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Vocabulary Memory Study Aids

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Information about Vocabulary Memory Study Aids

Published on July 28, 2008

Author: gskeesee

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Provides tips and strategies for learning/remembering new vocabulary words
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Vocabulary Memory and Study Aids Mack Gipson, Jr. Tutorial and Enrichment Center Gayla S. Keesee Education Specialist

Mack Gipson, Jr.

Tutorial and

Enrichment Center

Gayla S. Keesee

Education Specialist

Memory and Study Aids Visual clues Drawings, Pictures, Models Graphic Organizers Diagrams and Charts—Tables/Grids Word associations Flashcards

Visual clues

Drawings, Pictures, Models

Graphic Organizers

Diagrams and Charts—Tables/Grids

Word associations

Flashcards

Visual Aids Drawings, pictures, models Physically create visual elements Drawings or pictures of definitions Pictures of situations where the word would be used Draw crazy visual associations

Drawings, pictures, models

Physically create visual elements

Drawings or pictures of definitions

Pictures of situations where the word would be used

Draw crazy visual associations

Visual Aids Create a graphic organizer in which you answer the following questions What is it? (Category) Other forms (Change part of speech) What is it like? (Properties) What are some examples (Illustrations) Writing (tactile) and reading (visual) learning styles

Create a graphic organizer in which you answer the following questions

What is it? (Category)

Other forms (Change part of speech)

What is it like? (Properties)

What are some examples (Illustrations)

Writing (tactile) and reading (visual) learning styles

Cynic What is it? noun, kind of person Other forms: adj.—cynical adv.—cynically noun—cynicism What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic Examples: Someone who doesn’t think democracy can be honest and efficient Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest

What is it? noun, kind of person

Other forms: adj.—cynical

adv.—cynically

noun—cynicism

What is it like? pessimistic, scornful, sneering, contemptuous, distrustful, sarcastic

Examples: Someone who doesn’t think democracy can be honest and efficient

Someone who believes that human conduct is motivated solely by self-interest

Diagrams Charts Table or grid — possible headings Word Meaning Part of speech Word Structure Roots, prefixes, suffixes Number of syllables Common Usage Describes people Describes places Describes things

Table or grid — possible headings

Word Meaning

Part of speech

Word Structure

Roots, prefixes, suffixes

Number of syllables

Common Usage

Describes people

Describes places

Describes things

Categorization Grid Words to describe people Timid Cynical Pessimistic Flippant Uncouth Malicious Garrulous Morose Obtuse Diligent Arrogant Pompous

Word Associations Façade—false, superficial, or artificial appearance FACE—false face

Façade—false, superficial, or artificial appearance

FACE—false face

Benign—kindly, gentle Be + 9 + 9 Word Associations

Benign—kindly, gentle

Be + 9

+ 9

Flashcards Create flashcards to help you study Don’t make too small 4x6 are best Carry them with you Review them often Break into small groups for easier learning Shuffle frequently so you don’t learn a pattern

Create flashcards to help you study

Don’t make too small

4x6 are best

Carry them with you

Review them often

Break into small groups for easier learning

Shuffle frequently so you don’t learn a pattern

Flashcards—Advantages Chunks information into smaller categories to aid memory Nouns—persons, places, things Verbs—plural/singular or tenses Phrases—common usage Use of color signals categories different colored cards highlighters

Chunks information into smaller categories to aid memory

Nouns—persons, places, things

Verbs—plural/singular or tenses

Phrases—common usage

Use of color signals categories

different colored cards

highlighters

Flashcards—Advantages Use either written or visual information Easily rearranged and sorted Do not learn the words in a fixed order. Learn only words need to remember . Can be used for different purposes Lists of items Grammar rules Quiz prep —questions/answers

Use either written or visual information

Easily rearranged and sorted

Do not learn the words in a fixed order.

Learn only words need to remember .

Can be used for different purposes

Lists of items

Grammar rules

Quiz prep —questions/answers

Flashcards—Advantages Size and portability easy to carry use for short, frequent reviews review in spare time that is often wasted—like waiting in line or between classes. Physically moving and manipulating the cards incorporates tactile learning

Size and portability

easy to carry

use for short, frequent reviews

review in spare time that is often wasted—like waiting in line or between classes.

Physically moving and manipulating the cards incorporates tactile learning

Flashcards—Advantages Writing down the material on cards aids your memory in itself. 76 repetitions of information to go into long term memory

Writing down the material on cards aids your memory in itself.

76 repetitions of information to go into long term memory

One Way to Study At least once a day , go through your pack of index cards—spend 10-15 minutes each time. Sort the cards into two stacks —those you know and those you do not know. Periodically review the entire set of words to keep them fresh in your mind.

At least once a day , go through your pack of index cards—spend 10-15 minutes each time.

Sort the cards into two stacks —those you know and those you do not know.

Periodically review the entire set of words to keep them fresh in your mind.

