W6 Science Applications

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Published on February 16, 2014

Author: SID2105

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This presentations talks about some of the cutting edge applications for computers

Week 6 Week 6 Science & Technology IDES 2105 Computer Applications

Applications Matrix More Storage Week 6 Investigative (creative) Less Storage Heavy Processing Faster Graphics Science & Technology Media & Entertainment • Algorithms • Modeling • BIG Data • Resolution • Reproduction • Speed Large Organization Small Organization Business Logistics & Process Engineering Marketing & Communications • Price • Networking • Consumers • Accuracy • Reliability • Repeatability Slower Graphics Less Processing More Storage IDES 2105 Computer Applications Logistics (process) Less Storage

Science & Technology Key Applications • Supercomputers Math & Algorythms • Big Data Probability • Moore’s Law Quantum Computers IDES 2105 Computer Applications Week 6

Science & Technology Week 6 Super Computer Systems with massive numbers of processors generally take one of two paths: 1. In one approach (e.g., in distributed computing), a large number of discrete computers (e.g., laptops) distributed across a network 2. In another approach, a large number of dedicated processors are placed in close proximity to each other (e.g. in a computer cluster); this saves considerable time moving data around and makes it possible for the processors to work together (rather than on separate tasks), for example in mesh and hypercube architectures. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_computer IDES 2105 Computer Applications

Science & Technology Dedicated System IDES 2105 Computer Applications Week 6

Science & Technology Distributed System IDES 2105 Computer Applications Week 6

Science & Technology Week 6 Moore’s Law • Moore's law is the observation that, over the history of computing hardware, the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years. • Although this trend has continued for more than half a century, Moore's law should be considered an observation or conjecture and not a physical or natural law. Sources in 2005 expected it to continue until at least 2015 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Super_computer IDES 2105 Computer Applications

Science & Technology Week 6 Nanotechnology National Nanotechnology Initiative, defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanotechnology Quantum Computing is a computation device that makes direct use of quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations. Whereas digital computers require data to be encoded into binary digits (bits), each of which is always in one of two definite states (0 or 1), quantum computation uses qubits (quantum bits), which can be in superposition's of states http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_computing IDES 2105 Computer Applications

Science & Technology IDES 2105 Computer Applications Week 6

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