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Value Addition of Nine Medicinal Plants in Arunachal Pradesh

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Information about Value Addition of Nine Medicinal Plants in Arunachal Pradesh
Business & Mgmt

Published on January 26, 2014

Author: talukdarsanjay

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Understood requirements from forest departments and other stakeholders, gathered information, researched, planned & designed the JFMC Proposal for Value Addition of Nine Medicinal Plants for Forest Department of Arunachal Pradesh.

Secondary research, planning & designing the project which included the implementation plan, budgeting, feasibility study analysis.
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Proposal for Assistance to JFMC’s/VFMC’s for Value Addition of Nine Medicinal Plants Prepared by AYUSH Resource Centre for North East Guwahati for State Medicinal Plant Board Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh Submitted to National Medicinal Plant Board Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Department of AYUSH Govt of India

1. Title of the project: Value addition of Nine Medicinal Plant Species in Arunachal Pradesh 2. Introduction: The main objective of JFMC is Protection, conservation of natural resources through active involvement of the people. Checking land degradation, deforestation and loss of biodiversity and ecological restoration and environmental conservation and eco-development involving village level people’s organization, which can manage the natural resources in and around villages in a sustainable manner and to improve quality of life and self-sustenance aspect of people living in and around forest areas and to develop capability endowment and skill enhancement for improving employability of the rural people. 23 JFMC’s have been selected for cultivation of nine Medicinal Plants. Value addition of medicinal plant is necessary component for commercial exploitation as well as medicinal value of Raw Drugs. 3. Justification/Concept/Objective: Plant materials are used throughout the country as home remedies, over-the-counter drug products and raw materials for the pharmaceutical industry, and represent a substantial proportion of the global drug market. It is therefore essential to establish internationally recognized guidelines for assessing their quality. Value addition of the medicinal plants is very much essential for commercial exploitation as well as the medicinal value of the raw drugs. Even authenticated plant material may not be of desired quality and strength and not conforming to the physicochemical parameters or the concentration of the active constituents or marker compounds as per the physicochemical

standards or the consumer / industry requirements. Value addition of the medicinal plants can be achieved directly by improving the quality of the cultivated or collected plant material and indirectly by quality assurance of the plant material or the semi-processing of the material to a value added product. i. Direct Value Addition:  Collection In Proper Season: Seasonal variation in the concentration of secondary metabolites present in the plant and which are of medicinal importance is found to be a common phenomenon and consequently the efficacy or the potency of the raw drugs may not be the same all round the year or at different stages of plant growth. These needs to be very much considered and the collection of the material should be made in the appropriate season. (Annexure I)  Harvesting & Processing of Plant: The harvesting and processing of the different parts of the plant material would increase the shelf life and help in the value addition of medicinal plants instead of indiscriminate and non judicious harvesting. (Annexure II & Annexure III)  Grading & Sorting: Instead of assorted material, which may include infested, immature and other kinds of unacceptable material, sorting and grading is an important means of value addition and market potential.  Cleaning: Any soil, stones, sand, dust and other foreign inorganic matter must

be removed before medicinal plant materials are cut or ground for testing.  Packaging: The container and its closure must not interact physically or chemically in any way that would alter its quality. A well closed container must protect the contents from extraneous matter or from loss of the material under normal conditions of handling, shipment or storage. Different categories of the plant material need different packaging practices.  Storage: Medicinal plant materials must be stored under specified conditions in order to avoid contamination and deterioration, avoid formation of moulds, which may produce toxins. Materials that need to be stored at temperatures other than room temperature should be stored at low temperatures to avoid decomposition of phyto constituents or deterioration of quality. Low humidity may be maintained using a desiccant in the container if necessary. Medicinal plant materials requiring protection from light should be kept in a light resistant container or the container may be placed inside a suitable light-resistant (opaque) covering. Information on proper storage practices of medicinal plants is rather sketchy and has not received due attention from experts till date. As is in the case of other plant materials exposure to air, moisture, light, dust, etc may cause deterioration in the keeping quality of medicinal plant raw drugs. However this can be minimized by proper cleaning, packing and storage. (Annexure IV)

