Published on March 24, 2014
1 SUMMARY This report is an exercise in Business Research Methods course which is a subject for the MBA students to have a deeper understanding and hands on experience in problem solving approaches to management decision making. The research summary addresses both student and teacher perceptions about the significance, value and level of implementation of dress code policy for students in universities. Summative data are also used to investigate the relationship of uniform use with evidence of both improved student academic achievement and student behaviour. Report has used Post-positivist philosophical worldview with mixed methods approach using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. We used non-probability sampling with convenience method. Researchers conducted surveys in the reputed colleges of Mangalore to collect the primary data. The implementation of uniform dress code varied significantly among the participant colleges. Students perceived that the uniform dress code was more beneficial to the Management and other professional colleges. This study focused on the effectiveness of school uniforms to improve student achievement and behaviour along with presenting best practices for adopting a uniform or dress code policy in colleges. This report confirms student’s belief that their academic achievement and behaviour could improve with the introduction of uniform dress code.
2 INTRODUCTION Report has used Post-positivist philosophical worldview with mixed methods approach using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. We used non-probability sampling with convenience method. Researchers conducted surveys in the reputed colleges of Mangalore to collect the primary data. The implementation of uniform dress code varied significantly among the participant colleges. Students perceived that the uniform dress code was more beneficial to the Management and other professional colleges. This study focused on the effectiveness of school uniforms to improve student achievement and behaviour along with presenting best practices for adopting a uniform or dress code policy in colleges. A comparative case study was conducted to study the benefits of having a dress code for college students. Our target population was drawn from the reputed colleges of Mangalore namely St. Aloysius Institute of Management and Information Technology, Sahyadri College of Engineering and Management, St. Joseph’s College of Engineering, SDM College of Business Management and PG Studies and the MBA department at NITK, Surathkal. A scientific and systematic study includes assorted range of strategies both qualitative and quantitative methods for the purpose of converging data sources is the crucial part of this report. The study was to understand both the global trends and the local practices both from secondary sources and primary data. Standard non-probability sampling of convenience type was adopted. The close ended survey was followed by personal interviews of the various stakeholders. This survey did not include the past Alumni and prospective students of our institution. The objective of our survey is to gather data and analyse the experiences, opinions and beliefs of regular graduate and post graduate students in Universities on the need for a uniform dress code. Most of the studies are in the context of universities and the west. There is an insufficient research study done on this topic in the Indian context. So it is naturally difficult to generalize the findings to suit our Indian ethos and culture.
3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 1. Accumulate facts regarding origin and evolution of dress code 2. Perceptions of students and teachers regarding ‘how it feels wearing and being in uniform dress code’ 3. Analyze and Audit the benefits to Student(s) and Institution by the introduction of uniform dress code policy 4. Relevance of uniform dress code policy with MBA programme Conceptual Flowchart Management Dilemma Benefits of implementing uniform dress code in their institution Parameters under Consideration o Perception of various stakeholders o Image/Identity/Reputation o Cost o Academic achievement o Learning atmosphere o The origin and evolution in the tradition of a dress code Management Decision Whether to implement uniform dress code for students in their institution
