US GOVT CHPT 11-Political Parties

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Published on February 5, 2014

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U.S. Government Chapter 11: U.S. Government Chapter 11 Political Parties Political Parties in the United States: Political Parties in the United States Whigs Tories Early forms of political parties began in the United States during colonial times. After the colonists won the Revolutionary War, two other groups formed that had different political and economic beliefs. The Whigs opposed to the English king and Parliament. The Tories were loyal to the government of England. Political Parties in the United States: Political Parties in the United States Federalist Alexander Hamilton Anti-Federalist Thomas Jefferson One group, the Federalist party , supported a powerful central government. The other, the Anti-Federalist party , wanted a less powerful central government with strong, independent states. In 1787 the Federalists held a Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. The Anti-Federalists did not want to approve the Constitution until the Federalists added the Bill of Rights. How Political Parties Developed: How Political Parties Developed I lost my second term for president to Thomas Jefferson in 1800! Jefferson took the name Democratic-Republican party. Federalists George Washington John Adams Federalists 1 st president 2nd president How the Democratic Party Began: How the Democratic Party Began Andrew Jackson 7 th president Abraham Lincoln After 1932: After 1932 Democrats Republicans After 1932, Democrats and Republicans have been more balanced in their power and have elected about the same number of presidents since 1932. This strong two-party system still exists today. There are, of course, many other parties that are not as visible. Lesson 1 Review: Lesson 1 Review _________ defeated John Adams in his bid for a second term. Thomas Jefferson’s party took the name __________. _______ wanted the common people to be more active in making government decisions. The __________was against slavery in 1854. __________, a Republican was elected president in 1860. Word Bank Abraham Lincoln Andrew Jackson Democratic-Republican Republican Party Thomas Jefferson What do you think? Why do you think there are only two major political parties in the United States? Do you think the people of the United States will ever elect a president that is not from one of the two major parties? Give reasons for your answer. Why is it important for the government to represent all people equally? Minor Parties: Minor Parties The United States has a two-party system , where each party tries to get control of the g overnment. Great Britain and other nations also have two-party systems. France has five major political parties. We call this a multiparty system . In a multiparty system, one party usually does not get enough candidates elected to control the government. Some minor parties join together to create a coalition in order to have a voting majority. How Are Minor Parties Created?: How Are Minor Parties Created? Minor Party Candidate Must be nominated by a party Even though these candidates have little chance of being elected, they do have influence on the election outcome. It is possible for them to take votes away from on of the major candidates and let the other candidate win. In 1912 the minor party called the Progressive party nominated Theodore Roosevelt as the third-party candidate for president. Democratic nominee, Woodrow Wilson won the election because Theodore Roosevelt took votes away from the Republican candidate, William Taft. Other Minor Parties: Other Minor Parties Favor limited government. Most minor parties are created to promote ideas. They may hold beliefs that the major parties do not support. Promote group ownership and equal distribution of wealth. Worker should control business George Wallace formed the American Independent party in 1968. Lesson 2 Review: Lesson 2 Review Match the beginning of the sentence in Part I with the correct sentences on a sheet of paper. Minor parties are sometimes referred to as…… In 1912 the Progressive party…… Third parties hold beliefs… Some problems third parties have are… The United States is one of a number of countries that has… Part 2, Ending of Sentences major parties do not support the lack of financial support and little attention from newspapers and television. third parties. nominated Theodore Roosevelt for president. a two-party political system. 6. Why do you think the Libertarian and Socialist parties still exist today? 7. Do you think third-party candidates can change the outcome of an election? Explain. What do you think? Political Party Activities: Political Party Activities Republicans Democrats More politically conservative . They do not like change. They believe in less government control and more individual responsibility. More liberal . They are open to change and supports individual rights. They are less concerned with government control. Political parties believe in certain policies. They try to present candidates who will support their beliefs. Key Word Platform A statement of the ideas, policies, and beliefs of a political party in an election. Political Party Platform Issues: Political Party Platform Issues Republicans Democrats Political parties are most active during political campaigns in election years. They work hard to get their candidate elected. Between elections, political parties work to see that party incumbents will be re-elected in the next election. Political parties hold fund raisers to pay for campaigns. They also send newsletters to constituents , or voters, to tell them how the office holder is working to help them. Opposition Party: Opposition Party When a party’s candidate is in office, that party is in power. When a party is not in power, it is called the opposition party . Members of the oppositions party watch the party in power closely. They point out changes in government they would like to see made, and suggest how this might be done. Lesson 3 Review: Lesson 3 Review Political ___________ have certain policies that they believe in. Republicans usually are more ________than Democrats. National party conventions take place every ________ years. A __________ is made up of statements of