General Tips on Storage of Raw Drugs: 1. Enough and Right Space- Dry & Free from Dampness & Humidity 2. Prevention of Rodents, Insects and Birds etc 3. Separate area for different categories of raw material 4. Storage Space should allow free movement of people and equipments 5. Proper and uniform labeling of raw drugs 6. Keep authenticated samples 7. Proper Packing Material for Storing Raw Drugs Also Avoid: 1. Storing in Open Spaces 2. Storing on Surface Directly 3. Storing alike materials in vicinity 4. Using inappropriate packing materials 5. Storing the materials for long time 6. Keeping the materials exposed to heat & moisture  Microscopic & Macroscopic Examination: Medicinal plant materials are categorized according to sensory, macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. Visual inspection provides the simplest and quickest means to establish identity, purity and possibly, quality. Macroscopic identity of medicinal plant materials is based on shape, size, color, surface characteristics, texture, fracture and appearance of the cut surface. However, since these characteristics are

judged subjectively and substitutes or adulterants may closely resemble the genuine material, it is often necessary to substantiate the findings by microscopy or chemical analysis. Microscopic inspection of medicinal plant materials is indispensable for the identification of broken or powdered materials. ii. In-Direct Value Addition: (Quality Testing for Purity & Strength)  Moisture: An excess of water in medicinal plant materials will encourage microbial growth and also causes deterioration following hydrolysis. This is especially important for materials that absorb moisture or deteriorate quickly in the presence of water. The test for loss on drying be carried out either by heating to 100-105 centigrade or in a desiccator over phosphorus pent oxide for a specified period of time.  Foreign Material: Medicinal plant materials should be entirely free from visible signs of contamination by moulds or insects, and other animal contamination, including animal excreta. Macroscopic examination can conveniently be employed for determining the presence of foreign matter in whole or cut plant materials. However, microscopy is indispensable for powdered materials.  Ash Content: Ignition of medicinal plant material yields total ash constituting both physiological (from the plant tissue) and non-physiological (extraneous matter adhering to the plant) ash. Acid insoluble ash represents sand and siliceous earth.

 Pesticides Residue : Medicinal plant materials are liable to contain pesticide residues, which accumulate from agricultural practices such as spraying and treatment of soils and fumigation during storage. Since many medicinal preparations of plant origin are taken over long periods of time, the intake of residues from medicinal plants should not be more than 1% of the total intake from all the sources including food and drinking water.  Microorganism: While a large range of bacteria and fungi form the naturally occurring micro flora of herbs, aerobic spore forming bacteria frequently predominate. Current practices of harvesting, handling and production may cause additional contamination and microbial growth. The determination of Escherichia coli and moulds may indicate the quality of production and harvesting practices. iii. Semi-Processing of Medicinal Plant to Value Added Products  Powder: Thoroughly cleaned and dried plant material is powdered in a pulveriser and sieved to obtain a homogenous powder of the desired particle size.  Tablets/Capsules: The homogenous powder is mixed with a suitable binding agent and compressed to a tablet or filled into a capsule of desired dosage.  Extracts: The dried and clean plant material free from foreign organic matter substitutes or adulterants is powdered and extracted with a suitable

