Published on June 25, 2014
Update on “Maziwa Zaidi” (Tanzania dairy value chain development program) Amos Omore ILRI-Tanzania Tanzania dairy value chain strategy and implementation planning workshop, Dar es Salaam, 25-26 June 2014
THE EFFECTS THE CAUSES Poor access to veterinary services Poor quality feeds / feeding practices Poor disease control programs Low capacity to extend technical knowledge and information WHOLE VALUE CHAIN WITH DOWNSTREAM EMPHASIS INPUTS & SERVICES PRODUCTION MARKETING CONSUMPTION 1. Low milk productivity 2. Poor access to production and market inputs and services Poor nutrition Food insecurity / hidden hungerPovertyTHE IMPACT Inconsistent access to water/ seasonality 1. Cattle keepers’ have low capacity to innovate, manage risk, reduce vulnerability, increase incomes, and ensure food security. 2. The sector is starved of appropriate credit facilities that can finance acquisition of basic inputs and services. 3. Low investment in productivity improving innovations has perpetuated a low-input low-output vicious cycle. INTERVENTION AREAS small-scale nature of the production systems Low genetic potential Problem statement Lack of appropriate organizational approaches few and poorly linked BDS providers Low access inputs and services ASSOCIATED WITH More milk, income, assets and better health & Nutrition
Vision: a more inclusive and sustainable development of the dairy value chain. Long term goals
How to get there
Big Picture: Place of individual projects in ‘Maziwa Zaidi’ Aiming for research outputs made-to-order for immediate and future use
Where are we in the process?
Sites Selection Site selection criteria (conducted in 2012) High cattle density; High poverty level; High population density; Good access to market; High production potential; Deficit areas with potential for increasing supply through feed interventions; Potential partners/stakeholders.
Assessments 1. Rapid Value Chain Analysis (VCA) in 2012 2. Safe Food, Fair Food qualitative integrated assessment 3. Best bet interventions developed in 2012 4. Baseline (or benchmark?) survey conducted in 2012/13 5. Monitoring, learning and evaluation framework developed (2013) and first survey (July 2014) 6. Ex-ante assessments to prioritize interventions initiated in 2013 (on going) 7. Feed Resource Assessment (FEAST) and Feed technology screening (TechFit) 8. CapDev assessment (2013/14)
Complimentary activities 1. Situational analysis completed in 2014 report under review) 2. Partnership landscaping study in 2014 (report under review) 3. Workshops to define impact pathway completed in 2013 4. Several targeted studies consucted and ongoing (most with students) 5. National forum for policy dialogue formed; meeting every 6 months since Feb 2013 6. Local area platforms also taking off
Capacity development Training training • Forty people (13 were female) from partner organizations participated in various trainings in 2013 ranging from courses on systems dynamics modeling, feeds and food safety; • Five involved in comms training in 2014 • Nine students (5 were female) were engaged in 2013 for long term training at masters’ level and eight (4 female) in 2014 • One male student engaged at doctoral level CapDev assessment conducted
Piloting of interventions • Mobilization for testing of pilots conducted in 2013 • Piloting of best-bets initiated in 2013/14 (MilkIT/MoreMilkiT • More best-bets in the pipeline (e.g., SFFF/TDB) • Pilot interventions centered on building hubs being tailored to site-specific plans generated across thirty villages
Key partnerships and engagements 1. Strategic Research Partnerships • SUA • TALIRI Reinforced by CGIAR & ARIs 2. Development Partnerships • Servicing the system: Heifer and SNV • From the system: TDB, FAIDA MaLi 3. Mechanisms for strengthening relationships • DDF • Local area platforms
Resource Mobilization: Over 10 projects linked to Maziwa Zaidi Feeds 1. Enhancing dairy-based livelihoods in Tanzania and India through feed innovation and value chain development approaches (MilkIT) 2. Fodder and feed as a key opportunity for driving sustainable intensification of crop livestock systems in Tanzania 3. Feed the Future Innovation Lab on Small-Scale Irrigation in Tanzania, Ethiopia and Ghana Genetics 4. Dairy Genetics East Africa Phase II (DGEA2) 5. Evaluation of breed composition, productivity and fitness for smallholder dairy cattle in Tanzania (TDG) Animal health 6. What’s killing my cow? Re-assessing diseases hurting smallholder dairying in Tanzania Food safety/nutrition 7. Safe food, fair food (SFFF2) 8. Rapid assessment of potential benefits to human health and nutrition from research on livestock and fish market chains 9. Leveraging Dairy Value Chain Development in Tanzania for Improved Nutrition and Health of Women and Children 10. Study on “Looking beyond income: impact of dairy hubs on human nutrition in Tanzania” Markets/hubs 11. More milk by and for the poor: Adapting dairy market hubs for pro-poor smallholder value chains in Tanzania 12. East Africa Dairy Development Project (EADD) Phase II Gender (and above) 13. Dairy goat and root crop production (CGP)
Range of partners involved in projects 1. Sokoine University of Agriculture 2. Tanzania Livestock Research Institute 3. Tanzania Dairy Board 4. Faida Market Linkages 5. Heifer International 6. African Breeders Services Total Cattle Management Ltd 7. TechnoServe 8. Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (Germany) 9. Freie Universitaet Berlin 10. International Center for Tropical Agriculture 11. Royal Veterinary College (UK) 12. University of Alberta 13. Nelson Mandela African Institute for Science and Technology 14. Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC, UK) 15. China Agricultural University (CAU) 16. Emory University
Where the $$$ comes from 1. CGIAR Consortium 2. International Fund for Agricultural Development 3. The governments of Australia, Ireland and the United States, United 4. International Development Research Centre 5. Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Links for further information… • ilri.org/tanzania • livestockfish.cgiar.org/focus/tanzania • livestock-fish.wikispaces.com/VCD+Tanzania • moremilkit.wikispaces.com/home • milkit.wikispaces.com/ • www.safefoodfairfood.wordpress.com
CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world. CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish livestockfish.cgiar.org
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