at home, at work or at leisure?! • 2,245 votes cast in total • Thanks to ARUP for delivering the survey
Research Paper Competition launched December 2013 Include research completed in the last 2 years Domestic and non-domestic categories 25 entries, 12 non-domestic, 13 domestic Papers will be available to review online at www.buildingdesign.wiki soon
BIT-Kit: A Method of Uncovering the Impact Buildings have on People. Dr Lesley McIntyre @lesleysbubble @BESiDEResearch (B.Sc., B.A. (Hons.), M.Arch. (Dist.), Ph.D.) School of Computing University of Dundee
The Problem (28th Feb 2014) West Dunbartonshire Council = £40,000 - 10 level ramp
‘What’s missing is the evidence. There is no evidence that good design improves people’s lives.’ (Stephen Hodder, 2013 RIBA President ) ‘ The current method of dealing with access and buildings is a real tick-list, there is no story behind any of it and it becomes detached from the whole design process. It needs some of the ‘proper real stuff’ (Architect, 8 years in Practice) “I have been involved in this practice for about eight and a half, maybe nine years and never been to one CPD that has been focused on any of these things, or on design for ageing. There seems to be a gap maybe?” The Research Problem (Architect, 25 years in Practice)
How do we gather this evidence? How can Architects be better supported to understand: - Human building interactions -Assess the impact of buildings -Relate built environment design to research Findings & Real world gap in knowledge: People with visual loss are still experiencing problems as they wayfind through buildings. BIT-Kit & The Way-finding Scenario Architecture Part of the School of Environment
Designing the Method
Defining Hotspots - Critical Events - Spatial Temporal Positive Negative
F igure 4.23: Afx ie’s E pe rience of a ‘ roken’ Handrail B
‘I can’t get the doors open so I don’t go outside anymore’ ‘The corridors are so long and I get lost so I just wait for someone to push me instead of walking’ ‘They brought in a computer thingie and I played tennis with my grandson. I used to play tennis on a tennis court’ ‘There is good light in this room for us to have a read and chat’
Dr Lesley McIntyre @lesleysbubble @BESiDEResearch (B.Sc., B.A. (Hons.), M.Arch. (Dist.), Ph.D.) || School of Computing || University of Dundee || email@example.com
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Creating strong communities – measuring social sustainability in new housing development Professor Tim Dixon, School of Construction Management & Engineering, University of Reading Saffron Woodcraft, Social Life EcoBuild: 4 March 2014
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? • Context • How we developed the framework • Testing the framework • Lessons/Implications DESIGN FOR SOCIAL S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y A framew ork for cr eating thr iving n ew communities Saffron Woodcraft with Tricia Hackett & Lucia Caistor-Arendar Foreword by Sir Peter Hall
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Why does social sustainability matter? • Communities matter… • Changes in political and legislative landscape… • Development teams will need to justify projects in more detail… http://ynuk.tv/2011/08/18/peckham-riots-wall-of-love/
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Urban Social Sustainability • • • Social capital Social cohesion Wellbeing : the dynamic process that gives people a sense of how their lives are going, through the interaction between their circumstances, activities and psychological resources or ‘mental capital’ (NEF).
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Our definition “Social sustainability describes the way a neighbourhood supports individual and collective wellbeing. It is about people’s quality of life. Social sustainability combines design of the physical environment with a focus on how the people who live in and use a space relate to each other and function as a community. It is enhanced by development which provides the right infrastructure to support a strong social and cultural life, opportunities for people to get involved, and scope for the place and the community to evolve.”
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? What happens in communities is complex
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Community strengths and vulnerabilities co-exist: this is the starting point for social sustainability
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Can other frameworks be used?
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? When to measure? • To make better places • To improve the quality of life for residents and support the community to flourish • To demonstrate a commitment to the long term to key partners Eight assessments now complete: four post-occupancy, two “midpoint”, and two early-stage
Future communities: space to grow CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER?
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? The framework • • • Three dimensions, 13 indicators, underpinned by 45 questions Majority of questions from nationally recognised surveys or industry frameworks Wellbeing (SC3): – Feeling happy? – Useful part in things? – Satisfaction with local area? – Life satisfaction? Design & Design & service service provision provision Potential to Potential to shape future shape future • Building for Life • Public Transport • Travel Data How the How the development development works works
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Benchmarking • - Results from resident surveys benchmarked against comparable local areas using well established geo-demographic categories: OAC first choice IMD where OAC not possible. • Comparison with average responses from comparable social groups in comparable areas. • RAG system: red, orange and green. Example: The Hamptons OAC categories
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Six Framework Test Sites
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? • • • Case Study: Kidbrooke Village, Greenwich £1bn : 15-20 years Former Ferrier Estate One of largest regeneration projects in UK – – – – – – – – Improved access and permeability Maximised views and sunlight A park A new 100-acre landscaped public open space An improved natural and social environment Reduced impact for Kidbrooke Park Road, and its conversion into a park road with landscaped metropolitan open land to either side A legible network of streets and spaces SUDs
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Townhouses are designed with a distinctive 'saw-tooth' roof profile and elevation that is distinctive whilst also being respectful of its context. Open space is clearly distinguished, with private terraces abutting public open space parkland. Distinctions are clear but handled with subtlety. No visible differences between tenures. Buildings are designed to face outwards - with existing and new properties (and the residents they contain) coming together on common streets
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? Social Sustainability Assessment • Independent site survey 2013 • 125 residents (24% of occupied households) interviewed • 10 of 13 indicators are positive-above benchmark for comparable places
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? New and existing communities • Settled and secure/belong —’wellbeing’ • Voice and influence –consultation on environment etc • Returning residents- rehoused near people they know but …… • Links with neighbours (77% lived in homes for 1 yr or less)? • Smaller gardens? Social housing: more neighbourly?