solvent like pure ethyl alcohol or methyl alcohol or solvents diluted with water in a percolator for cold extraction or in a soxhlet extractor under reflux for hot extraction. The extracts are distilled under reduced pressure at low temperatures to remove the solvent and the concentrated extracts are spray dried. These extracts can be also standardized to a required strength of the active/marker compounds. This simple or semi-processing of the medicinal plant material adds to the value may fold. Annexure I Season showing the collection of Planting Material Sl. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Botanical Name Rauvolfia serpentina Phyllanthus emblica Piper longum Embelia ribes Swertia chirata Rubia Cordifolia Panax Ginseg Picrorhiza Kurroa Illicium Grifithii Season May-July, Aug-Oct Aug-Oct Feb-Apr Aug-Oct Feb-Apr Aug-Oct, Nov-Jan Feb-Apr Oct-Dec Feb-Apr (Annexure I) Annexure II Parts of Plants to be processed Sl. No 1 Botanical Name Rauvolfia serpentina 2 Phyllanthus emblica 3 Piper longum 4 5 Embelia ribes Swertia chirata 6 Rubia Cordifolia 7 Panax Ginseg Uses Treatment of high blood pressure, snake bite Burning sensation of heat & urinary discharge, liver complaint Used as alternative tonic, stomachic, carminative and useful in cold, cough Used as carminative, in snake-bite Tonic, leucoderma, skin diseases, chronic fever. Anti- dysenteric, uterine pains, voice ,complexion Useful in fever, indigestion, vomiting, tonic Parts Used Roots Fruits, seeds Fruits, seeds Fruits Whole plant Roots, fruits Roots

8 Picrorhiza Kurroa 9 Illicium Grifithii Used as laxative, brain, tonic and goods in paralysis Treatment of liver, brain, heart, small pox, throat infections Roots Fruits, flowers, bark etc (Annexure II) Annexure III General Guidelines for Harvesting and processing of Medicinal Plants  Collect only mature parts  Start drying process immediately after collection  Ensure complete drying before packing and storage  Dry aromatic herbs, delicate fruits etc. in shade  Store the herbs in properly constructed stores to minimize losses on storage Annexure III Guidelines for collection of different parts of the medicinal plants: i. Underground Parts & Whole Plant  Collect the whole plants after seed shedding  Collect underground parts when the mother plant is fully mature  Dry fleshy parts before packing and storing  Cut large parts into smaller pieces ii. Bark & Stem  Do not harvest from immature Plants  Collect from the Branches instead of Main Trunk  Strip the bark longitudinally & not all over the circumference of Trunk/Branches  Cut into small pieces to facilitate complete drying  Harvest only mature branches or stem

iii. Leaves, Flowers, Fruits, Seeds, etc  Harvest only mature parts  Do not collect from unhealthy plants  Do not collect parts manifested with insects, fungi etc  Dry flowers and floral parts in shade  Rotten and diseased fruits should be segregated from rest of the supply iv. Gums, Oils, Resins, etc  Make vertical incisions only on some portions of the tree  Do not collect the gums or resins from a tree continuously  Collect the gum/resin in the right season Annexure IV Drying & Storage Guidelines Sl.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Botanical Name Rauvolfia serpentina Phyllanthus emblica Piper longum Embelia ribes Swertia chirata Rubia Cordifolia Panax Ginseg Picrorhiza Kurroa Illicium Grifithii Storage Moisture 5-7% 10% 10% 10% 2-3% 10% 2-3% 2-3% 5% Drying Method Sun & Shade Dry Sun & Shade Dry Shade Dry Sun & Shade Dry Shade Dry Sun & Shade Dry Shade Dry Shade Dry Sun & Shade Dry (Annexure IV)

Annexure V Uses of Essential Oils Cosmetic & Toiletries Detergent Preparation Motor Industry Medical Paint Industry Essential Oils Food Beverages Petroleum Industry Tobacco Industry Textile Industry Adhesive (Annexure V) Annexure VI Gestation Period of the Nine Selected Medicinal Plants Sl.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Botanical Name Rauvolfia serpentina Phyllanthus emblica Piper longum Embelia ribes Swertia chirata Rubia Cordifolia Panax Ginseg Picrorhiza Kurroa Illicium Grifithii Gestation Period 3-5 years 8-10 years 6-10 months N/A 6-8 years 6 years 7-10 years 2 year N/A (Annexure VI)

