USA Recreational mass participation Sport

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Information about USA Recreational mass participation Sport

Published on July 9, 2007

Author: Zinc


RECREATIONAL SPORT( MASS PARTICIPATION ):  RECREATIONAL SPORT ( MASS PARTICIPATION ) SPORT IN NORTH AMERICAN SOCIETY Early C17th voyages to America noted the indigenous people Fishing and Dancing…..A game with a ball and 2 large spoon shaped objects. Clearly there was Indigenous Sport in the new lands discovered by the first settlers and the development of today’s sports and pastimes has had contributions from:- 1] Native Americans 2] colonists 3] European Settlers. Slide2:  Each brought aspects of their own culture to bear upon the sports and pastimes. Sadly, the native influence was heavily suppressed. Lacrosse being one of the few to survive. From the early colonists came the European versions of hunting and game sports, whilst those few members of the aristocracy who emigrated to America took with them the pastimes of Hawking, Court tennis and what would appear to be some evidence of early forms of Cricket. The common people took with them their village games of Football and Stoolball- Its various forms fuelling argument about the origins of Baseball. Slide3:  Foot races, Fights and Games of the tavern also found their way across the Atlantic. European (largely Protestant) influences became the dominant culture, so that prior to the c19th it would have been difficult to differentiate between American and European Recreations. It was the development of heavy industrialisation in the northern states towards the end of the century that gave rise to the sports we now recognise as American. Large centres of population made mass audience sport possible. Slide4:  COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION It was the acceptance of play as a HEALTHY, respectable activity that heralded today’s community-wide involvement in sports. As in the UK, the YMCA, Public Parks and Playgrounds all played their part in provision and opportunity for those least able to provide their own. Scout Troops, Boy’s Clubs and many church related organisations contributed. Attempts to ban girls in the 1970’s from taking part in Little Leagues led to moves towards equal opportunities and it is generally accepted that 'Sport For All' concept has been a reality since 1970. Slide5:  However, in reality, this is not the case.Although legislation removing exclusion on the grounds of sex or race came into being only 'Title 1x' legislation carries any power and this largely relates to the field of education. States are required to make 'provision for all' with opportunities to attend 'Summer Camps'. However there are inadequacies in this and deprived Urban Communities remain deprived in both the recreational and Wider Social sense. Much of the provision relies on Private rather than public funding. Midnight Basketball Slide6:  US Sport For All Slide7:  JUNIOR SPORT Programmes such as 'Little League Baseball' (Begun in 1939) and 'Pee-Wee' and 'Midget' Hockey (Grew up in the 40’s and 50’s). The Universities Athletic Union’s programme of age-related sports and the All American Girls Baseball League formed in 1943- All aided Junior Sport. One criticism of these innovations is that they did not serve the needs of the children involved but of adults, keen to ensure new generations of American Sports Stars. In a book 'From Cradle to the Playing Field' it was commented that…….the degree to which children’s sports became organised mirrored the American characteristic of being overly regimented, businesslike and competitive……. Slide8:  Whilst watching tv is a passive pastime, sports coverage on tv is likely to spur parents to encourage their children to participate in it. Increased coverage of a growing range of sporting activities may also be an inducement to the Great American Public to 'Give it a Go' US Little Leagues Slide9:  Slide10:  Slide11:  NATIONAL PARKS, ALTERNATIVE AND WILDERNESS SPORTS The early National parks were created out of the sites of former battlefields or from areas of remote wilderness and so were relatively easy to acquire for the Nation. The National parks Service was created in 1916. They now include much of America’s Natural scenery, Wilderness Areas and Historic Monuments. For most Americans, the combination of cars and a wilderness which is easily accessible has proved irresistible. Slide12:  Slide13:  Backpacking, Hunting, Fishing and Canoeing trips are some of the ALTERNATIVE Wilderness Sports. Slide14:  Slide15:  Slide16:  Slide17:  Slide18:  Whilst watching tv is a passive pastime, sports coverage on tv is likely to spur parents to encourage their children to participate in it. Increased coverage of a growing range of sporting activities may also be an inducement to the Great American Public to 'Give it a Go' Slide19:  Slide20:  SUMMER CAMPS:  SUMMER CAMPS Most US kids spend their summer in camp State Authorities (aided by federal funding) make provision for young people of limited means to attend state summer camps. Summer Camps:  Summer Camps Many camps are run privately and much 'kudos' comes from attendance at a prestigious venue – just like at college there is an 'ivy League' These camps are intended to introduce young Americans to nature and each other. Summer Camps:  Summer Camps Some are funded on an educational basis, whilst others are purely holidays / recreational. Socialisation is seen as an important part of the process as is fostering competitive spirit. Summer Camps:  Summer Camps Specialist camps also exist for a variety of interests and activities. Including fat camps, intensive sports camps and model camps. Educational camps Slide25:  In the 1970’s there was a big 'Return to Nature' and an emergence of new Wilderness Sports. Mountain Biking and a range of Extreme Sports are now very popular and figure prominently on American TV Slide26:  World Wild Water Rafting Championships Slide27:  Slide28:  US Sport-Skinboarding Outdoor Ed:  Outdoor Ed Outdoor education and survival education is an essential part of education in these cultures. Outdoor sports also have an olympc focus and America sends the largest team to the winter olympics Slide30:  REVISION Slide31:  Slide32:  Slide33:  Slide34: 

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