Published on July 9, 2016
1. VILLAGE INDUCTION SNEAK INTO THE PRELUDE TO CHANGE 01 - 05 July 2016 Under Guidance of – Prof. Surya Bhushan Prof. Nidhi Prabha Tiwari Presented By – Vikram Vijayant Rana 1
2. DAY 1-DAY 3 GUDHA ANANDPURA, RAJWAS, NIWAI, TONK, RAJASTHAN. 2 01 - 03 July 2016
3. What We Observed In Village • Location & History • Geographical • Socio Economic • Infrastructural Facility Availability • Agriculture • Livestock & Livelihoods • Economy – Goat, Camel, Dairy, Agriculture • Self Help Group & It’s रसोई • Rajeevika & Srijan • Sambhaav – A Hunt for Water • Paayas Producer Company • 5-Key observations & learnings • Concluding Observations 3
4. Location 4 Stay and Explore Day Long Visit Gudha Anandpura
5. History • Gudha Anandpura is a very old village • Previously 2 Meena, 2 Gujjar, 1 Baniya, 1 Jaat Stared, the family here • Mainly Agriculture based economy, and wage based labour 5 Raktanchal parvat
6. Geographical • Gudha Anandpura situated in Niwai Block, Dist- Tonk, State- Rajasthan Situated 75 Km from Jaipur • Mode of Transport is by Road Only • Climate – Hot and Dry Climate – Summer- 45o C Avg. – Winter- 22o C Max, 9o C Min. – Rainfall- 104 mm • Soils type – Alluvial Soil • Subsoil water is too limited 6 Map Of Village
7. Socio Economic • No. of Household – 350 • Castes- Meena, Gujjar, Baniya, Jat, Brahmin, Nai, Bairwa. • Men literacy – 73% (age group 5-25) – 95% • Women literacy – 68% (age group 5-25) – 92% • Sex ratio – 970/1000 • Land – big land holding • Type of agriculture/irrigation – rain fed 7 Meena, 150 Gujjar, 120 Baniya, 6 Jat, 5 Brahmin, 8 Nai, 3 Bairwa, 50 Caste Distribution Total Population Person 45% Total Population Male 24% Total Population Female 22% Population in the age group 0-6 Male 5% Population in the age group 0-6 Female 4%
8. Infrastructural Facility Availability Infrastructural Facility Availability Primary Health Center No Primary School Yes High School No Drinking Water Supply Yes Post office No Concrete Road Yes Degree College No 8 Government Institution
9. Agriculture 9 RABI (October-March) KHARIF (July- October) Wheat Maze Bajra Gram(Chana) Ground Nut Jowar Mustard Ragi Urad Barley Toor Moong Richest 79% Poor 3% Average 18% Land Distribution • Agriculture only based on rainfed. • Only 2 crops a year • The community managed sustainable agriculture (CMSA) program is working in village
10. Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture Vision: • Sustain efforts to make agriculture as economical as viable and ecologically sustainable activity, without comprising on yields and improving returns per unit of land and water to improve the quality of farmers life Mission • To improve the annual incomes of farmers in rain fed area in particular and agriculture in general with integrated farming systems 9-Jul-16 10
11. Livestock 11 Goat 41% Cow 37% Buffalo 21% Camel 1% Cattel Status Cattel's are playing vital role in livelihood, when abnormal behaviour of monsoon
12. Livelihoods 12 Farming + Cattel 59% Govt. Service 15% Wage Labour 10% Mixed 3% Cattel 13% Majority of people engage in Farming & Cattel
13. Goat Economy Prime Cost Brought up Cost Production Sales Profit ₹15,000/- 1. Feeding= 16*365= 5,840/- 1. Milk= 6 Litre 1. Milk= 6l*₹30*270Days =48,600/- = Sales – Cost of goods sold 2. Vaccination Charge = 1,000/- 2. Kids = 4 2. Kids = 4*4,000 = 16,000/- = 64,600-21,840 Total= ₹6,840/- ₹42,760/- 13 Data For 2 Goats
