Published on November 8, 2013
Values & Attitudes
Values Values Basic convictions about what is important to the individual They contain a judgmental element of what is right, good, or desirable. Content: what is important Intensity: how important Value System: a hierarchy based on a ranking of an individual’s values in terms of their intensity.
Values Types of values Terminal: Goals that individuals would like to achieve during their lifetime Instrumental: Preferable ways of behaving Importance of values Values generally influence attitudes and behaviour.
Values vs. Ethics Ethics The science of morals in human conduct Moral principles; rules of conduct Ethical values are related to moral judgments about right and wrong
A Framework for Assessing Cultural Values Hofstede’s Dimensions Power Distance Individualism Versus Collectivism Quantity of Life Versus Quality of Life Uncertainty Avoidance Long-term versus Short-term Orientation
Attitudes Positive or negative feelings concerning objects, people, or events. Less stable than values
Types of Attitudes Job Involvement Organizational Commitment . . . measures the degree to which a person identifies psychologically with his or her job and considers his or her perceived performance level important to selfworth. . . . a state in which an employee identifies with a particular organization and its goals, and wishes to maintain membership in the organization. Job Satisfaction . . . refers to an individual’s general attitude toward his or her job.
Reasons for Employee Commitment They are proud of [the company’s] aspirations, accomplishments, and legacy; they share its values They know what each person is expected to do, how performance is measured, and why it matters They are in control of their own destinies; they savour the high-risk high-reward work environment They are recognized mostly for the quality of their individual performance They have fun and enjoy the supportive and highly interactive environment
Measuring Job Satisfaction Single global rating Asks individuals to respond to one question, such as “All things considered, how satisfied are you with your job?” Summation score made up of a number of job facets. Identifies key elements in a job and asks for the employee’s feelings about each and then adds them up to get an overall satisfaction score. Typical factors: the nature of the work, supervision, present pay, promotion opportunities, and relations with co-workers.
Job Satisfaction What Determines Job Satisfaction? Mentally Challenging Work Equitable Rewards Supportive Working Conditions Supportive Colleagues
Job Satisfaction and Employee Performance Satisfaction Affects Individual Productivity Organizational Productivity Absenteeism Turnover Organizational Citizenship Behaviour
Values vs Attitudes Our likes and dislikes for people, things, and issues are often referred to as our attitudes. However, it is not just our ...
An attitude is the way a person expresses or applies their beliefs and values, and is expressed through words and behaviour. eg I get really upset when I ...
This page was edited Monday, September 9, 2013 Our ATTITUDES are the manifestation of our VALUES - they are expressed through what we SAY or DO - ...
Purpose. To identify some of the skills and attitudes that are essential for solving problems effectively. Context. In this lesson, the Wright brothers ...
VALUES, ATTITUDES, BELIEFS AND BEHAVIORS Overview Define the value system process Define values, attitudes, behaviors and beliefs Define the cyclic effects ...
In our various roles, our beliefs, values and attitudes are constantly interfacing with those of others; our peers, friends, family or learners.
A personal or cultural value is an individual's assumptions of ethical value that can form basis for action. ... values, attitudes, principles and emotions
Beliefs are the assumptions we make about ourselves, about others in the world and about how we expect things to be. Beliefs are about how we think things ...
Teacher Guide English Teacher Guide 3 Values, Attitudes and Beliefs Series at a Glance Lesson title Lesson Outcomes By the end of this lesson learners ...