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Published on October 26, 2007

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World Bank Observations on Building STI Capacity For Development:  World Bank Observations on Building STI Capacity For Development Alfred Watkins World Bank S&T Program Coordinator Presentation to the RISE Workshop Nairobi June 3-5, 2007 Plan of Presentation:  Plan of Presentation What is STI Capacity? Observations from Government of Rwanda -- World Bank STI capacity building program World Bank Global Forum Conclusion What STI Capacity?:  What STI Capacity? Five Dimensions of STI Capacity:  Five Dimensions of STI Capacity Capacity building is needed at all skill levels:  Capacity building is needed at all skill levels R&D Design & Engineering Technician & Craft Skills & Capabilities Basic Operators Skills and Capabilities Hydrological Analysis of Surface and Underground Water Watershed Conservation and Pollution Control Well Boring and Pumping Underground Water Harvesting Rainwater Run-offs from Roofs and Fields Water Storage & Distribution Infrastructure Water Purification and Water Quality Control Skill Levels Required Tasks Required Skills Hydrology, Geology, Limnology, Geochemistry, GIS and Remote Sensing Environmental Engineering, Chemistry, Soil Science, Geology groundwater engineering, Construction, Masonry, Pump operation, maintenance Geology and Hydrology Construction and Masonry Civil Engineering; Construction, masonry (for tanks, reservoirs, pipes) Chemistry, Microbiology, Public Health, Environmental Science, Laboratory Assistance Getting the Balance Right is Important!:  Getting the Balance Right is Important! Observations from STI Capacity Building Program :  Observations from STI Capacity Building Program Government of Rwanda – World Bank STI Capacity Building Program:  Government of Rwanda – World Bank STI Capacity Building Program Needs assessment and action plan – what does Rwanda have, what does Rwanda need, and how can Rwanda build capacity for: Appropriate Technology Food Processing Deliver clean water to rural villages Agriculture Productivity through Research and Extension Geosciences and Geothermal Energy Adding value to natural resources throughout value chain – importance of entrepreneurship Hope to prepare a World Bank S&T project to finance the implementation of the recommendations in the Needs Assessments and Action Plans Guiding Principles for STI Capacity Building Work in Rwanda:  Guiding Principles for STI Capacity Building Work in Rwanda Focusing on finding practical solutions to practical problems facing Rwanda in economic and social sectors Adopting a cross-sectoral approach that brings together many ministries and sectors Addressing all levels of technology and skills needs: from low-tech to high-tech, from vocational skills to sophisticated engineering skills. Looking for solutions in private sector for skills upgrading and technology development, not just in public sector STI Capacity Building: Linking Silos…:  STI Capacity Building: Linking Silos… Infrastructure Development Research and Development (R&D) Standards and Quality Management Higher Education and TVET Private Sector Development Agriculture and Rural Development …Or Integrating Multiple Silos:  …Or Integrating Multiple Silos STI needs assessment focuses on solving a problem (ex: food processing capacity building) and probes across multiple silos to identify capacity needs. Higher Education and TVET Private Sector Development R&D Standards and Quality Infrastructure Agriculture & Rural Dev. Cross-Cutting Nature of STI Capacity Building :  Cross-Cutting Nature of STI Capacity Building Building Capacity in Food Processing Industry Ministry of Infrastructure Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Agriculture ISAR Rwanda Environment Management Agency (REMA) Rwanda Private Sector Fed. Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Education Ministry of S&T Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Sanitation & Environment KIST Rwanda Environment Mgmt Agency Rwanda Bureau of Standards Ministry of Education Ministry of Labor Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Infrastructure Vocation schools Technical School Rwanda Private Sector Federation Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Education Ministry of Infrastructure Ministry of Finance Kigali Institute of S&T Rwanda IT Agency Business Dev. Service RIEPA Ministry of Education Ministry of S&T Ministry of Labor Ministry of Commerce National University of Rwanda Kigali Institute of S&T Institute for Scientific and Technological Research Regulatory and Quality Management Private Sector Development Education and Human Resource Development On the Job Training Ministry of Education Ministry of Labor Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Infrastructure KIST, NUR Vocation and Technical schools Rwanda Private Sector Fed. Vocational and Technical Education and Training Ministry of Commerce Ministry of Education Ministry of Infrastructure Ministry of S&T CITT(KIST) Institute for Scientific and Technological Research Transport and Power Packaging Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Labor Ministry of Infrastructure Rural innovation Centers Farmers Association Rural Development Cross-Cutting Nature of STI Capacity Building:  Cross-Cutting Nature of STI Capacity Building Building Capacity in Food Processing Industry Infrastructure (develop transportation for perishable goods; power for processing units and cold storage) Standards and Quality Assurance (develop capacity for testing, certification and compliance) Private Sector and Industrial Development (streamline informal food processing units) Agriculture and Rural Sector Development (develop cottage industry for packaging material from fiber crops) Education and Human Resource Development (develop higher education, TVET, on-the-job training) Business Regulatory Environment (improve ease of doing business, trade freedom, FDI incentives) Removing Barriers vs. Building Capacity?:  Removing Barriers vs. Building Capacity? Barriers to technology absorption and diffusion Capacity for technology absorption and diffusion High Barriers Low Capacity High Barriers High Capacity Low Barriers High Capacity Low Barriers Low Capacity Source: Adapted from RAND Sub Saharan Africa Determinants of Enterprise Innovation:  Determinants of Enterprise Innovation Enterprise Model for STI Capacity Building: Options for Developing PPP’s :  Enterprise Model for STI Capacity Building: Options for Developing PPP’s Entrepreneur (Diaspora, FDI, Expat, Local, NGO) Market (Local, Regional, Global) Uses and invests in well- trained manpower through On-the-job-training Vocation schools Technical Schools Universities Strives for product and process innovation through Technology Searching Reverse engineering Buying and acquisition Adapting Meets Standards and Quality through Engineering Production techniques Field and lab testing Produces Saleable products and services Information from market research and from buyers Global Forum on Building Science, Technology and Innovation Capacity for Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction:  Global Forum on Building Science, Technology and Innovation Capacity for Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Global Forum: Building STI Capacity for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction:  Global Forum: Building STI Capacity for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction Dates and Location: When: February 13-15, 2007 Where: Washington, DC Global Forum Participants:  Global Forum Participants Speakers Thoughtful doers from government, industry, PPPs, NGOs Presented STI capacity building case studies in which they were directly involved, to help participants: Learn from lessons of experience – what did you do, how did you do it, what would you do differently? Develop new and improved operational approaches for building STI capacity grounded in successful lessons of experience Participants Government policy makers and program managers Industry representatives NGOs and Foundations addressing STI capacity building needs Bank and Donor staff Global Forum: Clusters of Issues:  Global Forum: Clusters of Issues Reducing poverty and achieving the MDGs: the role of STI capacity building Adding value to natural resource industries through STI capacity building Latecomer strategies for catching up -- linkage, leverage, learning, and STI capacity building The role of R&D in the development process CONCLUSIONS:  CONCLUSIONS There is No Choice: “The world is moving fast…with or without you!”:  Countries must develop the capacity to run faster There is No Choice: “The world is moving fast…with or without you!” Because sometimes, falling behind is not a viable option:  Because sometimes, falling behind is not a viable option THANK YOU:  THANK YOU Alfred Watkins World Bank S&T Program Coordinator awatkins@worldbank.org www.worldbank.org/stiglobalforum 202-473-7277

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