 List of JFMC’s/VFMC’s: Following is the list of VFMC’s selected for the assistance: 1. a. Langbia VFMC b. Address: Palin, Kurung Kumey (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/4110, dated 10/05/2005 d. PI : R. S. Tiwari, Govt. Hr. Sec. School, Palin e. Species: Pipali f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Pipali 2. a. Longth Loth VFMC b. Address: Nyapin, Kurung Kumey (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/1152, dated 18/03/2002 d. PI : Doi Tarak, Deptt. of Botany, Rajiv Gandhi University e. Species: Sarpagandha, Pipali f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Sarpagandha & Pipali 3. a. Qungte – Taar VFMC b. Address: Sagalee, Papum Pare (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/2770, dated 06/05/2005 d. PI : Smith Choudhary, RFO e. Species: Sarpagandha, Pipali f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Sarpagandha & Pipali 4. a. Tumlang VFMC b. Address: Tumlang Village, Kurung Kumey (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/1102, dated 12/02/2002 d. PI : Alphase T. Nabam, Leporiang, Papum Pare e. Species: Amla f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Amla 5. a. Dakpe VFMC b. Address: Dakpe Village, Upper Subansiri (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/1514 d. PI: T.Gapak, DCH(Hdqt), Deptt. of E & Forest, Arunachal Pradesh e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Rubia Cordifolia f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Chirayata & Rubia Cordifolia

6. a. Nguri VFMC b. Address: Nguri Village, Upper Subansiri (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/1512 d. PI: T. Gapak, DCH(Hdqt), Deptt. of E & Forest, Arunachal Pradesh e. Species: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Pipali f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Pipali 7. a. Mugli VFMC b. Address: Mugli Village, Upper Subansiri (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/1338 d. PI: T.Gapak, DCH(Hdqt), Deptt. of E & Forest, Arunachal Pradesh e. Species: Embelia ribes, Swertia Chirayata f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Embelia Ribes & Swertia Chirayata 8. a. Gimba VFMC b. Address: Gimba Village, Kurung Kumey (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3520, dated 28/08/06 d. PI : Dr. N. Taja, Gimba Village, Kurung Kumey e. Species: Pipali f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Pipali 9. a. Gomkelling VFMC b. Address: Gomkelling Village, Jung, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3213, Dtd: 22/2/06 d. PI : Genden Tashi, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Ginseng f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Ginseng 10. a. Mirba VFMC b. Address: Gomkelling Village, Jung, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3214, Dtd: 22/2/06 d. PI : Pema Tashi, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Kutki

f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Kutki 11. a. Rho VFMC b. Address: Rho Village, Jung, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3215, Dtd: 22/2/06 d. PI : Wangdi Lama, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Kutki f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Kutki 12. a. Lhou- Tso b. Address: c. Reg. No. d. PI : e. Species: f. Activity: 13. a. Shobur VFMC b. Address: Shobur Village, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3218, Dt: 22/2/06 d. PI : Smt. Lobsang Chojom, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Ginseng f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Ginseng 14. a. Melonghar VFMC b. Address: Melonghar Village, Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3216, Dt: 22/2/06 d. PI : Rinchin Phuntso, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Kutki f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Kutki 15. a. Mayu VFMC b. Address: Mayu Village, Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3217, Dt: 22/2/06 d. PI : Karsang Lama, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Kutki VFMC Lhou-Tso Village, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) SR/ITA/3212, Dtd: 22/2/06 Rinchin Tsetim Khom, Chairperson Swertia Chirayata, Ginseng Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Ginseng

