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Vision 2010 - BIAL Lighting

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Information about Vision 2010 - BIAL Lighting
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Published on December 5, 2008

Author: bsvr

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide 1: December 5, 2008 Modern Trend in Airport Lighting: A case study on BIA. Slide 2: December 5, 2008 Bangalore International Airport Limited (BIAL) has been granted the exclusive right and privilege by Government of India vide a Concession Agreement dated 5th July, 2004 to design, build, operate and manage the new Bangalore International Airport at Devanahalli, Bangalore, India. BIAL is a company incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956, comprising of five shareholders. The private promoters hold a majority 74% stake in BIAL while the Government holds remaining 26%. The shareholding structure of BIAL is as follows:   Siemens Project Ventures, GmbH : 40% Unique Zurich Airport, Switzerland: 17% Larsen & Toubro Limited : 17% Airports Authority of India : 13% KSIIDC : 13% Airport Lighting: Basis for design : Airport Lighting: Basis for design ICAO documents: - Annex 14 -Aerodrome design manual – Par-IV (Visual aids) -Aerodrome design manual – Par-V (Electrical System) -Aerodrome design manual – Par-VI (Frangibility) DGCA documents: -Civil Aviation Requirements (CARs) FAA advisory circulars Central Electricity Authority Regulations Environmental regulations from MOEF and PCB Industry standards Energy efficiency Local conditions User expectations December 5, 2008 Airport lighting: BIA Case Study Airport Lighting: Broad classification : Airport Lighting: Broad classification December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Airfield Ground Lighting Apron lighting Perimeter security lighting Terminal Building lighting Ancillary Building /office lighting Car park lighting Road lighting Obstruction lighting/Rotating Beacons/Misc. Airfield Lighting : December 5, 2008 Airfield Lighting AIRFIELD LIGHTING SYSTEM : AIRFIELD LIGHTING SYSTEM Bangalore International Airport is provided with CAT-1 facilities consisting of the following systems/equipments:  Runway Edge Lights Approach Lighting System Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI) System Threshold Lights Runway End Lights Taxi/Apron Edge Lights Guidance signage system MCRs ALCS Wind soaks Rotating Beacon December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Elevated type RunwayEdge Lights : Elevated type RunwayEdge Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Runway Edge Lights are used to outline the edges of runway during periods of darkness or restricted visibility conditions. As per ICAO, the intensity required is 10,000 cd BIAL has used ADB make runway edge light fittings. ADB make fitting uses150 watt lamp compared to 200 watt lamp generally used at most of the Indian airports . Inset type Runway edge Lights : Inset type Runway edge Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study As per ICAO requirement, intensity required is 10,000 cd BIAL has used ADB make runway edge light inset type fittings which comply with the ICAO requirements. The fitting works with 105 watt lamp, compared to 200 watt lamp normally used at most Indian airports . The lamps used are Osram make. Runway Edge Lights : December 5, 2008 Runway Edge Lights Taxiway Edge Lights : Taxiway Edge Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Taxiway light is used to outline the edges of taxiways during periods of darkness or restricted visibility conditions. These fixtures are elevated and emit blue light. As per ICAO, intensity required is average 200cd BIAL has used ADB make Taxiway edge light fitting for achieving the requirement of ICAO. ADB make fitting was selected to save energy; the fitting containing 30 watt lamp, compared to the 45 watt lamps used at most of the Indian airports . The lamps are of Osram make. Taxiway Edge Lights : Taxiway Edge Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Approach Lights : Approach Lights December 5, 2008 An approach lighting system is a lighting system installed on the approach of a runway and are designed to allow the pilot to quickly and positively identify the visibility distances. As per ICAO, intensity required is average 20,000 cd BIAL has used ADB make Approach light fittings which use150 watt lamps, compared to 200 watt lamps normally used at most of the Indian airports . The lamps are of Osram make. Approach Lights : Approach Lights December 5, 2008 Threshold Lights- Elevated type : Threshold Lights- Elevated type December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Threshold lights are installed at the beginning of Runway and it shows green from the approach side. As per ICAO, intensity required is Average 10,000 cd BIAL has used ADB make Approach light fittings which use150 watt lamps against 200 watt lamp generally used. The lamps for ensuring proper illumination is of Osram make. Threshold Lights-Inset Type : Threshold Lights-Inset Type