vitality and biodiveristy new

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Information about vitality and biodiveristy new
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Published on December 14, 2007

Author: sabanci

Source: authorstream.com

Vitality with biodiversity - do you need some bush foods and babbling brooks?:  Vitality with biodiversity - do you need some bush foods and babbling brooks? In the beginning there was food:  In the beginning there was food At first humans were gathers of food (local bush food and honey) They became hunters (local bush food) In areas with poor biodiversity and poor climate the people became nomadic In areas of high biodiversity increase populations led gathers to farm local foods Then there was civilisation:  Then there was civilisation Food and agriculture products were traded between growers Products were traded across regions Trade led to cities and civilisation as we know it Land use conflict:  Land use conflict Growing cities and increased farming causes conflict: Reduced availability of local agriculture land Destruction of biodiversity removal of links to the land and space Increased disposable income People concerns:  People concerns Food availability affordability range Food quality - nutrients Chemicals used and residues Environmental impact reduced biodiversity Health and well-being This means:  This means Concern about chemical residues Interest in organic food Development of GMO for food production Concern about GMO GMO labeling Concern about reduced biodiversity planting bushfood protecting unique areas Improving health and well being with innovation Do-it-yourself fresh food:  Do-it-yourself fresh food Consumer can grow some products Either in the ‘veggie patch’, garden, and verandah or in community operated gardens. Growing fruit and vegetables at home is therapeutic, gives access to fresh produce, reduces the lawns around the city and can reduce costs significantly. Organic Products:  Organic Products Growing world demand for organic food Consumer wants food that is: free of chemical in production, has no artificial fertiliser applied free of ‘Mad cow’ disease etc good tasting product same quality – appearance - as conventional product. Tends to cost more than conventional food Organic Consumer Profile:  Organic Consumer Profile Environmental concerns Food safety concerns ie GMO, chemicals Health problems ie disease, illness, allergies and other disorders. generally looking for food which is not going to aggravate their condition others are looking for biodynamic products Organic oranges - what does it mean.:  Organic oranges - what does it mean. Organic oranges are grown without synthetic fertilisers or synthetic pesticides. Developing improve soil and environment Meets Organic Biodynamic standards Certified by organic certifying bodies Soil management:  Soil management Soil management in organic orchard should encourage soil flora and fauna to develop a balanced, living soil environment Provides for nutrition of orchard, maintains good soil structure and has influence on pest and disease control. Chemical fertilisers is not permitted and in most cases material applied must first be composted. Cultivation is acceptable but should be limited to the minimum necessary for any particular purpose. Weeds, pests and diseases:  Weeds, pests and diseases Control of weeds, pests and diseases is more complex in organic than conventional orchards. Susceptibility to pest and disease attack is reduced if trees are healthy and grown in balanced environment. Detailed monitoring of trees is paramount in maintaining tree health and gaining early warning of potential pest or disease attack. Insect Management in Organic Citrus:  Insect Management in Organic Citrus Organic production relies on biological control to manage insects. Careful observation, monitoring of insect and predator numbers allows minimum intervention with other control products. Knowledge of insect and predator life cycles allows management to be predicted but the monitoring ensures actual situations Insect management in Organic Citrus :  Insect management in Organic Citrus If some insects get out of balance - controls of oils, soaps and Bt are used Insect eating birds Flowering plants may help insect management. Pheromones Weed Management Mechanical :  Weed Management Mechanical Majority of weed/cover crops control by slashing or mowing Plant material and pruning used as mulch in situ or under tree lines Multiple types of equipment are used Poultry for weed control:  Poultry for weed control Guinea fowls, geese, turkeys, ducks and chickens used against insect pests and snails Appear effective in control of garden weevil. Need to protect poultry from foxes and/or dogs. Cover crops:  Cover crops The existing organic citrus producers generally use sod culture or cover crops as part of their management Lucerne used to provide nitrogen, bulk and weed control but with variable results. Provide reservoir for beneficials Is Organic Citrus Better:  Is Organic Citrus Better There is some debate about whether organic oranges are better than conventional fruit. There is some thought that flavour is deeper and better but many organic growers do not detect inherent quality differences nor see any difference in appearance. Where to buy organic:  Where to buy organic Many weekend markets Supermarkets Organic and wholefood stores Huge range of products available Look for the certification logo GMO:  GMO Developed to: Allow higher yield Reduce insecticide use Allow plants to produce extra Vitamin etc Include desired characteristics in new plants In World large areas growing mainly, corn, soyabeans, cotton In Australia - Cotton GMO:  GMO GMO products trialed under increasing controls Potential gains significant Community concerns being incorporated in developments and controls Food containing GMO labeled Organic food allows no GMO What is one tribes bushfood is another’s luxury item:  What is one tribes bushfood is another’s luxury item Interest in bushfoods has expanded as a result of TV and chef experimentation Bushfood and medicinal plants are seen as a plant to regenerate mine sites and provide income to people in remote locations. Bushfood has many properties desirable in diets Flowers in a nutrition talk?:  Flowers in a nutrition talk? Nutrition - the act or process of nourishing Nourish - to provide with the material necessary for life and growth Flowers help people communicate help aged eat improve mood of recipient Emotional Impact of Flowers:  Emotional Impact of Flowers Immediate impact on happiness people demonstrate extraordinary delight Long term positive effect on mood people fee less depressed, anxious, agitated Make loving connection increased social connection Symbol of sharing Those buying are happier Dr Haviland-Jones, Rutgers (2001) Boronia:  Boronia Essential Oil Used in food flavouring Perfume Flowers boost seniors happiness, memory, social network:  Flowers boost seniors happiness, memory, social network Flowers decrease depression (80%) Flowers refresh recent memory (70%) Flowers encourage companionship(40%) “Happier people live longer, healthier lives and are more open to change” Dr Haviland-Jones, Rutgers (2001) Give men flowers!:  Give men flowers! We all know that flowers have a positive impact on women in our lives. But few men are given flowers? Research also shows that men who receive flowers have more eye contact with giver and give truer smiles. Give men flowers Plant impact on health and nutrition:  Plant impact on health and nutrition Flowers a healthy gift In 1789 found that patients working in hospital gardens recovered more quickly then those working in cattle sheds etc Cancer patients taking a walk in garden improved focus and lowered stress Gall bladder patients with view of plants in garden had shorter stays, less pain killers they tend to eat more food more slowly when flowers are on the table

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