14. Camel Economy 14 Data for 1 Camel Prime Cost Brought up Cost Production Cost Of Service Sold Sales Profit ₹ 35000/- 1. Feeding= 100*365= ₹36,500/- No. of water tank trip made = 8 =37,300+(8*20* 240) 1. Water Tank= 150*8*240Days = Sales – (Cost of service sold+ Brought up) 2. Vaccination Charge = 800/- Production Cost= 20 (Cost paid at filling station) = 2,88,000- (75,700+37,300 ) Total= ₹37,300/- ₹75,700/- ₹2,88,000/- ₹1,75,000/-
15. Dairy Economy 15 Prime Cost Brought up Cost Production Cost of Production Sales Profit 1. Cow = 40,000/- 1. Feeding Cow= ₹150*365Day= ₹54,750/- 1. Milk= 8 Litre 40,000+(150*36 5)+1500 = 96,250/- 1. Milk= 8l*₹36*270Day s =77,760/- = Sales – Cost of goods sold Vaccination= ₹1,500/- Young one- 1 Young one=₹10,000/- =87,760- 96,250= - ₹8,490/-^ 2. Buffalo = 35,000/- 2. Feeding Buffalo = ₹150*365Day= ₹54,750/- 2. Milk= 6 Litre 35,000+(150*36 5)+1,000= ₹90,750 2. Milk = 6l*₹38*270Day = ₹61,560/- 2. Vaccination Charge = ₹1,000/- Young one-1 Young one=₹10,000/- =71,560-90,750 = - ₹19,190/-^ ^This data for first year after investment, Profit will become positive from 2 year
16. Agricultural Economy Backward Linkage Forward Linkage Production Cost (Per Bigha) • Cost Of Seeds(₹) No. Of Units Rabi Kharif Yield (Quintal) Rate of the crop(₹/Quintal) • Cost Of Crops(₹) Bajra 6 Kg 800 ~3.2 980 3,136 Jowar 5 Kg 500 ~1.6 1,200 1,920 Wheat 12 Kg 480 ~5 1,350 6,750 Chana 10 Kg 700 ~4.1 6,000 24,600 • Cost Of Irrigation (Rain Fed) 0 0 • Labour Cost (₹150/day) 10 Days 1,500 1,500 Overall Sale (₹): 36,406 • Cost Of Ploughing 2 Days 800 1,300 Profit/Loss (Annual)= Sales- Production Overall cost of production(₹): 3,480 + 4,100 36,406 – 7,580 = ₹28,826/- = ₹7,580/- 16
17. Rich & Poor Economy 17 Segment Particular Poor Rich Economic Assets Mud House, Bicycle, Silver jewelry Pakka House, Tractor, Disel engine, Four wheeler, Motorbike, Gold jewelry Land Holding 7-10 Kattha (Baswa) 25-30 Bigha Source of Income Agriculture, Labour, Dairy Government Job, Agriculture Livestock Goat, Sheep Cow, Buffalo Annual Income Rs 40,000-Rs 45,000 6 to 7 Lakh Social Caste Naai Meena Bhaerwa Brahmin Gujjar Jaat Gujjar Baniya Education Government School/College yes yes Private School/College No yes Migration Migration for job Yes Yes Migration for Education No Yes
18. Shelf Help Group (SHG) Internal Lending SB A/C Opening Revolving Fund Micro Credit Plan Prepared Community Investment Fund Bank Credit- 1st Linkage Bank Credit- 2nd Linkage Bank Credit- 3rd Linkage 18 From 1st Meeting 2 Months 3-4 Months 6-8 Months 6-8 Months 6-12 Months 24-30 Months 36-40 Months ₹15,000 ₹110,000 • A self-help group (SHG) is a village-based financial intermediary committee • Group of 10-20 women • Maintain proper accounts/records • SHG provide empowerment of women • Develop confidence in women • Women try to learn writing, reading and introducing herself • 1200 SHGs have been working in Niwai Block- Tonk district, Rajasthan PAST PRESENT • Loan from local money lenders on a high rate • Unstable income • Lack of social awareness • Loan from SHG on low interest rate • Stable income • Social awareness
19. SHG Ki रसोई • A cooking competition was organised in ‘Gudha Anandpura,’ sponsored by ‘DMI, Patna’ • Purpose – Encouraging the member to put up the stall in ‘Saras Mela’ – Promoting the traditional food of Rajasthan • Food Cooked – Daal, Baati, and Churma – Gatte Ki Sabji, Mirch ki Sabji, – Kadhi and Chhachh, – And Puaa 19