f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Kutki 16. a. Gispu VFMC b. Address: GispuVillage, Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3219, Dt: 22/2/06 d. PI : Shri. Genden, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Ginseng f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Ginseng 17. a. Shakti VFMC b. Address: Shakti Village, Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3220, Dt: 22/2/06 d. PI : Shri. Sange Norbu, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Ginseng f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Ginseng 18. a. Sazo VFMC b. Address: Sazo Village, Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3221, Dt: 22/2/06 d. PI : Shri. Sonom Topgey, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Kutki f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Kutki 19. a. Lumla VFMC b. Address: Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3871, Dt: 12/1/07 d. PI : Shri. Jambey Tsering, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Kutki f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Kutki 20. a. Khobleteng VFMC b. Address: Khobleteng Village, Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3870, Dt: 12/1/07 d. PI : Shri. Lek Norbu, Chairperson

e. Species: f. Activity: Swertia Chirayata, Ginseng Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Ginseng 21. 22.  a. Kharteng VFMC b. Address: Kharteng Village, Lumla, Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/38693, Dt: 12/1/07 d. PI : Shri. Sonam Dorjee, Chairperson e. Species: Swertia Chirayata, Ginseng f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Swertia Chirayata & Ginseng a. Seka Barbia Welfare Society b. Address: Parsi Parlo, Kurung Kumey (Arunachal Pradesh) c. Reg. No. SR/ITA/3652, dated 03/10/2004 d. PI : Arun Joram e. Species: Rubia Cordifolia, Illicium Grifithii f. Activity: Storage, Godowns & Value Addition of Rubia Cordifolia & Illicium Grifithii Project activities: Sl.No VFMC’s Activities /District 1 Langbia VFMC’s Kurung Kumay 2 Longoth Loth Kurung Kumay 3 Qungte Taar Papum Pare 4 Tumlang VFMC Kurung Kumay 5 Dakpe VFMC Upper Subansari 6 Nugri VFMC Upper Subansari 7 Mugli VFMC Storage Godowns Value addition Storage Godowns Value addition Storage Godowns Value addition Storage Godowns Value addition Storage Godowns Value addition Storage Godowns Value addition Storage

Upper Subansari 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Godowns Value addition Gimba VFMC Storage Kurung Kumay Godowns Value addition Gomkeling VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Mirba VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Rho VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Lhou-Tso VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Shoubur VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Melonghar VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Mayu VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Gispu VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Shakti VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Sazo VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Lumla VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Khobleteng Storage VFMC Godowns Tawang Value addition Kharteng VFMC Storage Tawang Godowns Value addition Sekha Barbia Storage Welfare Society Godowns Kurung Kumay Value addition

Financial Assistance:  Sl.No VFMC’s Activities Financial Assistance Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs /District 1 Langbia VFMC’s Kurung Kumay 2 Longoth Loth Kurung Kumay 3 Qungte Taar Papum Pare 4 Tumlang VFMC Kurung Kumay 5 Dakpe VFMC Upper Subansari 6 Nugri VFMC Upper Subansari 7 Mugli VFMC Upper Subansari 8 Gimba VFMC Kurung Kumay 9 Gomkeling VFMC Tawang Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs

10 Mirba VFMC Tawang 11 Rho VFMC Tawang 12 Lhou-Tso VFMC Tawang 13 Shoubur VFMC Tawang 14 Melonghar VFMC Tawang 15 Mayu VFMC Tawang 16 Gispu VFMC Tawang 17 Shakti VFMC Tawang 18 Sazo VFMC Tawang Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs

19 20 21 22 Lumla VFMC Tawang Construction of Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Khobleteng Construction of VFMC Storage & Godowns Tawang Value additionMachinery & Equipments Kharteng VFMC Construction of Tawang Storage & Godowns Value additionMachinery & Equipments Sekha Barbia Construction of Welfare Society Storage & Godowns Kurung Kumay Value additionMachinery & Equipments Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 3.00 Lakhs Rs 4.00 Lakhs List of Machinery & Equipments: Sl.No Equipment/Machinery Amount 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Rs. Boiler Pulp Machine Vacuum Cleaner Cutting Machine Juicer & Grinder Dry Machine Pulveriser Various handling Instrument Packing Machine Labeling Machine Total 50,000 40,000 40,000 50,000 40,000 50,000 40,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 4,00,000 Grand Total of the Project- Rs 2, 20, 00,000/Two Cores Twenty Lakhs only

