Weimar And Expressionism

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Information about Weimar And Expressionism

Published on September 20, 2009

Author: RSJones

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Brief intro to Wiemar and German Expressionist Art

Learning Outcomes Identify the characteristics of German Expressionism and link to social conditions of that period (Weimar 1919-1933) Evaluate art of this period in relation to film and context

Identify the characteristics of German Expressionism and link to social conditions of that period (Weimar 1919-1933)

Evaluate art of this period in relation to film and context

GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM

Social Conditions WWI also known as the Great War 1914 – 1918 Germany: 1.7m killed and 4.2m wounded The war was fought in the trenches Men came back physically maimed and psychologically damaged

WWI also known as the Great War 1914 – 1918

Germany: 1.7m killed and 4.2m wounded

The war was fought in the trenches

Men came back physically maimed and psychologically damaged

Post-war 1918-1939 Germany had to pay reparations to the Allies Suffered hyper-inflation The hardships faced by the men in the trenches were continued home – poverty, starvation. (1923) Woman feeds her stove with Papiermarks which burnt longer than the amount of wood people could buy with them

Germany had to pay reparations to the Allies

Suffered hyper-inflation

The hardships faced by the men in the trenches were continued home – poverty, starvation.

Cinema During this period cinema production, distribution and exhibition was at its height Inflation led to a boom in German film exports that began around 1919 No film censorship directly after war and films depicting nudity, homosexuality and drug use were made

During this period cinema production, distribution and exhibition was at its height

Inflation led to a boom in German film exports that began around 1919

No film censorship directly after war and films depicting nudity, homosexuality and drug use were made

Weimar Republic (1919-1933) Removed censorship laws – yet introduced laws for film (no pornography or other indecent content) Time of decadence and permissiveness Characterised in the rise of the cabaret

Removed censorship laws – yet introduced laws for film (no pornography or other indecent content)

Time of decadence and permissiveness

Characterised in the rise of the cabaret

Cabaret Berlin became the cosmopolitan capital of Europe Anita Berber – Expressionist exotic dancer and actress in German silent movies. Otto Dix, The Dancer Anita Berber, 1910

Berlin became the cosmopolitan capital of Europe

Anita Berber – Expressionist exotic dancer and actress in German silent movies.

Bob Fosse – Cabaret (1972) Film musical depicting the decadence of the Weimar Republic and the rise of the Nazi Party Starring Liza Minnelli & Michael York http://www.nodanw.com/shows_c/cabaret_essay.htm

Film musical depicting the decadence of the Weimar Republic and the rise of the Nazi Party

German Expressionism Towards a definition Impressionism Concerned with outer appearances – a visible reality. German Expressionism A reaction to the impressionist concern with the outer and with appearance. It portrays the inner and psychic values. The painted forms are externalised emotions. Colour no longer designates optical facts. http://www.tate.org.uk/collections/glossary/definition Die Brucke (The Bridge) Erich Heckel, Lyonel Feininger, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner

Erich Heckel (1883 – 1970) Reading Aloud , 1914 (woodcut)

Erich Heckel Roquairol , Portrait of E.L. Kirchner, 1917

Erich Heckel Girl with a Doll (Franzi), 1910

Lyonel Feininger (1871–1956) Town Hall, Zottelstedt, 2 , 1918

Town Hall, Zottelstedt, 2 , 1918

Lyonel Feininger Villa on the Shore, 4 , 1920

Villa on the Shore, 4 , 1920

Ernst Kirchner (1880-1938) Potsdamer Platz Berlin, 1914 The Street, 1913

Ernst Kirchner Hamburg Dancers, 1910

Ernst Kirchner Dodo with a Large Fan in the Studio, 1910 Couple in a Room, 1912

The Red Tower in Halle, 1915 Ernst Kirchner

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff (1884–1976) Portrait of Emy , 1919

Käthe Kollwitz ( 1867-1945 ) The Widow , 1922/1923

Cabinet of Dr Caligari Robert Weine , 1919

Cabinet of Dr Caligari Robert Weine , 1919

Nosferatu (Murnau, 1922)

Nosferatu (Murnau, 1922)

Nosferatu (Murnau, 1922)

Otto Dix (1891 – 1969) The Skat Players , 1920 Stormtroopers During Gas Attack , 1923/24 New Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit )

George Grosz (1893 – 1959) To Oscar Panizza , 1917-18 Metropolis , 1917

Art Deco City Hall of Buffalo, New York Poster for Fritz Lang’s Metropolis

Metropolis (Lang, 1927)

Metropolis (Lang, 1927)

Questions to Consider What is the relationship between technique and context in German Expressionism? Identify the general differences between German Expressionism and Soviet Montage?

What is the relationship between technique and context in German Expressionism?

Identify the general differences between German Expressionism and Soviet Montage?

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