Published on March 11, 2014
Lesson # 11 The USA in World Wars Course: American Civilizations, IRIM, Moldova Instructor: Pomazanovschi Irina
A Century of Growth 1800 • 16 states • 6 million people • Lived on farms and in small villages 1900 • 45 states • 76 million people • > Half lived in cities • Worked in offices and factories
Meetings and marches to get the women the right to vote Suffragist Movement Elizabeth Stanton Susan B. Anthony
The Spanish –American War 1898 Cuba was a Spanish colony that was fighting for its independence. Many Americans sympathized with the Cuban patriots. + USA invested 100mln.$ in the Cuban sugar industry.
• Wanted to avoid war; • Sent the battleship Maine to protect Americans and their property in Havana • Spanish rulers welcomed Americans; • On February 15th, 1898 the battle ship Maine exploded; • 260 American sailors killed; • Spanish denied their involvement; • USA blamed the Spanish In April 1898 Spain and the USA went to war.
In 10 weeks the war over.
USA-Spain Peace Treaty • Cuba became an independent nation; • USA gained control over Puerto Rico, the Philippine islands, and the island of Guam in the Pacific Ocean.
USA Expands • 1867 USA bought Alaska from Russia • 1898 USA took control of Hawaii
The USA goes to War
Congress: law All men between 18 and 45 to register for the army By 1917 – 3 million Americans in the Armed forces 2 millions sent to fight in Europe
Austria- Hungary surrendered Germany surrendered
After the World War I • President Wilson supported In 1920 women all the country voted for the 1st time in the presidential elections.
MARCHING FOR SUFFRAGE After the war, President Wilson supported woman’s suffrage.
After the World War I • Blacks faced discrimination Riots in Chicago and Washington D.C. Dead and hundreds wounded
JAZZ Louis Armstrong (above left) was a famous jazz artist.
Mid 1920’s: Ku Klux Klan renewed • Attracted people who did not like Black Americans, Jews, Catholics and Foreigners • 4-5 million members
Presidential Elections 1920 Promised “Return to Normalcy”
1920 – 1930: Roaring Twenties - 1925 every 10 sec. new Model T car = 260$ - New ways: - To dress; - To talk; - To have fun (Charleston, radio, cinema-no sound, then “talkies”; records in sport, new home appliances)
- No demand for goods; - Factories closed; - unemployment spread
“Government would be responsible for helping people in hardships” Brain Trust Best minds in Government Labour experts College professors Economists and Businessmen Franklin Delano Roosevelt Relief for the suffering during the depression Help to farmers and businessmen goals
How did the New Deal help Americans?
USA in World War II
What political changes took place in Germany, Italy and Japan in the period between the 2 world wars?
What happened to Japanese Americans during the war? Why do historians call the action of the US government a sad mistake?
The atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in August 1945.
The two bombings were the first and remain the only use of nuclear weapons in wartime.
The Marshall Plan was the American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co- operation.
Additional sources: • US History Overview 3 - WWII to Vietnam http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j2eKaxU-8kA • BOMBING OF HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI http://www.history.com/topics/world-war- ii/bombing-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki • Marshall Plan - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Plan • United States and the United Nations - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_and_ the_United_Nations
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