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? What we learned and the limitations • • • • • • Need for analysis of underlying causality Contextual interviews helpful Snapshot approach can be powerful Mixed methods and data sources Impact on neighbourhood? More work needed….. Scope/sphere of influence: this is a bespoke framework -- equity and justice? education and employment?
CAN WE BUILD PLACES WHERE PEOPLE ARE HAPPIER? • • • • Contributing to our understanding of sustainability: no other house builder is doing this Shifting thinking about placemaking to long term stewardship ‘Post-occupancy evaluation’ of social sustainability is important to conduct Intangibles, lived experience, and wellbeing are as important as hard infrastructure. Implications
Developing a Healthy Cities Index Ian Barnett BRE 04/03/2014 Part of the BRE Trust
A Healthy Cities Index (HCI) An Index which will score a city, authority or community on a comparable basis, providing a benchmark for targeted action…
Drivers “Poor health wastes potential, causes despair and drains resources across all sectors.” - The World Health Organisation “Building more hospitals is a sign of failure. What I want to see is ‘upstream’ investment to keep people out of hospital” - Dr David Pencheon, Director NHS SDU
Best Cities 2013 (Economist Intelligence Unit) 1. Melbourne 2. Vienna 3. Vancouver 55. London Last = Damascus Unhealthy Cities: life expectancy 2010 (men ) • • • UK = 78.2 years Glasgow = 71.6 years Calton = 54 years
Characteristics of the HCI? – Allows cities/towns to be compared on their health status – Is independent of the health of the population – Enables a city to improve, to become more healthy
Already out there?
Possible city level indicators…
Healthy Cities Index – How it might look Access to services Access to medical support Housing Access to nutrition Access to education Buildings and Infrastructure 58 Safety and security Introduced risk Built environment Transport 90 to 100 Open space and Leisure Air quality Noise 80 to 90 70 to 80 60 to 70 50 to 60 40 to 50 30 to 40 20 to 30
Housing indicator, applied to London – Based on HHSRS hazard prevalence estimates from English Housing Survey • Excess hot/cold conditions • Slips, Trips and Falls Transpor t • Other Hazards
Housing indicator, applied to London
Housing indicator, applied to England
Safety and Security – A separate on-going BRE project under the future cities programme is looking at this particular indicator Transpor t – Piloting data collection in a small number of cities to determine the feasibility of collecting environmental design information, likely correlated to crime hotspots – Other indicators of Safety and security could include the British Crime Survey
Noise – Defra have been working on collecting noise-mapping data for England – The proportion of exposure above 65 dB(A) could be used as an indicator of noise pollution Transpor t – Alternatively, the proportion of the cities area where the noise pollution from individual sources exceeds 65 dB(A) could be calculated for each source as separate sub-indicators relating to road, rail, air and industry
Other examples Air Quality: • External air quality • Indoor air quality in dwellings • Indoor air quality in other buildings Transpor t Transpor t Transpor t Open space and leisure: • Proportion of usable green space to residential space • Museums, theatres, art galleries, sports fields, cinemas and gymnasiums, is worth considering Infrastructure includes • Energy supply • Water management • Communications • Solid waste management • Transport links
Thank you Further information: firstname.lastname@example.org Part of the BRE Trust
Health, wellbeing and productivity in offices measuring impact and sharing best practice: a new World GBC project John Alker, Director of Policy & Communications, UK Green Building Council @johnalker email@example.com CAMPAIGN FOR A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT © 2013 UK Green Building Council Registered charity number 1135153
BACKGROUND CAMPAIGN FOR A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT © 2013 UK Green Building Council Registered charity number 1135153
HOWEVER… “...there is still some way to go before this kind of evidence informs investment decisions.” CAMPAIGN FOR A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT © 2013 UK Green Building Council Registered charity number 1135153
KEY OBJECTIVES 1) Provide guidance and best practice information on features of green building that enhance health, wellbeing and productivity, in order to help translate emerging evidence into design. 2) Propose common metrics for measuring health, wellbeing and productivity, which can be translated into financial benefits, for organisations across the world to pilot in their projects. CAMPAIGN FOR A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT © 2013 UK Green Building Council Registered charity number 1135153
DELIVERY – GET INVOLVED • Steering Group • Technical Committee • Global consultation across GBC networks • Work in partnership – transparent process • Report in the autumn • Beyond: piloting ‘on the ground’ and global resource hub. CAMPAIGN FOR A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT © 2013 UK Green Building Council Registered charity number 1135153
Questions @johnalker firstname.lastname@example.org CAMPAIGN FOR A SUSTAINABLE BUILT ENVIRONMENT © 2013 UK Green Building Council Registered charity number 1135153
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