4 LITERATURE REVIEW Author / Year of Publication Major Findings 1 King, 1998; Lumsden, 2001; Anderson, 2002; Schachter, 2005; Konheim- Kalkstein, 2006 There is some debate about the overall impact of school uniforms on students 2 Brunsma & Rockquemore (1998, 2003) Find no significant correlation between school uniforms and their impact on students’ self- esteem, behaviour, school safety or academic achievement 3 Wade & Stafford (2003) The study reported that although uniforms contribute to positive school climate, they have no direct impact on substance use, behaviour issues, attendance, academic achievement, students’ self- perception and students’ perception of gang violence 4 Wilson, 1999; Brunsma & Rockquemore, 2003 A few researchers express concern about the quality of research in the area of school uniforms impact on student behaviour and academic achievement and therefore, say that drawing generalized conclusions about study findings should be done cautiously 5 Schachter (2005) Parental support as a key factor in regards to compliance in wearing uniforms 6 Anderson (2002) School should explain why uniforms are being implemented and clearly define the specific guiding principles of a dress code policy 7 Balakrishna Shruthi (2010) Women students have had embarrassing encounters with the security guards at the college gates on account of so called immodest ways of dressing 8 Deccan Herald, ‘TN Plans Dress Code for College Students’, Chennai, Sept.1, 2013 Following representations from various stakeholders, the Tamil Nadu government has planned to introduce a dress code for arts and science college students across the state very
5 soon. The DCE has finalized a draft rule in this regard 9 The Quartermaster Review – March-April 1928 The word "uniform" is derived from the Latin words "unus," one, and "forma," form, and includes the different styles of dress adopted by the Military and Naval services to secure the distinction required. Since the military profession has always been an honourable one, the uniform has been a badge of honour and a means of improving the morale and esprit de corps of its wearers in addition to its original purpose of distinguishing friend from foe. The literature sources under review highlight the implications of school uniforms on improving student behaviour and academic achievement. Some studies report that school uniforms increase safety in schools, act as equalizers amongst students, boost self-esteem and feelings of belongingness. In some cases, marginally improve test scores; while others show no effect or negative effects, leading many to agree that more empirical research needs to be done before generalized conclusions can be made. If an institution/university is considering adoption uniforms in their setting, the list of proven practices above has been developed based on the experiences of others who have journeyed down the path.
6 Research Gap Only few institutions of higher learning in the region of Dakshina Kannada District possess a dress code policy. On browsing through the net we found that wearing a uniform dress code is a common phenomenon in business schools. Our UG & PG students at NITK campus too are often noticed wearing the Institute T-Shirt though it is not mandatory to do so. A few sociologist researchers express concern about the quality of research in the area of ‘school uniforms impact on student behaviour and academic achievement’. Similar drawings from previous research projects give generalized conclusion that study findings should be done cautiously (Wilson, 1999; Brunsma & Rockquemore, 2003). A large of students and teaching faculty who participated in the survey believe in the concept of dress code and believe that institution needs it. Hence, there might be unrealized eagerness among the MBA, NITK students to have a dress code which will differentiate them from other students in this region. We want to explore this felt need and come out with a solution through a systematic and scientific study. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES DEPENDENT VARIABLES School Uniforms Dress Code Policy Guiding Principles Draft Rules Student’s self-esteem Behaviour Safety/violence Academic Achievement Conclusive learning ambience Substance Abuse Lower expense on clothing Sense of Belongingness
7 RESEARCH TERMINOLOGIES IN THE PRESENT CONTEXT Research Design: Exploratory Research Philosophy: Post positivism Data analysis: Using both quantitative and qualitative techniques Primary data: Student and Teacher survey with open and close-ended questions and personal interviews Sampling: Non-Probability Convenience Method Research Instruments: Questionnaire and Unstructured Interview Time dimension of study: Cross-sectional Statistical treatment: Chi-Square test Reasoning logic: Inductive Accuracy and Precision: Moderately high Probability of selection: 0.05 Speed of data collection: High A Chi-square statistical test is conducted to find whether there is relationship between implementing dress code policy for the college in universities on student achievement and student behaviour using Chi-Square Test. Data is presented using pie and bar charts and tables. The process of research is largely inductive, with the inquirer generating meaning from the data collected in the field.
