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Published on January 30, 2008

Author: Rainero

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Ben Shneiderman Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory & Department of Computer Science University of Maryland Web3D: Phoenix, February 26, 2002 :  Ben Shneiderman Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory & Department of Computer Science University of Maryland Web3D: Phoenix, February 26, 2002 or Not 3D: When and Why Does it Work? Ben Shneiderman Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory & Department of Computer Science University of Maryland Web3D: Phoenix, February 26, 2002 :  or Not 3D: When and Why Does it Work? Ben Shneiderman Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory & Department of Computer Science University of Maryland Web3D: Phoenix, February 26, 2002 Slide4:  Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory Interdisciplinary research community - Computer Science & Psychology - Information Studies & Education www.cs.umd.edu/hcil Scientific Approach (beyond user friendly):  Scientific Approach (beyond user friendly) Specify users and tasks Predict and measure time to learn speed of performance rate of human errors human retention over time Assess subjective satisfaction (Questionnaire for User Interface Satisfaction) Accommodate individual differences Consider social, organizational & cultural context Design Issues:  Design Issues Input devices & strategies Keyboards, pointing devices, voice Direct manipulation Menus, forms, commands Output devices & formats Screens, windows, color, sound Text, tables, graphics Instructions, messages, help Collaboration & communities Manuals, tutorials, training www.awl.com/DTUI usableweb.com useit.com Library of Congress:  Library of Congress Scholars, Journalists, Citizens Teachers, Students Visible Human Explorer (NLM):  Visible Human Explorer (NLM) Doctors Surgeons Researchers Students NASA Environmental Data:  NASA Environmental Data Scientists Farmers Land planners Students Bureau of Census:  Bureau of Census Economists, Policy makers, Journalists Teachers, Students Information Visualization: Using Vision to Think :  Information Visualization: Using Vision to Think Visual bandwidth is enormous Human perceptual skills are remarkable Trend, cluster, gap, outlier... Color, size, shape, proximity... Human image storage is fast and vast Opportunities Spatial layouts & coordination Information visualization Scientific visualization & simulation Telepresence & augmented reality Virtual environments Slide12:  www.spotfire.com Slide13:  www.spotfire.com Fisheye views and Zooming User Interfaces:  Fisheye views and Zooming User Interfaces Distortion to magnify areas of interest User-control, zoom factors of 3-5 Multi-scale spaces Zoom in/out & Pan left/right Smooth zooming Semantic zooming http://www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/jazz/ GlassEye:  GlassEye (see Hochheiser paper in www.cs.umd.edu/hcil) Spectrum of 3-D Visualizations:  Spectrum of 3-D Visualizations Immersive Virtual Environment with head-mounted stereo display and head tracking Desktop 3-D for 3-D worlds medical, architectural, scientific visualizations, games Desktop 3-D for artificial worlds Bookhouse, file-cabinets, shopping malls Desktop 3-D for information visualization cone/cam trees, perspective wall, web-book SGI directories, Visible Decisions, Media Lab landscapes XGobi scatterplots, Themescape, Visage Chartjunk 3-D: barcharts, piecharts, histograms Medical & Scientific Visualizations:  Medical & Scientific Visualizations Volume Visualization for Medical SUNY – Stony Brook http://www.cs.sunysb.edu/~vislab/ Electronic Visualization Laboratory University of Illinois at Chicago http://www.evl.uic.edu/ Commercial Visualizations:  Commercial Visualizations Information & Entertainment:  Information & Entertainment 3D Home pages, chat rooms www.ActiveWorlds.com IPIX 3D room tours www.ipix.com Slide20:  Are these good uses of 3D? Slide21:  www.netviz.com Communication networks Slide22:  J.A. Brown, McGregor A.J and H-W Braun. Network Connection & Performance Planar graph with towers:  Planar graph with towers Chaomei Chen Slide24:  www.cognos.com Slide25:  www.visualinsights.com Perspective wall (Xerox PARC):  Perspective wall (Xerox PARC) Mackinlay et al, CHI91 ConeTree:  ConeTree Xerox Park Slide28:  Hyperbolic trees Visually appealing Space limited 2-level lookahead Easy affordances -Hard to scan -Poor screen usage -Too volatile Lamping et al. CHI 95 Treemap - view large trees with node values:  Treemap - view large trees with node values Space filling Space limited Color coding Size coding Requires learning (Shneiderman, see www.cs.umd.edu/hcil/treemaps) TreeViz (Mac, Johnson, 1992) NBA-Tree(Sun, Turo, 1993) Winsurfer (Teittinen, 1996) Diskmapper (Windows, Micrologic) Treemap97 (Windows, UMd) Treemap 3.0 (Java, UMd) Treemap - Stock market, clustered by industry:  Treemap - Stock market, clustered by industry see www.smartmoney.com Treemap - Stock market – 3D view:  Treemap - Stock market – 3D view Slide32:  WebBook WebBook-WebForager:  WebBook-WebForager Card, Robertson, George and York, CHI 96 Slide34:  Starlight Battelle – Pacific Northwest National Lab Slide35:  Themescape Wise et al., 1995 - see also www.omniviz.com Slide36:  Mineset IBM Research: 3D Objects & Ecological Design:  IBM Research: 3D Objects & Ecological Design 3-D objects & ecological setting speed performance by 10-20% Ark, Dryer, Selker & Zhai British HCI 1998 0 IBM Research: RealThings:  IBM Research: RealThings Familiar 3-D objects replace form-fillin www-3.ibm.com/ibm/easy/eou_ext.nsf/Publish/581 www.otal.umd.edu/SHORE99/daveyg/ Microsoft: Data Mountain:  Microsoft: Data Mountain Cockburn & McKenzie, ACM CHI2001 3-D perspective & size changes cause no significant slowdown and users like them Microsoft: Task Gallery:  Microsoft: Task Gallery http://research.microsoft.com/ui/TaskGallery/ Chalmers Univ: 3D Workspace Manager:  Chalmers Univ: 3D Workspace Manager http://www.3dwm.org/ Slide42:  Clockwise3d http://www.clockwise3d.com/ Slide43:  Clockwise3d vs. Windows Explorer www.otal.umd.edu/SHORE2001/winDesktop/ UMd Student Team Project -12 subjects -12 tasks Fewer clicks is faster Slide44:  Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory 19th Annual Symposium May 30-31, 2002 www.cs.umd.edu/hcil For More Information:  For More Information Visit the HCIL website for 200 papers & info on videos (www.cs.umd.edu/hcil) See Chapter 15 on Info Visualization Shneiderman, B., Designing the User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human-Computer Interaction: Third Edition (1998) (www.aw.com/DTUI) January 1999 book of readings: Card, S., Mackinlay, J., and Shneiderman, B. Information Visualization: Using Vision to Think

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