beliefs, policies, and candidates’ promises. The platform committee is made up of delegates rom each _________and territory of the country. Political parties are most active during _________ years. The opposition party closely watches the actions of the party in ___________. Political parties may hold __________ to pay for campaigns. The platform committee listens to __________ for the platform before the convention begins. The party not in power is called the _________ party. conservative election four fund raisers ideas opposition parties platform power state Word Bank Primary Elections: Primary Elections Primary Election An election to choose candidates or select delegates to a party convention. Direct Primary Kind of primary where voters choose a candidate to support A primary election is an election that is held before the general election. Political parties use a primary to choose members of their party to run for public office in the general election. Then, voters choose in the general election between the candidates who won the primary elections. open all candidates Closed party specific What is an Indirect Primary?: What is an Indirect Primary? Indirect Primary Members of a political party elect delegates to party conventions . At the party convention, the delegates elected at the primary choose the candidates who will represent that party in the election. The delegates choose rather than the voters ! Then Now Nonpartisan Primary Not connected to a political party. Generally used for smaller local elections. Voters consider qualifications of candidates and not as concerned with party. Presidential Primary: Presidential Primary Some states use a presidential primary to select delegates for the national convention. The delegates promise to support a certain candidate. Candidates present their delegates at the national convention. A vote for those delegates is the same as a vote for the candidate who presents them. A similar method is the presidential preference primary . In this primary voters choose delegates in the same way, but the delegates do not have to support certain candidates. Delegates at a convention National Political Conventions: National Political Conventions Convention delegates are chosen in different ways: presidential preference primary elections state or district conventions Four years Every four years parties hold national conventions for president and vice president and : develop party platform delegates vote for president A delegate and an alternate are selected for each vote that a state or territory has. The candidates are trying to win the support of delegates. The successful candidate becomes the party’s nominee for the national election for president. Keynote Address: Keynote Address New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie's keynote speech as prepared for delivery at the Republican National Convention. Our leaders today have decided it is more important to be popular, to do what is easy and say "yes," rather than to say no when "no" is what's required. The national committee chairperson calls the convention to order A special speech is given called the keynote address . The speech is made by an important party member. praises the party asks for cooperation forecasts victory How National Conventions are Organized: How National Conventions are Organized Four committees Organize and run party’s national convention O R C P Organization Committee Rules Committee Credentials Committee Platform Committee selects chairperson and convention site sets rules for running the convention settles any dispute about which delegates from a state or territory may vote writes principles and policies for platform. Include ideas and views of person who is most likely named the party’s presidential candidate What Happens at a National Convention?: What Happens at a National Convention? Begin with party leaders’ speeches 1 st party chairperson calls the roll to begin voting If no majority vote, a second ballot is called presidential candidate named candidate meets with advisers and names vice president Ends with acceptance speeches of the new candidate You and I, as citizens, have the power to set this country's course. President Obama’s acceptance speech Key Word Roll Call To call off the name of each state Referendums: Referendums Petition referendum Optional referendum Compulsory referendum After the state legislature passes a law, citizens may use a petition to protest the law. If enough people sign the petition, a petition referendum will be placed on the ballot. In some states the legislature may refer a proposed law to the public for acceptance or rejection. Legislature is not forced by law to refer the law to the voters, but it does willingly . Usually the referred proposed laws are ones that have caused great disputes. Some state laws require that certain issues be sent to the voters for their approval or rejection. As example, a compulsory referendum is sent to the people to vote to change the state constitution. Delaware is the only state that does not need public approval to change its constitution . Initiatives: Initiatives In some states citizens can suggest a new law to be presented to voters. This is called an initiative , or proposition . A petition must be signed by a certain number of people before the initiative can be voted on by the legislators or by voters. If a majority are in favor of the law, it goes into effect. Recall People want to remove an elected official from office. Official needs to have done something wrongs such as committing a crime. People draw up a petition, get a large number of signatures, and meet legal requirements. Recall is placed on the ballot. Review: Review A ________submits a matter to a vote of the people. A __________referendum may be needed for a state to change its constitution. A____________ referendum is placed on the ballot after people protest the law. Removing an elected official from office is called a _________. A suggestion that a new law be created is an ____________. What do you think? 6. Why do you think an elected official would be recalled from office? Why do you think a citizen would suggest a new law? When may citizens use a petition referendum? How can citizens suggest a new law to be presented to the voters?

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