8 SAMPLING DESIGN CONFIGURATION The Theoretical Population: College Students in Universities The Study population: Students of NITK Surathkal and MBA students of AIMIT, Sahayadri College of Engineering & Management, St Joseph’s Engineering College and SDM College of Business Management & Law The Sampling Frame: The attendance register of the PG Students of the current two batches in the MBA Program at NITK and their friends circle in the neighboring MBA institutes The sample: The students of MBA program at NITK and four other reputed MBA college students from Mangalore. Total student strength: 1084 and 85 teachers The sample size: 214 students and 27 teachers Calculation of sample size Population size- 1084 Sample size- 214 Confidence level= 95% Significance level= 5% Confidence interval= 6 Sample size = Z2 *p*(1-p)/e2 The calculated sample size is 214 Where Z = standard error (1.96 for 95% confidence level) p = worst case proportion (0.5) e = confidence interval taken in decimal
9 STUDY OUTCOMES AND DICUSSIONS Question 1: Do you like wearing uniform? Figure 1: Question 2: How frequently does the student wear uniform? Figure 2: Do you have genuine desire to wear unifrom Yes Neutral No How frequently do you wear uniform Daily Twice a week Once a week On special occassions While representing college outside
10 Question 3: Is uniform more important to a management student than other post graduate students? Figure 3: Question 4: What are the major factors related to uniform which help students in their future career? Figure 4: Question 5: Student’s perception regarding certain demerits of having dress code policy? Is uniform more important for management students than other PG programmes? Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Long term benefits of dress code Makes you more comfortable in professional attire Develops your personality to suit corporate world
11 Figure 5: Question 6: How frequently do students wear uniform? Table 1: Relationship between student’s keenness towards wearing uniform and how frequently they wear it Students liking l uniform Daily Twice a week Once a week Special occasions Representing college outside Total Yes 1 3 87 10 0 100 Neutral 0 15 63 17 6 100 No 0 0 74 11 15 100 Total 1 12 79 5 4 100 Source: Primary data Note: All numbers are expressed in percentages Table 2: Relationship between students who like wearing uniform express opinion regarding cost of clothing Perception of students regarding demerits of dress code Supress freedom of expression Restricts freedom to experiment on onself You are judged by the reconcieved opinion of your organisation Wearing uniform for long time can result in boredom
12 Like wearing uniform Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Total Yes 34 36 18 6 5 100 Neutral 29 34 18 7 13 100 No 24 34 14 14 14 100 Total 35 8 17 31 9 Source: Primary data Note: All numbers are expressed in percentages Table 3: Relationship between students who like wearing uniform and those who believe that it is more relevant for MBA programme Like wearing uniform Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Yes 34 36 18 5 5 Neutral 29 13 18 6 12.5 No 34 14 14 14 24 Source: Primary data Note: All numbers are expressed in percentages Statement: Management students with work experience would be having better understanding of the corporate culture, so the study tries to find out what they feel about importance of uniform for MBA students.
13 Table 4: Relationship between work experience and their perception regarding importance of dress policy Work experience Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total Yes 20.00 54.29 11.43 8.57 5.71 100 No 39.75 39.75 13.66 3.73 3.11 100 Source: Primary data Note: All numbers are expressed in percentages Table 5: Relationship between work experience and their opinion on whether it prepare them for corporate life Work Experience Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree Yes 20 54 11 9 6 No 40 40 13 2 2 Source: Primary data Note: All numbers are expressed in percentages
14 COMPARSION BETWEEN TEACHERS AND STUDENT VIEWS Question 7: Does uniform helps in making students professionally ready? Table 6: Relationship between Teachers and students opinion on whether dress code policy makes them professionally ready Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total Teachers 8 18 0 0 1 200 Students 71 83 26 9 7 27 Source: Primary data Question 8: Does uniform dress incorporate spirit of discipline in you? Table 7: Relationship between teachers and students opinion on whether dress code policy incorporates discipline among students Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total Teachers 4 18 2 2 1 200 Students 79 84 14 18 4 27 Source: Primary data Question 9: Does uniform bring down the chance of discrimination among students on the basis of their clothing? Table 8: Relationship between teachers and students opinion on whether dress code brings down discrimination among students on the basis of their clothing Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total Teachers 0 12 4 8 3 27 Students 63 76 29 24 7 200 Source: Primary data
15 Statistical inference using Chi-Square technique Problem Statement-1: Find out relationship between gender and their keenness for wearing uniform Null hypothesis-1: There is no significant relationship between gender and their keenness for wearing uniform. Observed Values Yes Neutral No Total Female 51 22 6 79 Male 63 35 23 121 Total 114 57 29 200 Expected Values Female 22.515 11.45 45.03 Male 34.48 17.54 68.97 Total 57 29 114 Degrees of freedom: (2-1)*(3-1) = 2 Level of significance: 0.05 Tabulated Value: 5.99 Calculated Value: 5.611 Conclusion: So we see that calculated chi-square value is less than tabulated chi-square value. The null hypothesis is accepted that there is no significant relationship between gender & their keenness for wearing uniform.
