Visual art grade 10. Elementsofart and Prinicples of design

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Information about Visual art grade 10. Elementsofart and Prinicples of design

Published on March 9, 2014

Author: krisbeukes



A full detailed description of Elements of art and principles of design.

Visual Art Topic 3: Visual analysis and interpretation Kristie Domenique Beukes 201202418 PFS3A

What would be covered in this section?  Formal elements of art  Principles of design  Materials and techniques

Elements of art  Line: it is a continuous mark that creates a shape.  Colour: colour contains three different kinds of properties: hue, value and intensity.  Texture: this element identifies a surface and how rough or smooth it is.  Space: Space is either negative which is 2-D or positive which is 3-D.  Shape/Form: Shape is a 2-D object like a geometric shape. Form is a 3-D object that takes up space.

Line     • • • • • Line can be 2-D or 3-D Line can be created with any forms of medium used. Lines can create mood and express emotions like the following image: There are 5 main kinds of line: Horizontal line Vertical line Diagonal line Curved line Zigzag line

Colour  Colour is split into three sections: • Primary colours – cannot be made. E.g. Blue, yellow and red. • Secondary colours – made by mixing two primary colours. E.g. orange, purple. • Tertiary colours - made by mixing a primary colour and secondary colour together. E.g. Red-orange, Yellow-orange, Blue-green.  Colour value has two categories when looking at colour.  Tint: adding white to a colour.  Shade: adding black to a colour.

Texture  Texture refers to the way something feels or looks like if you had to touch it.  Texture is seen as 3-D (physical) and 2-D (illusion).  3-D texture is felt where 2-D texture is created.  2-D texture is known as visual texture which is either simulated or invented: • Simulated texture: real-life texture is portrayed. • Invented texture: texture created through lines and shapes and consists of 2-D patterns.

Space  Space is described as the areas around and within a object.  Space is classified as negative which is the space around the object.  Space can also be classified as positive which is the actual form in the artwork.  Linear perspective is used to create depth and an illusion of space.

Shape and form  The easiest way to find a difference between shape and form is: • Shape is 2-D and form is 3-D.  Shapes are usually geometric like a square or circle.  Shapes can also be organic i.e. they are not man-made and have a freeform.  Forms have a length, width and height.  Forms can be geometric like a cone or cube.  Forms can also be organic like a monkeys face.

Principles of design  Balance: Everything in the artwork must have the exact same weight on both sides.  Contrast: This is the difference between the very light and very dark shades on the artwork.  Emphasis: When an element in the artwork has a special importance and it is obvious in the artwork.  Proportion: how one object in the artwork is represented as either further or closer to the eye compared to other objects.

Principles of design continued.  Rhythm/Repetition: When there is a repeating of a certain object or shape or colour in an artwork.  Movement: This is when motion is created in a artwork. Often an artwork leads your eye around the work which creates the “motion” in the artwork.  Unity: This is when the artwork creates a wholeness in the artwork.

Balance  Balance is creating a sense of stability .  Everything balances out to create an equal weight on both sides of the work.  Balance is split into three sections: • Symmetric : both sides look exactly the same. • Asymmetric: both sides do not look the same but they balance out in the end. • Radial: everything starts from a centre point leads the eye out in a circular way. Radial balance leads the eye to the centre.

Contrast  A difference that is created when two different elements are placed together in a work of art.  When looking at contrast the focus is on the light vs the dark areas.  Also focus is on texture and the contrast between rough and smooth.  Contrast is created through large and small shapes as well.

Emphasis  Drawing attention to a certain element in the work.  The emphasis creates the focal point in the work.  Emphasis of an object shows how important that object is.  It catches the viewers eye because of how it stands out.  Emphasis is create through contrast.

Proportion  Proportion is explained as the ratio of one part of the work to another.  Proportion is referred to the scale and size of objects in a design.  Objects further out in the work is smaller than the objects closer to the viewer.  Easy way to know everything is in proportion is by using one object and counting how many times that one object fits into the focal point for example.

Rhythm/Repetition  Repetition is the repeating of the same shapes and colour in a design.  Rhythm is a combination of elements that are repeated but with variation.

Movement  Movement is created when the viewer can see and feel the action in the work.  Movement is also created by how the viewers eye moves through the work.  Movement in the design comes from the different lines and shapes (2D and 3-D) in the design.  Diagonal lines in a design often create movement.

Unity  Unity is known as using a main unit in design and focusing on it.  Unity is also the relationship among all the elements in the design that function together as one.  Unity helps to organise the design in order to create understanding and interpretation.

Materials and techniques  There are various techniques and materials that can be used in the art world.  This is a basic introduction to the types of materials and techniques used.


Painting Water colours Painting Oil Painting Acrylic Painting The canvas on the left is used for many paintings and on the right are the paints used and paintbrushes.



References  Fussell, M. 2013. Space, The Elements of Art. Available: . Accessed: 7th March 2014.  Fussell, M. 2013. Texture, The Elements of Art. Available: . Accessed: 6th March 2014.  Fussell, M. 2013. Shape, The Elements of Art. Available: . Accessed: 9th March 2014.

References cont.  Fussell, M. 2013. Form, The Elements of Art. Available: . Accessed 7th March 2014.  Holik, L. 2013. The Elements of Art and Principles of Design. Available: . Accessed: 6th March 2014.  Ruffaloem. 2013. Basic art lesson shape and form. Available: . Accessed: 6th March 2014.

References cont.  Swetha, K. 2013. Colours. Available: . Accessed: 7th March 2014.  Terol, K F P. 2013. Elements of Art. Available: . Accessed: 9th March 2014.

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