December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study As per ICAO, intensity required is average 10,000 cd BIAL has used ADB make Approach light fitting for achieving the requirement of ICAO. ADB make fittings use105 watt lamps, compared to 200 watt lamps generally used in most of the airports. The lamps for ensuring proper illumination is of Osram make. Threshold Lighting : Threshold Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study PAPI (Precision Approach Path Indicator) : PAPI (Precision Approach Path Indicator) December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study The PAPI system enables the smooth & safe landing of the Aircraft. The system generally consists of a single wing bar of four sharp transition paired lamp units equally spaced. Each unit produces a light beam divided into an upper white and lower red sector . The PAPI is usually located on the left side of the runway and can be seen up to five nautical miles during the day and twenty miles at night. Pilots see two units nearest to the runway as red and two units away from runway as white, when the aircraft is on the right approach slope. PAPI : PAPI December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study The PAPI units should meet or exceed the performance specified by ICAO, Annex 14. The average intensity in red lights is at least 15,000 Cd for a horizontal beam spread - 6 degree to + 6 degree and a vertical angle of 3.5 degree below transition Make: ADB All the four units are set to give glide angle of 3.4 degree to Pilot The lamps for ensuring proper illumination is of Osram make. PAPI System : PAPI System December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Guidance Sign Boards : Guidance Sign Boards December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study The internally illuminated signs are provided to convey a mandatory instruction, information on a specific location or destination on a movement area for Pilot. The Signs are placed as mentioned in ICAO annex 14 clause no.5.4. The boards are connected to 6.6 A series power supply, 50/60 Hz. Frangibility criteria according to ICAO requirements, withstanding wind velocity of 322 km/h are fulfilled. The lamps for ensuring proper illumination is of Osram make. Sequence Flasher Lights : Sequence Flasher Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Basically flashing lights are provided as a landing aid in poor weather conditions. It can also be switched on when the effective range of steady burning approach lights at full intensity becomes insufficient to ensure adequate guidance. It may also be desirable to operate such systems under good visibility conditions, for instance to facilitate the location of the runway in urban areas. Control Equipment for Airfield Lighting : Control Equipment for Airfield Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Power supply to the airfield lighting circuits is provided through a device called Microprocessor Constant Current Regulator (MCR). The Microprocessor Constant Current Regulator energizes the series lights through isolating transformers and maintains a constant output current irrespective of load and line fluctuation. The equipment feeds controlled current to airfield lighting for giving 5 different brightness steps. Schematic AFL layout : Schematic AFL layout December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Areal view of Airfield Lighting at BIA : Areal view of Airfield Lighting at BIA December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Areal view of Airfield Lighting at BIA : December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Areal view of Airfield Lighting at BIA Apron Flood Lighting : Apron Flood Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Design Criteria for Apron Flood Lights : Design Criteria for Apron Flood Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study The primary functions of Apron Flood Lighting is to provide a uniform glare free illumination on the apron to enable the following functions: Assist pilots in taxing the aircraft into and out of the final parking position. Enable Passenger to embark and disembark. To load and unload baggage and cargo to/from the aircraft. To refuel the aircraft. To perform other ground handling services. To carryout engineering tests/ maintenance of aircraft. Design Criteria for Apron Flood Lights : Design Criteria for Apron Flood Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study An average luminance of not less than 20 Lux is needed for color perception and is considered the minimum requirement for the task to be carried out on aircraft stand. In order to provide optimum visibility, it is essential that luminance on aircraft stand be uniform with in a ratio of 4 to 1 (Average: Min). In this connection the average vertical luminance at a height of 1 meter should not be less than 20 Lux in relevant direction. The area between aircraft stand and the apron limit should be illuminated to an average horizontal illuminance of 10 Lux. Design Criteria for Apron Flood Lights : Design Criteria for Apron