16 Statistical inference using Chi-Square technique Problem Statement-2: Find out relationship between gender and their belief that uniform is necessary to inculcate discipline Null Hypothesis-2: There is no significant relationship between gender and their belief that uniform is necessary to inculcate discipline Observed values Agree Disagree Neutral Strongly Agree Strongly Disagree Total Female 39 2 2 36 79 Male 46 16 12 43 4 121 Total 85 18 14 79 4 200 Expected values Agree Disagree Neutral Strongly Agree Strongly Disagree Total Female 33.57 7.11 5.53 31.20 1.58 79 Male 51.42 10.89 8.47 47.79 2.42 121 Degree of freedom: (2-1)*(5-1) = 4 Level of significance: 0.05 Tabulated Value: 9.49 Calculated Value: 15.04 Conclusion: Since the calculated chi-square value is more than tabulated chi-square value null hypothesis is rejected. We conclude that there is no significant relationship between gender & their belief that uniform is necessary to inculcate discipline.
17 DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION In order to ease the judgment of expected trends in the findings, researchers used bar and pie charts. Pie charts depict the largest and smallest proportions of current findings with visual appeal. Our sample population was drawn from MBA student population at NITK, Sahyadri College of Engineering and Management, Aloysius Institute of Management and Technology, St Joseph’s Engineering College, SDM College of Business Management and PG Centre for Management Studies. The numbers of management students interviewed were 198. Of them 121 were male and 77 female. Majority of the interviewees were from the first year. Most participants are graduates in Commerce, Science, Technology and Business Management disciplines. Prior to joining the NITK MBA programme 18% of the interviewees have prior work experience in Manufacturing, Trading, IT/ITES, Engineering and Commerce sectors. Most of the survey respondents hail from Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, New Delhi and Bihar. Majority of them belong to diverse backgrounds. Large majority (93%) of respondents have dress code policy in their institute. Most of them (80%) wear it once a week. 57% of them said they like wearing uniform. Survey demonstrates that Management of all Institutions is particular about their students wearing uniforms. Students who fail to abide by the Institute rules are punished in different ways. Defaulters are fined (34%); they would lose attendance for the day; they would be looked down by their peers; and 22% of the respondents, most of them from NITK were not punished. 30% of the respondents presume that wearing a uniform would mask their personal identity and would hinder the freedom of expression. At the same time 32% of respondents disagreed with them. About 18% of the interviewees were neutral in their opinion. The respondents strongly believe that implementing dress code policy for the students is very beneficial to them and the image of their institute. Majority of them said it brings about a sense of belongingness, a sense of responsibility, reduces discrimination on economic grounds and reduces financial burden of the poor parents who cannot afford expensive fashion for their children. The uniform dress code tends to nurtures an ideal environment for learning and the sense of discipline inculcated at the institution would help them in their future career. The interviewees said they feel satisfied and comfortable in professional attire and that dress code is more needed for the management students than the students from other streams.