20. Rajeevika/Srijan CLF/ FEDERATION VO 1/ CLUSTER 1 SHG 1 SHG 2 VO 2/ CLUSTER 2 SHG 1 20 6%/12% 12%/15% 24%/18% SHG- Self Help Group VO- Village Organization CLF- Cluster Level Federation SHG 2 • MEMBERS: 10- 20/ All members • MEETING: 2 per month/ 1 in 3months • Looks after the functioning of VO & SHG/ Looks after the functioning of Cluster & SHG • Both are formed on block level • MEMBERS: 10-15/ 7- 20 • MEETINGS: 1 per month/ 1 per month • Both are formed on panchayat level • MEMBERS: 10- 12/ 10- 20 • MEETINGS: weekly/ 2 per month • Lacks livelihood programs/ Promotes livelihood programs from the first day Interest rate (following from top to bottom)
21. Maitree Dairy Producer Company 21 Milking Cow Hand Packaging Milk ChillingSampling And Quality Check at Dairy Collection center cum Fat and SNF measuring center Excess Milk Send to Lotus Price of Milk Purchased from farmers Price at which milk is sold to institutional buyers Profit Margin ₹35 (approx.) ₹37 (approx.) ₹2 • Milk collected= 700L/ day • Local market sale = 150L/ day • Extra Milk(>150L) is send to Lotus dairy
22. DAY 4 - 5 SAMBHAV, PAAYAS,& RAJEEVIKA 22 04 - 05 July 2016
23. Paayas – Milk Producer Company • Paayas Dairy first producer company in Rajasthan • Established – 19th May 2012 • Production starts – 20th Dec 2012 • Currently 72,343 Producer Partner • Daily Collection 5,50,000 Litre • Milk Pulling Point – 2400 • Payment directly to account • Only milk producer can become member • Member should loyalty to Paayas • Member get dividend and bonus 23 NDDB Co- operative Producer Benefit • Correct Price • Actual weight and Transparency • Timely payment to account • High quality cattle feed • Only member can give milk Condition • Milk only collect at MPP (Milk Pulling Point) • Farmer have his own animal & producer of milk, and supply all milk to paayas only • Farmer have to purchase min 5 share Class C Class B Class A 200 Days 270 Days 270 Days 500-2000 litre 2000-6000 litre 6000+ litre Min 5 share Min 20 share Min 60 share Category of member
24. Dairy Co-operative Vs. Dairy Producer Company Cooperative Society Producer Company • Co-operative societies come in existence for making farmer self reliant, free from middlemen • There is involvement of politics in co-operative society • Hierarchy structures are followed strictly • The members have not necessarily to be primary producer • In co-operative societies, members get only incentives and profit • Example of co-operative societies are as: ‒ AMUL DAIRY ‒ SUDHA DAIRY ‒ MOTHER DAIRY • Producer company came into existence to remove government interference and full dependence are now on farmers themselves to operate their company • There is no involvement of politics • No such hierarchy structures are followed but some people are hired for technical work • The members have to be necessarily a primary producer • In producer company, members get ownerships, dividend and incentives • Example of some producer company are as – MAHI (Gujarat) – PAAYAS (Rajasthan) – BAANI (Punjab) 24
25. Water Conservation:- A SAMBHAV and Community Participation • SAMBHAV is a Non-Profit Non- Governmental Organization • Registered under the West Bengal Societies Registration Act, 1961 • It’s working for the conservation and sustainability of water resources • Techniques used – Building channels and embankment – Rain water harvesting – Farm bending 25 Previous Present • Water available only for 3- 4 months • Depleted aquifer • Poor drinking water • Water available for 12 months • Recharged aquifer • Fresh drinking water for whole year Phagi block – Jaipur district, Rajasthan Work in this region is ongoing in 2 villages (Hirapura and Jawad), 5 hamlets in 1 gram panchayat with 500 families.