Flood Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Other points to be taken care for design are: Height restriction of mast as an obstruction to aircraft operation. Avoidance of misleading information to a landing/ approaching pilot. Total glare free lighting to a taxiing pilot. Uninterrupted minimum illumination during power failure/ change over. Wing clearance of the taxiing aircrafts. Endurance to jet blasts. Apron Flood Lighting : Apron Flood Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study The Philips make RVP 501/1 *SONT 1000 watt luminaries are provided with 30 meter tall octagonal galvanized steel mast . Due to operational emergency, 2 Nos luminaries out of average 12 Nos installed luminaries ,are connected to UPS in each mast. Total 24 Nos high mast towers are provided in the apron area for giving proper illumination. Total 3 Nos high mast towers are provided in the Isolation bay for giving proper illumination. The supply for High masts is derived from 4 power sources The winch motor is provided for lowering and raising the cage for maintenance work. The High mast installed are meeting the requirement as specified in BIS with regard to wind velocity. The High masts are controlled through Airfield Lighting control System, which is containing PLC and HMI. The main control is given to ATC controller for switching off/on as required. Apron Flood Lighting : Apron Flood Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Airfield Lighting Control System : Airfield Lighting Control System December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study To provide Air Traffic Controllers in the tower with full remote control and monitoring facilities for the visual aids in the field, an integrated Airfield Lighting Control and Monitoring System is provided. An ALCS allows for the central control and monitoring of lighting systems for approach, runway, taxiway and apron flood lights. Airfield Lighting Control System : Airfield Lighting Control System December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Solution is provided for each request: from basic control (allowing on/off switching, modifying brightness levels and providing status feedback to the control tower for each lighting function) up to high-complex systems, that control pre-programmed settings, and provide logging, maintenance and analysis facilities. Airfield Lighting Control System : Airfield Lighting Control System December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Obstruction lights on ATC : Obstruction lights on ATC December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study LED operated obstruction lights are provided on ATC tower as per the requirement of ICAO annex14. The LED insert illuminating diode of white/red is provided; illumination life of LED is more than 1,00,000 operating hours. The Power consumption for this light is 90 W constant. The Luminous intensity is 20,000 cd for white and 2,000 cd for red, The light gives white flashes in day time and red signal in low visibility/dark to pilot. The Blinking frequency of lights is1sec ON and 2sec OFF. Rotating Beacon on ATC : Rotating Beacon on ATC December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study The Hali-Brite L-801A Airport Rotating Beacon is provided as per the ICAO requirement. It is used primarily for night operations at airports as an identification and location marker. The dual-light beacon (clear and aviation green lenses) is provided, with Two no.150 watt pulse-start metal-halide lamps, which gives 13,000 lumen. The beacon is visible from the distance of 30 mile. The provided lamp life is 10,000 hour (2-3 years),and is of Osram make. The Lamps preset 5° above horizontal. The rotation of beacon is 12 RPM, and it gives 24 flashes/minute Perimeter Lights : Perimeter Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study There are 331 Nos 70 w HPSV YZ 8113 Asian- Raymould make street light luminaries are provided on 8 meter tall octagonal galvanized steel lighting single arm poles along the perimeter of security wall of restricted operational area. The designed illumination is an average 5 Lux both side of the fence/wall in accordance with BCAS norms. The lamps for ensuring proper illumination is of Osram make. Perimeter Lights : Perimeter Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study The supply for 9 sections of lights are from 3 power sources. The lights are controlled through BMS and Photo cells. In BMS default settings is done with time setting as well as signals from photo cells. If Lux level falls down from 40 Lux ,the BMS gives signal to switch on all the perimeter lights. The average distance between two street light poles is approximately 30 meters Perimeter Lights : Perimeter Lights December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Slide 40: December 5, 2008 Terminal Building Lighting LIGHTING ASPECTS IN PASSENGER TERMINAL BUILDING : LIGHTING ASPECTS IN PASSENGER TERMINAL BUILDING December 5, 2008 The terminal building is designed in such a way that during day time natural light comes via Sky light Panel on the roof and hence no