Using the ping commands

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Information about Using the ping commands

Published on January 5, 2017

Author: ZoleZimbabwe

Source: slideshare.net

1. PING Commands Computer System Servicing JMLT

2. The ping command helps to verify IP-level connectivity. When troubleshooting, you can use ping to send an ICMP echo request to a target host name or IP address. ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Use ping whenever you need to verify that a host computer can connect to the TCP/IP network and network resources. You can also use ping to isolate network hardware problems and incompatible configurations. JMLT

3. Ping commands used to diagnose network connectivity JMLT

4. Command Function ping 127.0.0.1 Ping the loopback address to verify that TCP/IP is configured correctly on the local computer. ping IP_of_local_host Ping the IP address of the local computer to verify that it was added to the network correctly. ping IP_of_default_gateway Ping the IP address of the default gateway to verify that the default gateway is functioning. ping IP_of_remote_host Ping the IP address of a remote host to verify that you can communicate through a router. JMLT

5. Useful ping command options Option Use -n Count Determines the number of echo requests to send. The default is 4 requests. -w Timeout Enables you to adjust the timeout (in milliseconds). The default is 4,000 (a 4-second timeout). -l Size Enables you to adjust the size of the ping packet. The default size is 32 bytes. -f Sets the Do Not Fragment bit on the ping packet. By default, the ping packet allows fragmentation. /? Provides command Help. JMLT

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7. The following example illustrates how to send two pings, each 50 bytes in size, to IP address 192.168.100.5: JMLT

8. By default, ping waits 4,000 milliseconds (4 seconds) for each response to be returned before displaying the "Request Timed Out" message. JMLT

9. A response of "Destination net unreachable" means there was no route to the destination. JMLT

10. Ping –a (Resolves addresses to hostnames if possible) No –a option JMLT

11. 1 2 3 4 5 Send 5 ICMP echo message to Desktop 1 with 150 bytes of data. JMLT

12. https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc732509(v=ws.10).aspx http://ipcisco.com/wp-content/uploads/Ping/ping_topology_2.jpg JMLT

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