week2 progress

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Information about week2 progress

Published on October 25, 2007

Author: Jancis

Source: authorstream.com

Booker T. Washington:  Booker T. Washington Born in Virginia just before the Civil War 1881 founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute $tate department, 1898: We need new market$!:  $tate department, 1898: We need new market$! “It seems to be conceded that every year we shall be confronted with an increasing surplus of manufactured goods for sale in foreign markets if American operatives and artisans are to be kept employed the year around. The enlargement of foreign consumption of the products of our mills and workshops has, therefore, become a serious problem of statesmanship as well as of commerce.” Slide3:  President William McKinley, 1898 Most popular president since Lincoln First modern cabinet: administrators, not politicians Slide4:  William Randolph Hearst Slide5:  The Maine The Anti-Imperialist League, 1898:  The Anti-Imperialist League, 1898 “As for the flag of the Philippine province, it is easily managed. We can have a special one. We can just have our usual flag, with the white stripes painted black and the stars replaced by the skull and cross bones.” Mark Twain The Platt Amendment (1902):  The Platt Amendment (1902) The U.S. had the right to intervene in Cuba to “protect” its independence Cuba’s debt would be monitored by the U.S. a fiscal cleanup plan to make Cuba more attractive to U.S. investors a 99 year lease on Guantanamo Bay base Emiliano Aguinaldo, leader of the Filipino revolt:  Emiliano Aguinaldo, leader of the Filipino revolt 1898, Treaty of Paris gives all Spanish controlled islands in exchange for $20 million. 120,000 U.S. soldiers sent to the Philippines Almost 220,000 Filipinos killed resisting U.S. occupation John Hay’s “open door” policy, 1899:  John Hay’s “open door” policy, 1899 All nations have equal trading rights in China Chinese tariffs shall apply equally everywhere Only Chinese government will collect taxes and duties Slide10:  The Panama Canal 1903: TR backs uprising that creates Panama 1906: U.S. approves Panama Canal as a lock canal; TR visits the site 1914: Panama Canal opens for business Slide11:  1904: 1,300 trusts in the United States Aggregate capitalization of 724 billion dollars Between 1897 and 1904, about a third of all previously existing companies disappeared 1909: 5 percent of manufacturers employed 62 percent of all manufacturing workers T.R.’s record, 1901-1908:  T.R.’s record, 1901-1908 First president to effectively use the Sherman anti-trust act Helping settle a coal strike rather than breaking the union (1901) Passage of the Pure Food and Drug and Meat Inspection Acts (1906) Slide13:  T. Roosevelt used his executive authority to triple land set aside for national forests, to 150 million acres. Doubled number of national parks Established 16 “national monuments” such as Muir woods Established 51 wildlife refuges Eugene Debs and the Socialist Party:  Eugene Debs and the Socialist Party 1908: Debs won 400,000 votes in his presidential bid Almost 120,000 members in 1912 1,150 socialists held office in 36 states and 325 towns and cities Eugene Debs ran for president in 1912 and 1920 and won almost a million votes Slide15:  The Lawrence Massachusetts strike of 1912 Led by the Industrial Workers of the World Multicultural immigrant strike The Industrial Workers of the World:  The Industrial Workers of the World William Haywood, wild eyed radical (accept no substitutes) Advocated “anarcho-syndicalism”: a decentralized, stateless world run by unions (syndicato) Advocated sabotage, although its members rarely actually followed through on this Based in big western industries: lumber and mining, especially Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party) 1912:  Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party) 1912 Called for Women’s Suffrage . . . Direct election of U.S. Senators Graduated income tax Initiative, referendum, and the recall TR’s “New Nationalism” vs. Wilson’s “New Freedom”:  TR’s “New Nationalism” vs. Wilson’s “New Freedom” TR supportive of expansion of Federal government to regulate commerce and industry Supported women’s suffrage, lower tariffs, graduated income tax Supported policies that would protect small business, smaller cities, and the professions Especially anti-trust Suspicious of federal power Sympathetic to “state’s rights” democrats The Presidential Election of 1912:  The Presidential Election of 1912 Democrat Woodrow Wilson (the winner): 42 percent of the vote Progressive Roosevelt: 27 percent Republican Taft: 23 percent Socialist E.V. Debs: 6 percent! . . . Distinctly leftward turn for American politics Federal Income Tax, 1913:  Federal Income Tax, 1913 1895: Supreme Court declares Federal income tax unconstitutional 1913: Congress and the states ratify the 16th amendment, which gave Congress the right to levy direct taxes 1913: Congress puts 1 percent tax on individual and corporate incomes over 4,000 a year The Federal Reserve System created on December 23, 1913:  The Federal Reserve System created on December 23, 1913 Board of Governors appointed by the President (of the United States) The Chair and Vice Chair named by the President Individual banks belong to 12 regional banks and keep some of their money in the regional banks The Federal Reserve lends money to banks at the Prime Rate, determined by the Board of Governors The Clayton Act, 1914:  The Clayton Act, 1914 Specifically listed trade practices that were unlawful (so they couldn’t be called “manufacturing” practices) Prohibited “interlocking directorates” in corporations Unions could not be enjoined when “acting legally.” Federal Trade Commission:  1959: Federal Trade Commission waged a 15 year campaign to get the makers of Geritol to stop saying that it cured “iron poor tired blood,” which it didn’t. 1950s: Companies that manufactured “little liver pills” admitted to the FTC that the pills had no impact on the human liver. Federal Trade Commission Investigated unfair trade practices Unfair methods of competition Ways to stop the voting:  Ways to stop the voting Poll taxes, 1 or 2 dollars, paid in advance of the election No assistants allowed for illiterate voters Literacy tests requiring elaborate recitation of state constitutions Grandfather clauses (did your grandfather vote before the Civil War?) Disenfranchisement in the South (by percentage of adult male population eligible to vote):  Disenfranchisement in the South (by percentage of adult male population eligible to vote) Race riot: Atlanta, Georgia, 1906:  Race riot: Atlanta, Georgia, 1906 25 blacks killed 1 white killed 4 blacks beaten to death DuBois’ three questions for Booker T. Washington, 1903:  DuBois’ three questions for Booker T. Washington, 1903 How can blacks advance themselves economically if they have no political power? How can blacks have pride in themselves if they are second class citizens? How can blacks maintain good common schools without teachers trained in colleges and universities? Race riot: Springfield, Illinois, 1908:  Race riot: Springfield, Illinois, 1908 4000 national guard troops brought in to stop the riot NAACP founded a year later Slide29:  The Niagra Movement meeting of 1905 and public concern over the Springfield riot of 1908 resulted in the founding of the NAACP in 1909. Niagra civil rights meeting of 1905 Plessy v. Ferguson (1896):  Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) New Orleans black community sends Homer Plessy to test Louisiana train segregation law Supreme Court rules seven to one to uphold the “Separate Car Act” as long as there were equal accommodations for everyone Harlan’s lone dissent: “The arbitrary separation of citizens on the basis of race . . . Is a badge of servitude wholly inconsistent with the civil freedom and equality before the law . . . “ Souls of Black Folk themes:  Souls of Black Folk themes Centrality of slavery as a cause of the Civil War The legitimacy of Reconstruction Challenging Booker T. Washington Calling for an educated elite, a “talented tenth,” to engage in political action Calling for African Americans to become more engaged in civic culture, not just commercial activity

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