When to Use Flashcards Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day Riding the bus Riding in a car Before bed When you get up in the morning Waiting in line Doing your laundry

Study your vocabulary for 10-15 minutes a day

Riding the bus

Riding in a car

Before bed

When you get up in the morning

Waiting in line

Doing your laundry

What to Include:

Flashcards Conglomerate con-glom’-er-it Def: an organization comprising two or more companies that produce unrelated products. EX: Nichols company owns a shoe factory, vineyards in France, soft drink factories, and Sara Jane pastry . Front Back

Flashcards Definition—Picture Two-sided Word and picture on front side Context sentence on back side The diligent student worked hard on his homework. Diligent

Definition—Picture

Two-sided

Word and picture on front side

Context sentence on back side

Grammar Become familiar with basic grammar terms Vocabulary words will only come from these parts of speech Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs

Become familiar with basic grammar terms

Vocabulary words will only come from these parts of speech

Nouns

Verbs

Adjectives

Adverbs

Parts of Speech Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence Nouns/Pronouns Name persons, places, things, ideas, qualities Subject, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition

Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence

Nouns/Pronouns

Name persons, places, things, ideas, qualities

Subject, Direct Object, Indirect Object, Object of the Preposition

Part of Speech Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence Adjectives Describe nouns and pronouns How many? Which one? What kind? Usually come before nouns

Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence

Adjectives

Describe nouns and pronouns

How many? Which one? What kind?

Usually come before nouns

Part of Speech Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence Verbs Indicates the action of the subject—also known as predicate Action verbs (always adding new words) Linking verbs(limited number)

Pay attention to the part of speech and its function in a sentence

Verbs

Indicates the action of the subject—also known as predicate

Action verbs (always adding new words)

Linking verbs(limited number)

Pronunciation Pay Attention to Pronunciation Concentrate on new and unusual sounds Pay attention to differences in pronunciation if change part of speech moderate (adj) vs. moderate (v)

Pay Attention to Pronunciation

Concentrate on new and unusual sounds

Pay attention to differences in pronunciation if change part of speech

moderate (adj) vs. moderate (v)

The Written Word Pay attention to how words are written spelling conventions prefixes suffixes Watch for words that look the same—same roots/prefix conductor, conducive, conduction literate, literary, literature

Pay attention to how words are written

spelling conventions

prefixes

suffixes

Watch for words that look the same—same roots/prefix

conductor, conducive, conduction

literate, literary, literature

Sentence Patterns Watch for Sentence Patterns Common pattern in English Subject + Verb + Object = (Who + Did + What) What about a question ? Verb before subject Create your own sentences.

Watch for Sentence Patterns

Common pattern in English

Subject + Verb + Object =

(Who + Did + What)

What about a question ?

Verb before subject

Create your own sentences.

Study Tips Do your studying in relatively small chunks 45-60 minutes at a time Study vocabulary several times a day 5-10 minutes at a time

Do your studying in relatively small chunks

45-60 minutes at a time

Study vocabulary several times a day

5-10 minutes at a time

Study Tips When studying, use as many senses as possible Speaking—say the word Listening—hear you or someone else Writing—physically practice writing the words Reading—words in context Act-out the definitions

When studying, use as many senses as possible

Speaking—say the word

Listening—hear you or someone else

Writing—physically practice writing the words

Reading—words in context

Act-out the definitions

Study Tips Be an active and interactive learner Study with a friend Start a study group Make up sentences together Quiz each other on grammar and vocabulary Create crossword puzzles and exchange them

Be an active and interactive learner

Study with a friend

Start a study group

Make up sentences together

Quiz each other on grammar and vocabulary

Create crossword puzzles and exchange them

Study Tips Practice saying new words out loud Practice seeing the new word in context Create simple sentences about a specific context Describe what is happening in that setting home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater…

Practice saying new words out loud

Practice seeing the new word in context

Create simple sentences about a specific context

Describe what is happening in that setting

home, school, work, Augusta Mall, movie theater…

Study Tips Use new vocabulary Conversations Essays, reports Letters Notice when others use your vocabulary words radio, TV magazines, newspapers

Use new vocabulary

Conversations

Essays, reports

Letters

Notice when others use your vocabulary words

radio, TV

magazines, newspapers

Don’t Don’t panic Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try Constant practice and review are essential Don’t study for long periods without a break Memory overload

Don’t panic

Normal not to master new vocabulary on the first try

Constant practice and review are essential

Don’t study for long periods without a break

Memory overload

Don’t Don’t be a passive learner Don’t just say the words to yourself Say the words out loud Write the words Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over & over Don’t study vocabulary for more than 15 minutes at a time

Don’t be a passive learner

Don’t just say the words to yourself

Say the words out loud

Write the words

Record words/definitions on a cassette and play over & over

Don’t study vocabulary for more than 15 minutes at a time

Don’t Don’t refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework Review material before starting homework Work from memory Complete the entire exercise, then check your work

Don’t refer to your vocabulary list as you do your homework

Review material before starting homework

Work from memory

Complete the entire exercise, then check your work

Have Fun! Improving your vocabulary has many rewards.

Improving your vocabulary has many rewards.

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