26. 5-Key Observations & Learnings…(1) 26 Kavita - a trigger puller/change agent • She is a pursuing graduation in a village called Guda Anandpura. • A typical girl child in an Indian village, who is engaged in her cooking, household activities, looking after cows, etc. • Due to illiteracy among women in the village, there was reluctance to join/engage in self help group activities. • She took an initiative by voluntarily promising to do book keeping and is motivated enough to engage other potential females to join SHG. • There is a rule in SHG group that no unmarried child can be a member of the group so she is training a married women, named, Meenakshi (10th pass) to maintain the book. • Her idea is now in everyone’s mind and now they are feeling powerful because they are now a group whose stand matters. • She told that once there was a problem regarding a hand pump, SHG group went to Sarpanch directly and the seeing their strength she at once order to build a motor pump for the villagers.
27. Power Of Societal Unity…(2) Maitree- milk producer company (run by women dairy & agriculture company ltd.) • Milk received are checked on quality, composition and later packed and sold in local markets itself, surplus milk; (more than150 ltrs) are sold to other dairy company called Lotus • Villagers are working on expanding their business, they have bought a pasteurization which ensures them that they can store milk for long time and they do not need to sell their surplus milk • Cash flow is such monitored that there cannot be any fraud running; if anyone alters the data of milk the profit or loss are result to society and not to individual or himself 27 • It is a small scale milk producer company producing milk, packaging and selling it • It has women farmers in board of its director who controls the function • Female villagers are ultimate producer of the milk and collector of the milk
28. Power of Community Mobilization…(3) 28 Sambhaav- water conservationist • It is a trust working for recharge of groundwater by various rain water harvesting technique. • They teach people about advantage of various structure like pond, farm binding, roof top water collection. • The well which was dry all year then, now it has water for 4-5 months. • Villagers are now aware of the change so they are coming together, organizing meetings and working on the plans decided by them. • Terms like what to produce and how much are pre-decided; 60% crop should be less water consuming and 40% would more water consuming crop(that to they should produce how much they consume). • One good example of their work is that they told a private company to make a pond in their village in return of sand provided by them and the company did, pond has plenty of water through out the year now for their animals. • People have now started planting trees across the embankment because their cattle can easily graze leaves of it and the embankment also strengthens.
29. Powerlessness →Power→Small Entrepreneur…(4) 29 Goat Young One Milk Health Food Goat Goat economy- prosperous business • Cattle farming like goat farming is a business growing these days because it is highly result giving. • Farmers like women either invest through themselves or take a loan from their SHG group. Goat Goat Goat Flow chart of goat economy (pictorial only to show idea, data analysis done before) • They initially start from 1 or 2 goats to get their earnings going and later grow their income. • Money serves as a tool to boost their power to do anything and get earning in initial and later profit. • They feel themselves self dependent, their self-respect grows and they see that their existence counts in their economy where they live.
30. General Biasness Seems does not Work here...(5) 30 Villages working hard to reduce negative inclination from the mind of people • Gender- the sex ratio of village is quite good and a female member is also welcomed with open hearts, but still a male child expected more • Openness and confidence-villagers be men or women were quite confident in a conversation specially women who being in their ghoonghat was ready to share information and take part in community work • Caste system-untouchability was seen less as compared to other state • Father & daughter relation- a man named Deva Lal Jaat has taught her daughter to drive a motorcycle that she can drive to her college and come back . Motorcycle was taught over scooty only because she can bring some household goods when his father was absent . This sets example for other parents also to allow a female child to be self dependent and free
31. Concluding Observations • To remove poverty, entrepreneurship is more required than subsidies • SHG is a silent revolution • Change in the attitude of individual, will lead to the upliftment of a community or society • Community mobilization is the best tool for eradicating biggest of the problems • People always tends to economize their resources, even in the villages 31
32. Special thanks to 32 Vikash Thakur, (BPM, Niwai) Priyanka Kumari, (Cluster Head) Ritti Kumari, (Young Professional) Satish, (Active member of Sambhav group) Manoj Agrawal, (Head of Rajeevika’s Institutional Building) Anish Kumar, (Assistant Hr. Manager) Rajendra Singh (BMC, Maitree Dairy) Deva Lal Jaat, (Villager) Chhagan, (Member, Sambhav) Kavita (SHG Motivator) Sao Ji Gujjar, (Villager)Anraaj Meena, (Villager)Rukmani, (Villager)Raju, (Camel Owner) Manbhar Devi, (Milk Producer) Sita Devi, Supervisor, Bharthari - SHG Shanti Devi, Board Member - CLF Samodra Devi, Goat Owner Meenakshi And Many More …