18 The major finding of our study was that the students were positive about the introduction of dress code policy and none of the respondents proclaim demerits in having a dress code for themselves. Around 30 teachers interviewed from various MBA colleges were a crucial part of this project. Most of the respondents, when interviewed expressed their appreciation for having a uniform dress code for the following reasons: 1. Bring professionalism and decorum into the classrooms 2. Improves ambience for learning and stimulates intellectual atmosphere 3. The prejudices and preconceived opinion on account of one’s clothing will be less 4. Increase proficiency of students in the professional attire
19 Implications of dress code policy on individual parameters Academic Achievement Many researchers agree that school uniform policies have the greatest impact on student achievement when they are part of a larger comprehensive school reform plan (Jones, 1998; Daugherty, 2002; Murray, 2002; Cheurprakobkit & Bartsch, 2005). Social Benefits An increased level of sense of belonging amongst students has been attributed to school uniforms (Mancini,1997), Bodine (2003) and Stockton, Gullat & Park (2002) reported a positive correlation between uniforms and student achievement. Boutelle (2008) stated that uniforms bridge the social gap and level the playing field with regards to student attire. Likewise, Murray (2002) reports that uniforms have been linked to increased self esteem and confidence amongst students. Further, he writes that uniforms focus students’ energy on learning rather than on seeking peer approval for their outfits. Lastly both Murray (1997) and Stockton, Gullat & Park (2002) found that students rated their school’s atmosphere higher after the adoption of school-wide uniforms. In a study by Lumsden (2001), principals indicated that uniforms have a positive impact on student behaviour. Likewise in another study, principals reported that school uniforms helped reduce peer sexual harassment and better prepared students for the work world (DeMitchell, Fossey & Cobb, 2000). Economic Benefits Schools uniforms can be beneficial to all families by lowering clothing costs (Anderson, 2002; Firmin, Smith & Perry, 2006). School Safety In a study designed to measure the impact of uniforms on gang activity within schools, teachers reported lower levels of gang presence (Stafford & Wade, 2003). However, students report that uniforms make no difference to the level of violence or gang related activities within their schools (Stafford & Wade, 2003).
20 Limitations in similar Sociology studies There is some debate about the overall impact of school uniforms on students (King, 1998; Lumsden, 2001; Anderson, 2002; Schachter, 2005; Konheim-Kalkstein, 2006). Studies conducted by Brunsma & Rockquemore (1998, 2003) find no significant correlation between school uniforms and their impact on students’ self-esteem, behaviour, school safety or academic achievement. Wade & Stafford, in their 2003 study, report that although uniforms contribute to positive school climate, they have no direct impact on substance use, behaviour issues, attendance, academic achievement, students’ self perception and students’ perception of gang violence. A few researchers express concern about the quality of research in the area of school uniforms impact on student behaviour and academic achievement and therefore, say that drawing generalized conclusions about study findings should be done cautiously (Wilson, 1999; Brunsma & Rockquemore, 2003). PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES o Be careful not to restrict religious political and similar expressions o Consider legal ramifications of the final policy/decision o Make uniforms more available and inexpensive o Provide flexibility and assistance for low-income families o Implement a pilot observation program o Align dress code policy with school safety framework o Schools interested in implementing school uniforms should consult with parents, teachers, students, and community leaders o School should explain why uniforms are being implemented and clearly define the specific guiding principles of a dress code policy
21 REFERENCES Anderson, W. (2002) School Dress Codes and Uniform Policies Policy Report. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Bodine, A. (2003). School uniforms, academic achievement, and uses of research. Journal of Educational Research, 97(2), 67-71. Boutelle, M. (2008) Uniforms: Are they a good fit? EDDigest.com Brunsma, D. L., & Rockquemore, K. (1998). Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Abuse, and Academic Achievement. The Journal of Education Research, 92(1), 53-62. Cheurprakobkit, S., Bartsch, R.A. (2005) Educational Research. Vol 47, No.2, pp- 235-250 Daugherty, R. F. (2002, Winter). Leadership in action: Piloting a school uniform program. Education, 123(2), 390-393. DeMitchell,, T. A., Fossey, R., & Cobb, C. (2000). Dress Codes in the Public Schools: Principals, Policies, and Precepts. Journal of Law and Education Firmin, M., Smith, S., Perry, L. (2006) School Uniforms: A Qualitative Analysis of Aims and Accomplishments at Two Christian Schools. Journal of Research on Christian Education. Vol 15, No. 2. pp 143-168. Jones, C.A. (1998) Preventing School Violence: A review of the Literature. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the mid-south Educational Research Association King, K. (1998). Should school uniforms be mandated in elementary schools? American School Health Association Journal of School Health Lumsden, L., Miller, G. (2002) Dress Codes and Uniforms, National Association of Elementary School Principals, Research RoundUp Nash, N.W., Bhattacharya, K. (2009) Urban middle school principal’s perception of a school uniform policy. Research and Practices in Social Sciences, Vol 4, No 2, pp-46-64 Rodriguez, J. (2005). The Effects of School Uniforms on Self Esteem. The Graduate School at Rowan University Shamburger, P.S. (1999). The influence of a mandatory school uniform policy. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Career and Technical Education. Orlando, FL.
