vo adams_ch11_lecture

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Information about vo adams_ch11_lecture

Published on February 18, 2014

Author: ritapeters

Source: authorstream.com

Chapter 11: Pharmacotherapy of the Pediatric Client: Chapter 11: Pharmacotherapy of the Pediatric Client Learning Outcomes: Explain how differences in pharmacokinetic variables can impact drug response in pediatric patients. Discuss the nursing and pharmacologic implications associated with each of the pediatric developmental age groups. Describe safe methods and techniques appropriate for administering medications to pediatric patients. Learning Outcomes Learning Outcomes : Explain several methods for accurately calculating drug dosages in pediatric patients. Describe nursing interventions for minimizing adverse effects during pediatric pharmacotherapy. Propose appropriate teaching strategies to enhance medication adherence in pediatric patients. Learning Outcomes Testing and Labeling of Pediatric Drugs : Today ________ and _________ have adequate pediatric labeling Others do not have very much information Testing and Labeling of Pediatric Drugs Absorption: Gastric Skeletal Skin Absorption Distribution: Three main factors affecting drug distribution in children 1 2 3 Distribution Metabolism: Impacted by immaturity of hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzyme system Metabolism is _________ because of 1 2. Metabolism Excretion: Young children have immature renal systems with ________ renal clearance Excretion Role of the Nurse: Infancy period Neonatal period Nursing care and pharmacotherapy Role of the Nurse Nursing and Parental Education Points: Toddler Preschooler School Age Adolescent Nursing and Parental Education Points Medication Safety for Pediatric Patients: Drug Calculations Double Checks Communication Medication Safety for Pediatric Patients Adverse Drug Reactions in Children: Most types of ADRs that occur in children aged 1 or older are the same as in adults Majority of ADRs are _______________ Adverse Drug Reactions in Children Drug Interactions: Home Remedies OTC Herbals Drug Interactions Adherence: Education: Practicalities: Assessment Adherence Adherence: Long-term drug therapy Arrangements may be made for follow-up appointments Directly observed therapy (DOT) Adherence

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