need of illumination during day time; which results in huge energy saving. Presently three make of light fixtures are used in the terminal building i.e. Wipro, Philips and Asian-Electronics. The terminal building is rested on 70 nos. of columns. Each column is having direct and indirect type of light fixtures of Asian-Electronics make. Direct types have 16 nos. while indirect type have 08 numbers of light fixtures. All the lights give the warm day light colors. These columns lights are control led through BMS based on the lux level inside the terminal. LIGHTING ASPECTS IN PASSENGER TERMINAL BUILDING : LIGHTING ASPECTS IN PASSENGER TERMINAL BUILDING December 5, 2008 :  In the other areas of terminal building, lights are switched ON & OFF manually. Philips make fixtures are used at baggage claim area, baggage make up & break up areas, arrival corridor etc. All the rooms in the terminal building including basement are having Wipro make light fixtures. The total light fixtures used in the terminal building are 9800 numbers approx. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study LIGHTING TYPES & USES AT DIFFERENT AREAS Lighting design for Terminal Bldg.- Longitudinal Plan : Lighting design for Terminal Bldg.- Longitudinal Plan December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Passenger Terminal Building Column Lighting : Passenger Terminal Building Column Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: Direct & Indirect type HQI–TS-250W Warm day light fixture Make: Asian Electronics Greeters Area Departure Area Lighting details Plan – East Elevation of Terminal BLDG. : Lighting details Plan – East Elevation of Terminal BLDG. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Lighting in Passenger Arrival Area : Lighting in Passenger Arrival Area December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: Luminal with reflector continuous row system suspended type TTX 188/4911 GMX 188/4911 M2 Make: Philips Check in Counters: Lighting design : Check in Counters: Lighting design December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: Lamp with reflector type TTX 188/8011 GMX 188/8011 M2 Make: Philips Check in Counters: Lighting : Check in Counters: Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study PTB Outside Wall & in ground Lighting : PTB Outside Wall & in ground Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: Down light built in with electronic transformer 1x150W/3XHCI TS-150W Make of Fitting Used: Asia-Electronics Lighting Arrangement in Reception Counter : Lighting Arrangement in Reception Counter December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fittings:2X18W CFL DOWN LIGHT WCP 42218 SGW. Make: Wipro Lighting Arrangement in the Concessionaire Area : Lighting Arrangement in the Concessionaire Area December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: 70 W decorative Make: Philips Lighting design inside the Toilet : Lighting design inside the Toilet December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: Halogen down light type QBS 254 1XHAL P20 50W & QBS 050 MAX 50W GY 6.35 12V Make: Philips Airlines Ticket counter : Airlines Ticket counter December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting: Recess mounted lighting type FBS 570 236 FNC D6 MM EBS Make: Philips Lighting Aspect in the Car Parking : Lighting Aspect in the Car Parking Car park lighting is a combination of flood lighting and low level aesthetic lighting. The car parking is having 10 numbers of 25 mtr. tall high masts. Each high mast is having 6 to 8 numbers of 1000W lamps. The fixtures used are Asian-Electronics make while the Bajaj has supplied the masts. Around 43 numbers of 70W light poles are also placed in the car parking area. Apart from the above approx. 106 numbers of decorative light fixtures are used at the car parking area of Vectra and Flemingo type of 70 & 150W. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Lighting Arrangement in Car park Area : Lighting Arrangement in Car park Area December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting: 1000W High Masts -10 nos., 70W YZ8113 street lights, Vectra type WG-01TY-03.01, 70W, Gallilio type WH-01TY-23.01, 70W, all decorative lights Make: Asian Electronics Car park lighting : Car park lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Canopy Lights in front of PTB : Canopy Lights in front of PTB December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: TCW 098 fittings Make: Philips Decorative Lighting in Car park Area : Decorative Lighting in Car park Area December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Floor Mounted LED Light In Car park Area Type of Fitting Used: 24V LED type blue color lights Make: Philips Office Lighting: Admin Building and other Buildings : Office Lighting: Admin Building and other Buildings December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: 2X18W CFL down light type WCP 32218 GD SWG Make: Wipro Lighting on the Main Access Road : Lighting on the Main Access Road a) The main access road is provided with 145 numbers of double arm 250W type YZ 8113 Asian Electronics make light fixtures. b) The pole height is 9 mtrs. and the gap between pole to pole is 30 mtrs. c) Also decorative Quadro type light fixtures are provided in between the poles. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Street Lighting on the Main Access Road : Street Lighting on the Main Access Road December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting Used: 250W YZ 8113 Make: Asia Electronics Yard Lighting in open sensitive areas : Yard Lighting in open sensitive areas December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Type of Fitting: Flood light type WHH 48400 Make: Asian-Electronics Automatic Operation of Lights in the Airport using BMS : Automatic Operation of Lights in the Airport using BMS The areas which come under the above topic are: 1.PTB Column Lighting 2.Main access road lighting 3.Secondary access road street lighting 4.Carpark Lighting 5.Airside Perimeter Road Lighting December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study PTB Column Lighting : PTB Column Lighting Column Lighting constitutes major electrical load of PTB. Totally 1200(Approx) fitting are erected on column granites. For having optimum usage of energy and to have ease of operation entire column lighting control and operation is done by building management system(BMS). December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Slide 66: The Block diagram shows the control elements which is used in the BMS control December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study PTB (Passenger Terminal Building) Column Lighting : Based on airport operation entire PTB is divided into 11 zones. And each zone is having its own Lux sensor. Based on Lux value, respective zone column lights will be made on. Reference value of 300 Lux is set for all zones for switching ON and switching OFF lights. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study PTB (Passenger Terminal Building) Column Lighting PTB (Passenger Terminal Building) Column Lighting : Conditions of Lighting Operation: Lux level < 300 – Lights Switch ON – Approximate time of ON is 5:15pm to 5.30 pm depends upon the ambiance conditions. Lux Level >300 – Lights Switch OFF –Approximate time of OFF is 5:45 am to 6.15 am depends upon the ambiance conditions The BMS controllers are programmed in such way that a time gap of 3 sec is ensured between one circuit and other circuit (which is again adjustable). This is to avoid the possibility of sudden loading of the system. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study To Column Lights BMS Controller PTB (Passenger Terminal Building) Column Lighting Relay multiplication panel Lux Sensor Main access road lighting & Secondary access road Street lighting : Main access road lighting & Secondary access road Street lighting The main access road and secondary access road street lighting is controlled by the BMS controller using the Nature Switch with lux setting of 40 Lux. Conditions for Light Operation: Lux level < 40 – Lights Switch ON – Approximate time of ON is 6:15pm to 6.30 pm depends upon the ambiance conditions Lux Level >40 – Lights Switch OFF –Approximate time of OFF is 5:45am to 6 am depends upon the ambiance conditions The BMS controllers are provided with Time based operation as backup in case of Nature switch failure. The fixed time setting for switching ON is 6:30PM in the evening and 6:00 am in the morning for switching OFF. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study BMS Controller Nature Switch To Light Circuit Car park Lighting : Car park Lighting The lights which are coming under the car park area are High mast lighting, Canopy lighting , street lighting inside the Car park and some of the main and secondary access road lighting. The conditions of the light switching by the BMS Controller of the above said lights are as follows: Conditions for Light Operation: Lux level < 40 – Lights Switch ON – Approximate time of ON is 6:15pm to 6.30pm depends upon the ambiance conditions Lux Level >40 – Lights Switch OFF –Approximate time of OFF is 5:45am to 6 am depends upon the ambiance conditions December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Airside Perimeter Road Lighting : Airside Perimeter Road Lighting The airside perimeter lighting is controlled from Compact station 09, compact station 27 and Radar. In each station 1 BMS controller and 1 Nature switch is installed. Conditions for Light Switch Operation: Lux level < 40 – Lights Switch ON – Approximate time of ON is 6:15pm to 6.30pm depends upon the ambiance conditions Lux Level >40 – Lights Switch OFF –Approximate time of OFF is 5:45am to 6 am depends upon the ambiance conditions The BMS controller provided with Time based operation as backup in case of Nature switch failure. The fixed time setting for switching ON is 6:30PM in the evening and 6:00 am in the morning for switching OFF. December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Slide 72: December 5, 2008 Airport Lighting: BIA Case Study Q & A Slide 73:  Thank You for Your Attention

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