22 Stafford, M. E. & Wade, K. (2003). Public school uniforms: Effect on perceptions of gang presence, school climate, and student self perceptions. Education and Urban Society, 35(4), 399-420. Stockton, C., Gullatt, D., Parke R.D. (2002) School Uniforms: Policies and Procedures. Research in Middle Level Education Online, Volume 24, No 1 White, K. (2000). Do School Uniforms Fit? School Administrator, 57(2), 36-40. Wilson, R.E. II (1999) Impact of School uniform dress code on Principal perception of Violence. Southeastern University
23 Appendice-I MBA STUDENTS OPINION SURVEY FORM Name of the Institute/University: Age: Gender: ☐Male ☐Female Year of Study: ☐First Year ☐Second Year Previous Qualification: Work Experience: ☐Yes ☐No Please express your general opinions 1) Do you have a uniform for the students in your institute/University? ☐Yes ☐No 2) If you have a uniform then how frequently do you wear it? ☐Daily ☐Once a week ☐Twice a week ☐On special occasion ☐When representing college outside 3) Do you like wearing uniform? ☐Yes ☐No ☐Neutral 4) If you have a uniform then will a student be penalized for not wearing the uniform in your institute? ☐Attract fine ☐Marked absent ☐Looked down by peers ☐Other action ☐Not an offence 5) Does wearing a uniform restricts your desire for self-expression or mask your identity? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 6) Do you feel uniform gives a sense of belongingness in students towards the college? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 7) Do you think uniform is necessary to inculcate a sense of discipline among students? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 8) Do you believe uniform brings down the chances of discrimination among students belonging to different income groups? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree
24 9) Do you think dress code will ease the financial burden on parents of poor students? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 10) Does uniform makes MBA Students ready for the corporate world? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 11) Do you think dress code is more important for MBA students than other PG students? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 12) How does introduction of a dress code help an MBA student in his future career? (You can check more than one choice) ☐It will make you more comfortable in the professional attire ☐It will develop your personality to suit the corporate world ☐Wearing a uniform will make you act more responsible ☐Uniform will develop team working environment ☐Uniform will not at all help an MBA student in his future career 13) According to you what are the demerits of having uniform dress code? (You can check more than one choice) ☐Suppresses the freedom of expression ☐Restricts freedom to experiment on oneself ☐Wearing a uniform you are judged by preconceived notions about the organization ☐Wearing same uniform for a long time can result in boredom ☐No demerits
25 Appendice-II TEACHERS OPINION SURVEY FORM Please express your opinion 1) Do you feel students in formal uniform gives a professional environment in the class room. ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 2) Do you think that wearing a uniform incorporates discipline among student s? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 3) According to you is there any chance of a student being distinguished on the basis of his clothing? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree 4) What are the main reasons for introduction of dress code for students? (You can check more than one choice) ☐Reduces gang related activities ☐Healthy learning environment ☐Reduces cost on clothing ☐Reduces inferiority complex ☐None of the above 5) Why is a dress code more important for a MBA student rather than any other PG student? (You can check more than one choice) ☐It will make them more comfortable in the professional attire ☐It will develop their personality to suit with corporate world ☐Wearing the same uniform will develop team working environment ☐Wearing a uniform will make them act more responsible ☐Uniform will not at all help an MBA student in his future career 6) Is there any effect on your personal clothing due to dress code of students? ☐Strongly Agree ☐Agree ☐Neutral ☐Disagree ☐Strongly Disagree
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