Annexure VII Diagrams of various machines  Pulveriser   Packing Machine Labeling Machine

 Boiler  Pulp Separation Unit

 Cutting Machine  Juicer Machine  Dryer Machine

7. Additional income to JFMC members: Most of the JFMC members are involved in cultivation of common non forest timber products and the timber products in the forest area in their respective allotted areas. The products cultivated are either used for their own consumption or sold in the local markets at very low prices. This project will help the Joint Forest Management Committee members to cultivate and sell the Non-Timber Forest Products in proper market at better prices and help in creating the much livelihood and income for the tribal poor. 8. Outputs and outcomes:  Cultivation of medicinal plant  Conservation of Forest & Non-Forest areas  Value Addition of Medicinal Plants  Income gains of medicinal plants  Self Employment of VFMC’s members  Behavioral changes towards the Indian Medicine System  Minimization of suffering & healing/treating acquired from the system  9. Up gradation of health in quality life Exit strategy and sustainability: Forest ecosystem as a natural resource base, provides benefits that support lifeline of human being as well as many. Forests provide a wide range of timber & non-timber produces including fuel wood, fodder, food, and medicines etc. which act as natural resource inputs for converting them into economic outputs and thus contribute towards the livelihood of the people. The quality of forest and the pattern of forest management will determine its productivity and flow of natural forest products for generating livelihood

options for the people. The productivity and sustainable harvesting pattern will determine the flow of forest resources available for the livelihood of the community who are dependent on forest. Thus there is direct link between the quality of forest resource base available and the sustainability of livelihood of the community for their survival provided the forest is managed on sustainable basis. While the link between the forest resource base and livelihood of the people cannot be denied, many more factors which are responsible for sustainable forest management, will determine the sustainability of livelihood of the people. Sustainable forest management integrates two main interdependent goals –‘well being of the forest’ and ‘well being of the people’. Sustainability rests on the principle that we must meet the needs (livelihood as basic need) of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, sustainability of both natural and human resources is of prime importance. Sustainability of human resources includes consideration of social capital and responsibilities for management of resources. Sustainability of land and natural resources involves maintaining or enhancing this vital resource base for the long term. 10. Monitoring-Internal monitoring mechanism: The internal monitoring will be done by the officials of the State Medicinal Plants Board, department of Environment and Forests on the activities of the project during the its implementation.

General Conditions and Undertakings i) The State Government should give an undertaking that project area has not been covered / is not proposed to be covered under the National A forestation Programme (NAP) of NAEB or under any other scheme of Central or State Government. ii) Cost norms followed, indicating clearly the wage rate in the State, number of plants per hectare and the period for which maintenance is provided in the project (NAEB cost norms will be adopted for NMPB schemes). iii) The state government should get an undertaking from the Principal Investigators of each JFMC’s that the grants would be utilized as per the norms and submit to the Central. iv) A necessary provision has been made/will be made in the working plan to permit harvesting of plant parts (roots, barks etc.) available under the project. v) Necessary financial support will be provided for maintenance of the assets created under the project after the project period. vi) Quarterly report will be submitted by the Project Leader. The State Government should nominate a senior officer to act as a Nodal Officer. Signature of the Principal Investigator (Project Leader) (Concerned DFO of each District) Dated Signature of head of the Department/Instituion

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INVESTMENT PROSPECTS IN AGRICULTURE & ALLIED SECTORS IN ...

INVESTMENT PROSPECTS IN AGRICULTURE & ALLIED SECTORS IN ... Arunachal Pradesh ... processing and value addition enterprises in the Piggery and
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Department of Industries Government of Arunachal Pradesh ...

Arunachal Pradesh, ... materials by encouraging setting up of appropriate industrial units for value addition. ... medicinal plants / herbs, ...
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